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Jan Reynst
JAN REYNST (26 October 1601, Amsterdam
Amsterdam
– 29 June 1646, Venice
Venice
) was a Protestant
Protestant
Dutch merchant in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and, with his elder brother Gerrit , an art collector. Reynst was the son of the merchant Gerard Reynst
Gerard Reynst
, who in the year 1614 became the second Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
, and Margrieta Nicquet, whose merchant brother Jacques Nicquet was a fervent art collector. In 1625 Jan went to Venice
Venice
where he collected antique statuary and Italian paintings and where he was able to purchase the collection of 230 sculptures and 140 paintings of the estate Andrea Vendramin in 1629
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Titian
TIZIANO VECELLI or TIZIANO VECELLIO (pronounced ; c. 1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as TITIAN /ˈtɪʃən/ , was an Italian painter , the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school . He was born in Pieve di Cadore
Pieve di Cadore
, near Belluno (in Veneto
Veneto
, Republic of Venice
Republic of Venice
). During his lifetime he was often called da Cadore, taken from the place of his birth. Recognized by his contemporaries as "The Sun Amidst Small Stars" (recalling the famous final line of Dante\'s Paradiso ), Titian
Titian
was one of the most versatile of Italian painters, equally adept with portraits, landscape backgrounds, and mythological and religious subjects
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Andrea Schiavone
ANDREA MELDOLLA (Croatian : ANDRIJA MEDULIć), also known as ANDREA SCHIAVONE or ANDREA LO SCHIAVONE (c. 1510/1515–1563) was an Italian Renaissance painter and etcher, born in present-day Croatia , active mainly in the city of Venice . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 References * 3 Notes * 4 Further reading * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYMeldolla was born in the Venetian-ruled city of Zara in Dalmatia , now Zadar in Croatia , the son of a garrison commander of a post nearby. His family was originally from the small town of Meldola , close to the city of Forlì in Romagna . He trained either in Zara or in Venice. Lomazzo stated, in a book of 1584, that he was a pupil of Parmigianino , but this has been doubted. There are unproven claims that he trained with Bonifazio de Pitati . He worked in fresco, panel painting, and etching (teaching himself to etch by working initially from drawings by Parmigianino )
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Tintoretto
TINTORETTO (Italian pronunciation: ; born JACOPO COMIN, late September or early October, 1518 – May 31, 1594) was an Italian painter and a notable exponent of the Renaissance
Renaissance
school. For his phenomenal energy in painting he was termed IL FURIOSO. His work is characterized by its muscular figures, dramatic gestures, and bold use of perspective in the Mannerist
Mannerist
style, while maintaining color and light typical of the Venetian School . In his youth, Tintoretto
Tintoretto
was also known as JACOPO ROBUSTI as his father had defended the gates of Padua
Padua
in a way that others called robust, against the imperial troops during the War of the League of Cambrai (1509–1516)
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Giulio Romano
GIULIO ROMANO, also known as Giulio Pippi, (c. 1499 – 1 November 1546) was an Italian painter and architect . A pupil of Raphael
Raphael
, his stylistic deviations from high Renaissance
Renaissance
classicism help define the 16th-century style known as Mannerism
Mannerism
. Giulio's drawings have long been treasured by collectors; contemporary prints of them engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi
Marcantonio Raimondi
were a significant contribution to the spread of 16th-century Italian style throughout Europe. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Architecture
Architecture
* 3 Selected paintings and drawings * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHY The fall of the Giants, fresco in Sala dei Giganti, Palazzo del Te , Mantua
Mantua
In the Palazzo Te , Mantua
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Amsterdam
AMSTERDAM (/ˈæmstərdæm/ ; Dutch: ( listen )) is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands
Netherlands
. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands
Netherlands
, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague
The Hague
. Amsterdam has a population of 851,373 within the city proper , 1,351,587 in the urban area , and 2,410,960 in the Amsterdam metropolitan area . The city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country but is not its capital, which is Haarlem
Haarlem
. The metropolitan area comprises much of the northern part of the Randstad , one of the larger conurbations in Europe
Europe
, with a population of approximately 7 million
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Guido Reni
GUIDO RENI (Italian pronunciation: ; 4 November 1575 – 18 August 1642) was an Italian painter of high- Baroque
Baroque
style. He painted primarily religious works, as well as mythological and allegorical subjects. Active in Rome, Naples, and his native Bologna, he became the dominant figure in the Bolognese School , and his eclectic classicism was widely influential. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Work in Rome * 1.2 Work in Naples
Naples
and return to Bologna
Bologna
* 2 Pupils and legacy * 3 Partial anthology of works * 4 Gallery * 5 References and sources * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Bologna
Bologna
into a family of musicians, Guido Reni
Guido Reni
was the only child of Daniele Reni and Ginevra Pozzi. At the age of nine, he was apprenticed to the Bolognese studio of Denis Calvaert
Denis Calvaert

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Perugino
