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Greco-Persian Wars
Greek city-states:Athens Sparta Thespiae Thebes Various other Greek city-statesOther Greek states and Leagues:Cyprus Delian League Achaemenid Empire
Achaemenid Empire
of Persia Allied subordinate states:Halicarnassus Thessaly Boeotia Thebes[1] MacedonCommanders and leadersMiltiades Themistocles Leonidas I
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Eretria
Eretria
Eretria
(/əˈriːtriə/; Greek: Ερέτρια, Eretria, literally "city of the rowers") is a town in Euboea, Greece, facing the coast of Attica
Attica
across the narrow South Euboean Gulf. It was an important Greek polis in the 6th/5th century BC, mentioned by many famous writers and actively involved in significant historical events
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Thespiae
Thespiae
Thespiae
(Greek: Θεσπιαί, Thespiaí) was an ancient Greek city (polis) in Boeotia. It stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which run eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon
Mount Helicon
to Thebes, near modern Thespies.Contents1 History 2 Archaeological remains 3 Love and the Muses 4 Thespians 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit]Silver Obol from Thespiae, 431-424 BC. Obverse: Boeotian shield Reverse: crescent, ΘΕΣ(ΠΙΕΩΝ) of Thespians.In the history of ancient Greece, Thespiae
Thespiae
was one of the cities of the federal league known as the Boeotian League
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Miletus
Miletus
Miletus
(/maɪˈliːtəs/; Ancient Greek: Μίλητος, translit. Milētos; Hittite transcription Millawanda or Milawata (exonyms); Latin: Miletus; Turkish: Milet) was an ancient Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia, near the mouth of the Maeander
Maeander
River in ancient Caria.[3][4][5] Its ruins are located near the modern village of Balat in Aydın
Aydın
Province, Turkey
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Cyrus The Great
Persian revoltBattle of Hyrba Battle of the Persian BorderInvasion of AnatoliaBattle of Pteria Battle of Thymbra Siege of SardisInvasion of BabyloniaBattle of Opis Siege of Babylon Cyrus II of Persia
Persia
(Old Persian: 𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁 Kūruš;[4] New Persian: کوروش Kuruš; Hebrew: כֹּרֶשׁ‬‬, Modern Kōréš, Tiberian Kōréš; c. 600 – 530 BC),[5] commonly known as Cyrus the Great [6] and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid
Achaemenid
Empire, the first Persian Empire.[7] Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East,[7] expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia
Central Asia
and the Caucasus
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Polis
Polis
Polis
(/ˈpɒlɪs/; Greek: πόλις pronounced [pólis]), plural poleis (/ˈpɒleɪz/, πόλεις [póleːs]), literally means city in Greek. It can also mean a body of citizens. In modern historiography, polis is normally used to indicate the ancient Greek city-states, like Classical Athens
Classical Athens
and its contemporaries, and thus is often translated as "city-state". These cities consisted of a fortified city centre built on an acropolis or harbor and controlled surrounding territories of land (khôra). The Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
city-state developed during the Archaic period as the ancestor of city, state, and citizenship and persisted (though with decreasing influence) well into Roman times, when the equivalent Latin
Latin
word was civitas, also meaning "citizenhood", while municipium applied to a non-sovereign local entity
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Onesilus
Onesilus or Onesilos (Greek: Ὀνήσιλος; died 497 BC) was the brother of king Gorgos (Gorgus) of the Greek city-state of Salamis on the island of Cyprus. He is known through the work of Herodotus (Histories, V.104–115). Cyprus
Cyprus
was a part of the Persian Empire, but, when the Ionians rebelled from Persian rule, Onesilus captured the city of Salamis and usurped his brother’s throne. He was able to win over every city on the island except for the Graeco-Phoenician city-state of Amathus, which stayed loyal to the Persians. In 497 BC, the Persians, with the help of the Phoenician navy, mounted an attack on Cyprus. Some of the Ionian colonies sent ships to assist Onesilus. In the ensuing battle, the Ionian fleet was able to defeat the Phoenician navy. Onesilus then led an army against the Persian general, Artybius
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Boeotia
Boeotia, sometimes alternatively Latinised as Boiotia, or Beotia (/biˈoʊʃiə, -ʃə/; Greek: Βοιωτία, Modern Greek: [vi.oˈti.a], Ancient Greek: [bojɔːtía]; modern transliteration Voiotía, also Viotía, formerly Cadmeis), is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Greece
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Ancient Thessaly
Thessaly or Thessalia (Attic Greek: Θεσσαλία, Thessalía Aeolic Greek
Aeolic Greek
