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Greek Catholicism
The Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches,[a] are twenty-three Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope
Pope
in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church. Headed by patriarchs, metropolitans, and major archbishops, the Eastern Catholic Churches are governed in accordance with the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, although each church also has its own canons and laws on top of this, and the preservation of their own traditions is explicitly encouraged
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Eastern Christianity
Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox churches, the Assyrian Church of the East, and the Eastern Catholic churches
Eastern Catholic churches
(that are in communion with Rome but still maintain Eastern liturgies). The term is used in contrast with Western Christianity
Christianity
(namely the Latin Church and Protestantism). Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of the Christian traditions and churches that developed in the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Southern India
Southern India
and parts of the Far East over several centuries. The term does not describe a single communion or religious denomination. Some Eastern churches have more in common historically and theologically with Western Christianity
Christianity
than with one another
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Eastern Christian
Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox churches, the Assyrian Church of the East, and the Eastern Catholic churches
Eastern Catholic churches
(that are in communion with Rome but still maintain Eastern liturgies). The term is used in contrast with Western Christianity
Christianity
(namely the Latin Church and Protestantism). Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of the Christian traditions and churches that developed in the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Southern India
Southern India
and parts of the Far East over several centuries. The term does not describe a single communion or religious denomination. Some Eastern churches have more in common historically and theologically with Western Christianity
Christianity
than with one another
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Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church
The Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church, also known in the United States as the Byzantine Catholic Church, is an Eastern Catholic church that uses the Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
for its services. It is one of the 21 Eastern Catholic churches that are in full communion with the Holy See. There are two main communities within the church: American and European. In the United States, the Byzantine Catholic Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
is self-governing (sui iuris). In Europe, Ruthenian Catholics are immediately subject to the Holy See. The European branch has an eparchy in Ukraine
Ukraine
(the Eparchy
Eparchy
of Mukacheve) and another in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(the Ruthenian Apostolic Exarchate of Czech Republic). The Ruthenian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is rooted among the Rusyn people who lived in Carpathian Ruthenia
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Slovak Greek Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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East Syriac Rite
The East Syrian Rite
East Syrian Rite
or East Syriac Rite, also called Assyrian Rite, Persian Rite, Chaldean Rite, or Syro-Oriental Rite is an Eastern Christian liturgical rite that uses East Syriac dialect
East Syriac dialect
as liturgical language. It is one of two main liturgical rites of Syriac Christianity.[1] It originated in Edessa, Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and was used historically in the Church of the East, centered in Sasanian Empire (Persia), and remains in use in churches descended from it; namely the Assyrian Church of the East
Church of the East
(including the Chaldean Syrian Church
Chaldean Syrian Church
of India), the Ancient Church of the East, the Chaldean Catholic Church, and the Syro-Malabar
Syro-Malabar
Catholic Church
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Chaldean Catholic Church
The Chaldean Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Classical Syriac: ܥܕܬܐ ܟܠܕܝܬܐ ܩܬܘܠܝܩܝܬܐ‎, ʿīdtha kaldetha qāthuliqetha; Arabic: الكنيسة الكلدانية al-Kanīsa al-kaldāniyya; Latin: Ecclesia Chaldaeorum Catholica, lit. ' Catholic Church
Catholic Church
of the Chaldeans') is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
particular church (sui juris) in full communion with the Holy See
Holy See
and the rest of the Catholic Church, with the Chaldean Patriarchate
Patriarchate
having been originally formed out of the Church of the East
Church of the East
in 1552. Employing the East Syriac Rite
East Syriac Rite
in Syriac language
Syriac language
in its liturgy, it is part of Syriac Christianity
Syriac Christianity
by heritage
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Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(sīṟēā malabār kattēālikkā sabha) or Church of Malabar Syrian Catholics
Catholics
is an Eastern Catholic Major Archiepiscopal Church based in Kerala, India. It is a sui iuris particular church in full communion with the Pope
Pope
and the worldwide Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches. The Church is headed by Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
Cardinal Mar George Alencherry
Mar George Alencherry
of the Archeparchy
Archeparchy
of Ernakulam- Angamaly
Angamaly
in Kerala
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West Syriac Rite
West Syrian Rite
West Syrian Rite
or West Syriac Rite, also called Syro-Antiochian Rite, is an Eastern Christian
