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Hearts And Minds (film)
HEARTS AND MINDS is a 1974 American documentary film about the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
directed by Peter Davis . The film's title is based on a quote from President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
: "the ultimate victory will depend on the hearts and minds of the people who actually live out there". The movie was chosen as Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature at the 47th Academy Awards
47th Academy Awards
presented in 1975. The film premiered at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival

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John Foster Dulles
JOHN FOSTER DULLES (/ˈdʌləs/ ; February 25, 1888 – May 24, 1959) was an American diplomat. A Republican , he served as United States Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War
Cold War
era, advocating an aggressive stance against communism throughout the world. Born in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, Dulles joined the New York City
New York City
law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell after graduating from George Washington University Law School . His grandfather, John W. Foster , and his uncle, Robert Lansing , both served as United States
United States
Secretary of State , while his brother, Allen Dulles
Allen Dulles
, served as the Director of Central Intelligence from 1953 to 1961
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Georges Bidault
GEORGES-AUGUSTIN BIDAULT (French pronunciation: ​ ; 5 October 1899 – 27 January 1983) was a French politician . During World War II, he was active in the French Resistance . After the war, he served as foreign minister and prime minister on several occasions before he joined the Organisation armée secrète
Organisation armée secrète
. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life * 2 World War II * 3 Fourth Republic * 4 Fifth Republic * 5 Governments * 5.1 First ministry (24 June – 16 December 1946) * 5.2 Second ministry (28 October 1949 – 7 February 1950) * 5.3 Third Ministry (7 February – 2 July 1950) * 6 References * 7 Sources BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFEBidault was born in Moulins, Allier . He studied in the Sorbonne and became a college history teacher. In 1932 he helped to found the Catholic Association of French Youth and the left-wing anti-fascist newspaper l\'Aube
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J. W. Fulbright
JAMES WILLIAM FULBRIGHT (April 9, 1905 – February 9, 1995) was a United States
United States
Senator representing Arkansas
Arkansas
from January 1945 until his resignation in December 1974. Fulbright is the longest serving chairman in the history of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee . A Southern Democrat and a staunch multilateralist who supported the creation of the United Nations
United Nations
, he was also a segregationist who signed the Southern Manifesto . Fulbright opposed McCarthyism
McCarthyism
and the House Un-American Activities Committee
House Un-American Activities Committee
and later became known for his opposition to American involvement in the Vietnam War
Vietnam War

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J. Edgar Hoover
JOHN EDGAR HOOVER (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972), better known as J. EDGAR HOOVER, was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. He was appointed as the fifth director of the Bureau of Investigation
Bureau of Investigation
— the FBI's predecessor — in 1924 and was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935, where he remained director until his death in 1972 at the age of 77. Hoover has been credited with building the FBI into a larger crime-fighting agency than it was at its inception and with instituting a number of modernizations to police technology, such as a centralized fingerprint file and forensic laboratories
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Clark Clifford
CLARK MCADAMS CLIFFORD (December 25, 1906 – October 10, 1998) was an American lawyer who served as an important political adviser to Democratic Presidents Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
, John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
, Lyndon B. Johnson and Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
. His official government positions were White House Counsel
White House Counsel
(1946–1950), Chairman of the President\'s Intelligence Advisory Board (1963–1968), and Secretary of Defense (1968–1969); Clifford was also influential in his role as an unofficial, informal presidential adviser in various issues. A successful Washington lawyer, he was known for his elite clientele, charming manners and impeccable suits. All 4 Democratic Presidents of the Cold War
Cold War
era employed Clifford's services and relied on his counsel, marking him as one of the ultimate Washington insiders
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Bob Hope
BOB HOPE, KBE , KC*SG , KSS (born LESLIE TOWNES HOPE; May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003) was an American comedian, vaudevillian , actor, singer, dancer, athlete and author. With a career spanning nearly 80 years, Hope appeared in more than 70 short and feature films, including a series of "Road " movies. In addition to hosting the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
show nineteen times, more than any other host , he appeared in many stage productions and television roles, and was the author of 14 books. The song " Thanks for the Memory " is widely regarded as his signature tune. Hope was born in Eltham, Kent, England
England
, arrived in America with his family at the age of four, and grew up in the Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
, area. He began his career in show business in the early 1920s, initially on stage, then began appearing on the radio and in films in 1934
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Desson Thomson
DESSON PATRICK THOMSON is a speechwriter in the Obama administration and a former movie critic for The Washington Post
The Washington Post
