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History Of Colorado
The human history of Colorado
Colorado
extends back more than 14,000 years. The region that is today the state of Colorado
Colorado
was first inhabited by American Indians. The Lindenmeier Site
Lindenmeier Site
in Larimer County, Colorado, is a Folsom culture
Folsom culture
archaeological site with artifacts dating from approximately 8710 BCE. When explorers, early trappers and hunters and gold miners visited and settled in Colorado, the state was populated by American Indian nations. Westward expansion
Westward expansion
brought European settlers to the area and Colorado's recorded history began with treaties and wars with Mexico and American Indian nations to gain territorial lands to support the transcontinental migration
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European Ethnic Groups
The Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
of Europe
Europe
are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe. According to German monograph Minderheitenrechte in Europa co-edited by Pan and Pfeil (2002) there are 87 distinct peoples of Europe, of which 33 form the majority population in at least one sovereign state, while the remaining 54 constitute ethnic minorities. The total number of national or linguistic minority populations in Europe
Europe
is estimated at 105 million people, or 14% of 770 million Europeans.[1] There is no precise or universally accepted definition of the terms "ethnic group" or "nationality"
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Comanche Nation
The Comanche
Comanche
/kəˈmæntʃiː/ (Comanche: Nʉmʉnʉʉ) are a Native American nation from the Great Plains
Great Plains
whose historic territory, known as Comancheria, consisted of present-day eastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and most of northwest Texas
Texas
and northern Chihuahua. The Comanche people
Comanche people
are federally recognized as the Comanche
Comanche
Nation, headquartered in Lawton, Oklahoma.[1] After European contact, the Comanches were hunter-gatherers with a horse culture. As many as 45,000 Comanches may have been alive in the late 18th century.[2] They were the dominant tribe on the Southern Plains and often took captives from weaker tribes during warfare, selling them as slaves to the Spanish and later Mexican settlers
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Texas
Texas
Texas
(/ˈtɛksəs/, locally /-sɪz/; Spanish: Texas
Texas
or Tejas [ˈtexas]) is the second largest state in the United States
United States
by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas
Texas
shares borders with the U.S
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New Mexico
New Mexico
Mexico
(Spanish: Nuevo México pronounced [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko], Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo pronounced [jòːtxó xɑ̀xʷòːtsò]) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America. With a population of approximately two million, New Mexico
Mexico
is the 36th most populous state. With a total area of 121,590 sq mi (314,900 km2), it is the fifth largest and fifth least densely populated of the fifty states. It is one of the Mountain States
Mountain States
and shares the Four Corners
Four Corners
region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona. Its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, while its largest city is Albuquerque
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Arizona
As of 2010English 74.1% Spanish 19.5% Navajo 1.9% Other 4.5 %Demonym Arizonan[1]Capital PhoenixLargest city PhoenixLargest metro Phoenix metropolitan areaArea Ranked 6th • Total 113,990[2] sq mi (295,234 km2) • Width 310 miles (500 km) • Length 400 miles (645 km) • % water 0.35 • Latitude 31°  20′ N to 37° N • Longitude 109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ WPopulation Ranked 14th • Total 6,931,071 (2016 est.)[3] • Density 57/sq mi  (22/km2) Ranked 33rd • Median household income $52,248 [4] (33rd)Elevation • Highest point Humphreys Peak[5][6][7] 12,637 ft (3852 m) • Mean 4,100 ft  (1250 m) • Lowest point
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Arapaho Nation
The Arapaho
Arapaho
(/əˈræpəhoʊ/; in French: Arapahos, Gens de Vache) are a tribe of Native Americans historically living on the plains of Colorado
Colorado
and Wyoming. They were close allies of the Cheyenne
Cheyenne
tribe and loosely aligned with the Lakota and Dakota. The Arapaho
Arapaho
language, Heenetiit, is an Algonquian language closely related to Gros Ventre (Ahe/A'ananin), whose people are considered to have separated from the Arapaho
Arapaho
at an early time. The Blackfeet and Cheyenne
Cheyenne
also speak Algonquian languages, but theirs are quite different from Arapaho. By the 1850s, Arapaho
Arapaho
bands formed two tribes: the Northern Arapaho and Southern Arapaho
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Algonquian Languages
The Algonquian languages
Algonquian languages
(/ælˈɡɒŋkiən/ or /ælˈɡɒŋkwiən/;[2] also Algonkian) are a subfamily of Native American languages which includes most of the languages in the Algic language family. The name of the Algonquian language family is distinguished from the orthographically similar Algonquin dialect of the indigenous Ojibwe language
Ojibwe language
(Chippewa), which is a senior member of the Algonquian language family. The term "Algonquin" has been suggested to derive from the Maliseet
Maliseet
word elakómkwik (pronounced [ɛlæˈɡomoɡwik]), "they are our relatives/allies".[3][4] A number of Algonquian languages, like many other Native American languages, are now extinct. Speakers of Algonquian languages
Algonquian languages
stretch from the east coast of North America to the Rocky Mountains
