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Greek Government-in-exile
The Greek government-in-exile
Greek government-in-exile
was the government in exile of Greece formed in the aftermath of the Battle of Greece, and the subsequent occupation of Greece
Greece
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and the Fascist Italy. Due to the occupation of Greece
Greece
by hostile powers and Resistance opposition, the government-in-exile exerted minimal influence inside Greece. The government-in-exile was based in Cairo, Egypt. Hence it is also commonly referred to as the " Cairo
Cairo
Government" (Greek: Κυβέρνηση του Καΐρου). It was headed by King George II, which evacuated from Athens
Athens
in April 1941, after the German invasion of the country, first to the island of Crete
Crete
and then to Cairo
Cairo
in Egypt
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Flag Of Greece
The national flag of Greece, popularly referred to as the "sky-blue-white" or the "blue-white" (Greek: Γαλανόλευκη or Κυανόλευκη), officially recognised by Greece
Greece
as one of its national symbols, is based on nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white. There is a blue canton in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolises Eastern Orthodox Christianity, the established religion of the Greek people of Greece and Cyprus. The blazon of the flag is Azure, four bars Argent; on a canton of the field a Greek cross throughout of the second. The official flag ratio is 2:3.[1] The shade of blue used in the flag has varied throughout its history, from light blue to dark blue, the latter being increasingly used since the late 1960s
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Independent (politician)
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party
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Greece
Greece
Greece
(Greek: Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), historically also known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern Europe,[10] with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. Athens
Athens
is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Greece
Greece
is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania
Albania
to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
to the north, and Turkey
Turkey
to the northeast
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Nazi Germany
Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°24′E / 52.517°N 13.400°E / 52.517; 13.400 "Drittes Reich" redirects here
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Eleftheria I Thanatos
Eleftheria i thanatos
Eleftheria i thanatos
(Greek: Ελευθερία ή θάνατος, pronounced [elefθeˈria ˈi ˈθanatos], "freedom or death") is the motto of Greece.[1][2]Contents1 Overview 2 Cultural references 3 See also 4 ReferencesOverview[edit] The motto arose during the Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
in the 1820s, where it was a war cry for the Greeks who rebelled against Ottoman rule.[3] It was adopted after the Greek War of Independence
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Crete
Crete
Crete
(Greek: Κρήτη, Kríti ['kriti]; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica. Crete and a number of surrounding islands and islets constitute the region of Crete
Crete
(Greek: Περιφέρεια Κρήτης), one of the 13 top-level administrative units of Greece. The capital and the largest city is Heraklion. As of 2011[update], the region had a population of 623,065. Crete
Crete
forms a significant part of the economy and cultural heritage of Greece, while retaining its own local cultural traits (such as its own poetry and music). It was once the centre of the Minoan civilisation (c. 2700–1420 BC), which is the earliest known civilisation in Europe
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe
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Sfakia
Sfakiá (Greek: Σφακιά) is a mountainous area in the southwestern part of the island of Crete, in the Chania
Chania
regional unit. It is considered to be one of the few places in Greece
Greece
that have never been fully occupied by foreign powers. With a 2011 census population of 1,889 inhabitants living on a land area of 467.589 km2 (180.537 sq mi),[2] Sfakia
Sfakia
is one of the largest and least densely populated municipalities on the island of Crete. The etymology of its name is disputed. According to the prevailing theory, it relates to its rugged terrain, deriving from the ancient Greek word σφαξ, meaning land chasm or gorge.[3]Contents1 Description 2 Resistance 3 History 4 Province 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksDescription[edit] The road from Chania
Chania
to Sfakiá crosses the island from north to south, through the village of Vryses
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Liberal Party (Greece)
The Liberal Party (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων [ˈkoma filelefˈθeɾon] ( listen), literally "Party of Liberals"), also the National Progressive Centre Union since 1952,[6] was a major political party in Greece
Greece
during the early-to-mid 20th century. It was founded in August 1910 by Eleftherios Venizelos
Eleftherios Venizelos
and went on to dominate Greek politics for a considerable number of years until its decline following the Second World War
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Kingdom Of Greece
The Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος [vaˈsiliɔn ˈtis ɛˈlaðɔs]) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London
London
by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France
France
and the Russian Empire). It was internationally recognised by the Treaty of Constantinople, where it also secured full independence from the Ottoman Empire. This event also marked the birth of the first fully independent Greek state since the fall of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
to the Ottomans in the mid-15th century. The Kingdom succeeded from the Greek provisional governments after the Greek War of Independence, and lasted until 1924
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Democratic Socialist Party Of Greece
The Democratic Socialist Party of Greece
Greece
(Greek: Δημοκρατικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδος Demokratiko Sosialistiko Komma Ellados) was a political party founded by George Papandreou in 1935.It took part in the 1946 elections ,but was unsuccesful. The party split from the Liberal Party
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Balkan Campaign (World War II)
Axis victoryGuerilla war in YugoslaviaTerritorial changes Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
and Greece
Greece
are added to Axis controlBelligerentsAxis:  Germany  Italy Albania
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Battle Of Elaia–Kalamas
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. A war sometimes consists of many battles. Battles generally are well defined in duration, area, and force commitment.[1] A battle with only limited engagement between the forces and without decisive results is sometimes called a skirmish. Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy, whereas battles take place on a level of planning and execution known as operational mobility.[2] German strategist Carl von Clausewitz
Carl von Clausewitz
stated that "the employment of battles ..
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Battle Of Saranda
The Battle of Saranda took place in southern Albania
Albania
between the Italians
Italians
and the Greeks
Greeks
in December, 1940, during the Greco-Italian War in World War II. The Italians
Italians
had attempted an invasion of Greece, but they had been repelled. The battle was won by the Greeks
Greeks
who captured the port of Sarandë
Sarandë
(named by Fascist Italy Porto Edda). Immediately after the battle, Italian Chief of Staff, Pietro Badoglio, resigned from his post.[1] The Greeks
Greeks
occupied part of Northern Epirus
Northern Epirus
(part of southern Albania), which was already a matter of territorial dispute between Albania
Albania
and Greece. References[edit]^ Bacon, Gaspar Griswold; Howie, Wendell Dearborn (1943). One by one. Harvard University Printing Office
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Battle Of Morava–Ivan
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. A war sometimes consists of many battles. Battles generally are well defined in duration, area, and force commitment.[1] A battle with only limited engagement between the forces and without decisive results is sometimes called a skirmish. Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy, whereas battles take place on a level of planning and execution known as operational mobility.[2] German strategist Carl von Clausewitz
Carl von Clausewitz
stated that "the employment of battles ..
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.