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Harley Ministry
The OXFORD–BOLINGBROKE MINISTRY was the British government that existed between 1710 and 1714 in the reign of Queen Anne . It was headed by Robert Harley and composed largely of Tories
Tories
. Harley was a former Whig who had changed sides, bringing down the seemingly powerful Whig Junto . The ministry vigorously pushed for a peace to end the War of the Spanish Succession
War of the Spanish Succession
, leading to the Treaty of Utrecht . Foreign affairs were largely conducted by Viscount Bolingbroke . They were fiercely pressed by the Whig opposition, who used the rallying cry of No Peace Without Spain . The ministry successfully prosecuted Robert Walpole over charges of profiteering and had him imprisoned in the Tower of London
Tower of London
. The government fell following Anne's death in 1714
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Grenville Ministry
The GRENVILLE MINISTRY was a British Government headed by George Grenville which served between 16 April 1763 – 13 July 1765. It was formed after the previous Prime Minister, the Earl of Bute , had resigned following fierce criticism of his signing of the Treaty of Paris with its perceived lenient terms for France and Spain despite Britain\'s successes in the Seven Years War . Grenville's government was made up largely of the same members as Bute's had. George III had a violent dislike of the new government because of his resentment of the way they had replaced his favourite Bute. During its two years, the Ministry confronted growing discontent in Britain's American colonies which were to lead to the American War of Independence breaking out in 1775. The Ministry also had to deal with the antics of John Wilkes
John Wilkes

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Bute Ministry
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute served as Prime Minister of Great Britain during 1762–1763. He resigned following fierce criticism of his signing of the Treaty of Paris with its perceived lenient terms for France and Spain despite Britain's successes in the Seven Years\' War . The Bute ministry was made up largely of the same members as its successor, the Grenville ministry . George III favoured Bute, but could not keep him in government
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First Rockingham Ministry
The FIRST ROCKINGHAM MINISTRY was a British ministry headed by the Marquess of Rockingham from 1765 to 1766 during the reign of King George III . The government was made up mainly of his followers known as the Rockingham Whigs
Rockingham Whigs
. The most influential member of the government was the Duke of Newcastle , a former Prime Minister, who served as Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
. It is often referred to as the only government ever to have been made up almost entirely of members of the Jockey Club
Jockey Club
, with Rockingham himself being a prominent patron and follower of the turf. Rockingham was noted for his ignorance of foreign affairs, and his ministry failed to reverse the growing isolation of Britain within Europe. The Rockingham ministry fell in 1766 and was replaced by one headed by William Pitt
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Chatham Ministry
The CHATHAM MINISTRY was a British government led by William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham that ruled between 1766 and 1768. Because of Pitt's former prominence before his title, it is sometimes referred to as the PITT MINISTRY. Unusually for a politician considered to be Prime Minister, Pitt was not First Lord of the Treasury
First Lord of the Treasury
during the administration, but instead held the post of Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
. The first Chatham ministry
Chatham ministry
lasted from 1766 to May 1768 , the second from May to October 1768. Pitt, who moved to the Lords as Earl of Chatham upon his accession to the ministry, was determined to form a ministry of "men, not measures," that would give office to the most competent men without regard to faction
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Grafton Ministry
The GRAFTON MINISTRY was the British government headed by Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton . It served between October 1768 and January 1770. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Cabinet * 2.1 Changes * 3 References HISTORY This section includes a list of references , related reading or external links , BUT ITS SOURCES REMAIN UNCLEAR BECAUSE IT LACKS INLINE CITATIONS . Please help to improve this section by introducing more precise citations. (November 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) The Grafton ministry
Grafton ministry
arose from the gradual decay of its predecessor, the Chatham ministry
Chatham ministry
, which Grafton had effectively been leading for some time due to the illness and withdrawal from public affairs of its nominal head Lord Chatham
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Pitt–Newcastle Ministry
The PITT–NEWCASTLE MINISTRY consisted of two British governments which served between 1757 and 1762, at the height of the Seven Years\' War . They were headed by Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle , who was serving in his second term as Prime Minister. The most influential and famous figure in each government was William Pitt , who served as Secretary of State . The first Pitt–Newcastle ministry lasted from 1757 to the May 1761 general election and the second from May 1761 to 1762, notwithstanding Pitt's resignation from the Cabinet in October 1761. The ministry ended a period of political instability, when Britain had struggled in the war. Pitt was a strong war leader, but lacked the support in parliament necessary to provide effective leadership. Newcastle provided this, as he has a strong base of support in the House of Commons
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1757 Caretaker Ministry
The CARETAKER MINISTRY was the government of Great Britain for a short time in 1757, during the Seven Years\' War . In 1756, King George II of Great Britain was reluctantly compelled to accept a ministry dominated by William Pitt the Elder as Secretary of State . The nominal head of this ministry, as First Lord of the Treasury , was William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire . On 6 April 1757, following Pitt's opposition to the execution of Admiral Byng , the King, who detested Pitt, dismissed him and his brother-in-law Lord Temple , who had been First Lord of the Admiralty . The result of these events was to demonstrate beyond doubt that the "Great Commoner" (as Pitt was sometimes known) was indispensable to the formation of a ministry strong enough to prosecute a major war