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Rocky Mountains
The Rocky Mountains, commonly known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America. The Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
stretch more than 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from the northernmost part of British Columbia, in western Canada, to New Mexico, in the Southwestern United States. Within the North American Cordillera, the Rockies are somewhat distinct from the Pacific Coast Ranges
Pacific Coast Ranges
and the Cascade Range
Cascade Range
and Sierra Nevada, which all lie further to the west. The Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
were initially formed from 80 million to 55 million years ago during the Laramide orogeny, in which a number of plates began to slide underneath the North American plate. The angle of subduction was shallow, resulting in a broad belt of mountains running down western North America
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Colorado Eastern Plains
The Eastern Plains
Eastern Plains
of Colorado
Colorado
refers to a region of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Colorado
Colorado
east of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
and east of the population centers of the Front Range.Contents1 Geography1.1 Climate2 History2.1 Native Americans 2.2 Settlement 2.3 Population3 Parks 4 Agriculture 5 Education 6 Religion 7 Transportation 8 See also 9 ReferencesGeography[edit] The Eastern Plains
Eastern Plains
are part of the High Plains, which are the westernmost portion of the Great Plains. The region is characterized by mostly rolling plains, divided by the South Platte River
South Platte River
and Arkansas River
Arkansas River
valleys. There are also several deciduous forests, canyons, buttes, and a few large natural lakes and rivers throughout the region
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Colorado War
The Colorado
Colorado
War was an Indian War fought from 1863 to 1865 between the Cheyenne
Cheyenne
and Arapaho
Arapaho
Nations and white settlers and militia in the Colorado
Colorado
Territory and adjacent regions. The Kiowa
Kiowa
and the Comanche played a minor role in actions that occurred in the southern part of the Territory along the Arkansas River,[1] while the Sioux
Sioux
played a major role in actions that occurred along the South Platte River
South Platte River
along the Great Platte River Road, the eastern portion of the Overland Trail
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Cheyenne Nation
22,970 (Northern: 10,840 [1] Southern: 12,130[2])Regions with significant populations  United States
United States
( Montana, Oklahoma)LanguagesCheyenne, English, Plains Sign TalkReligiontraditional tribal religion, Native American Church, and ChristianityRelated ethnic groupsArapaho, Blackfoot, Suhtai, and other Algonquian peoples Cheyenne
Cheyenne
hide dress, ca. 1920, Gilcrease Museum Cheyenne
Cheyenne
beaded hide shirt, Woolaroc Cheyenne
Cheyenne
model tipi, buffalo hide, 1860The Cheyenne
Cheyenne
(/ʃaɪˈæn/ shy-AN) are one of the indigenous peoples of the Great Plains
Great Plains
and their language is of the Algonquian language family
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Numic Languages
Numic is a branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. It includes seven languages spoken by Native American peoples traditionally living in the Great Basin, Colorado River
Colorado River
basin, Snake River
Snake River
basin, and southern Great Plains. The word Numic comes from the cognate word in all Numic languages for "person." For example, in the three Central Numic languages and the two Western Numic languages it is /nɨmɨ/
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Roxborough State Park
Roxborough State Park
Roxborough State Park
is a state park of Colorado, United States, known for dramatic red sandstone formations. Located in Douglas County 20 miles (32 km) south of Denver, Colorado, the 3,339-acre (13.51 km2) park was established in 1975. In 1980 it was recognized as a National Natural Landmark.Contents1 Geography 2 Geology 3 Flora and fauna 4 Visitors 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit] Roxborough State Park, a 3,339-acre (13.51 km2)[1] Colorado
Colorado
State Park, is known for dramatic red sandstone formations. Located in Douglas County 25 miles (40 km) south of Denver, Colorado. In 1980 it was recognized as a National Natural Landmark
National Natural Landmark
because of the number of ecological systems and geological formations
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of SpainReino de España  (Spanish) 4 other official names[a][b] Catalan:Regne d'EspanyaBasque:Espainiako ErresumaGalician:Reino de EspañaOccitan:Reiaume d'Espanha Flag Coat of arms Motto: "Plus ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March" Show globeShow map of EuropeLocation of .mw-parser-output .nobold font-weight:normal Spain (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)Capitaland largest cityMadrid40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national languageSpanish[c]Ethnic groups (2019)[4]89.67% Spaniards10.33% othersReligion (2019)[5]67.0% Catholicism27.2% No religion3.1% Other religionsDemonym(s)S
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Indian Territory
As general terms, Indian Territory, the Indian Territories, or Indian country describe an evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land. In general, the tribes ceded land they occupied in exchange for land grants in 1803. The concept of an Indian Territory was an outcome of the 18th- and 19th-century policy of Indian removal
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