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Jagadish Chandra Bose
SIR JAGADISH CHANDRA BOSE, CSI , CIE , FRS (/boʊs/ ; Bengali: ; 30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937), also spelled JAGDISH and JAGADIS, was a Bengali polymath , physicist , biologist , biophysicist , botanist and archaeologist , and an early writer of science fiction . Living in British India
British India
, he pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics , made significant contributions to plant science , and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. IEEE
IEEE
named him one of the fathers of radio science. Bose is considered the father of Bengali science fiction , and also invented the crescograph , a device for measuring the growth of plants. A crater on the moon has been named in his honour
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Order Of The Star Of India
The MOST EXALTED ORDER OF THE STAR OF INDIA is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in 1861. The Order includes members of three classes (regardless of gender): * KNIGHT GRAND COMMANDER ( GCSI ) * KNIGHT COMMANDER (KCSI ) * COMPANION (CSI )No appointments have been made since the 1948 New Year Honours , shortly after the Partition of India
Partition of India
in 1947. With the death of the last surviving knight, the Maharaja
Maharaja
of Alwar , the order became dormant in 2009. The motto of the order is Heaven's light our guide. The "Star of India", the emblem of the order, also appeared on the flag of the Viceroy of India
Viceroy of India
and other flags used to represent British India
British India

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Plant Biology
BOTANY, also called PLANT SCIENCE(S), PLANT BIOLOGY or PHYTOLOGY, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology . A BOTANIST or PLANT SCIENTIST is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
word βοτάνη (botanē) meaning "pasture ", "grass", or "fodder "; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν (boskein), "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress
International Botanical Congress
. Nowadays, botanists (in the strict sense) study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants (including ca 369,000 species of flowering plants ), and ca 20,000 are bryophytes
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Knight Bachelor
The dignity of KNIGHT BACHELOR is the most basic and lowest rank of a man who has been knighted by the monarch but not as a member of one of the organised orders of chivalry ; it is currently a part of the British honours system . Knights Bachelor are the most ancient sort of British knight (the rank existed during the 13th century reign of King Henry III ), but Knights Bachelor rank below knights of chivalric orders. There is no female counterpart to Knight
Knight
Bachelor
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John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh
JOHN WILLIAM STRUTT, 3RD BARON RAYLEIGH, OM , PC , PRS (/ˈreɪli/ ; 12 November 1842 – 30 June 1919) was a physicist who, with William Ramsay , discovered argon , an achievement for which he earned the Nobel Prize for Physics
Physics
in 1904. He also discovered the phenomenon now called Rayleigh scattering , which can be used to explain why the sky is blue, and predicted the existence of the surface waves now known as Rayleigh waves . Rayleigh's textbook, The Theory of Sound, is still referred to by acoustic engineers today. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Religious views * 3 Honours and awards * 4 Bibliography * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYStrutt was born on 12 November 1842 at Langford Grove in Maldon, Essex . In his early years he suffered from frailty and poor health
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List Of People Considered Father Or Mother Of A Field
The following is a list of significant men and women known for being the FATHER, MOTHER, or CONSIDERED THE FOUNDERS mostly in Western societies in a field , listed by category. In most non-science fields, the title of being the "father" is debatable
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Alma Mater
ALMA MATER ( Latin
Latin
: alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. almae matres) is an allegorical Latin
Latin
phrase for a university or college . In modern usage, it is a school or university which an individual has attended, or a song or hymn associated with a school . The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its modern usage, Alma mater
Alma mater
was an honorific title for various Latin
Latin
mother goddesses , especially Ceres or Cybele , and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary
Virgin Mary

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Christ's College, Cambridge
CHRIST\'S COLLEGE is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge . The college includes the Master, the Fellows of the College, and about 450 undergraduate and 170 graduate students. The college was founded by William Byngham in 1437 as God's House. In 1505, the college was granted a new royal charter, was given a substantial endowment by Lady Margaret Beaufort , and changed its name to Christ's College, becoming the twelfth of the Cambridge colleges to be founded in its current form. The college is renowned for educating some of Cambridge's most famous alumni, including Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
and John Milton
John Milton
. Within Cambridge, Christ's has a reputation for strong academic performance and tutorial support. It has averaged 1st place on the Tompkins Table from 1980–2006 and third place from 2006 to 2013
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Polymath
