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Hazarajat
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WikiProject Category Commonsv t eThe Hazarajat
Hazarajat
(Persian: هزاره‌جات‎) correctly Hazaristan (Persian: هزارستان‎) [3] is a regional name for the territory inhabited by the Hazara people, which lies in the central and southern highlands of Afghanistan, among the Koh-i-Baba
Koh-i-Baba
mountains and the western extremities of the Hindu Kush
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Middle Ages
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
(or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and merged into the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages
Middle Ages
is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. Population decline, counterurbanisation, invasion, and movement of peoples, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued in the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire
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Koh-i-Baba
The Baba Mountain range
Mountain range
(Pashto: بابا غر‎ Bâbâ Ǧar; Persian: کوه بابا‎ Koh-e Bâbâ) is the western extension of the Hindu Kush, and the origin of Afghanistan's Kabul, Helmand, Arghandab and the Hari rivers. The mountain range is crowned by Foladi peak (Shah Fuladi, 34°38′43″N 67°37′27″E / 34.64528°N 67.62417°E / 34.64528; 67.62417) rising 4951 m; 16,244 ft. above sea level, and is located south of Bamyan, Afghanistan. The Koh-i-Firoz plateau merges farther to the west by gentle gradients into the Paropamise, and which may be traced across the Hari River to Mashad. To the southwest of the culminating peaks, long spurs divide the upper tributaries of the Helmand, and separate its basin from that of the Farah River. These spurs retain a considerable altitude, for they are marked by peaks exceeding 11,000 ft (3,400 m)
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Territory (geographic Region)
A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state. In most countries, a territory is an organized land controlled division of an area that is controlled by a country but is not formally developed into, or incorporated into, a political unit of the country that is of equal status to other political units that may often be referred to by words such as "provinces" or "states"
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Persian Language
Persian (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/), also known by its endonym Farsi[8][9] (فارسی fārsi [fɒːɾˈsiː] ( listen)), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(officially known as Dari since 1958),[10] and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era),[11] and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran
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Hindu Kush
Coordinates: 35°N 71°E / 35°N 71°E / 35; 71 Hindu
Hindu
Kush Hindu
Hindu
Kush rangeHighest pointPeak Tirich MirElevation 7,708 m (25,289 ft)Coordinates 36°14′45″N 71°50′38″E / 36.24
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Turquoise Mountain
Firozkoh (Persian/Pashto: فیروزکوه, Fīrōzkōh), or Turquoise Mountain, is the lost capital of the Ghorid dynasty, in the Ghor Province of central Afghanistan. It was reputedly one of the greatest cities of its age, but was destroyed by Ögedei Khan, son of Genghis Khan, in the early 1220s and lost to history. It has been proposed that the magnificent Minaret of Jam, in Shahrak District, Ghor Province, is the only standing remains of the city. It is also believed that the ancient city was the home of a Jewish trading community, documented by inscriptions on tombstones found in the 1950s
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Turko-Mongol
Turco-Mongol or the Turko-Mongol tradition was a cultural or ethnocultural synthesis that arose during the early 14th century, among the ruling elites of Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
successor states such as the Chagatai Khanate
Chagatai Khanate
and Golden Horde. These elites adopted Turkic languages and adopted Islam, while retaining Mongol political and legal institutions.[1] Many later Central Asian states drew heavily on this tradition, including the Timurid Empire, the Kazakh Khanate, the Khanate of Kazan, the Nogai Khanate, the Crimean Khanate, and the Mughal Empire. A much earlier Turco-Mongol tradition
Turco-Mongol tradition
existed in prehistory as well, as evidenced by the extensive lexical borrowings from Proto-Turkic into the ancestor of Proto-Mongolic from around at least the first millennium BCE. Turkic and Mongolic languages share extensive borrowed similarities in their personal pronouns (e.g
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Shi'a Islam
Sunni
Sunni
theological traditionsIlm al-KalamAsh'ari1 Maturidi Sunni
Sunni
Murji'ah Traditionalist2Shi'a Twelver3PrinciplesTawhid Adalah Prophecy Imamah QiyamahPracticesSalah Sawm Zakat Hajj Khums Jihad Commandin
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Baghlan Province
Baghlan
Baghlan
(Pashto/Persian: بغلان‎ Baġlān) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the north of the country. As of 2013, the province has a population of about 910,700.[1] Its capital is Puli Khumri, but its name comes from the other major town in the province, Baghlan. The ruins of a Zoroastrian
Zoroastrian
fire temple, the Surkh Kotal, are located in Baghlan
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Uzbek Language
Uzbek is a Turkic language that is the sole official language of Uzbekistan. The language of Uzbeks, it is spoken by some 28 million native speakers in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
and elsewhere in Central Asia. Uzbek belongs to the Eastern Turkic, or Karluk, branch of the Turkic language family. External influences include Persian, Arabic
Arabic
and Russian. One of the most noticeable distinctions of Uzbek from other Turkic languages
Turkic languages
is the rounding of the vowel /a/ to /ɒ/, a feature that was influenced by Persian.Contents1 Name 2 History 3 Number of speakers 4 Loan words 5 Dialects 6 Writing systems 7 Phonology7.1 Vowels 7.2 Consonants8 See also 9 References 10 Sources 11 External linksName[edit] In the language itself, Uzbek is oʻzbek tili or oʻzbekcha
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Pashto Language
Pashto
Pashto
(/ˈpʌʃtoʊ/,[9][10][11] rarely /ˈpæʃtoʊ/,[Note 1] Pashto: پښتو‎ Pax̌tō [ˈpəʂt̪oː]), sometimes spelled Pukhto,[Note 2] is the language of the Pashtuns
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Dari (Persian Dialect)
Darī (Dari: دری‎ [daˈɾiː]) or Dari Persian (فارسی دری Fārsī-ye Darī [fɒːɾsije daˈɾiː]) or synonymously (فارسی Fārsī [fɒːɾsiː]) is the variety of the Persian language
Persian language
spoken in Afghanistan.[9][10] Dari is the term officially recognized and promoted since 1964 by the Afghan government for the Persian language,[9] hence, it is also known as Afghan Persian in many Western sources.[2][11] This has resulted in a naming dispute
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Balkh Province
Balkh
Balkh
( Pashto
Pashto
and Persian: بلخ‬‎, Balx) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the north of the country. It is divided into 15 districts[2] and has a population of about 1,245,100,[2] which is multi-ethnic and mostly a Persian-speaking society. The city of Mazar-i-Sharif
Mazar-i-Sharif
serves as the capital of the province. The Mazar-e Sharif International Airport
Mazar-e Sharif International Airport
and Camp Marmal
Camp Marmal
sit on the eastern edge of Mazar-i-Sharif. The name of the province is derived from the ancient city of Balkh, near the modern town. The city of Mazar-e-Sharif has been an important stop on the trade routes from the Far East
Far East
to the Middle East, the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and Europe
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Uzbeks
The Uzbeks
Uzbeks
(Oʻzbek/Ўзбек, pl
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Pashtun People
The Pashtuns
Pashtuns
(/ˈpʌʃˌtʊnz/, /ˈpɑːʃˌtʊnz/ or /ˈpæʃˌtuːnz/; Pashto: پښتانه‎ Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (Persian: افغان‎, Afğān)[15][16][17] and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān),[18][19] are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan.[20] They speak the Pashto language
Pashto language
and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. The ethnogenesis of the Pashtun ethnic group is unclear but historians have come across references to various ancient peoples called Pakthas
Pakthas
(Pactyans) between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC,[21][22] who may be their early ancestors
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