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Jalal-Abad
JALAL-ABAD (also spelled DZHALAL-ABAD, DJALAL-ABAT, JALALABAT; Kyrgyz : Жалал-Aбат, Calal-Abat/Jalal-Abat, جالال-ابات, ) is the administrative and economic centre of Jalal-Abad Region
Jalal-Abad Region
in southwestern Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. Its area is 88 square kilometres (34 sq mi), and its resident population was 97,172 in 2009. It is situated at the north-eastern end of the Fergana valley
Fergana valley
along the Kögart River valley, in the foothills of the Babash Ata mountains, very close to Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
border. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 Tourism * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links OVERVIEW Jalal-Abad
Jalal-Abad
is known for its mineral springs in its surroundings, and the water from the nearby Azreti-Ayup-Paygambar spa was long believed to cure lepers
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-abad
-ABAD is a suffix that forms part of many west, central and south Asian city names originally derived from the Persian language
Persian language
term ābād (آباد), meaning "cultivated place" (village, city, Region), and commonly attached to the name of the city's founder or patron. The root of this word is the Persian āb (آب) meaning 'Water'. In India, -abads are the legacies of Persianized Muslim rulers such as the Mughals . The suffix is most common in Iran, which contains thousands of -abads, most of them small villages. Markazi Province alone contained 44 Hoseynabads , 31 Aliabads , 23 Hajjiabads , 22 Hasanabads , and so on
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Persian Language
PERSIAN (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/ ), also known by its endonym FARSI (فارسی fārsi ( listen )), is one of the Western Iranian languages
Iranian languages
within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family . It is primarily spoken in Iran
Iran
, Afghanistan (officially known as Dari since 1958), and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era), and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
Iran
. It is written in the Persian alphabet , a modified variant of the Arabic script
Arabic script

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Job In Islam
JOB (Arabic : أيّوب Ayyūb‎‎) is considered a prophet in Islam
Islam
and is mentioned in the Qur\'an . Job's story in Islam
Islam
is parallel to the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
story , although the main emphasis is on Job remaining steadfast to God; there is no mention of Job's discussions with friends in the Qur'anic text, but later Muslim literature states that Job had brothers, who argued with the man about the cause of his affliction. Some Muslim
Muslim
commentators also spoke of Job as being the ancestor of the Romans . Islamic literature also comments on Job's time and place of prophetic ministry, saying that he came after Joseph in the prophetic series and that he preached to his own people rather than being sent to a specified community. Tradition further recounts that Job will be the leader in Heaven
Heaven
of the group of "those who patiently endured"
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Silk Road
The SILK ROAD or SILK ROUTE was an ancient network of trade routes that were for centuries central to cultural interaction originally through regions of Eurasia
Eurasia
connecting the East and West and stretching from the Korean peninsula and Japan to the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea. The Silk
Silk
Road concept refers to both the terrestrial and the maritime routes connecting Asia and Europe. The overland Steppe route stretching through the Eurasian steppe is considered the ancestor to the Silk
Silk
Road(s). While the term is of modern coinage, the Silk
Silk
Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk (and horses) carried out along its length, beginning during the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
(207 BCE – 220 CE)
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: ( listen )), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: ( listen )), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian : СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party state , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . The Russian nation had constitutionally equal status among the many nations of the union but exerted de facto dominance in various respects
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Persianate Societies
A PERSIANATE SOCIETY, or PERSIFIED SOCIETY, is a society that is based on or strongly influenced by the Persian language
Persian language
, culture , literature , art and/or identity. :6 The term "Persianate" is a neologism credited to Marshall Hodgson . In his 1974 book, The Venture of Islam: The expansion of Islam in the Middle Periods, he defined it thus: "The rise of Persian had more than purely literary consequences: it served to carry a new overall cultural orientation within Islamdom.... Most of the more local languages of high culture that later emerged among Muslims..
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Caravanserai
A CARAVANSERAI (/kærəˈvænsəri/ ; was a roadside inn where travelers (caravaners ) could rest and recover from the day's journey. Caravanserais supported the flow of commerce, information, and people across the network of trade routes covering Asia, North Africa
North Africa
, and Southeast Europe
Southeast Europe
, especially along the Silk Road
Silk Road

