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Iranian Pop Music
IRANIAN POP MUSIC refers to pop music originated in Iran
Iran
, with songs mainly in Persian and other regional languages of the country. It is also widely referred to as PERSIAN POP MUSIC . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Early Iranian popular music * 1.2 1950s–60s * 1.3 1970s * 1.4 After the 1979 Revolution * 2 Awards * 2.1 Notable International Awards * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYEARLY IRANIAN POPULAR MUSICThe origin of Iranian pop music
Iranian pop music
dates back to the time of the 19th-century Qajar dynasty
Qajar dynasty
. Following the invent of radio in 1930, and after World War II
World War II
, a form of popular music emerged and began to develop in Iran. Viguen , known as "the King of Persian Pop and Jazz
Jazz
". 1950S–60SPersian pop music grew and developed during the 1950s
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Name Of Iran
In the Western world
Western world
, PERSIA (or one of its cognates) was historically the common name for Iran
Iran
. In 1935, Reza Shah
Reza Shah
Pahlavi asked foreign delegates to use the term IRAN, the historical name of the country, used by its native people, in formal correspondence. Iran literally means Land of Aryans in Persian language
Persian language
. Since then, in the Western World, the use of the word "Iran" has become more common. This also changed the usage of the terms for Iranian nationality, and the common adjective for citizens of Iran
Iran
changed from PERSIAN to IRANIAN. In 1959, the government of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Reza Shah Pahlavi
, Reza Shah Pahlavi's son, announced that both "Persia" and "Iran" could officially be used interchangeably
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Qajar Dynasty
The QAJAR DYNASTY ( listen (help ·info ); Persian : سلسله قاجار‎‎ Selsele-ye Qājār; also romanised as GHAJAR, KADJAR, QACHAR etc.; Azerbaijani : قاجارلر Qacarlar) was an Iranian royal dynasty of Turkic origin, specifically from the Qajar tribe , which ruled Persia
Persia
( Iran
Iran
) from 1785 to 1925. The state ruled by the dynasty was officially known as the SUBLIME STATE OF PERSIA (Persian : دولت علیّه ایران‎‎ Dowlat-e Aliyye-ye Irān). The Qajar family took full control of Iran
Iran
in 1794, deposing Lotf \'Ali Khan , the last of the Zand dynasty , and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus
Caucasus

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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Honorific Nicknames In Popular Music
HONORIFIC NICKNAMES IN POPULAR MUSIC are terms used, most often in the media or by fans, to indicate the significance of an artist, and are often religious , familial , or (most frequently) royal and aristocratic titles, used metaphorically . Honorific nicknames were used in classical music in Europe as early as the early nineteenth century, with figures such as Mozart being called "The father of modern music" and Bach "The father of modern piano music". They were also particularly prominent in African-American culture in the post-Civil War era, perhaps as a means of conferring status that had been negated by slavery , and as a result entered early jazz and blues music, including figures such as Duke Ellington
Duke Ellington
and Count Basie
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Persian Language
PERSIAN (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/ ), also known by its endonym FARSI (فارسی fārsi ( listen )), is one of the Western Iranian languages
Iranian languages
within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family . It is primarily spoken in Iran
Iran
, Afghanistan (officially known as Dari since 1958), and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era), and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
Iran
. It is written in the Persian alphabet , a modified variant of the Arabic script
Arabic script

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Bandari Music
BANDARI MUSIC (Persian : بندری‎‎) stems from Iran
Iran
's south, around the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
region. CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Instruments * 3 Bandari dance * 4 References * 5 External links MUSICIt is a rhythmic type of dance music played fast and slow using quarter tone that can be vocalized and played. It is played during celebrations including in weddings. The definition of the word “bandari” means “of the port” is a derivation of the Persian word bandar , meaning port . INSTRUMENTSThe major musical instruments used in the Bandari style; * The nei anban is an instrument made of goat's skin similar to Irish bagpipes and is played by blowing. * The tombak is a percussion instrument made of animal skin and the wood of the walnut tree
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Ey Iran
EY IRâN (ای ایران, “O Iran”) is an anthem considered by the Iranian Opposition to be the de facto national anthem of Iran. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Lyrics * 3 References * 4 External links * 5 See also HISTORY"Ey Irân" anthem was composed in 1944 in Tehran
Tehran
. The lyrics were written by Hossein Gol-e-Golab and the music was composed by Ruhollah Khaleqi , and it was first performed by the classical Persian music singer Gholam-Hossein Banan . Golegolâb was inspired to write the song by patriotism . He has been quoted to have said: "In 1944, the footsteps of the invading armies in the streets were enough to rattle any patriot and inspired me to write this anthem. Professor Ruhollâh Kâleqi wrote the music and despite all the political opposition, it found its way into the heart and soul of the people." "Ey Irân" is sometimes mistaken for being the former Persian national anthem
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Hamadan
HAMADāN (pronounced ) or HAMEDāN (Persian : همدان‎‎, Hamadān) ( Old Persian : Haŋgmetana, Ecbatana ) is the capital city of Hamadan Province of Iran . At the 2006 census, its population was 473,149, in 127,812 families. Hamadan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities. It is possible that it was occupied by the Assyrians in 1100 BCE; the Ancient Greek historian, Herodotus , states that it was the capital of the Medes , around 700 BCE. Hamadan has a green mountainous area in the foothills of the 3,574-meter Alvand Mountain, in the midwest part of Iran. The city is 1,850 meters above sea level . The special nature of this old city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer to this city, located approximately 360 kilometres (220 miles) southwest of Tehran
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Kurds Of Khorasan
The KURDS OF KHORASAN or KHORASSANI KURDS (Kurdish : Kurdên Xorasanê‎, Persian : کردهای خراسان‎‎) are Kurds native to northeastern Iran
Iran
, across the Iran- Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
border. They inhabit much of North Khorasan
North Khorasan
province, northern and northwestern parts of Razavi Khorasan
Razavi Khorasan
province, as well as parts of Golestan province. They speak a Kurmanji
Kurmanji
dialect of Kurdish and are mostly adherents of Shia Islam
Shia Islam
. The population of Khorasani Kurds
Kurds
is about half a million, some 400 thousand of which live in Razavi Khorasan
Razavi Khorasan
and the rest in North Khorasan
North Khorasan

