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International
INTERNATIONAL mostly means something (a company , language , or organization ) involving more than a single country . The term international as a word means involvement of, interaction between or encompassing more than one nation, or generally beyond national boundaries. For example, international law , which is applied by more than one country and usually everywhere on Earth
Earth
, and international language which is a language spoken by residents of more than one country. CONTENTS * 1 Origin of the word * 2 Meaning in particular fields * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links * 6 Sources ORIGIN OF THE WORDThe term international was coined by the utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham in his Introduction to Principles of Morals and Legislation , which was printed for publication in 1780 and published in 1789
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Company
A COMPANY, abbreviated as CO., is a legal entity made up of an association of people, be they natural , legal , or a mixture of both, for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise . Company members share a common purpose, and unite in order to focus their various talents and organize their collectively available skills or resources to achieve specific, declared goals . Companies take various forms, such as: * voluntary associations , which may include nonprofit organizations * business entities with an aim of gaining a profit * financial entities and banks A company or association of persons can be created at law as a legal person so that the company in itself can accept limited liability for civil responsibility and taxation incurred as members perform (or fail to discharge) their duty within the publicly declared "birth certificate" or published policy
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Country
A COUNTRY is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography . A country may be an independent sovereign state or one that is occupied by another state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division , or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics. Regardless of the physical geography, in the modern internationally accepted legal definition as defined by the League of Nations
League of Nations
in 1937 and reaffirmed by the United Nations
United Nations
in 1945, a resident of a country is subject to the independent exercise of legal jurisdiction. Sometimes countries refers both to sovereign states and to other political entities, while other times it refers only to states
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Transnational
TRANSNATIONAL may refer to: * Transnational company
Transnational company
* Transnational crime * Transnational feminism *
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World Community
The term is used primarily in political and humanitarian contexts to describe an international aggregate of nation states of widely varying types. In most connotations, the term is used to convey meanings attached to consensus or inclusion of all people in all lands and their governments. CONTENTS * 1 Politics * 2 Humanitarianism * 3 Economics * 4 Ecology
Ecology
* 5 Religion * 6 World Peace * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links POLITICSWORLD COMMUNITY often is a semi-personal rhetorical connotation that represents Humanity in a singular context as in "…for the sake of the World Community" or "…with the approval of the World Community". The term sometimes is used to reference the United Nations
United Nations
or its affiliated agencies as bodies of governance. Other times it is a generic term with no explicit ties to states or governments but retaining a political connotation
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National Team
A NATIONAL SPORTS TEAM (commonly known as a NATIONAL TEAM or a NATIONAL SIDE) is a team that represents a nation , rather than a particular club or region, in an international sport . The term is most commonly associated with team sports . However, it can be applied to groups of individuals representing a country where regular play is done by individuals, and individual scores are aggregated to a get a team result. National teams often compete at various levels and age groups, and have a number of different selection criteria. National teams are not always composed of the best available individual players. National teams, like other sporting teams, are often grouped by sex, age or other criteria. The most prestigious national teams are often the senior men's and women's teams. However, they may not be the most popular or successful. In most cases, a national sports team represents a single sovereign state
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Cap (sport)
In British sport , a CAP is a metaphorical term for a player's APPEARANCE in a game at international level. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap to every player in an international match of association football . In the early days of football, the concept of each team wearing a set of matching shirts had not been universally adopted, so each side would distinguish itself from the other by wearing a specific sort of cap. An early illustration of the first international football match between Scotland and England in 1872 shows the Scottish players wearing cowls , and the English wearing a variety of school caps. The practice was first approved on 10 May 1886 for association football after a proposal made by N. Lane Jackson, founder of the Corinthians : That all players taking part for England in future international matches be presented with a white silk cap with red rose embroidered on the front. These to be termed International Caps
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Interlingua And Eligibility Of International Words
Words can be included in Interlingua
Interlingua
