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Greek Catholic
The Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches,[a] are twenty-three Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope
Pope
in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church. Headed by patriarchs, metropolitans, and major archbishops, the Eastern Catholic Churches are governed in accordance with the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, although each church also has its own canons and laws on top of this, and the preservation of their own traditions is explicitly encouraged
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Eastern Christianity
Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox churches, the Assyrian Church of the East, and the Eastern Catholic churches
Eastern Catholic churches
(that are in communion with Rome but still maintain Eastern liturgies). The term is used in contrast with Western Christianity
Christianity
(namely the Latin Church and Protestantism). Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of the Christian traditions and churches that developed in the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Southern India
Southern India
and parts of the Far East over several centuries. The term does not describe a single communion or religious denomination. Some Eastern churches have more in common historically and theologically with Western Christianity
Christianity
than with one another
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Alexandrian Rite
The Alexandrian Rite is the liturgical rite used by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo
Orthodox Tewahedo
Church, as well as by the three corresponding Eastern Catholic Churches. The Alexandrian rite's Divine Liturgy
Divine Liturgy
contains elements from the liturgies of Saints Mark the Evangelist
Mark the Evangelist
(who is traditionally regarded as the first bishop of Alexandria), Basil the Great, Cyril the Great, and Gregory Nazianzus. The Liturgy
Liturgy
of Saint Cyril is a Coptic language translation from Greek of the Liturgy
Liturgy
of Saint Mark. The Alexandrian Rite is sub-grouped into two rites: the Coptic Rite and the Ge'ez Rite
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Coat Of Arms
A coat of arms is an heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters, crest, and motto
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Annuario Pontificio
The Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
(Italian for Pontifical Yearbook) is the annual directory of the Holy See
Holy See
of the Catholic Church. It lists all the popes to date and all officials of the Holy See's departments. It also gives complete lists with contact information of the cardinals and Catholic bishops throughout the world, the dioceses (with statistics about each), the departments of the Roman Curia, the Holy See's diplomatic missions abroad, the embassies accredited to the Holy See, the headquarters of religious institutes (again with statistics on each), certain academic institutions, and other similar information. The index includes, along with all the names in the body of the book, those of all priests who have been granted the title of "Monsignor"
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Eastern Christian
Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox churches, the Assyrian Church of the East, and the Eastern Catholic churches
Eastern Catholic churches
(that are in communion with Rome but still maintain Eastern liturgies). The term is used in contrast with Western Christianity
Christianity
(namely the Latin Church and Protestantism). Eastern Christianity
Christianity
consists of the Christian traditions and churches that developed in the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, Southern India
Southern India
and parts of the Far East over several centuries. The term does not describe a single communion or religious denomination. Some Eastern churches have more in common historically and theologically with Western Christianity
Christianity
than with one another
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Eastern Catholic (other)
The term Eastern Catholic may refer to adherents, religious doctrines and practices, institutions and organizations of:Eastern Catholic Churches, that are in full communion with the Catholic Church Eastern Orthodox Churches, who are upholding Eastern Orthodox Catholicity Oriental Orthodox Churches, who are upholding Oriental Orthodox Catholicity Any other church or branch of Eastern Christianity
Eastern Christianity
that upholds or claims its own form of CatholicitySee also[edit]Look up Eastern Catholic in Wiktionar
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Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°50′N 35°50′E / 33.833°N 35.833°E / 33.833; 35.833Lebanese Republic الجمهورية اللبنانية (Arabic) al-Jumhūrīyah al-LubnānīyahFlagCoat of armsAnthem: كلّنا للوطن Kulluna lil-watan All Of Us, For the Country!Capital and largest city Beirut 33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.900°N 35.533°E / 33.900; 35.533Official languages Arabic[nb 1]Recognised languages FrenchDemonym LebaneseGovernment Unitary parliamentary multi-confessionalist republic[1]• PresidentMichel Aoun[2]• Prime MinisterSaad Hariri• Speaker of the ParliamentNabih BerriLegislature ParliamentEstablishment• Greater Lebanon1 September 1920• Constitution23 May 1926• Independence declared22 November 1943• Independence (Joined U
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Patriarchal Cross
The Patriarchal cross
Patriarchal cross
(☨) is a variant of the Christian cross, the religious symbol of Christianity. Similar to the familiar Latin