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Qazvin
QAZVIN (/kæzˈviːn/ ; Persian : قزوین‎‎, IPA: ( listen ), also Romanized as Qazvīn, Caspin, Qazwin, or Ghazvin) is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin
Qazvin
in Iran
Iran
. Qazvin was an ancient capital in the Safavid
Safavid
dynasty and nowadays is known as the calligraphy capital of Iran. It is famous for its Baghlava , carpet patterns, poets, political newspaper and pahlavi (Middle Persian ) influence on its accent. At the 2011 census, its population was 381,598. Located in 150 km (93 mi) northwest of Tehran
Tehran
, in the Qazvin Province , it is at an altitude of about 1,800 m (5,900 ft) above sea level. The climate is cold but dry, due to its position south of the rugged Alborz
Alborz
range called KTS Atabakiya
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Armenians
ARMENIANS (Armenian : հայեր, hayer ) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
. Armenians
Armenians
constitute the main population of Armenia
Armenia
and the de facto independent Artsakh . There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around 5 million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia , the United States , France , Georgia , Iran
Iran
, Germany, Ukraine , Lebanon
Lebanon
, Brazil and Syria
Syria
. With the exceptions of Iran
Iran
and the former Soviet states, the present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian Genocide
Armenian Genocide

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Armenian Language
The ARMENIAN LANGUAGE (classical : հայերէն; reformed : հայերեն hayeren) occupies an independent branch of the Indo-European language tree. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia
Armenia
and the Republic of Artsakh
Republic of Artsakh
. It has historically been spoken throughout the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
and today is widely spoken in the Armenian diaspora . Armenian is written using the Armenian alphabet
Armenian alphabet
, introduced in AD 405 by Mesrop Mashtots . Armenian has developed since the separation from Indo-European mother tongue in the third millennium BC to at least the time of the first Armenian dynasty (the Yervanduni dynasty , founded in the 6th century BC). Hellenistic influences during the Artashesian Dynasty (2nd century BC to 1st century AD) led to word borrowings from Greek and Latin
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Farhad Mehrad
FARHAD MEHRAD (Persian : فرهاد مهراد‎‎) (January 20, 1944 - August 31, 2002), widely known in Iran
Iran
as FARHAD, was an award winning Iranian pop , rock and folk singer, songwriter , guitarist , pianist and icon . He rose to prominence among Iranian rock folk and pop musicians before the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
, but after the revolution, he was banned from singing for several years. His first concert after the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
was held in 1993. To this day, he is considered as one of the most influential and respected contemporary Iranian artists of all time. Farhad is most well known for his song " Jomeh ", a revolutionary song which was written in opposition to the 1908 Bombardment of the Majlis , which is regarded in Iranian history as " Jomeh Sia " or "Black Friday "
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Fereydoun Farrokhzad
FEREYDOUN FARROKHZAD (Persian : فریدون فرخزاد‎‎) (October 7, 1938 – August 7, 1992) was an Iranian singer, actor, poet, TV and radio host, writer, and iconic opposition political figure. He is best known for his successful variety TV show "Mikhak-e Noghrei" (The Silver Carnation). He was the brother of the acclaimed Persian poets Forough Farrokhzad
Forough Farrokhzad
and Pooran Farrokhzad . He was forced into exile after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, and after relocating to Germany
Germany
was the victim of an unsolved murder . The murder is widely believed to be the work of the Islamic Republic government of Iran
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Giti Pashaei
GITI PASHAEI (Persian : گیتی پاشایی, Born June 13, 1940 in Tehran
Tehran
, Iran
Iran
– Died May 7, 1995 in Tehran
Tehran
, Iran
Iran
‎‎) was an Iranian singer and musician. Her name, Giti, means world in original Pahlavi . BIOGRAPHYShe inherited her passion for music from her grandfather, Jafar Mansoori, who was known as a poet and musician. Her early life was spent attending the master-classes of such musicians as Faramarz Payvar , Mehdi Forough and Mahmoud Karimi. She continued her education in New York, where she obtained a diploma in architecture and also studied orchestration and harmony and became a composer. Giti was one of the most popular Iranian singers of the late 1960s and 1970s. She became famous with her song "Gol-e Maryam" (The Maria Flower). The Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
put an end to her singing career in 1979
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