PIETRO PERUGINO (Italian: ; c. 1446/1452 – 1523), born PIETRO VANNUCCI, was an Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance
painter of the Umbrian school, who developed some of the qualities that found classic expression in the High Renaissance . Raphael
Raphael
was his most famous pupil. CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 Rome
Rome
* 3 Major works * 4 References * 5 Sources * 6 External links EARLY YEARSHe was born PIETRO VANNUCCI in Città della Pieve , Umbria , the son of Cristoforo Marie Vannucci. His nickname characterizes him as from Perugia
Perugia
, the chief city of Umbria. Scholars continue to dispute the socioeconomic status of the Vannucci family. While certain academics maintain that Vannucci worked his way out of poverty, others argue that his family was among the wealthiest in the town
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Antonello Da Messina
ANTONELLO DA MESSINA, properly ANTONELLO DI GIOVANNI DI ANTONIO, but also called ANTONELLO DEGLI ANTONI and Anglicized as ANTHONY OF MESSINA (c. 1430 – February 1479), was an Italian painter from Messina , Sicily , active during the Italian Renaissance . His work shows strong influences from Early Netherlandish painting although there is no documentary evidence that he ever travelled beyond Italy. Giorgio Vasari credited him with the introduction of oil painting into Italy. Unusually for a south Italian artist of the Renaissance, his work proved influential on painters in northern Italy, especially in Venice
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Netherlands
The NETHERLANDS (/ˈnɛðərləndz/ ( listen ); Dutch : Nederland ( listen )), also known informally as HOLLAND, is a country in Western Europe
Europe
with a population of seventeen million. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean ( Bonaire
Bonaire
, Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius
and Saba ), it forms the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
. The European portion of the Netherlands
Netherlands
consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany
Germany
to the east, Belgium
Belgium
to the south, and the North Sea
North Sea
to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea
North Sea
with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Union List Of Artist Names
The UNION LIST OF ARTIST NAMES (ULAN) is an online database using a controlled vocabulary currently containing around 293,000 names and other information about artists. Names in ULAN may include given names, pseudonyms, variant spellings, names in multiple languages, and names that have changed over time (e.g., married names). Among these names, one is flagged as the preferred name. Although it is displayed as a list, ULAN is structured as a thesaurus , compliant with ISO and NISO standards for thesaurus construction; it contains hierarchical, equivalence, and associative relationships. The focus of each ULAN record is an artist. Currently there are around 120,000 artists in the ULAN. In the database, each artist record (also called a subject in this manual) is identified by a unique numeric ID. Linked to each artist record are names, related artists, sources for the data, and notes. The temporal coverage of the ULAN ranges from Antiquity to the present and the scope is global
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Library Of Congress Control Number
The LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CONTROL NUMBER (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Classification . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs
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Paolo Veronese
PAOLO CALIARI, known as PAOLO VERONESE (1528–1588), was an Italian Renaissance
Renaissance
painter , based in Venice
Venice
, known for large-format history paintings of religion and mythology, such as The Wedding at Cana (1563) and The Feast in the House of Levi (1573). Included with Titian , a generation older, and Tintoretto
Tintoretto
, a decade senior, Veronese is one of the “great trio that dominated Venetian painting of the cinquecento ” and the Late Renaissance
Renaissance
in the 16th century. Known as a supreme colorist, and after an early period with Mannerism
Mannerism
, Paolo Veronese
Paolo Veronese
developed a naturalist style of painting, influenced by Titian
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Museum Amstelkring
ONS\' LIEVE HEER OP SOLDER (English: Our Lord in the Attic) is a 17th-century canal house , house church , and museum in the city center of Amsterdam , The Netherlands . The Catholic Church was built on the top three floors of the canal house during the 1660s. It is an important example of a "schuilkerk", or "clandestine church " in which Catholics and other religious dissenters from the seventeenth century Dutch Reformed Church, unable to worship in public, held services. The church has been open as a museum since 28 April 1888 , and has 85,000 visitors annually. CONTENTS * 1 Canal house * 2 Museum * 3 Collection * 4 References * 5 External links CANAL HOUSE The canal house on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal 40 The canal house on the 14th century canal Oudezijds Voorburgwal , currently on number 40, was built in 1630. Between 1661 and 1663 the top three floors of the house were changed into a house church
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Lorenzo Lotto
LORENZO LOTTO (c. 1480 – 1556/57) was an Italian painter , draughtsman and illustrator, traditionally placed in the Venetian school , though much of his career was spent in other North Italian cities. He painted mainly altarpieces, religious subjects and portraits. While he was active during the High Renaissance
High Renaissance
, his nervous and eccentric posings and distortions represent a transitional stage to the first Florentine and Roman Mannerists of the 16th century
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