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Italian Republic
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic Repubblica Italiana (Italian ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani
Il Canto degli Italiani
(Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy
Italy
(dark gre
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Unitary State
A UNITARY STATE is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 193 UN member states , 165 are governed as unitary states. In a unitary state, sub-national units are created and abolished (an example being the 22 mainland regions of France
France
being merged into 13), and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute , the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers
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Parliamentary System
A PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament , and is also held accountable to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a different person from the head of government . This is in contrast to a presidential system , where the head of state often is also the head of government and, most importantly, the executive branch does not derive its democratic legitimacy from the legislature
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Hinduism In Italy
There are approximately 177,200 Hindus in Italy. Unione Induista Italia (UII) (Italian Hindu
Hindu
Union) exists in Italy
Italy
led by Swami Yogananda Giri . Hindus are pressing for official recognition in Italy
Italy
. UII has signed in 2007 an Intente with the Italian government. The document was then waiting for approval by the Italian Parliament
Italian Parliament
. Hinduism was granted official recognition by the Italian Parliament
Italian Parliament
in 2012 alongside Buddhism. The Hindu
Hindu
organization, ISKCON
ISKCON
, also has an extensive presence in Italy. REFERENCES * ^ "The Religious Demographics Of Italy". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2017-08-05. * ^ " Italian Parliament
Italian Parliament
Grants Offical Recognition to Hinduism and Buddhism". Hinduism Today
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Islam In Italy
Muslim
Muslim
presence in Italy dates back to the 9th century, when Sicily came under control of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliphate
. There was a large Muslim presence in Italy from 827 (the first occupation of Mazara ) until the 12th century. The Norman conquest of Sicily
Sicily
led to a gradual decline of Islam, due to conversions and emigration of Muslims toward Northern Africa. A small Muslim
Muslim
community however survived at least until 1300 (the destruction of the Muslim
Muslim
settlement of Lucera ). Thereafter, until the 20th century, Islam was virtually non-existent in Italy. The Mosque of Segrate in Milan
Milan
. During the 20th century, the first Somali immigrants from Italian Somaliland began to arrive
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Republic
A REPUBLIC (Latin : res publica ) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch . In American English, the definition of a republic can also refer specifically to a government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body, known elsewhere as a representative democracy (a democratic republic ), and exercise power according to the rule of law (a constitutional republic). As of 2017 , 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names
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European Economic Community
The EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states. It was created by the Treaty of Rome of 1957. Upon the formation of the European Union
European Union
(EU) in 1993, the EEC was incorporated and renamed as the EUROPEAN COMMUNITY (EC). In 2009 the EC's institutions were absorbed into the EU's wider framework and the community ceased to exist. The Community's initial aim was to bring about economic integration, including a common market and customs union , among its six founding members : Belgium
Belgium
, France
France
, Italy
Italy
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, the Netherlands
Netherlands
and West Germany
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Lower House
A LOWER HOUSE is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature , the other chamber being the upper house . Inside the Australian House of Representatives Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral
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Upper House
An UPPER HOUSE, sometimes called a senate , is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature ), the other chamber being the lower house . The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the United Kingdom's House of Lords
House of Lords
, India's Rajya Sabha , Russia's Federation Council , Ireland's Seanad
Seanad
, Malaysia's Dewan Negara , Germany's Bundesrat and the United States Senate
Senate

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List Of Countries And Territories By Population Density
This is a LIST OF COUNTRIES AND DEPENDENCIES RANKED BY HUMAN POPULATION DENSITY and measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer or square mile . CONTENTS * 1 Methodology * 2 Main table * 3 Density amongst the most populous * 4 See also * 5 Notes METHODOLOGYThe list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories based upon the ISO standard ISO 3166-1 . The list also includes but does not rank unrecognized but de facto independent countries. The figures in the following table are based on areas including inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Figures used in this article are mainly based on the latest censuses and official estimates (or projections). Where there is not such updated national data available, figures are based on the 2015 estimates provided by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
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Irreligion
IRRELIGION (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion . Irreligion may include some forms of theism , depending on the religious context it is defined against; for example, in 18th-century Europe, the epitome of irreligion was deism . According to the Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
's 2012 global study of 230 countries and territories, only 16% of the world's population is not affiliated with a religion, while 84% are affiliated. . According to their projections, the non-religious, though temporarily increasing, will ultimately decline significantly by 2050 because of lower reproductive rates and ageing
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world 's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area . Entries in this list, include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO standard 3166-1 , which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. Largely unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order, but are not given a rank number. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "Notes" column for each country for clarification
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Christianity In Italy
CHRISTIANITY IN ITALY is characterised by the predominance of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. The country's Catholic patron saints are Francis of Assisi
Francis of Assisi
and Catherine of Siena . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Catholic Church
Catholic Church
* 3 Other Christian denominations * 4 Statistics on religious practice * 5 See also * 6 References OVERVIEWAccording to CISB China Global Religious Landscape survey by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life (an American think tank ), 83.3% of Italy
Italy
's residents are Christians, 12.4% are irreligious , atheist or agnostic , 3.7% are Muslims and the remaining 0.6% adhere to other religions. According to a 2006 survey by Eurispes (an Italian research centre), Catholics made up 87.8% of the population, with 36.8% describing themselves as observants
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Gross Domestic Product
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time . Nominal GDP estimates are commonly used to determine the economic performance of a whole country or region, and to make international comparisons. Nominal GDP per capita
GDP per capita
does not, however, reflect differences in the cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries; therefore using a basis of GDP per capita
GDP per capita
at purchasing power parity (PPP) is arguably more useful when comparing differences in living standards between different nations
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