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James Stewart, 1st Earl Of Buchan
James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan
Earl of Buchan
(1442–1499) was a Scottish noble. He was the uncle of James III of Scotland
James III of Scotland
who was granted the Earldom of Buchan. Buchan repaid him by fighting for his cause against rebellious southern barons
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James III Of Scotland
James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family. However, it was through his marriage to Margaret of Denmark that the Orkney
Orkney
and Shetland
Shetland
islands became Scottish. His reputation as the first Renaissance
Renaissance
monarch in Scotland has sometimes been exaggerated, based on attacks on him in later chronicles for being more interested in such unmanly pursuits as music than hunting, riding and leading his kingdom into war. In fact, the artistic legacy of his reign is slight, especially when compared to that of his successors, James IV and James V
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Katherine Swynford
Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster (25 November 1350 – 10 May 1403) (also spelled Katharine or Catherine),[2] was the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. She had been the Duke's lover for many years before their marriage. The couple's children, born before the marriage, were later legitimated during the reign of the Duke's nephew, Richard II. When the Duke's son from his first marriage overthrew Richard, becoming Henry IV, he introduced a provision that neither they nor their descendants could ever claim the throne of England. Their descendants were members of the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford
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Battle Of Flodden
The Battle of Flodden, Flodden Field, or occasionally Branxton (Brainston Moor[4]) was a military combat in the War of the League of Cambrai between the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
and the Kingdom of Scotland, resulting in an English victory
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John Stewart, 1st Earl Of Traquair
John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair
Earl of Traquair
(died 27 March 1659) was a Scottish statesman, the son of John Stewart, the younger, of Traquair in Peeblesshire, of a branch, originally illegitimate, of the house of Buchan, and was created Baron Stewart of Traquair in 1628 and earl of Traquair in 1633.Contents1 Life 2 Family 3 See also 4 Notes 5 ReferencesLife[edit] He was appointed Treasurer-depute of Scotland
Scotland
and an extraordinary lord of session in 1630, and is said to have given the casting vote against John Elphinstone, 2nd Lord Balmerino at his trial in 1634, but afterwards obtained his pardon. From 1636 to 1641 he held the office of Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, and aided Charles I in introducing the liturgy.[1] He endeavoured to prevent a conflict by impressing on the king the necessity of caution and the danger of extreme measures against the rioters
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James Stewart, The Black Knight Of Lorn
James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorne (c.1399–c.1451) was a Scottish nobleman.Contents1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Family 4 SourcesEarly life[edit] The Black Knight of Lorn was born at Innermeath, Scotland. His father, Sir John Stewart (d. 26 Apr 1421), was ambassador to England and was married to Isabel MacDougall (d. 21 Dec 1439), heiress to the House of Ergadia, the senior line descending from Somerled, King of Mann and the Isles. He was a direct male line descendant of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland, through his second son Sir John Stewart of Bonkill, who was killed at the Battle of Falkirk. His mother was also a descendant of Robert I of Scotland, through his second marriage to Elizabeth de Burgh. Political career[edit] James was a younger brother of Robert Stewart, 1st Lord Lorne (1382-1449), whose descendants bore this title. He was an ally of the Black Douglases, Earls of Douglas
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Edward III Of England
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland
Lord of Ireland
from 25 January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II. Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His long reign of 50 years was the second longest in medieval England and saw vital developments in legislation and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death. Edward was crowned at age fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer. At age seventeen he led a successful coup against Mortimer, the de facto ruler of the country, and began his personal reign
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John Of Gaunt, 1st Duke Of Lancaster
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English nobleman and member of the House of Plantagenet, the third of five surviving sons of King Edward III of England
Edward III of England
and Philippa of Hainault. He was called "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent, then rendered in English as Gaunt. When he became unpopular later in life, scurrilous rumours and lampoons circulated that he was actually the son of a Ghent
Ghent
butcher, perhaps because Edward III was not present at the birth. This story always drove him to fury.[2] As a younger brother of Edward, the Black Prince, John exercised great influence over the English throne during the minority of Edward's son, King Richard II, and the ensuing periods of political strife
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Philippa Of Hainault
Philippa of Hainault
Philippa of Hainault