A POLYMATH (Greek : πολυμαθής, polymathēs, "having learned much") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas; such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems. The term was first used in the 17th century; the related term, POLYHISTOR, is an ancient term with similar meaning. Polymaths include the great thinkers of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment who excelled at several fields in science and the arts. In the Italian Renaissance , the idea of the polymath was expressed by Leon Battista Alberti (1404–1472), in the statement that "a man can do all things if he will". Embodying a basic tenet of Renaissance humanism , that humans are limitless in their capacity for development, the concept led to the notion that people should embrace all knowledge and develop their capacities as fully as possible
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Physicist
A PHYSICIST is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics , the exploration of the interactions of matter and energy across the physical universe. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Education * 3.1 Honors and awards * 4 Careers * 5 Professional Certification * 5.1 United Kingdom * 5.2 Canada * 5.3 South Africa * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links OVERVIEWA physicist is a scientist who specializes or works in the field of physics. The field generally includes two types of physicists: experimental physicists who are concerned with the observation of physical phenomena and experiments, and theoretical physicists who employ mathematical models and abstractions of physical objects and systems to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena
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Indian Subcontinent
The INDIAN SUBCONTINENT or the SUBCONTINENT is a southern region of Asia
Asia
, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
from the Himalayas
Himalayas
. Geologically , the Indian subcontinent is related to the land mass that rifted from Gondwana and merged with the Eurasian plate nearly 55 million years ago. Geographically , it is the peninsular region in south-central Asia delineated by the Himalayas
Himalayas
in the north, the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
in the west, and the Arakanese in the east
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IEEE
The INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (IEEE, pronounced "I triple E") is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City
New York City
and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey . It was formed in 1963 from the amalgamation of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio
Radio
Engineers . Today, it is the world's largest association of technical professionals with more than 420,000 members in over 160 countries around the world. Its objectives are the educational and technical advancement of electrical and electronic engineering , telecommunications , computer engineering and allied disciplines
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Plant Science
BOTANY, also called PLANT SCIENCE(S), PLANT BIOLOGY or PHYTOLOGY, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology . A BOTANIST or PLANT SCIENTIST is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
word βοτάνη (botanē) meaning "pasture ", "grass", or "fodder "; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν (boskein), "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress
International Botanical Congress
. Nowadays, botanists (in the strict sense) study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants (including ca 369,000 species of flowering plants ), and ca 20,000 are bryophytes
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Optics
OPTICS is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light , including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it. Optics usually describes the behaviour of visible , ultraviolet , and infrared light. Because light is an electromagnetic wave , other forms of electromagnetic radiation such as X-rays , microwaves , and radio waves exhibit similar properties. Most optical phenomena can be accounted for using the classical electromagnetic description of light. Complete electromagnetic descriptions of light are, however, often difficult to apply in practice. Practical optics is usually done using simplified models. The most common of these, geometric optics , treats light as a collection of rays that travel in straight lines and bend when they pass through or reflect from surfaces
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Biologist
A BIOLOGIST, is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of biology , the scientific study of life . Biologists involved in fundamental research attempt to explore and further explain the underlying mechanisms that govern the functioning of living matter. Biologists involved in applied research attempt to develop or improve more specific processes and understanding, in fields such as medicine , industry and agriculture . While "biologist" can apply to any scientist studying biology , most biologists research and specialise in specific fields. In this way, biologists investigate large-scale organism interactions (ecology ), whole multicellular organisms , organs , tissues , cells , and small-scale cellular and molecular processes. Other biologists study less direct aspects of life, such as phylogeny and evolution
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Biophysicist
BIOPHYSICS or BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS is an interdisciplinary science that applies the approaches and methods of physics to study biological systems . Biophysics covers all scales of biological organization , from molecular to organismic and populations. Biophysical research shares significant overlap with biochemistry , physical chemistry , nanotechnology , bioengineering , computational biology , biomechanics and systems biology . The term biophysics was originally introduced by Karl Pearson
Karl Pearson
in 1892. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Focus as a subfield * 4 See also * 5 References * 5.1 Citations * 5.2 Sources * 6 External links OVERVIEW Molecular biophysics
Molecular biophysics
typically addresses biological questions similar to those in biochemistry and molecular biology , seeking to find the physical underpinnings of biomolecular phenomena
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