Eastern Christian
liturgical rite that uses West Syriac dialect as liturgical language. It is one of two main liturgical rites of Syriac Christianity.[1] It is chiefly practiced in the Syriac Orthodox Church and churches related to or descended from it. It is part of the liturgical family known as the Antiochian Rite, which originated in the ancient Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Antioch. It has more anaphoras than any other rite. The rite is practiced in the Syriac Orthodox Church, an Oriental Orthodox body; the Syriac Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See; and to a great extent in the Maronite Catholic Church, another Eastern Catholic body
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Maronite
Catholicism portal Eastern Christianity portalv t ePart of a series onParticular churches sui iuris of the Catholic Church Latin cross
Latin cross
and Byzantine Patriarchal crossParticular churches are grouped by rite.Latin RiteLatinAlexandrian RiteCoptic Ethiopian EritreanArmenian RiteArmenianByzantine RiteAlbanian Belarusian Bulgarian Croatian and Serbian Greek Hungarian Italo-Albanian Macedonian Melkite Romanian Russian Ruthenian Slovak UkrainianEast Syriac RiteChaldean Syro-MalabarWest Syriac RiteMaronite Syriac Syro-Malankara Catholicism portal Eastern Christianity portalv t eThe Maronite
Maronite
Church (Arabic: الكنيسة المارونية‎) is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
sui iuris particular church in full communion with the Pope
Pope
and the Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches
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Syriac Catholic Church
The Syriac Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(or Syrian Catholic Church) (Classical Syriac: ܥܕܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ ܩܬܘܠܝܩܝܬܐ‎, translit. ʿĪṯo Suryoyṯo Qaṯolīqayṯo), (also known as Syriac Catholic Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Antioch
Antioch
or Aramean Catholic Church), is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Christian Church in the Levant
Levant
that uses the West Syriac Rite
West Syriac Rite
liturgy and has many practices and rites in common with the Syriac Orthodox Church
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Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
also known as the Malankara Syrian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Malayalam: മലങ്കര സുറിയാനി കത്തോലിക്കാ സഭ) is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Major Archiepiscopal Church
Major Archiepiscopal Church
in full communion with the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome, the Pope. It is one of the twenty-three sui iuris Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
in the Catholic communion. The Church is headed by Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
Cardinal Moran Mor Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
of the Major Archdiocese of Trivandrum in Kerala, India
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Particular Church
A particular church (Latin: ecclesia particularis) is a hierarchically ordered ecclesiastical community of faithful headed by a bishop (or equivalent), as defined by Catholic canon law
Catholic canon law
and ecclesiology. Liturgical rite depend on the bishop, i.e the particular church. Though closely related, in this context "church" thus refers to the institution, and "rite" to its practices. Then again, there are two kinds of particular churches:An autonomous particular church, or particular church sui iuris: an aggregation of particular churches with specific liturgical rites along distinctive theological, liturgical, spiritual and canonical traditions.[1] The largest such autonomous particular church is the Latin
Latin
Church, while the other 23 are referred to collectively as the Eastern Catholic Churches, some of which are headed by bishops who have the title and rank of Patriarch
Patriarch
or Major Archbishop
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Romanian Greek Catholic Church
The Romanian Greek Catholic Church or Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic (Romanian: Biserica Română Unită cu Roma, Greco-Catolică) is a sui iuris Eastern Catholic Church, in full union with the Roman Catholic Church. It has the rank of a Major Archiepiscopal Church and it uses the Byzantine liturgical rite in the Romanian language. Since 1994, Cardinal Lucian Mureșan, Archbishop of Făgăraș and Alba Iulia, serves as head of the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church. On December 16, 2005, as the Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic was elevated to the rank of a Major Archiepiscopal Church by Benedict XVI, Lucian Mureșan became its first major archbishop
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Full Communion
Full communion is a communion or relationship of full understanding among different Christian
Christian
denominations that they share certain essential principles of Christian
Christian
theology
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Pope
The pope (Latin: papa from Greek: πάππας pappas,[1] a child's word for "father"),[2] also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest bridge-builder"), is the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome, and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.[3] The primacy of the Roman bishop is largely derived from his role as the supposed apostolic successor to Saint Peter, to whom Jesus is said to have given the Keys of Heaven
Keys of Heaven
and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built. The pope is also head of state of Vatican City,[4] a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within Rome. The current pope is Francis, who was elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI.[5] The office of the pope is the papacy
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