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Jen-Ai Hospital - Taichung
Jen-Ai Hospital
Hospital
– Dali (528) + Jen-Ai Hospital
Hospital
Taichung
Taichung
(87) HISTORY FOUNDED 1945 LINKS WEBSITE http://www.jah.org.tw/english.aspJEN-AI HOSPITAL (Chinese : 仁愛醫療財團法人仁愛醫院), is a community hospital founded by Dr. Chuan-Sheng Liao, located in Dali District , Taichung
Taichung
, Taiwan
Taiwan
. It has two branches within Taichung city; Jen-Ai Hospital
Hospital
– Dali branch (Chinese: 大里仁愛醫院) is the region's largest teaching hospital , while the Jen-Ai Hospital
Hospital
Taichung
Taichung
branch (Chinese: 台中仁愛醫院) is known for its long history in the city
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National Health Insurance
NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE (NHI) – sometimes called STATUTORY HEALTH INSURANCE (SHI) – is a legally enforced scheme of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of health care . It may be administered by the public sector, the private sector, or a combination of both. Funding mechanisms vary with the particular program and country. National or Statutory health insurance does not equate to government-run or government-financed health care, but is usually established by national legislation. In some countries, such as Australia's Medicare system or the UK's National Health Service , contributions to the system are made via general taxation and therefore are not optional even though use of the health scheme it finances is. In practice, of course, most people paying for NHI will join the insurance scheme
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Bariatric
BARIATRICS is the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity . CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 Bariatric patients * 3 Methods of treatment * 4 See also * 4.1 Related conditions * 4.2 Physiology * 5 References * 6 External links TERMINOLOGYThe term bariatrics was coined around 1965, from the Greek root bar- ("weight" as in barometer ), suffix -iatr ("treatment," as in pediatrics ), and suffix -ic ("pertaining to"). The field encompasses dieting , exercise and behavioral therapy approaches to weight loss , as well as pharmacotherapy and surgery . The term is also used in the medical field as somewhat of a euphemism to refer to people of larger sizes without regard to their participation in any treatment specific to weight loss, such as medical supply catalogs featuring larger hospital gowns and hospital beds referred to as "bariatric." BARIATRIC PATIENTSOverweight and obesity are rising medical problems
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Overweight
Being OVERWEIGHT is having more body fat than is optimally healthy. Being overweight is especially common where food supplies are plentiful and lifestyles are sedentary . Excess weight has reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1 billion adults being either overweight or obese in 2003. In 2013 this increased to more than 2 billion. Increases have been observed across all age groups. A healthy body requires a minimum amount of fat for proper functioning of the hormonal , reproductive , and immune systems, as thermal insulation , as shock absorption for sensitive areas, and as energy for future use. But the accumulation of too much storage fat can impair movement, flexibility, and alter the appearance of the body
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Obese
OBESITY is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, is over 7002294199500000000♠30 kg /m2 , with the range 7002245166250000000♠25–30 kg /m2 defined as overweight . Some East Asian countries use lower values. Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions , particularly cardiovascular diseases , type 2 diabetes , obstructive sleep apnea , certain types of cancer , osteoarthritis and depression . Obesity
Obesity
is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake , lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility . A few cases are caused primarily by genes , endocrine disorders , medications , or mental disorder
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Cancer
CANCER is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumors , which do not spread to other parts of the body. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss , and a change in bowel movements . While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they may have other causes. Over 100 types of cancers affect humans. Tobacco
Tobacco
use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths. Another 10% are due to obesity , poor diet , lack of physical activity , and excessive drinking of alcohol . Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation and environmental pollutants. In the developing world nearly 20% of cancers are due to infections such as hepatitis B , hepatitis C and human papillomavirus infection . These factors act, at least partly, by changing the genes of a cell
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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo " * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * * Go-Shichi no Kiri (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan
Japan
shown in green—claimed, but uncontrolled shown in light green Capital and largest city
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos * " E pluribus unum
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Exercise
PHYSICAL EXERCISE is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system , honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and also enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system and helps prevent "diseases of affluence " such as cardiovascular disease , type 2 diabetes , and obesity . It may also help prevent stress and depression , increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia , help promote or maintain positive self-esteem , improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual's sex appeal or body image, which has been found to be linked with higher levels of self-esteem
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Behavior Therapy
