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Heian Period
The HEIAN PERIOD (平安時代, Heian jidai) is the last division of classical Japanese history , running from 794 to 1185. The period is named after the capital city of Heian-kyō , or modern Kyōto . It is the period in Japanese history when Buddhism
Buddhism
, Taoism
Taoism
and other Chinese influences were at their height. The Heian period
Heian period
is also considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and noted for its art , especially poetry and literature . Although the Imperial House of Japan
Japan
had power on the surface, the real power was in the hands of the Fujiwara clan
Fujiwara clan
, a powerful aristocratic family who had intermarried with the imperial family . Many emperors actually had mothers from the Fujiwara family. Heian (平安) means "peace" in Japanese
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Post-occupation Japan
POST-OCCUPATION JAPAN is the period in Japanese history which started after the Allied occupation of Japan
Japan
ended in 1952. Japan
Japan
has established itself as a global economic and political power. CONTENTS * 1 Politics * 2 Economy * 3 Foreign relations * 4 Culture * 5 Timeline to 1989 * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links POLITICSThe Allied occupation ended on April 28, 1952, when the terms of the Treaty of San Francisco went into effect. By the terms of the treaty, Japan
Japan
regained its sovereignty , but lost many of its possessions from before World War II
World War II
, including Korea, Taiwan
Taiwan
and Sakhalin
Sakhalin
. It also lost control over a number of small islands in the Pacific which it administered as League of Nations Mandates, such as the Marianas and the Marshalls
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Japanese Economic Miracle
The JAPANESE ECONOMIC MIRACLE was Japan
Japan
's record period of economic growth between post- World War II
World War II
era to the end of Cold War
Cold War
. During the economic boom, Japan
Japan
rapidly became the world's second largest economy (after the United States
United States
) by the 1960s. By 1990s, Japan's demographics began stagnating and the workforce was no longer expanding as it did in previous decades, despite per worker productivity remaining high
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Japanese Asset Price Bubble
The JAPANESE ASSET PRICE BUBBLE (バブル景気, baburu keiki, "bubble condition") was an economic bubble in Japan
Japan
from 1986 to 1991 in which real estate and stock market prices were greatly inflated. In early 1992, this price bubble collapsed. The bubble was characterized by rapid acceleration of asset prices and overheated economic activity, as well as an uncontrolled money supply and credit expansion . More specifically, over-confidence and speculation regarding asset and stock prices had been closely associated with excessive monetary easing policy at the time. By August 1990, the Nikkei stock index had plummeted to half its peak by the time of the fifth monetary tightening by the Bank of Japan (BOJ). By late 1991, asset prices began to fall. Even though asset prices had visibly collapsed by early 1992, the economy's decline continued for more than a decade
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Heisei Period
HEISEI (平成) is the current era in Japan
Japan
. The Heisei era started on 8 January 1989, the day after the death of the Emperor Hirohito
Hirohito
. His son, the 125th Emperor Akihito
Akihito
, acceded to the throne . In accordance with Japanese customs, Hirohito
Hirohito
was posthumously renamed the 124th "Emperor Shōwa" on 31 January 1989. Thus, 1989 corresponds to Shōwa 64 until 7 January, and Heisei 1 (平成元年, Heisei gannen, gannen means "first year") since 8 January. To convert a Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
year (after 1989) to Heisei, 1988 needs to be subtracted (e.g. 2017−1988 = Heisei 29)
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Lost Decade (Japan)
The LOST DECADE or the LOST 10 YEARS (失われた十年, Ushinawareta Jūnen) is a period of economic stagnation in Japan following the Japanese asset price bubble
Japanese asset price bubble
's collapse in late 1991 and early 1992. The term originally referred to the years from 1991 to 2000, but recently the decade from 2001 to 2010 is often included, so that the whole period is referred to as the LOST SCORE or the LOST 20 YEARS (失われた二十年, Ushinawareta Nijūnen). Broadly impacting the entire Japanese economy , over the period of 1995 to 2007, GDP
GDP
fell from $5.33 to $4.36 trillion in nominal terms, real wages fell around 5%, while the country experienced a stagnant price level. While there is some debate on the extent and measurement of Japan's setbacks, the economic effect of the Lost Decade is well established and Japanese policymakers continue to grapple with its consequences
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Occupation Of Japan
A JOB, or OCCUPATION, is a person 's role in society. More specifically, a job is an activity, often regular and performed in exchange for payment ("for a living"). Many people have multiple jobs (e.g., parent, homemaker, and employee). A person can begin a job by becoming an employee , volunteering , starting a business , or becoming a parent . The duration of a job may range from temporary (e.g., hourly odd jobs) to a lifetime (e.g., judges ). An activity that requires a person's mental or physical effort is work (as in "a day's work"). If a person is trained for a certain type of job, they may have a profession . Typically, a job would be a subset of someone's career . The two may differ in that one usually retires from their career, versus resignation or termination from a job