(Middle French: Philippe de Hainaut; 24 June[1] c.1310/15[2] – 15 August 1369) was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III.[3] Edward promised in 1326 to marry her within the following two years.[4] She was married to Edward, first by proxy, when Edward dispatched the Bishop of Coventry
Bishop of Coventry
"to marry her in his name" in Valenciennes
Valenciennes
(second city in importance of the county of Hainaut) in October 1327.[5] The marriage was celebrated formally in York Minster
York Minster
on 24 January 1328, some months after Edward's accession to the throne of England. In August 1328, he also fixed his wife's dower.[6] Philippa acted as regent in 1346,[7] when her husband was away from his kingdom, and she often accompanied him on his expeditions to Scotland, France, and Flanders
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John Beaufort, 1st Earl Of Somerset
John Beaufort, 1st Marquess of Somerset
Marquess of Somerset
and 1st Marquess of Dorset, later only 1st Earl of Somerset, KG (c. 1373 – 16 March 1410) was an English nobleman and politician. He was the first of the four children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, whom he married in 1396
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Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl Of Kent
Thomas Holland (also known as de Holland),[1] 2nd Earl of Kent, 3rd Baron Holand
Baron Holand
KG (1350/1354 – 25 April 1397) was an English nobleman and a councillor of his half-brother, King Richard II of England.Contents1 Family and early Life 2 Military career 3 Later years and death 4 Marriage and children4.1 Sons 4.2 Daughters5 Ancestry 6 ReferencesFamily and early Life[edit] Thomas Holland (or de Holand)[1] was born in Upholand, Lancashire, in 1350[1][3] or 1354[2][4] (sources differ on his birth year). He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent, and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent".[5] His mother was a daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, and Margaret Wake
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Henry II Of France
Henry II (French: Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was a monarch of the House of Valois
House of Valois
who ruled as King of France
King of France
from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin of France
Dauphin of France
upon the death of his elder brother Francis III, Duke of Brittany, in 1536. As a child, Henry and his elder brother spent over four years in captivity in Spain
Spain
as hostages in exchange for their father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matter of arts, wars and religion
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Joan Of Kent
Joan of Kent (29 September 1328 – 7 August 1385), known to history as The Fair Maid of Kent, was the mother of King Richard II of England, whom she bore to her third husband Edward, the Black Prince, son and heir of King Edward III
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Margaret Beaufort, Countess Of Somerset
Margaret Holland, Countess of Somerset (1385 – 31 December 1439) was the daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, who was the son of Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent" (granddaughter of Edward I of England, wife of Edward the Black Prince
Edward the Black Prince
and mother of Richard II of England). Margaret's mother was Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. Margaret married John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, son of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress Katherine Swynford. They had six children:[1] Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset
Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset
(c. 1401–25 November 1418). John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset
(baptized 25 March 1404–27 May 1444). Thomas Beaufort, Count of Perche (c. 1405–1431). Lady Joan Beaufort (c
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Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl Of Arundel
Richard FitzAlan, 4th Earl of Arundel
Earl of Arundel
and 8th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Surrey
(c.1306 – 24 January 1376) was an English nobleman and medieval military leader and distinguished admiral. Arundel was one of the wealthiest nobles, and most loyal noble retainer of the chivalric code that governed the reign of Edward III.Contents1 Early life 2 Civil career 3 Naval and military service during the Hundred Years War3.1 Admiral of the West4 Great wealth 5 Marriages and children 6 Death and legacy 7 Ancestry 8 See also 9 Notes9.1 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Richard was born in 1306 Sussex, England. FitzAlan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and his wife Alice de Warenne. His parents married in 1305, after his father had initially been fined for refusing to marry Alice in 1304; their betrothal had been arranged by Alice's grandfather the Earl of Surrey, his father's guardian
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Alice Holland, Countess Of Kent
Alice Holland, Countess of Kent (c. 1350[1] – 17 March 1416), LG, formerly Lady Alice Fitzalan, was an English noblewoman, a daughter of the 10th Earl of Arundel, and the wife of the 2nd Earl of Kent, the half-brother of King Richard II. As the maternal grandmother of Anne Mortimer, she was an ancestor of King Edward IV and King Richard III, as well as King Henry VII and the Tudor dynasty
Tudor dynasty
through her daughter Margaret Holland. She was also the maternal grandmother of Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland. She was appointed a Lady of the Garter
Lady of the Garter
in 1388.Contents1 Family 2 Marriage and issue 3 Later years 4 Descendants 5 Ancestry 6 External links 7 ReferencesFamily[edit] Lady Alice Fitzalan was born circa 1350 at Arundel Castle
Arundel Castle
in Sussex, England,[2] the second daughter of the 10th Earl of Arundel, and Lady Eleanor of Lancaster
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