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Hwicce
HWICCE (Old English: /ʍi:kt͡ʃe/ (hw-eek-chay) was a tribal kingdom in Anglo-Saxon England . According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
, the kingdom was established in 577, after the Battle of Deorham
Battle of Deorham
. After 628, the kingdom became a client or sub-kingdom of Mercia
Mercia
as a result of the Battle of Cirencester . The Tribal Hidage
Tribal Hidage
assessed Hwicce
Hwicce
at 7000 hides , which would give it a similar sized economy to the kingdoms of Essex and Sussex . The exact boundaries of the kingdom remain uncertain, though it is likely that they coincided with those of the old Diocese of Worcester , founded in 679–80, the early bishops of which bore the title Episcopus Hwicciorum
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Holy Grail
The HOLY GRAIL is a vessel that serves as an important motif in Arthurian literature . Different traditions describe it as a cup, dish or stone with miraculous powers that provide happiness, eternal youth or sustenance in infinite abundance. A "grail", wondrous but not explicitly holy, first appears in Perceval, le Conte du Graal , an unfinished romance written by Chrétien de Troyes around 1190. Here, it is a processional salver used to serve at a feast. Chrétien's story attracted many continuators, translators and interpreters in the later 12th and early 13th centuries, including Wolfram von Eschenbach
Wolfram von Eschenbach
, who perceived the grail as a Stone
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Gloucestershire
GLOUCESTERSHIRE (/ˈɡlɒstərʃər/ ( listen ), /-ʃɪər/ ( listen ); formerly abbreviated as GLOUCS. in print but now often as GLOS.) is a county in South West England
England
. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills , part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn , and the entire Forest of Dean . The county town is the city of Gloucester
Gloucester
, and other principal towns include Cheltenham
Cheltenham
, Cirencester , Stroud , Tewkesbury and Dursley
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Oxfordshire
OXFORDSHIRE (/ˈɒksfərdʃər/ or /-ʃɪər/ ; often abbreviated Oxon from Oxonium, the Latin name of the city and county of Oxford) is a county in England
England
. It is in the South East England
England
region and borders Warwickshire (to the north/north-west), Northamptonshire (to the north/north-east), Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(to the east), Berkshire
Berkshire
(to the south), Wiltshire
Wiltshire
(to the south-west) and Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
(to the west). The county has major education and tourist industries and is noted for the concentration of performance motorsport companies and facilities
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Wichenford
WICHENFORD is a village and civil parish (with Kenswick ) in the Malvern Hills District in the county of Worcestershire , England. It lies 6 miles to the north-west of the city of Worcester . Following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 Wichenford Parish ceased to be responsible for maintaining the poor in its parish. This responsibility was transferred to Martley Poor Law Union . CONTENTS * 1 Church * 2 No Shops * 3 Open Gardens and Village Fete * 4 Millennium Green * 5 Village Hall * 6 References CHURCHA church or chapel has existed at Wichenford from early times with mention of a chapel in Wichenford, which was attached to the church of St. Helen, Worcester around 1234. Parts of the present church of St. Lawrence date from about 1320. NO SHOPSUntil the mid-1990s Wichenford had both a village shop with Post Office and a village bakery, both now closed down. The two shops were situated at opposite sides of the village green, in the centre of the village
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Ancient Rome
In historiography , ANCIENT ROME refers to the Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome
Rome
in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom , Roman Republic and Roman Empire
Roman Empire
until the fall of the western empire. The term is sometimes used to just refer to the kingdom and republic periods, excluding the subsequent empire . The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian peninsula , dating from the 8th century BC, that grew into the city of Rome
Rome
and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed
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Forest Of Dean
The FOREST OF DEAN is a geographical, historical and cultural region in the western part of the county of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
, England. It forms a roughly triangular plateau bounded by the River Wye
River Wye
to the west and north-west, Herefordshire
Herefordshire
to the north, the River Severn to the south, and the City of Gloucester
Gloucester
to the east. The area is characterised by more than 110 square kilometres (42.5 sq mi) of mixed woodland, one of the surviving ancient woodlands in England. A large area was reserved for royal hunting before 1066, and remained as the second largest crown forest in England, the largest being New Forest
New Forest

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Warwickshire
WARWICKSHIRE (/ˈwɒrᵻkʃər/ ( listen ) or /ˈwɒrᵻkʃɪər/ ) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England
England
. The county town is Warwick
Warwick
, although the largest town is Nuneaton
Nuneaton
. The county is famous for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
. Commonly used abbreviations for the county are WARKS or WARWICKS. The county is divided into five districts of North Warwickshire , Nuneaton and Bedworth , Rugby , Warwick
Warwick
and Stratford-on-Avon . The current county boundaries were set in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972 . The historic county boundaries also included Coventry
Coventry
and Solihull , as well as much of Birmingham
Birmingham

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Staffordshire
STAFFORDSHIRE (/ˈstæfədʃɪər/ or /ˈstæfədʃə/ ; abbreviated STAFFS) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It adjoins Cheshire
