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Japan
Japan
(Japanese: 日本; Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. 'State of Japan') is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent
Asian continent
and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
in the north to the East China
China
Sea and the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
in the south. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean 'sun origin', and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan
Japan
is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands
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Japan (other)
Japan
Japan
is an island country in East Asia. Japan
Japan
may also refer to:Contents1 Places 2 Lacquerware 3 Plants 4 Literature 5 Film 6 Music6.1 Albums 6.2 Songs7 See also
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National Foundation Day
National Foundation Day (建国記念の日, Kenkoku Kinen no Hi) is a national holiday in Japan
Japan
celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan
Japan
and the accession of its first emperor, Emperor Jimmu
Emperor Jimmu
at Kashihara gū on 11 February 660 BC.[1]Contents1 History 2 Current practice 3 See also 4 Notes 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] The origin of National Foundation Day is New Year's Day
New Year's Day
in the traditional lunisolar calendar
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List Of Presidents Of The House Of Councillors (Japan)
List of Speakers or Presidents (gichō) and Vice-Speakers or Vice Presidents (fuku-gichō) of the House of Councillors. Note: Many Presidents and Vice Presidents leave their parliamentary group during their tenure and formally become independents, but retain their membership of the wider party. Kenzō Kōno
Kenzō Kōno
also gave up his party membership after being elected as President. Presidents of the House of Councillors[edit]The residence of the President of the House of Councillors (Sangiin gichō kōtei) in Nagatachō, Chiyoda ward, Tokyo
Tokyo
is mainly used for official occasions such as reception of state guests
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Chuichi Date
Chuichi Date (伊達 忠一, Date Chūichi, born January 20, 1939) is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party and a member of the House of Councillors
House of Councillors
in the Diet (national legislature). A native of Ashibetsu, Hokkaido
Ashibetsu, Hokkaido
and high school graduate, he was elected to the House of Councillors
House of Councillors
for the first time in 2001 after serving in the prefectural assembly of Hokkaidō. He is the current President of the House of Councillors. References[edit]政治家情報 〜伊達 忠一〜. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN
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Chief Justice Of Japan
The Chief Justice of Japan
Japan
(最高裁判所長官, Saikōsaibansho-chōkan) is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Japan
Japan
and is the head of the judicial branch of the Japanese government. He is appointed by the Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
after being nominated by the Cabinet; which is in practice, known to be under the recommendation of the former Chief Justice.[1] List of Chief Justices[edit] For a list of Chief Justices prior to 2002, see List of Chief Justices of Japan.Name Japanese Script Appointment dateAkira Machida 町田顯 November 6, 2002Niro Shimada 島田仁郎 October 16, 2006Hironobu Takesaki 竹崎博允 November 21, 2008Itsurō Terada 寺田逸郎 April 1, 2014Naoto Ōtani 大谷直人 January 9, 2018References[edit]^ "Change at the top court's helm"
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Naoto Ōtani
Naoto Ōtani (大谷 直人, Ōtani Naoto, born June 23, 1952) is a Japanese lawyer and is the 19th and current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Japan.Contents1 Early life and education 2 Chief Justice 3 References 4 External linksEarly life and education[edit] Ōtani was born in Akabira, Hokkaido, Japan. He graduated from the University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law in 1975, and became an Assistant Judge of the Tokyo District Court
Tokyo District Court
in 1977. He became a Judge of the Tokyo District Court
Tokyo District Court
in 1994, a Professor at the Legal Training and Research Institute in 1995, and later served as a Judge of the Tokyo High Court
Tokyo High Court
in 2010. He became the Chief Judge of the Shizuoka District Court in 2011.[1] Before becoming Chief Justice, Ōtani was the President of the Osaka High Court and was also one of the Justices of the Supreme Court
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National Diet
Government (150)   LDP–PJK (125)    Kōmeitō
Kōmeitō
(25) Opposition (92)   DP (42)   JCP (14)   Ishin (11)   SDP–LP (6)   CDP (6)   Kibo (3)   Energize (2)   Okinawa Whirlwind (2)   Kokumin no Koe (2)   Independents (4)House of Representatives political groupsGovernment (312)   LDP (283)   
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Upper House
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.[1] The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house
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House Of Councillors (Japan)
Coordinates: 35°40′35.5″N 139°44′40.5″E / 35.676528°N 139.744583°E / 35.676528; 139.744583House of Councillors 参議院 SangiinTypeTypeUpper houseLeadershipPresidentChūichi Date, LDP (caucus: independent) Since 1 August 2016Vice PresidentAkira Gunji, DP (caucus: independent) Since 1 August 2016StructureSeats 242Political groupsGovernment (150)   LDP–PJK (125)    Kōmeitō
Kōmeitō
(25) Opposition (92)   DP (42)   JCP (14)   Ishin (11) 
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Lower House
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.[1] Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. The lower house typically is the larger of the two chambers, i.e. its members are more numerous
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House Of Representatives (Japan)
Coordinates: 35°40′30.6″N 139°44′41.8″E / 35.675167°N 139.744944°E / 35.675167; 139.744944This article may require cleanup to meet's quality standards. The specific problem is: Diagram colors do not match up with those in the table/legend. Please help improve this article if you can
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History Of Japan
The first human habitation in the Japanese archipelago
Japanese archipelago
has been traced to prehistoric times. The Jōmon period, named after its "cord-marked" pottery, was followed by the Yayoi
Yayoi
in the first millennium BC, when new technologies were introduced from continental Asia. During this period, the first known written reference to Japan
Japan
was recorded in the Chinese Book of Han
Book of Han
in the first century AD. Between the fourth century and the ninth century, Japan's many kingdoms and tribes gradually came to be unified under a centralized government, nominally controlled by the Emperor. This imperial dynasty continues to reign over Japan. In 794, a new imperial capital was established at Heian-kyō
Heian-kyō
(modern Kyoto), marking the beginning of the Heian period, which lasted until 1185
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Meiji Constitution
The Constitution
Constitution
of the Empire of Japan
Japan
(Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國憲法; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国憲法 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kenpō), known informally as the Meiji Constitution (明治憲法 Meiji Kenpō), was the constitution of the Empire of Japan
Japan
which had the proclamation on February 11, 1889, and had enacted since November 29, 1890 until May 2, 1947.[1] Enacted after the Meiji Restoration in 1868, it provided for a form of mixed constitutional and absolute monarchy, based jointly on the Prussian and British models.[2] In theory, the Emperor of Japan
Japan
was the supreme leader, and the Cabinet, whose Prime Minister would be elected by a Privy Council, were his followers; in practice, the Emperor was head of state but the Prime Minister was the actual head of government
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List Of Speakers Of The House Of Representatives (Japan)
List of Speakers (gichō) and Vice-Speakers (fuku-gichō) of the House of Representatives. Note: Many House Speakers and Vice-Speakers, including most in recent decades, leave their parliamentary party during their tenure and formally become independents (but retain membership of the wider party).Contents1 Speakers 2 Vice-Speakers 3 See also 4 SourcesSpeakers[edit] The official residence of the Speaker of the House of Representatives (Shūgiin gichō kōtei) in Nagatachō, Chiyoda ward, Tokyo
Tokyo
is mainly used for receptions of state guests and other official occasions
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Constitution Of Japan
The Constitution
Constitution
of Japan
Japan
(Shinjitai: 日本国憲法 Kyūjitai: 日本國憲法, Nihon-Koku Kenpō) is the fundamental law of Japan. It was enacted on May 3, 1947, as a new constitution for
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