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Imam Reza Shrine
The IMAM REZA SHRINE (Persian : حرم امام رضا‎‎) in Mashhad
Mashhad
, Iran
Iran
is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam
Imam
Reza , the eighth Imam
Imam
of Twelver Shiites . It is the largest mosque in the world by dimension and the second largest by capacity. Also contained within the complex are the Goharshad Mosque , a museum , a library , four seminaries , a cemetery, the Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, a dining hall for pilgrims, vast prayer halls, and other buildings. The complex is one of the tourism centers in Iran. The shrine itself covers an area of 267,079m2 while the seven courtyards which surround it cover an area of 331,578m2 - totaling 598,657 m2 (6,443,890 sq ft). Every year the ceremony of Dust Clearing is celebrated in the Imam Reza shrine
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Sunnis
Others * Zahiri * Awza\'i * Thawri
Thawri
* Laythi
Laythi
*
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Ziarat
ZIARAT (Urdu : زیارت‎) the capital of Ziarat District , Balochistan Province , Pakistan . It is a holiday resort, is about 130 km from the capital city of Balochistan province Quetta . The famous Quaid-e-Azam Residency is also there in the valley, where our Quaid spent few of his most memorable days. Tourists from all over Balochistan and also from Sindh province vists the valley in the harsh summers. It's overall cold weather, fascinating sceneries, lush green forests and mighty mountains attracts tourists of all kinds. Months from May to September are months experience peak tourists visit. Specially in the days of Eid festive and other national or religional the valley is full packed. The 2016's Eid experienced about 0.4 million people visiting. The hill station is easily accessible from Quetta through a Highway. While accessing it from Loralai is little difficult due to bad road conditions
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Bazaars
A BAZAAR is a permanently enclosed marketplace or street where goods and services are exchanged or sold. The term originates from the Persian word BāZāR, from Middle Persian WāZāR, from Old Persian VāčAR, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *WAHā-čARANA. Souq is another word used in the Middle East for an open-air marketplace or commercial quarter. The term bazaar is sometimes also used to refer to the "network of merchants , bankers , and craftsmen " who work in that area. Although the current meaning of the word is believed to have originated in native Zoroastrian Persia , its use has spread and now has been accepted into the vernacular in countries around the world
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Sebük Tigin
ABU MANSUR SABUKTIGIN (Persian : ابو منصور سبکتگین‎‎) (ca 942 – August 997), also spelled as Sabuktagin, Sabuktakin, Sebüktegin and Sebük Tigin, was the founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty , ruling from 977 to 997. In Turkic the name means beloved prince. Sabuktigin lived as a slave during his youth and later married the daughter of his master Alptigin , the man who seized the region of Ghazna (modern Ghazni Province in Afghanistan) in a political fallout for the throne of the Samanids of Bukhara
Bukhara
. Although the latter and Sabuktigin still recognized Samanid authority, and it was not until the reign of Sabuktigin's son Mahmud that the rulers of Ghazni
Ghazni
became independent
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Abbasid
The ABBASID CALIPHATE (/əˈbæsᵻd/ or /ˈæbəsᵻd/ Arabic
Arabic
: ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة‎‎ al-Khilāfatu al-‘Abbāsīyah) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. The Abbasid dynasty descended from Muhammad's youngest uncle, Al-Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (566–653 CE), from whom the dynasty takes its name. They ruled as caliphs , for most of their period from their capital in Baghdad
Baghdad
in modern-day Iraq
Iraq
, after assuming authority over the Muslim empire from the Umayyads in 750 CE (132 AH). The Abbasid caliphate first centered its government in Kufa
Kufa
, but in 762 the caliph Al-Mansur founded the city of Baghdad, north of the Sasanian capital city of Ctesiphon
Ctesiphon

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Alid
The ALIDS are the dynasties descended from Ali
Ali
ibn Abi Talib
Abi Talib
, son-in-law of the Islamic prophet
Islamic prophet
Muhammad
Muhammad
(see Family tree of Muhammad
Muhammad
and Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali
Ali
). Shia Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by Muhammad
Muhammad
and the first rightful caliph
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Harun Al-Rashid
HARUN AL-RASHID (/hɑːˈruːnɑːlrɑːˈʃiːd/ Arabic : هَارُون الرَشِيد‎‎, Hārūn Ar-Rašīd; in English: Aaron the Just, 17 March 763 or February 766 — 24 March 809 (148-193 Hijri) was the fifth Abbasid
Abbasid
Caliph
Caliph
. His birth date is debated, with various sources giving dates from 763 to 766. His surname translates to "the Just", "the Upright", or "the Rightly-Guided"; fully translated, his name means "Aaron the Just". Al-Rashid ruled from 786 to 809, during the peak of the Islamic Golden Age
Islamic Golden Age
. His time was marked by scientific , cultural , and religious prosperity. Islamic art and music also flourished significantly during his reign
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Zoroastrians
ZOROASTRIANISM, or more natively MAZDAYASNA, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, "combining a cosmogonic dualism and eschatological monotheism in a manner unique among the major religions of the world". Ascribed to the teachings of the Iranian prophet Zoroaster
Zoroaster
(or Zarathustra) , it exalts a deity of wisdom, Ahura Mazda (Wise Lord), as its Supreme Being . Major features of Zoroastrianism, such as messianism , heaven and hell , and free will have, some believe, influenced other religious systems, including Second Temple Judaism , Gnosticism
Gnosticism
, Christianity
Christianity
, and Islam
Islam

