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ISO 639-1
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes . Part 1 covers the registration of two-letter codes. There are 184 two-letter codes registered as of October 2015. The registered codes cover the world's major languages. These codes are a useful international and formal shorthand for indicating languages
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Infoterm
The INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION CENTRE FOR TERMINOLOGY (INFOTERM) was founded in 1971 by UNESCO
UNESCO
. Its goal is "to support and co-ordinate international co-operation in the field of terminology." Infoterm members are national, international and regional institutions, organizations, networks and specialized public, semi-public or other non-profit institutions engaged in devising and standardizing terminology. Members are drawn from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Infoterm activities * 3 Eugen Wüster Prize * 4 Infoterm and the ISO * 5 Infoterm and Esperanto * 6 References HISTORYSince the early 1930s in Wieselburg , Austria
Austria
, industrialist Eugen Wüster led a private centre studying terminology as part of his engineering firm
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List Of ISO Romanizations
List of ISO standards for transliterations and transcriptions (or romanizations ): * ISO 9 — Cyrillic * ISO 233 — Arabic * ISO 259 — Hebrew * ISO 843 — Greek * <
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Endonym
An EXONYM or XENONYM is an external name for a geographical place , or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect . It is a common name used only outside the place, group, or linguistic community in question, usually for historical reasons. An ENDONYM or AUTONYM is an internal name for a geographical place , or a group of people, or a language or dialect . It is a common name used only inside the place, group, or linguistic community in question; it is their name for themselves, their homeland, or their language. For instance, " Germany
Germany
" is the English language
English language
exonym, "Allemagne" is the French language
French language
exonym, and "Deutschland" is the endonym for the same country in Europe. Marcel Aurousseau , an Australian geographer , first used the term exonym in his work The Rendering of Geographical Names (1957)
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List Of IEC Standards
This is an incomplete LIST OF STANDARDS PUBLISHED BY THE INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION (IEC). The numbers of older IEC standards were converted in 1997 by adding 60000; for example IEC 27 became IEC 60027. IEC standards often have multiple sub-part documents; only the main title for the standard is listed here
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International Organization For Standardization
The INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO) is an international standard -setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations . Founded on 23 February 1947, the organization promotes worldwide proprietary, industrial and commercial standards . It is headquartered in Geneva
Geneva
, Switzerland, and works in 162 countries. It was one of the first organizations granted general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council
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ISO 1
ISO 1 is an international standard set by the International Organization for Standardization that specifies the standard reference temperature for geometrical product specification and verification. The temperature is fixed at 20 °C , which is equal to 293.15 kelvins and 68 degrees Fahrenheit . Due to thermal expansion , precision length measurements need to be made at (or converted to) a defined temperature. ISO 1 helps in comparing measurements by defining such a reference temperature. The reference temperature of 20 °C was adopted by the CIPM on 15 April 1931, and became ISO recommendation number 1 in 1951. It soon replaced worldwide other reference temperatures for length measurements that manufacturers of precision equipment had used before, including 0 °C, 62 °F, and 25 °C
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List Of ISO 639-5 Codes
This is a LIST OF ISO 639-5 CODES, including the code hierarchy as given in the ISO 639-5 registry. The code und (undetermined) from ISO 639-2 can be seen as top of the hierarchy (for example, und:aav, und:euq:eu). The hierarchy is not a complete genetic hierarchy; some of the collection codes are based on geography (like nai) or category (like crp) instead
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Language Code
A LANGUAGE CODE is a code that assigns letters or numbers as identifiers or classifiers for languages . These codes may be used to organize library collections or presentations of data, to choose the correct localizations and translations in computing, and as a shorthand designation for longer forms of language-name. CONTENTS * 1 Difficulties of classification * 2 Common schemes * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links DIFFICULTIES OF CLASSIFICATION Language
Language
code schemes attempt to classify the complex world of human languages, dialects, and variants. Most schemes make some compromises between being general and being complete enough to support specific dialects. For example, most people in Central America and South America speak Spanish. Spanish spoken in Mexico will be slightly different from Spanish spoken in Peru. Different regions of Mexico will have slightly different dialects and accents of Spanish
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ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2
ISO 3166-1 ALPHA-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1 , part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), to represent countries , dependent territories , and special areas of geographical interest. They are the most widely used of the country codes published by ISO (the others being alpha-3 and numeric ), and are used most prominently for the Internet
Internet
's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions). They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974
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List Of International Organization For Standardization Standards
This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue. The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC 's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1 ) have been made freely and publicly available. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries
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List Of ISO 639-3 Codes
These are lists of ISO 639-3 LANGUAGE CODES . -------------------------Index a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z ------------------------- FIND LANGUAGE Enter an ISO 639-3 language code to find the corresponding article.SEE ALSO * List of ISO 639-3 language codes used locally by Linguist List REFERENCES * " ISO 639-2 Registration Authority". Library of Congress
Library of Congress
. * " ISO 639-3 Registration Authority". SIL International . * Lewis, M. Paul; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2016). "Ethnologue: Languages of the World" (19th ed.)
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ISO 639-5
ISO 639-5:2008 "Codes for the representation of names of languages—Part 5: Alpha-3 code for language families and groups" is a highly incomplete international standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
International Organization for Standardization
(ISO). It was developed by ISO Technical Committee 37, Subcommittee 2, and first published on May 15, 2008. It is part of the ISO 639 series of standards. CONTENTS * 1 Collective codes * 2 Relationship to other parts of ISO 639 * 3 History * 4 Deficiencies * 5 References * 6 External links COLLECTIVE CODES ISO 639-5 defines alpha-3 (3-letter) codes, called "collective codes," that identify language families and groups
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ISO 639-6
ISO 639-6, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 6: Alpha-4 code for comprehensive coverage of language variants, was a proposed international standard in the ISO 639 series, developed by ISO/TC 37/SC 2 ( International Organization for Standardization
International Organization for Standardization
, Technical Committee 37, Subcommittee 2: Terminographical and lexicographical working methods). It contained four-letter codes that denote variants of languages and language families. This allowed one to differentiate between, for example, historical (glvx) versus revived (rvmx) Manx , while ISO 639-3 only includes glv for Manx. The data supporting ISO 639-6 was researched and compiled by the ISO's registration authority GeoLang. ISO 639-6 was published in 2009, and withdrawn in 2014
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Haitian Creole
HAITIAN CREOLE (/ˈheɪʃən ˈkriːoʊl/ ; Haitian Creole: KREYòL AYISYEN, Haitian Creole
Haitian Creole
pronunciation: ; French : CRéOLE HAïTIEN) is a French-based creole language spoken by 9.6–12 million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians. It is a creole language based largely on 18th century French with influences from Portuguese , Spanish , English , Taíno , and West African languages. Haitian Creole
Haitian Creole
emerged from contact between French settlers and African slaves during the Atlantic slave trade
Atlantic slave trade
in the French colony of Saint-Domingue
Saint-Domingue
(now Haiti
Haiti
). Haitians are the largest creole-speaking community in the world. Haitian Creole
Haitian Creole
should not be confused with Haitian French , which is a variety of French spoken in Haiti
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Urdu Language
Pakistan
Pakistan
(national and official) India
India
(official as per the 8th Schedule of the Constitution and in the following states/union territories) Official: * <
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