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Broad Bottom Ministry
The BROAD BOTTOM MINISTRY consisted of two coalition administrations from 1744–46 and 1746–54 in the Parliament of Great Britain . It was led by the Pelham brothers, Henry Pelham as Prime Minister and the Duke of Newcastle as Secretary of State. Early in 1746 the king wished a change of Prime Minister, and Pelham lost power, but only briefly . Returning to office he put in place a strengthened broad coalition. The second Broad Bottom government lasted between Pelham's resumption of power and his death in 1754. Beyond the more senior ministers listed below, other significant figures in the ministry from 1746 were Henry Fox as Secretary at War and William Pitt as Paymaster of the Forces
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Short-lived Ministry
The "SHORT-LIVED" MINISTRY, also known as the BATH–GRANVILLE MINISTRY or derisively as the "SILLY LITTLE MINISTRY", was a British government that existed briefly in 1746. On 10 February, upon the resignation of Henry Pelham , the Earl of Bath undertook the formation of a ministry with Lord Granville , the former Northern Secretary . However, it only lasted two days, collapsing on 12 February even before all the members could be appointed, and Pelham reassumed the government. CABINETBelow are Bath's appointments before he abandoned the attempt to form a ministry; it does not appear that either Carlisle or Winchilsea actually received the seals of office from King George II
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First Newcastle Ministry
From 1754 to 1756 the Duke of Newcastle headed the government of Great Britain . After the death of the previous Prime Minister, his brother Henry Pelham , Newcastle had formed a fresh administration. He remained in power until 1756, when his government collapsed following the fall of Minorca and the fierce criticism that he had come under for his handling of the war that was engulfing Europe . Among the most influential members of the Ministry was Henry Fox , who served as Leader of the House of Commons from November 1755, having firstly entered the Cabinet in his earlier position of Secretary at War in December 1754. Newcastle later returned to head a second government in 1757 in an alliance with William Pitt the Elder . THE MINISTRYIt is unclear who was member of the Ministry
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Pitt–Devonshire Ministry
The government of Great Britain was under the joint leadership of William Pitt the Elder and William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire from November 1756 to 1757. Following Pitt's dismissal, a new ministry was formed in July 1757 under Pitt and Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle
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North Ministry
Tory Lord North led the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782 . He oversaw the Falklands Crisis , the Gordon Riots and much of the American War of Independence
American War of Independence
. It was headed by North at the pleasure of King George III . The first North ministry
North ministry
lasted from 1770 to 1774 , the second from 1774 to 1780 , and the third from 1780 to 1782
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Second Rockingham Ministry
This is a list of the principal holders of government office during the second premiership of the Marquess of Rockingham for four months in 1782. The North ministry resigned on 22 March 1782 after losing the confidence of Parliament following the British defeat at the Siege of Yorktown during the American War of Independence . Whig Lord Rockingham, Prime Minister from 1765 to 1766, formed a government. The Rockingham Whigs had generally been sympathetic to the cause of the Colonists and under Rockingham the British government began the negotiations leading to the Peace of Paris that concluded the war. The death of Rockingham on 1 July 1782 caused a split in the ministry. Home Secretary Lord Shelburne was appointed to succeed him but several members of the government refused to serve under him and resigned
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Second Portland Ministry
This is a list of members of the Tory government of the United Kingdom in office under the leadership of the Duke of Portland from 1807 to 1809. Members of the Cabinet are in BOLD face. OFFICE NAME DATE First Lord of the Treasury THE DUKE OF PORTLAND 31 March 1807 – 4 October 1809 Chancellor of the Exchequer Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster SPENCER PERCEVAL 26 March 1807 30 March 1807 – Secretaries to the Treasury Senior Secretary Hon. Henry Wellesley 1 April 1807 – 21 March 1809 Charles Arbuthnot 5 April 1809 Junior Secretary William Huskisson 1 April 1807 Junior Lords of the Treasury William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, Marquess of Titchfield 31 March 1807 – 16 September 1807 Hon. William Eliot 31 March 1807 William Sturges Bourne 31 March 1807 – 16 September 1807 John Foster 16 September 1807 Hon. Richard Ryder 16 September 1807 – 2 December 1807 Hon
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Ministry Of All The Talents
The MINISTRY OF "ALL THE TALENTS" was a national unity government formed by Lord Grenville on his appointment as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 11 February 1806, following the death of William Pitt the Younger . The first ministry of "All the Talents" lasted from February to December 1806 , and the second ministry of "All the Talents" lasted from December 1806 to 1807. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Other uses of the term * 3 List of Ministers * 4 References HISTORY James Gillray 's Charon 's Boat.—or—the Ghosts of "all the Talents" taking their last voyage (1807) caricatured the ministry's break-up. Lord Howick rows and St. Vincent steers. With the country remaining at war , Grenville aimed to form the strongest possible government and so included most leading politicians from almost all groupings, although some followers of the younger Pitt, led by George Canning , refused to join
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