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Al-Ma'mun
ABū JAʿFAR ABDULLāH AL-MAʾMūN IBN HāRūN AL-RASHīD ( Arabic
Arabic
: ابوجعفر عبدالله المأمون‎‎; September 786 – 9 August 833) was the seventh Abbasid
Abbasid
caliph , who reigned from 813 until his death in 833. He succeeded his brother al-Amin after a civil war , and was also known for his role in the Mu\'tazilism controversy, and the resumption of large-scale warfare with the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire

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Greater Khorasan
KHORASAN ( Middle Persian
Middle Persian
: , Persian : خراسان‎‎ Xorāsān/Xorâsân listen (help ·info )) is a historical region lying in the northeast of Persia
Persia
. However, in pre-Islamic and early Islamic times , the term "Khurassan" frequently had a much wider denotation, covering also parts of Central Asia
Central Asia
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
; early Islamic usage often regarded everywhere east of western Persia
Persia
, so-called Jibal or what was subsequently termed 'Irak \'Adjami , as being included in a vast and ill-defined region of Khurasan, which might even extend to the Indus Valley
Indus Valley
and Sind
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Ghaznavid
IN ANATOLIA Artuqid dynasty Saltuqid dynasty IN AZERBAIJAN Ahmadili dynasty Ildenizid dynasty IN EGYPT Tulunid dynasty Ikhshidid dynasty
Ikhshidid dynasty
IN FARS Salghurid dynasty IN THE LEVANT Burid dynasty
Burid dynasty
Zengid dynasty
Zengid dynasty
IN YEMEN Rasulid dynasty This box: * view * talk * edit The GHAZNAVID dynasty (Persian : غزنویان‎‎ ġaznaviyān) was a Persianate Muslim
Muslim
dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Iran
Iran
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, much of Transoxiana
Transoxiana
, and northwest Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
from 977–1186
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Sultan
SULTAN (/ˈsʌltən/ ; Arabic
Arabic
: سلطان‎ sulṭān, pronounced ) is a position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic
Arabic
abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", derived from the verbal noun سلطة sulṭah, meaning "authority" or "power". Later, it came to be used as the title of certain rulers who claimed almost full sovereignty in practical terms (i.e., the lack of dependence on any higher ruler), albeit without claiming the overall caliphate , or to refer to a powerful governor of a province within the caliphate. The adjective form of the word is "sultanic", and the dynasty and lands ruled by a sultan are referred to as a SULTANATE (سلطنة salṭanah)
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Ahl Al-Bayt
AHL AL-BAYT (Arabic : أهل البيت‎‎, Persian : اهلِ بیت‎‎) is a phrase meaning, literally, "People of the House" or "Family of the House". Within the Islamic tradition, the term refers to the family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. In Shia Islam
Shia Islam
the Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
are central to Islam
Islam
and interpreters of the Quran
Quran
and Sunnah. Shias believe they are successors of Muhammad and consist of Muhammad, Fatimah , Ali
Ali
, Hasan , and Husayn (known collectively as the Ahl al-Kisa , "people of the mantle") and the Imams , the so-called Fourteen Infallibles
Fourteen Infallibles
. There are differing opinions on the scope and importance of Ahl al-Bayt
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Sebuktigin
ABU MANSUR SABUKTIGIN (Persian : ابو منصور سبکتگین‎‎) (ca 942 – August 997), also spelled as Sabuktagin, Sabuktakin, Sebüktegin and Sebük Tigin, was the founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty , ruling from 977 to 997. In Turkic the name means beloved prince. Sabuktigin lived as a slave during his youth and later married the daughter of his master Alptigin , the man who seized the region of Ghazna (modern Ghazni Province in Afghanistan) in a political fallout for the throne of the Samanids of Bukhara . Although the latter and Sabuktigin still recognized Samanid authority, and it was not until the reign of Sabuktigin's son Mahmud that the rulers of Ghazni became independent. When his father-in-law Alptigin died, Sebuktigin became the new ruler and expanded the kingdom after defeating Jayapala to cover the territory as far as the Neelum River in Kashmir and the Indus River in what is now Pakistan
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Ghaznevid
IN ANATOLIA Artuqid dynasty Saltuqid dynasty IN AZERBAIJAN Ahmadili dynasty Ildenizid dynasty IN EGYPT Tulunid dynasty Ikhshidid dynasty IN FARS Salghurid dynasty IN THE LEVANT Burid dynasty Zengid dynasty IN YEMEN Rasulid dynasty This box: * view * talk * edit The GHAZNAVID DYNASTY (Persian : غزنویان‎ ġaznaviyān) was a Persianate Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin, at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Iran , Afghanistan , much of Transoxiana and the northwest Indian subcontinent from 977 to 1186. The dynasty was founded by Sabuktigin upon his succession to rule of the region of Ghazna after the death of his father-in-law, Alp Tigin , who was a breakaway ex-general of the Samanid Empire from Balkh , north of the Hindu Kush in Greater Khorasan
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