Cheshire
to the north west, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
and Leicestershire
Leicestershire
to the east, Warwickshire to the south east, West Midlands and Worcestershire
Worcestershire
to the south, and Shropshire
Shropshire
to the west. Stone railway station
Stone railway station
in Stone . The largest city in Staffordshire
Staffordshire
is Stoke-on-Trent , which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority . Lichfield also has city status , although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city
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Eilert Ekwall
BROR OSCAR EILERT EKWALL (born 8 January 1877 in Vallsjö, Jönköpings län , Sweden
Sweden
, died 23 November 1964 in Lund
Lund
), known as Eilert Ekwall, was Professor of English at Lund
Lund
University , Sweden, from 1909 to 1942, and one of the outstanding scholars of the English language of the first half of the 20th century. He wrote works on the history of the language, but is best known as the author of numerous important books on English place-names (in the broadest sense) and personal names
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Shropshire
SHROPSHIRE (/ˈʃrɒpʃər/ or /ˈʃrɒpʃɪər/ ; alternatively SALOP; abbreviated, in print only, SHROPS; demonym SALOPIAN /səˈloʊpjən/ ) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Powys and Wrexham
Wrexham
in Wales
Wales
to the west and north-west, Cheshire
Cheshire
to the north, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
to the east, Worcestershire
Worcestershire
to the south-east and Herefordshire
Herefordshire
to the south. Shropshire Council was created in 2009, a unitary authority taking over from the previous county council and five district councils. The borough of Telford and Wrekin has been a separate unitary authority since 1998 but continues to be included in the ceremonial county
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Herefordshire
HEREFORDSHIRE (/ˈhɛrɪfərdʃər/ ) is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council . It borders Shropshire
Shropshire
to the north, Worcestershire
Worcestershire
to the east, Gloucestershire to the south-east, and the Welsh counties of Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
and Powys to the west. Hereford
Hereford
is a cathedral city and is the county town ; with a population of approximately 55,800 inhabitants it is also the largest settlement. The county is one of the most rural and sparsely populated in England, with a population density of 82/km² (212/sq mi). The land use is mostly agricultural and the county is well known for its fruit and cider production, and the Hereford
Hereford
cattle breed
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Romano-British Culture
ROMANO-BRITISH CULTURE is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
following the Roman conquest in AD 43 and the creation of the province of Britannia
Britannia
. It arose as a fusion of the imported Roman culture with that of the indigenous Britons , a people of Celtic language and custom. It survived the 5th century Roman departure from Britain . Scholars such as Christopher Snyder believe that during the 5th and 6th centuries – approximately from AD 410 when the Roman legions withdrew, to AD 597 when St Augustine of Canterbury
Augustine of Canterbury
arrived – southern Britain preserved an active sub- Roman culture that survived the attacks from the Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons
and even used a vernacular Latin when writing
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Hide (unit)
The HIDE was an English unit of land measurement originally intended to represent the amount of land sufficient to support a household. It was traditionally taken to be 120 acres (49 hectares), but was in fact a measure of value and tax assessment , including obligations for food-rent (feorm), maintenance and repair of bridges and fortifications, manpower for the army (fyrd ), and (eventually) the geld land tax . The hide's method of calculation is now obscure: different properties with the same hidage could vary greatly in extent even in the same county. Following the Norman Conquest of England , the hidage assessments were recorded in the Domesday Book and there was a tendency for land producing £ 1 of income per year to be assessed at 1 hide. The Norman kings continued to use the unit for their tax assessments until the end of the 12th century. The hide was divided into 4 yardlands or virgates
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Britons (historical)
The BRITONS, also known as CELTIC BRITONS or ANCIENT BRITONS, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain
Great Britain
from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, at which point their culture and language diverged. They spoke the Common Brittonic language, the ancestor to the modern Brittonic languages
Brittonic languages
. The earliest evidence for the Britons and their language in historical sources dates to the Iron Age. After the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, a Romano-British culture
Romano-British culture
emerged, and Latin and British Vulgar Latin coexisted with Brittonic. During and after the Roman era, the Britons lived throughout Britain
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Augustine Of Canterbury
AUGUSTINE OF CANTERBURY (born first third of the 6th century – died probably 26 May 604) was a Benedictine monk who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597. He is considered the "Apostle to the English" and a founder of the English Church. Augustine was the prior of a monastery in Rome when Pope Gregory the Great chose him in 595 to lead a mission, usually known as the Gregorian mission
Gregorian mission
, to Britain to Christianize King Æthelberht and his Kingdom of Kent
Kent
from Anglo-Saxon paganism . Kent
Kent
was probably chosen because Æthelberht had married a Christian princess, Bertha , daughter of Charibert I the King of Paris , who was expected to exert some influence over her husband
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