BEHAVIOUR THERAPY is a broad term referring to psychotherapy , behaviour analytical, or a combination of the two therapies. In its broadest sense, the methods focus on either just behaviours or in combination with thoughts and feelings that might be causing them. Those who practice behaviour therapy tend to look more at specific, learned behaviours and how the environment influences those behaviours. Those who practice behaviour therapy are called behaviourists. They tend to look for treatment outcomes that are objectively measurable. Behaviour therapy does not involve one specific method but it has a wide range of techniques that can be used to treat a person's psychological problems. Behaviour therapy breaks down into four disciplines: applied behaviour analysis (ABA), the teaching-family model (TFM), positive behavior support (PBS) and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)
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Obesity
OBESITY is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, is over 7002294199500000000♠30 kg /m2 , with the range 7002245166250000000♠25–30 kg /m2 defined as overweight . Some East Asian countries use lower values. Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions , particularly cardiovascular diseases , type 2 diabetes , obstructive sleep apnea , certain types of cancer , osteoarthritis and depression . Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake , lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility . A few cases are caused primarily by genes , endocrine disorders , medications , or mental disorder
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Patent
A PATENT (/ˈpætənt/ or /ˈpeɪtənt/ ) is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention . An invention is a solution to a specific technological problem and is a product or a process. :17 Patents are a form of intellectual property . The procedure for granting patents, requirements placed on the patentee, and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely between countries according to national laws and international agreements. Typically, however, a granted patent application must include one or more claims that define the invention. A patent may include many claims, each of which defines a specific property right. These claims must meet relevant patentability requirements, such as novelty , usefulness , and non-obviousness
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Chemotherapy
CHEMOTHERAPY (often abbreviated to CHEMO and sometimes CTX or CTX) is a category of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents ) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen . Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy
may be given with a curative intent (which almost always involves combinations of drugs), or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms (palliative chemotherapy). Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy
is one of the major categories of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer, which is called medical oncology . By common usage, the term chemotherapy has come to connote the use of rather non-specific intracellular poisons , especially related to inhibiting the process of cell division known as mitosis , and generally excludes agents that more selectively block extracellular growth signals (i.e. blockers of signal transduction )
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Radiation Therapy
RADIATION THERAPY or RADIOTHERAPY, often abbreviated RT, RTX, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation , generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator . Radiation
Radiation
therapy may be curative in a number of types of cancer if they are localized to one area of the body. It may also be used as part of adjuvant therapy , to prevent tumor recurrence after surgery to remove a primary malignant tumor (for example, early stages of breast cancer). Radiation
Radiation
therapy is synergistic with chemotherapy , and has been used before, during, and after chemotherapy in susceptible cancers. The subspecialty of oncology concerned with radiotherapy is called RADIATION ONCOLOGY. Radiation
Radiation
therapy is commonly applied to the cancerous tumor because of its ability to control cell growth
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Cancer Treatment
Cancer
Cancer
can be treated by surgery , chemotherapy , radiation therapy , hormonal therapy , targeted therapy (including immunotherapy such as monoclonal antibody therapy ) and synthetic lethality . The choice of therapy depends upon the location and grade of the tumor and the stage of the disease, as well as the general state of the patient (performance status ). A number of experimental cancer treatments are also under development. Under current estimates, two in five people will have cancer at some point in their lifetime. Complete removal of the cancer without damage to the rest of the body (that is, achieving cure with near-zero adverse effects ) is the ideal goal of treatment and is often the goal in practice
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Radiosurgery
RADIOSURGERY is surgery using radiation , that is, the destruction of precisely selected areas of tissue using ionizing radiation rather than excision with a blade. Like other forms of radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy), it is usually used to treat cancer . Radiosurgery
Radiosurgery
was originally defined by the Swedish neurosurgeon Lars Leksell as "a single high dose fraction of radiation, stereotactically directed to an intracranial region of interest". In STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY (SRS), the word "stereotactic" refers to a three-dimensional coordinate system that enables accurate correlation of a virtual target seen in the patient's diagnostic images with the actual target position in the patient. Technological improvements in medical imaging and computing have led to increased clinical adoption of stereotactic radiosurgery and have broadened its scope in the twentyfirst century
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