in either of two ways: through regular derivation using roots and affixes or by establishing their ELIGIBILITY as international words. The second of these methods is explained below. CONTENTS * 1 The control languages and the international vocabulary * 2 Productive and receptive spheres * 3 Addition of two new controls * 4 "Iberian" * 5 Greek * 6 Footnotes * 7 References THE CONTROL LANGUAGES AND THE INTERNATIONAL VOCABULARYThe theory underlying Interlingua
Interlingua
posits an international vocabulary, a large number of words and affixes that are present in a wide range of languages
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Thomas Erskine Holland
SIR THOMAS ERSKINE HOLLAND KC , FBA (17 July 1835 – 24 May 1926) was a British jurist. After school at Brighton
Brighton
College and studies at Oxford
Oxford
, he practiced law as a barrister from 1863 onwards. In 1874, he returned to Oxford, succeeding William Blackstone
William Blackstone
as Vinerian Reader . Later, he became professor of international law and fellow of All Souls College . His prolific scholarly work, including an often-cited treatise in legal philosophy (Elements of Jurisprudence, 1880), his co-founding and editorship of Law Quarterly Review and his service as a university judge earned him the titles of a King\'s Counsel and a Fellow of the British Academy , as well as a knighthood in 1917. There is a memorial tablet to him in the chapel of Brighton
Brighton
College . REFERENCES * Luig, Klaus (2001). "Erskine of Holland, Thomas"
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Game
A GAME is a structured form of play , usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work , which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art , which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work (such as professional players of spectator sports or games) or art (such as jigsaw puzzles or games involving an artistic layout such as Mahjong
Mahjong
, solitaire , or some video games ). Games are sometimes played purely for entertainment, sometimes for achievement or reward as well. They can be played alone, in teams, or online; by amateurs or by professionals. The players may have an audience of non-players, such as when people are entertained by watching a chess championship
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Supranational
A SUPRANATIONAL UNION is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states. The concept of supranational union is sometimes used to describe the European Union
European Union
(EU), as a new type of political entity . The EU is the only entity which provides for international popular elections, going beyond the level of political integration normally afforded by international treaty . The term "supranational" is sometimes used in a loose, undefined sense in other contexts, sometimes as a substitute for international, transnational or global. Another method of decision-making in international organisations is intergovernmentalism , in which state governments play a more prominent role
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Interlinguistics
INTERLINGUISTICS is the study of various aspects of linguistic communication. It is concerned with investigating how ethnic and auxiliary languages (lingua franca ) work in such situations and with the possibilities of optimizing interlinguistic communication, for instance by use of international auxiliary languages , such as Esperanto
Esperanto
or Interlingua
Interlingua
. These are languages that are created by an intentional intellectual effort, usually with the aim of facilitating interlinguistic communication, but there are also interlanguages that have arisen spontaneously. These are called pidgin languages . The term was first coined in French (Interlinguistique) by the Belgian Esperantist Jules Meysmans
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Multinational State
A MULTINATIONAL STATE is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations . This is in contrast to a nation state , where a single nation accounts for the bulk of the population. Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on ethnicity , language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be multicultural or multilingual
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Multinational Corporation
A MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION (MNC) or WORLDWIDE ENTERPRISE is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in two or more countries other than their home country. A multinational corporation can also be referred to as a MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISE (MNE), a TRANSNATIONAL ENTERPRISE (TNE), a TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATION (TNC), an INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, or a STATELESS CORPORATION. There are subtle but real differences between these three labels, as well as MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION and WORLDWIDE ENTERPRISE. Multinational corporations are criticized as being in lack of ethical standards , and that this shows up in how they evade ethical laws and leverage their own business agenda with capital, and even the military backing off their own wealthy host nation-states
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Cambridge
CAMBRIDGE (/ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ/ KAYM-brij ) is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire , England
England
, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London. At the United Kingdom Census 2011 , its population was 123,867 including 24,506 students. Cambridge
Cambridge
became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, and there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
. The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not officially conferred until 1951. Cambridge
Cambridge
is home to the world-renowned University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
, which was founded in 1209
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