Latin
cross, the patriarchal cross possesses a smaller crossbar placed above the main one so that both crossbars are near the top. Sometimes the patriarchal cross has a short, slanted crosspiece near its foot (Orthodox cross). This slanted, lower crosspiece often appears in Byzantine Greek and Eastern European iconography, as well as in other Eastern Orthodox churches. The Byzantine Christianization came to the Morava Empire in the year 863, provided at the request of Rastislav sent Byzantine Emperor Michael III.[1] The symbol, often referred to as the patriarchal cross, appeared in the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
in large numbers in the 10th century
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Latin Cross
This is a list of Christian cross
Christian cross
variants. The Christian cross, with or without a figure of Christ included, is the main religious symbol of Christianity. A cross with figure of Christ affixed to it is termed a crucifix and the figure is often referred to as the corpus (Latin for "body"). The term Greek cross
Greek cross
designates a cross with arms of equal length, as in a plus sign, while the term Latin
Latin
cross designates a cross with an elongated descending arm. Numerous other variants have been developed during the medieval period. Christian crosses are used widely in churches, on top of church buildings, on bibles, in heraldry, in personal jewelry, on hilltops, and elsewhere as an attestation or other symbol of Christianity. Crosses are a prominent feature of Christian cemeteries, either carved on gravestones or as sculpted stelae
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Greek Catholic Church (other)
Greek Catholic Church
Greek Catholic Church
is the general term for all Eastern Catholic churches of the Byzantine Rite Greek Catholic Church
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Holy See
The Holy See
Holy See
(Italian: Santa Sede; Latin: Sancta Sedes; Ecclesiastical Latin: [ˈsaŋkta ˈsedes]), also referred to as the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity. It serves as the central point of reference for the Catholic Church everywhere and the focal point of communion due to its position as the pre-eminent episcopal see of the universal church. Today, it is responsible for the governance of all Catholics, organised in their Particular Churches, Patriarchates and religious institutes. As an independent sovereign entity, holding the Vatican City
Vatican City
enclave in Rome
Rome
as an independent state, it maintains diplomatic relations with other states
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Pope
The pope (Latin: papa from Greek: πάππας pappas,[1] a child's word for "father"),[2] also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest bridge-builder"), is the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome, and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.[3] The primacy of the Roman bishop is largely derived from his role as the supposed apostolic successor to Saint Peter, to whom Jesus is said to have given the Keys of Heaven
Keys of Heaven
and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built. The pope is also head of state of Vatican City,[4] a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within Rome. The current pope is Francis, who was elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI.[5] The office of the pope is the papacy
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West Syriac Rite
West Syrian Rite
West Syrian Rite
or West Syriac Rite, also called Syro-Antiochian Rite, is an Eastern Christian
Eastern Christian
liturgical rite that uses West Syriac dialect as liturgical language. It is one of two main liturgical rites of Syriac Christianity.[1] It is chiefly practiced in the Syriac Orthodox Church and churches related to or descended from it. It is part of the liturgical family known as the Antiochian Rite, which originated in the ancient Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Antioch. It has more anaphoras than any other rite. The rite is practiced in the Syriac Orthodox Church, an Oriental Orthodox body; the Syriac Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See; and to a great extent in the Maronite Catholic Church, another Eastern Catholic body
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East Syriac Rite
The East Syrian Rite
East Syrian Rite
or East Syriac Rite, also called Assyrian Rite, Persian Rite, Chaldean Rite, or Syro-Oriental Rite is an Eastern Christian liturgical rite that uses East Syriac dialect
East Syriac dialect
as liturgical language. It is one of two main liturgical rites of Syriac Christianity.[1] It originated in Edessa, Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and was used historically in the Church of the East, centered in Sasanian Empire (Persia), and remains in use in churches descended from it; namely the Assyrian Church of the East
Church of the East
(including the Chaldean Syrian Church
Chaldean Syrian Church
of India), the Ancient Church of the East, the Chaldean Catholic Church, and the Syro-Malabar
Syro-Malabar
Catholic Church
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Metropolitan Bishop
In Christian
Christian
churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis (then more precisely called metropolitan archbishop); that is, the chief city of a historical Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. Before the establishment of patriarchs (beginning in AD 325), metropolitan was the highest episcopal rank in the Eastern rites of the Church
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