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Openstreetmap
OPENSTREETMAP (OSM) is a collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world. The creation and growth of OSM has been motivated by restrictions on use or availability of map information across much of the world, and the advent of inexpensive portable satellite navigation devices. OSM is considered a prominent example of volunteered geographic information . Created by Steve Coast
Steve Coast
in the UK in 2004, it was inspired by the success of and the predominance of proprietary map data in the UK and elsewhere. Since then, it has grown to over 2 million registered users, who can collect data using manual survey, GPS devices, aerial photography , and other free sources. This crowdsourced data is then made available under the Open Database Licence . The site is supported by the OpenStreetMap Foundation , a non-profit organisation registered in England and Wales
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Kishlak
KISHLAK or QISHLAQ (Uzbek : qishloq, Turkmen : gyşlag, Turkish : kışlak, Azerbaijani : qışlaq, Persian : قشلاق‎‎), or QışTAQ (Kyrgyz : кыштак) QıSTAW (Kazakh : кыстау) is a rural settlement of semi-nomadic Turkic peoples
Turkic peoples
of Central Asia
Central Asia
and Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
. The meaning of the term is "wintering place" in Turkic languages (derives from Turkic qış - winter). Traditionally, a clay/mud fence (dewal, duval) surrounds a kishlak
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Kokand
KOKAND (Uzbek : Qo‘qon, Қўқон, قوقان; Persian : خوقند‎‎, Xuqand; Chagatai : خوقند, Xuqand; Tajik : Хӯқанд, Xûqand/Xūqand) is a city in Fergana Region
Fergana Region
in eastern Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
, at the southwestern edge of the Fergana Valley
Fergana Valley
. The population of Kokand
Kokand
on April 24, 2014 was approximately 187,477. The city lies 228 km (142 mi) southeast of Tashkent
Tashkent
, 115 km (71 mi) west of Andijan
Andijan
, and 88 km (55 mi) west of Fergana . It is nicknamed "City of Winds", or sometimes "Town of the Boar
Boar
". Kokand's name derives from the well-known tribal family group of "Kokan" who belong to the Kongrat tribe of Uzbeks
Uzbeks

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Jalalabad
JALALABAD /dʒəˈlæləˌbæd/ (Pashto /Persian : جلال آباد‎‎ Jalālābād), formerly called ADINA PUR (Pashto: آدينه پور‎) as documented by the 7th century Hsüan-tsang , is a city in eastern Afghanistan
Afghanistan
. Located at the junction of the Kabul River and Kunar River near the Laghman valley , Jalalabad
Jalalabad
is the capital of Nangarhar province . It is linked by approximately 155 kilometres (95 mi) of highway with Kabul
Kabul
to the west. Jalalabad
Jalalabad
is the second-largest city in eastern Afghanistan
Afghanistan
as well as the centre of its social and business activity because of its border to Pakistan which is the main source of products to all of Afghanistan. Major industries include papermaking, as well as agricultural products including oranges, rice and sugarcane
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Uzbekistan
Coordinates : 41°N 69°E / 41°N 69°E / 41; 69 Republic
Republic
of Uzbekistan Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi (Uzbek ) Республика Узбекистан (Russian ) Flag State emblem ANTHEM: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi State Anthem of the Republic
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Pilgrim
A PILGRIM (from the Latin
Latin
peregrinus) is a traveler (literally one who has come from afar) who is on a journey to a holy place . Typically, this is a physical journey (often on foot) to some place of special significance to the adherent of a particular religious belief system. In the spiritual literature of Christianity
Christianity
, the concept of pilgrim and pilgrimage may refer to the experience of life in the world (considered as a period of exile) or to the inner path of the spiritual aspirant from a state of wretchedness to a state of beatitude
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Urban Area
An URBAN AREA is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment . Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities , towns , conurbations or suburbs . In urbanism , the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets and in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment . The creation of early predecessors of urban areas during the urban revolution led to the creation of human civilization with modern urban planning , which along with other human activities such as exploitation of natural resources leads to human impact on the environment . The world's urban population in 1950 of just 746 million has increased to 3.9 billion in the decades since. In 2009, the number of people living in urban areas (3.42 billion) surpassed the number living in rural areas (3.41 billion) and since then the world has become more urban than rural
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