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Issyk Kul Lake
ISSYK-KUL (also YSYK KöL, ISSYK-KOL: Kyrgyz : Ысык-Көл, Isıq-Köl, ىسىق-كۅل, ; Russian : Иссык-Куль, Issyk-Kulj) is an endorheic lake in the northern Tian Shan
Tian Shan
mountains in eastern Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. It is the tenth largest lake in the world by volume (though not in surface area), and the second largest saline lake after the Caspian Sea . Issyk-Kul means "warm lake" in the Kyrgyz language ; although it is surrounded by snow-capped peaks, it never freezes. The lake is a Ramsar site of globally significant biodiversity (Ramsar Site RDB Code 2KG001) and forms part of the Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserve
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: ( listen )), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: ( listen )), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian : СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party state , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . The Russian nation had constitutionally equal status among the many nations of the union but exerted de facto dominance in various respects
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Seawater
SEAWATER, or SALT WATER, is water from a sea or ocean. On average, seawater in the world's oceans has a salinity of about 3.5% (35 g/L, 599 mM) This means that every kilogram (roughly one litre by volume) of seawater has approximately 35 grams (1.2 oz) of dissolved salts (predominantly sodium (Na+ ) and chloride (Cl− ) ions ). Average density at the surface is 1.025 kg/L. Seawater
Seawater
is denser than both fresh water and pure water (density 1.0 kg/L at 4 °C (39 °F)) because the dissolved salts increase the mass by a larger proportion than the volume. The freezing point of seawater decreases as salt concentration increases. At typical salinity, it freezes at about −2 °C (28 °F). The coldest seawater ever recorded (in a liquid state) was in 2010, in a stream under an Antarctic
Antarctic
glacier , and measured −2.6 °C (27.3 °F). Seawater
Seawater
pH is typically limited to a range between 7.5 and 8.4
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Sanatorium
A SANATORIUM (also spelled SANITORIUM and SANITARIUM) is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the late-nineteenth and twentieth century before the discovery of antibiotics . A distinction is sometimes made between "sanitarium" (a kind of health resort, as in the Battle Creek Sanitarium ) and "sanatorium" (a hospital). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Conception * 1.2 Early establishments * 1.3 In 20th-century United States
United States
* 1.4 Discovery of antibiotics and decline * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links HISTORYCONCEPTIONThe first suggestion of sanatoria in the modern sense was likely made by George Bodington , who opened a sanatorium in Sutton Coldfield in 1836 and later published his essay, On the Treatment and Cure of Pulmonary Consumption , in 1840
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USSR
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: ( listen )), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: ( listen )), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian : СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party state , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . The Russian nation had constitutionally equal status among the many nations of the union but exerted de facto dominance in various respects
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Russia
Coordinates : 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90 Russian Federation Росси́йская Федера́ция (Russian ) Rossiyskaya Federatsiya Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: "Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii " (transliteration ) "State Anthem of the Russian Federation" Location of Russia
Russia
(green) Russian-administered Crimea
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Kungey Alatau
The KüNGöY ALA-TOO (Kyrgyz : Күңгөй Ала-Тоо, ), also spelled Kyungei Alatoo, Kungey Ala-Too, and Kungey Alatau, is a range in the North Tien-Shan . Its length is about 280 km and it stretches from Boom Gorge to Kegen - Karkyrin valley. The highest point of the range is Peak Chok Tal (4770 m). REFERENCES * ^ Иссык-Куль.Нарын:Энциклопедия (in Russian). Bishkek: Chief Editorial Board of Kyrgyz Encyclopedia. 1991. p. 512. ISBN 5-89750-009-6 . AUTHORITY CONTROL * WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 247366100 * GND : 4404858-0 This Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Monohydrocalcite
MONOHYDROCALCITE is a mineral that is a hydrous form of calcium carbonate , CaCO3·H2O. It was formerly also known by the name hydrocalcite, which is now discredited by the IMA . It is a trigonal mineral which is white when pure. Monohydrocalcite
Monohydrocalcite
is not a common rock-forming mineral, but is frequently associated with other calcium and magnesium carbonate minerals , such as calcite , aragonite , lansfordite , and nesquehonite . Monohydrocalcite
Monohydrocalcite
has been observed in air conditioning systems , and in moonmilk deposits in caves, both probably formed from spray of carbonate rich fluids
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South America
