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High Courts Of India
There are 24 high courts at the state and union territory level of India, which together with the Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system. Each high court has jurisdiction over a state, a union territory or a group of states and union territories. Below the high courts is a hierarchy of subordinate courts such as the civil courts, family courts, criminal courts and various other district courts. High courts are instituted as constitutional courts under Part VI, Chapter V, Article 214 of the Indian constitution.[1] The high courts are the principal civil courts of original jurisdiction in each state and union territory. However, a high court exercises its original civil and criminal jurisdiction only if the subordinate courts are not authorized by law to try such matters for lack of pecuniary, territorial jurisdiction
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Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Maharashtra
(/mɑːhəˈrɑːʃtrə/; Marathi: [məharaːʂʈrə] ( listen), abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India
India
and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area. Spread over 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the west and the Indian states of Karnataka, Telangana, Goa, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It is also the world's second-most populous subnational entity
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Circuit Court
Circuit courts are court systems in several common law jurisdictions.[1] The core concept of circuit courts requires judges to travel to different locales to ensure wide visibility and understanding of cases in a region. More generally, some modern circuit courts may also refer to a court that merely holds trials for cases of multiple locations in some rotation.Contents1 History 2 England and Wales 3 Republic of Ireland 4 United States4.1 Federal courts of appeals 4.2 Supreme Court of the United States 4.3 State courts5 References 6 See alsoHistory[edit] King Henry II instituted the custom of having judges ride the circuit each year to hear cases, rather than requiring every citizen to bring their cases to London
London
(see Assize
Assize
of Clarendon).[2] Thus, the term "circuit court" is derived from the practice of having judges ride around the countryside each year on pre-set paths − circuits − to hear cases
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States And Union Territories Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories, for a total of 36 states and union territories
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States Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories, for a total of 36 states and union territories
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Law Of India
Law
Law
of India
India
refers to the system of law in modern India. India maintains a hybrid legal system with a mixture of civil, common law and customary or religious law within the legal framework inherited from the colonial era and various legislation first introduced by the British are still in effect in modified forms today. Since the drafting of the Indian Constitution, Indian laws also adhere to the United Nations
United Nations
guidelines on human rights law and the environmental law. Certain international trade laws, such as those on intellectual property, are also enforced in India. Indian personal law is fairly complex, with each religion adhering to its own specific laws. In most states, registering of marriages and divorces is not compulsory. Separate laws govern Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and followers of other religions
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Constitutional Court
A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether they conflict with constitutionally established rules, rights and freedoms. In 1919 the First Austrian Republic
First Austrian Republic
established the first dedicated constitutional court, the Constitutional Court of Austria, which however existed in name only until 10 October 1920, when the country's new constitution came into effect, upon which the court gained the power to review the laws of Austria's federal states.[1] The Czechoslovakian Constitution
Constitution
of 1920, which came into effect on 2 February 1920, was the first to provide for a dedicated court for judicial review of parliamentary laws, but the court did not convene until November 1921. The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court
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Original Jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.Contents1 France 2 India 3 United States 4 See also 5 ReferencesFrance[edit] The lowest civil court of France, the tribunal de première instance (literally, "Court of First Instance"), has original jurisdiction over most civil matters except areas of specialist exclusive jurisdiction, those being mainly land estates, business and consumer matters, social security, and labor
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Indian Order Of Precedence
The Order of precedence of the Republic of India is the protocol list[1] (hierarchy of important positions) in which the functionaries and officials are listed according to their rank and office in the Government of India. The order is established by the President of India, through the Office
Office
of the President of India
President of India
and is maintained by the Ministry of Home Affairs. It is only used to indicate ceremonial protocol and has no legal standing; it does not reflect the Indian presidential line of succession or the co-equal status of the separation of powers under the constitution
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Bangalore
Bangalore
Bangalore
(/bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/), officially known as Bengaluru[15] ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] ( listen)), is the capital of the Indian state
Indian state
of Karnataka. It has a population of over ten million,[9] making it a megacity and the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India.[16] It is located in southern India
India
on the Deccan Plateau. Its elevation is over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, the highest of India's major cities.[17] A succession of South Indian dynasties, the Western Gangas, the Cholas and the Hoysalas, ruled the present region of Bangalore
Bangalore
until in 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore
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Legal Education In India
Legal education
Legal education
in the India
India
generally refers to the education of lawyers before entry into practice. Legal education
Legal education
in India
India
is offered at different levels by the traditional universities and the specialised law universities and schools only after completion of an undergraduate degree or as an integrated degree.Contents1 History 2 Academic degrees 3 Admission 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] During the shift from Mughal legal system, the advocates under that regimen, “vakils”, too followed suit, though they mostly continued their earlier role as client representatives. The doors of the newly created Supreme Courts were barred to Indian practitioners as right of audience was limited to members of English, Irish and Scottish professional bodies
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Chennai
Chennai
Chennai
(/ˈtʃɛnnaɪ/ (listen); also known as Madras /məˈdrɑːs/ (listen) or /-ˈdræs/,[12] the official name until 1996) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast
Coromandel Coast
off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the sixth-most populous city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world.[13] Chennai
Chennai
is among the most-visited Indian cities by foreign tourists
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Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai
(/mʊmˈbaɪ/; also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India
India
with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million as of 2011
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Allahabad
Allahabad
Allahabad
(/əˈlɑːhəbɑːd/ ( listen), local Hindustani pronunciation: [ɪlaːɦˈbaːd̪]), or Prayag
Prayag
(/prəˈjɑːɡ/) is a large metropolitan city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
and the administrative headquarters of Allahabad
Allahabad
District, the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous district in India, and the Allahabad
Allahabad
Division. Allahabad
Allahabad
is the oldest living city in India
India
after Varanasi. The city is the Judicial capital of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
with Allahabad
Allahabad
High Court being the highest judicial body in the state
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Indian High Courts Act 1861
The Indian High Courts Act of 1861[1] (24 & 25 Vict. c. 104) was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to authorize the Crown to create High Courts in the Indian colony.[2] Queen Victoria created the High Courts in Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay by Letters Patent
Letters Patent
in 1865. These High Courts would become the precursors to the High Courts in the modern day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
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Uttar Pradesh
24 January 1950[1]Capital LucknowDistricts 75[2][3]Government • Body Government of Uttar Pradesh • Governor Ram Naik[4] • Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath
Yogi Adityanath
(BJP) • Deputy Chief Ministers Keshav Prasad Maurya
Keshav Prasad Maurya
(BJP) Dinesh Sharma (BJP) • Chief Secretary Rajive Kumar, IAS[5] • Director General of Police O. P
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