(Thessalian): Πετθαλία, Petthalia) was one of the traditional regions of Ancient Greece. During the Mycenaean period, Thessaly was known as Aeolia, a name that continued to be used for one of the major tribes of Greece, the Aeolians, and their dialect of Greek, Aeolic.Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Ancient coinage of Thessaly 4 ReferencesGeography[edit] At its greatest extent, ancient Thessaly was a wide area stretching from Mount Olympus to the north to the Spercheios
Spercheios
Valley to the south. Thessaly is a geographically diverse region consisting of broad central plains surrounded by mountains
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Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus
(/ˌhælɪ.kɑːrˈnæsəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἁλικαρνᾱσσός, translit. Halikarnāssós or Ἀλικαρνασσός Alikarnāssós; Turkish: Halikarnas), an ancient Greek city which stood on the site of modern Bodrum
Bodrum
in Turkey. It was located in southwest Caria
Caria
on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf.[1] The city was famous for the Mausoleum
Mausoleum
of Halicarnassus, also known simply as the Tomb of Mausolus, whose name provided the origin of the word "mausoleum"
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Killed In Action
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.[1] The United States
United States
Department of Defense, for example, says that those declared KIA need not have fired their weapons but have been killed due to hostile attack. KIAs do not come from incidents such as accidental vehicle crashes and other "non-hostile" events or terrorism. KIA can be applied both to front-line combat troops and to naval, air and support troops. Someone who is killed in action during a particular event is denoted with a † (dagger) beside their name to signify their death in that event or events. Further, KIA denotes one to have been killed in action on the battlefield whereas died of wounds (DOW) relates to someone who survived to reach a medical treatment facility
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Cyprus
Cyprus,[f] officially the Republic of Cyprus,[g] is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean. Cyprus
Cyprus
is located south of Turkey, west of Syria
Syria
and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece. The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic
Neolithic
village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus
Cyprus
is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.[9] Cyprus
Cyprus
was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC
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Kylix (drinking Cup)
In the pottery of ancient Greece, a kylix (/ˈkaɪlɪks/ KY-liks, /ˈkɪlɪks/ KIL-iks; Ancient Greek: κύλιξ, pl. κύλικες; also spelled cylix; pl.: kylikes /ˈkaɪlɪˌkiːz/ KY-li-keez, /ˈkɪlɪˌkiːz/ KIL-i-keez) is the most common type of wine-drinking cup. It has a broad, relatively shallow, body raised on a stem from a foot and usually two horizontal handles disposed symmetrically. The main alternative wine-cup shape was the kantharos, with a narrower and deeper cup and high vertical handles. The almost flat interior circle of the base of the cup, called the tondo, was generally the primary surface for painted decoration in the black-figure or red-figure pottery styles of the 6th and 5th century BC, and the outside was also often painted. As the representations would be covered with wine, the scenes would only be revealed in stages as the wine was drained
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Thrace
Thrace
Thrace
(/θreɪs/; Modern Greek: Θράκη, Thráke; Bulgarian: Тракия, Trakiya; Turkish: Trakya) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece
Greece
and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains
Balkan Mountains
to the north, the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
to the south and the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the east
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Aegean Islands
The Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
(Greek: Νησιά Αιγαίου, transliterated: Nisiá Aigaíou; Turkish: Ege Adaları) are the group of islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece
Greece
to the west and north and Turkey to the east; the island of Crete
Crete
delimits the sea to the south, those of Rhodes, Karpathos
Karpathos
and Kasos
Kasos
to the southeast. The ancient Greek name of the Aegean Sea, Archipelago
Archipelago
(ἀρχιπέλαγος, archipelagos) was later applied to the islands it contains and is now used more generally, to refer to any island group. The vast majority of the Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
belong to Greece, being split among nine administrative regions
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Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
Egypt
was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile
Nile
River in the place that is now the country Egypt
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