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Hasakah
Al-Hasakah
Al-Hasakah
(Arabic: الحسكة‎, Kurdish: Hesîçe‎, Syriac: ܚܣܟܗ‎, translit. Ḥasake, also known as Al-Hasakeh, Al-Kasaka or simply Hasakah, is the capital city of the Al-Hasakah Governorate and it is located in the far northeastern corner of Syria.[1] With a population of 188,160 residents in 2004, Al-Hasakah is among the ten largest cities in Syria
Syria
and the largest in the governorate
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Ashurnasirpal II
Ashur-nasir-pal II (transliteration: Aššur-nāṣir-apli, meaning "Ashur is guardian of the heir"[1]) was king of Assyria
Assyria
from 883 to 859 BC. Ashurnasirpal II
Ashurnasirpal II
succeeded his father, Tukulti-Ninurta II, in 883 BC. During his reign he embarked on a vast program of expansion, first conquering the peoples to the north in Asia Minor
Asia Minor
as far as Nairi and exacting tribute from Phrygia, then invading Aram (modern Syria) conquering the Aramaeans
Aramaeans
and neo Hittites
Hittites
between the Khabur and the Euphrates
Euphrates
Rivers. His harshness prompted a revolt that he crushed decisively in a pitched, two-day battle. According to his monument inscription, while recalling this massacre he says:[2]“ Their men young and old I took prisoners
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List Of Sovereign States
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty. Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states,[1] 2 observer states, and 11 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (191 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (15 states, out of which there are 5 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood. For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below
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Tell (archaeology)
In archaeology, a tell, or tel (derived from Arabic: تَل‎, tall, 'hill' or 'mound'),[1][2] is an artificial mound formed from the accumulated refuse of people living on the same site for hundreds or thousands of years. A classic tell looks like a low, truncated cone with a flat top and sloping sides[3] and can be up to 30 metres high.[4] Tells are most commonly associated with the archaeology of the ancient Near East, but they are also found elsewhere, such as Central Asia, Eastern Europe,[5] West Africa[6] and Greece.[7][8] Within the Near East, they are concentrated in less arid regions, including Upper Mesopotamia, the Southern Levant, Anatolia
Anatolia
and Iran.[4]Contents1 Archaeology 2 Notable tells 3 References 4 Further readingArchaeology[edit]View of an excavation area at Tell Barri
Tell Barri
(northeastern Syria)
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Dominique Charpin
Dominique Charpin (born 12 June 1954 in Neuilly-sur-Seine) is a French Assyriologist, professor at the Collège de France, corresponding member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, specialized in the "Old-Babylonian" period.Contents1 Biography 2 Honours 3 Publications 4 References4.1 Videography, audiography5 External linksBiography[edit] Born on 12 June 1954 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Dominique Charpin is in high school when a trip to Turkey and the following year a stay in Syria and Lebanon determined his vocation
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Aramean
The Arameans, or Aramaeans (Aramaic: ܐܪ̈ܡܝܐ‎, ʼaramáyé), were an ancient Northwest Semitic Aramaic-speaking tribal confederation who emerged from the region known as Aram (in present-day Syria) in the Late Bronze Age (11th to 8th centuries BC). They established a patchwork of independent Aramaic kingdoms in the Levant
Levant
and seized large tracts of Mesopotamia. Use of the Western Aramai
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Ashur-bel-kala
Aššūr-bēl-kala, inscribed maš-šur-EN-ka-la and meaning “Aššur is lord of all,”[1] was the king of Assyria
Assyria
1074/3–1056 BC, the 89th to appear on the Assyrian Kinglist. He was the son of Tukultī-apil-Ešarra I, succeeded his brother Ašarēd-apil-Ekur who had briefly preceded him, and he ruled for 18 years[i 1] He was the last king of the Middle Assyrian Empire, and his later reign was preoccupied with a revolution against his rule led by one Tukulti-Mer, which, by the end of his reign, allowed hordes of Arameans
Arameans
to press in on Assyria's western borders
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Tukulti-Ninurta II
Tukulti-Ninurta II
Tukulti-Ninurta II
was King of Assyria
King of Assyria
from 891 BC to 884 BC. He was the second king of the Neo Assyrian Empire. Family[edit] His father was Adad-nirari II, the first king of the Neo-Assyrian period. His son succeeded him and was named Ashurnasirpal II
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Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Devlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye[dn 5]), also historically known in Western Europe
Europe
as the Turkish Empire[8] or simply Turkey,[9] was a state that controlled much of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia
Anatolia
in the town of Söğüt (modern-day Bilecik Province) by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.[10] After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire
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Governorate
A governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking
English-speaking
nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states, provinces, or colonies, the term governorate is often used in translation from non- English-speaking
English-speaking
administrations. The most common usage is as a translation of the Arabic
Arabic
Muhafazah. It may also refer to the guberniya and general-gubernatorstvo of Imperial Russia or the 34 gobernaciones of Imperial Spain.Contents1 Arab countries 2 Russian Empire2.1 Congress Kingdom of Poland 2.2 Grand Duchy of Finland3 Portuguese Empire 4 Spanish Empire 5 Italian Empire 6 Germany 7 Romania 8 Vatican City 9 ReferencesArab countries[edit] The term governorate is widely used in Arab countries to describe an administrative unit
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Armenian Genocide
European colonization of the AmericasDzungar genocide, 1750s Manifest DestinyIndian Removal, 1830s California Genocide, 1848–1873Circassian genocide, 1860s Selk'nam genocide, 1890s–1900s Herero and Namaqua genocide, 1904–1907 Greek genocide, 1914–1923 Assyrian genocide, 1914–1925 Armenian Genocide, 1915–1923 Libyan Genocide, 1923–1932Soviet genocide Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
in the Soviet UnionSoviet famine of 1932–33Holodomor, 1931–1933 Kazakhstan, 1930–1933Mass Deportations during World War IIKalmyks, 1943
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French Mandate
Creation ofthe State of Syria Greater Lebanon the Alawite
Alawite
State Jabal ad-DruzeThe Mandate for Syria
Syria
and Lebanon
Lebanon
(French: Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban; Arabic: الانتداب الفرنسي على سوريا ولبنان‎ al-intidāb al-fransi 'ala suriya wa-lubnān) (1923−1946)[1] was a League of Nations
League of Nations
mandate[2] founded after the First World War and the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire concerning Syria
Syria
and Lebanon. The mandate system was supposed to differ from colonialism, with the governing country acting as a trustee until the inhabitants would be able to stand on their own
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Ethnic Cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.[1][page needed] The forces applied may be various forms of forced migration (deportation, population transfer), intimidation, as well as mass murder and genocidal rape. Ethnic cleansing
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Kingdom Of Iraq
The Hashemite
Hashemite
Kingdom of Iraq
Iraq
(Arabic: المملكة العراقية الهاشمية‎ al-Mamlakah al-‘Irāqiyyah Al-Hāshimīyah) was founded on 23 August 1921 under British administration following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in the Mesopotamian campaign
Mesopotamian campaign
of World War I. Although a League of Nations
League of Nations
mandate was awarded to Britain in 1920, the 1920 Iraqi revolt resulted in the scrapping of the original mandate plan in favor of a British administered semi-independent kingdom, under the Hashemite
Hashemite
allies of Britain, via the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty. The kingdom of Iraq
Iraq
was granted full independence in 1932,[1] following the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty
Anglo-Iraqi Treaty
(1930)
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Simele Massacre
Early Assyrian Period
Early Assyrian Period
(2600 BCE – 2025 BCE) Old Assyrian Empire
Old Assyrian Empire
(2025 BC - 1378 BCE)
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