. He was known as Desson Howe until 2003 when, after reuniting with his birth father, he changed his name to Desson Patrick Thomson. BIOGRAPHYThomson attended American University
American University
from 1975 till 1979, graduating in Spring 1980 with a degree in visual communications and cinema studies. Thomson started working for The Washington Post
The Washington Post
in 1983 as a copy aide for the Style section, and by 1984, was writing freelance articles for the paper. In 1987, he became a film critic for the paper. Thomson left the Washington Post in 2008, and in 2010 became a speechwriter in the administration of President Barack Obama. From February 2010 until November 2010 he was stationed in London working for the U.S
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Time (magazine)
TIME (styled TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City
New York City
. It was founded in 1923 and originally run by Henry Luce . A European edition ( Time
Time
Europe, formerly known as Time
Time
Atlantic) is published in London and also covers the Middle East, Africa and, since 2003, Latin America. An Asian edition ( Time
Time
Asia) is based in Hong Kong . The South Pacific edition, which covers Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
, is based in Sydney
Sydney
. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition. Time
Time
has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine, and has a readership of 26 million, 20 million of which are based in the United States
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Vietnam Veterans Of America
VIETNAM VETERANS OF AMERICA, INC. (VVA) is a national non-profit corporation founded in 1978 in the United States
United States
that is committed to serving the needs of all veterans. It is funded without any contribution from any branch of government. VVA is the only such organization chartered by the United States
United States
Congress and dedicated to Vietnam veterans and their families. The group holds a congressional charter under Title 36 of the United States
United States
Code
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Joseph R. McCarthy
JOSEPH RAYMOND MCCARTHY (November 14, 1908 – May 2, 1957) was an American politician who served as U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957. Beginning in 1950, McCarthy became the most visible public face of a period in the United States in which Cold War tensions fueled fears of widespread Communist subversion . He is known for alleging that numerous Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers had infiltrated the United States federal government, universities, film industry, and elsewhere. Ultimately, the smear tactics he used led him to be censured by the U.S. Senate. The term "McCarthyism ", coined in 1950 in reference to McCarthy's practices, was soon applied to similar anti-communist activities. Today, the term is used in reference to what are considered demagogic , reckless, and unsubstantiated accusations, as well as public attacks on the character or patriotism of political opponents
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RAND Corporation
RAND CORPORATION ("Research and development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank originally formed by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces . It is financed by the U.S. government and private endowment , corporations, universities and private individuals. The organization has expanded to work with other governments, private foundations, international organizations, and commercial organizations on a host of non-defense issues, including healthcare. RAND aims for interdisciplinary and quantitative problem solving via translating theoretical concepts from formal economics and the physical sciences into novel applications in other areas, that is, via applied science and operations research . Michael D. Rich is president and chief executive officer of the RAND Corporation. RAND has approximately 1,700 employees
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Ngo Dinh Diem
NGô ĐìNH DIệM (Vietnamese: ( listen ); 3 January 1901 – 2 November 1963) was a South Vietnamese politician. A former mandarin of the Nguyễn dynasty
Nguyễn dynasty
, he was named Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam
Vietnam
by Head of State Bảo Đại
Bảo Đại
in 1954. In October 1955, after winning a heavily rigged referendum , he deposed Bảo Đại
Bảo Đại
and established the first Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(RVN), with himself as president. He was a leader of the Catholic element and was opposed by Buddhists. In November 1963, after constant Buddhist protests and non-violent resistance, Diệm was assassinated during a coup d’état, along with his brother, Ngô Đình Nhu , by Nguyễn Văn Nhung , the aide of the leader of the Army of Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), General Dương Văn Minh
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Nguyen Khanh
NGUYễN KHáNH (November 8, 1927 – January 11, 2013) was a South Vietnamese military officer and Army of the Republic of Vietnam general who served in various capacities as head of state and prime minister of South Vietnam while at the head of a military junta from January 1964 until February 1965. He was involved in or against many coup attempts, failed and successful, from 1960 until his defeat and exile from South Vietnam in 1965. Khánh lived out his later years with his family, in exile in the United States, and died of pneumonia and end-stage renal failure at a hospital in San Jose, California , on January 11, 2013
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General Maxwell Taylor
General MAXWELL DAVENPORT "MAX" TAYLOR (August 26, 1901 – April 19, 1987) was a senior United States Army officer and diplomat of the mid-20th century. He served with distinction in World War II , most notably as commander of the 101st Airborne Division , nicknamed "The Screaming Eagles". After the war he served as the fifth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff , having been appointed by President John Kennedy . He is the father of biographer and historian John Maxwell Taylor and military historian and author Thomas Taylor
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