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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Japan During World War I
JAPAN PARTICIPATED IN WORLD WAR I from 1914 to 1918 in an alliance with Entente Powers and played an important role in securing the sea lanes in the West Pacific and Indian Oceans against the Imperial German Navy . Politically, Japan seized the opportunity to expand its sphere of influence in China , and to gain recognition as a great power in postwar geopolitics . Japan's military, taking advantage of the great distances and Germany's preoccupation with the war in Europe, seized German possessions in the Pacific and East Asia, but there was no large-scale mobilization of the economy. Foreign Minister Katō Takaaki and Prime Minister Ōkuma Shigenobu
Ōkuma Shigenobu
wanted to use the opportunity to expand Japanese influence in China. They enlisted Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925), then in exile in Japan, but they had little success
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Shōwa Period
The SHōWA PERIOD (昭和時代, Shōwa jidai, potentially "period of enlightened peace/harmony" or "period of radiant Japan"), or SHōWA ERA, refers to the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of the Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito
Hirohito
, from December 25, 1926 until his death on January 7, 1989. The Shōwa period
Shōwa period
was longer than the reign of any previous Japanese emperor . During the pre-1945 period, Japan
Japan
moved into political totalitarianism , ultranationalism and fascism culminating in Japan's invasion of China
China
in 1937. This was part of an overall global period of social upheavals and conflicts such as the Great Depression
Great Depression
and the Second World War
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Shōwa Financial Crisis
The SHōWA FINANCIAL CRISIS (昭和金融恐慌, Shōwa Kin'yū Kyōkō) was a financial panic in 1927, during the first year of the reign of Emperor Hirohito
Hirohito
of Japan, and was a foretaste of the Great Depression . It brought down the government of Prime Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō and led to the domination of the zaibatsu over the Japanese banking industry . The Shōwa Financial Crisis occurred after the post–World War I business boom in Japan. Many companies invested heavily in increased production capacity in what proved to be an economic bubble . The post-1920 economic slowdown and the Great Kantō earthquake of 1923 caused an economic depression , which led to the failures of many businesses. The government intervened through the Bank
Bank
of Japan by issuing discounted "earthquake bonds" to overextended banks
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Japanese Militarism
JAPANESE MILITARISM (日本軍國主義 or 日本軍国主義, Nihon gunkoku shugi) refers to the ideology in the Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan
that militarism should dominate the political and social life of the nation, and that the strength of the military is equal to the strength of a nation. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Rise of militarism * 1.2 Economic factors * 1.3 Independence of the military * 1.4 Growth of ultranationalism * 1.5 Growth of military adventurism * 1.6 Opposition to militarism * 1.7 Post-war * 2 Timeline * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References HISTORYRISE OF MILITARISMThe military had a strong influence on Japanese society from the Meiji Restoration
Meiji Restoration

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Japanese Currency
JAPANESE CURRENCY has a history covering the period from the 8th century to the present. After the traditional usage of rice as currency medium , Japan's currency was characterized by an early adoption of currency systems and designs from China
China
before developing a separate system of its own
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List Of Earthquakes In Japan
This is a LIST OF EARTHQUAKES IN JAPAN with either a magnitude greater than or equal to 7.0 or which caused significant damage or casualties. As indicated below, magnitude is measured on the Richter magnitude scale (ML) or the moment magnitude scale (Mw), or the surface wave magnitude scale (Ms) for very old earthquakes. The present list is not exhaustive, and reliable and precise magnitude data is scarce for earthquakes that occurred prior to the development of modern measuring instruments
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Timeline Of Japanese History
This is a TIMELINE OF JAPANESE HISTORY, comprising important legal, territorial and cultural changes and political events in Japan
Japan
and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Japan
Japan
. See also the list of Emperors of Japan
Japan
and Prime Ministers of Japan
Japan
and the list of years in Japan
Japan
. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries
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Glossary Of Japanese History
This is the GLOSSARY OF JAPANESE HISTORY including the major terms, titles and events the casual (or brand-new) reader might find useful in understanding articles on the subject. Contents: * Top * 0–9 * A * B * C * D * E * F * G * H * I * J * K * L * M * N * O * P * Q * R * S * T * U * V * W * X * Y * Z A * ashigaru (足軽) - feudal foot soldiers drawn from the peasant or commoner class, rather than from the samurai hereditary warrior class. * Ashikaga - bushi clan from Kamakura whose members ruled as shoguns over Japan from 1336 to 1573.B * bakufu (幕府) - a shogun's government; commonly called "shogunate" in English. * bettō (別当) - the head of a civilian, military or religious institution. * bugyō (奉行) - a magistrate
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