SOUTH AMERICA is a continent located in the western hemisphere , mostly in the southern hemisphere , with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere . It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas
Americas
, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America
Latin America
or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil). It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
; North America
North America
and the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
lie to the northwest
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List Of Rivers Of The Issyk-Kul
A LIST OF RIVERS OF ISSYK KUL includes rivers draining into lake Issyk Kul
Issyk Kul
in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan

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Hot Springs
A HOT SPRING is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust . There are geothermal hot springs in many locations all over the crust of the earth . While some of these springs contain water that is a safe temperature for bathing, others are so hot that immersion can result in injury or death. CONTENTS * 1 Definitions * 2 Sources of heat * 3 Flow rates * 3.1 High flow hot springs * 4 Therapeutic uses * 5 Biota in hot springs * 6 Notable hot springs * 7 Etiquette * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links DEFINITIONS "Blood Pond" hot spring in Beppu , Japan There is no universally accepted definition of a hot spring
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Chu River
The CHU (SHU or CHUI, CHUY) (Kazakh : Шу/Şuw, شۋ; Kyrgyz : Чүй, Çüy, چۉي; Dungan : Чў, Çw (from 楚 chǔ); Russian : Чу) is a river in northern Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and southern Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
. Of the length of approximately 1 067 kilometres (663 miles), the first 115 kilometres are in Kyrgyzystan, then for 221 kilometres the river is the border between Kyrgyzystan and Kazakhstan, and the last 731 kilometres are in Kazakhstan. It's one of the longest rivers in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and in Kazakhstan. Chuy Region , the northernmost and most populous administrative region of Kyrgyzstan, is named after the river; so are the Chuy Avenue, the main street of Bishkek, and the city of Shu in Kazakhstan's Jambyl Region
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Przhevalsky
NIKOLAY MIKHAYLOVICH PRZHEVALSKY (Russian : Никола́й Миха́йлович Пржева́льский; April 12 1839 – November 1 1888) was a Russian geographer of Polish origin and a renowned explorer of Central and East Asia
East Asia
. Although he never reached his ultimate goal, the holy city of Lhasa
Lhasa
in Tibet
Tibet
, he traveled through regions then unknown to the West, such as northern Tibet (modern Tibet
Tibet
Autonomous Region ), Amdo
Amdo
(now Qinghai
Qinghai
) and Dzungaria (now northern Xinjiang
Xinjiang
). He contributed significantly to European knowledge of Central Asia
Central Asia
and was the first known European to describe the only extant species of wild horse, which is named after him: Przewalski\'s horse
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Mosque
A MOSQUE (/mɒsk/ ; from Arabic : مسجد‎, translit. masjid) is a place of worship for followers of Islam
Islam
. There are strict and detailed requirements in Sunni jurisprudence (fiqh ) for a place of worship to be considered a mosque, with places that do not meet these requirements regarded as musallas. There are stringent restrictions on the uses of the area formally demarcated as the mosque (which is often a small portion of the larger complex), and, in the Islamic Sharia
Sharia
law, after an area is formally designated as a mosque, it remains so until the Last Day . Many mosques have elaborate domes , minarets , and prayer halls, in varying styles of architecture. Mosques originated on the Arabian Peninsula , but are now found in all inhabited continents. The mosque serves as a place where Muslims can come together for salah (Arabic : صلاة‎, translit
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Europe
EUROPE is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere
Eastern Hemisphere
. It is bordered by the Arctic
Arctic
Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia
Eurasia
. Since around 1850, Europe
Europe
is most commonly considered as separated from Asia
Asia
by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Though the term "continent" implies physical geography defines it, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity
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Black Death
The BLACK DEATH was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history , resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia
Eurasia
and peaking in Europe
Europe
in the years 1346–1353. Although there were several competing theories as to the cause of the Black Death, analyses of DNA
DNA
from people in northern and southern Europe
Europe
published in 2010 and 2011 indicate that the pathogen responsible was the Yersinia pestis
Yersinia pestis
bacterium , resulting in several forms of plague , including the bubonic plague . The Black Death
Black Death
is thought to have originated in the arid plains of Central Asia
Central Asia
, where it then travelled along the Silk Road
Silk Road
, reaching Crimea
Crimea
by 1343
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