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Gran Colombia-Peru War
Stalemate; Larrea-Gual TreatyPeruvian land invasion lost momentum after the Battle of Tarqui; Peru maintained supremacy at sea after the fall of Guayaquil Coup d'état
Coup d'état
against President La Mar Colombian troops driven out of Bolivia Peruvian recognition of the Colombian annexation of Guayaquil Implicit Colombian recognition of Peruvian sovereignty over Tumbes, Jaen, and MaynasTerritorial changes status quo ante bellumBelligerents Republic of Colombia 
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Gran Colombia
Gran Colombia (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈɡɾaŋ koˈlombja], "Great Colombia") is a name used today for the state that encompassed much of northern South America and part of southern Central America from 1819 to 1831. It included the territories of present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama, northern Peru, western Guyana and northwest Brazil. The first three were the successor states to Gran Colombia at its dissolution. Panama was separated from Colombia in 1903
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Gulf Of Guayaquil
The Gulf of Guayaquil is a large body of water of the Pacific Ocean in western South America. Its northern limit is the city of Santa Elena, in Ecuador, and its southern limit is Cabo Blanco, in Peru. The gulf takes its name from the city of Guayaquil. Rivers of both Ecuador and Peru empty in the Gulf of Guayaquil, like the Guayas River, the Jubones River, the Zarumilla River and the Tumbes River. Coordinates: 03°00′S 80°30′W / 3.000°S 80.500°W / -3.000; -80.500This Ecuador location article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis Peruvian geography article is a stub
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Cali
Santiago de Cali
Santiago de Cali
(Spanish pronunciation: [sanˈtjaɣo ðe ˈkali]), usually known by its short name "Cali", is the capital of the Valle del Cauca
Valle del Cauca
department, and the most populous city in southwest Colombia, with an estimated 2,319,655 residents according to 2005-2020/ DANE population projections.[2] The city spans 560.3 km2 (216.3 sq mi) with 120.9 km2 (46.7 sq mi) of urban area,[3] making Cali
Cali
the third-largest city proper and metropolitan area in population and the second-largest city by area in the country
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Buenaventura, Valle Del Cauca
Buenaventura is a coastal seaport city on the department of Valle del Cauca, Colombia
Colombia
(South America). Buenaventura (Spanish for "good fortune") is the main port of Colombia
Colombia
in the Pacific Ocean.[1] Buenaventura is a city with a population of 333,194[2] as of the 2005 census (most of city development lies on Cascajal Island) and it is the size of Los Angeles' metropolitan area; most of the city's land is rural with scattered small villages throughout. It is served by the Gerardo Tobar López Airport.Contents1 History 2 Demographics 3 Economy 4 Crime 5 Education5.1 Universities5.1.1 Public 5.1.2 Private6 Geography6.1 Climate7 Tourism7.1 Major places of interest 7.2 Minor places of interest8 Notable Natives and Residents 9 Sport 10 References 11 External linksHistory[edit] The city was founded on July 14, 1540, by Juan de Ladrilleros through orders from Pascual de Andagoya
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Viceroyalty Of Peru
The Viceroyalty of Peru
Peru
(Spanish: Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish colonial administrative district, created in 1542, that originally contained most of Spanish-ruled South America, governed from the capital of Lima. The Viceroyalty of Peru
Peru
was one of the two Spanish Viceroyalties in the Americas from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. The Spanish did not resist the Portuguese expansion of Brazil
Brazil
across the meridian established by the Treaty of Tordesillas. The treaty was rendered meaningless between 1580 and 1640 while Spain controlled Portugal
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Viceroyalty Of New Granada
The Viceroyalty of New Granada (Spanish: Virreinato de la Nueva Granada) was the name given on 27 May 1717,[1] to the jurisdiction of the Spanish Empire in northern South America, corresponding to modern Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela. The territory corresponding to Panama was incorporated later in 1739, and the provinces of Venezuela were separated from the Viceroyalty and assigned to the Captaincy General of Venezuela in 1777
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Simón Bolívar
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad de Bolívar y Palacios[1] (Spanish: [siˈmon boˈliβar] ( listen);[2] 24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), generally known as Simón Bolívar
Simón Bolívar
and also colloquially as El Libertador,[3] was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama
Panama
as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule. Bolívar was born into a wealthy, aristocratic Creole family and, as was common for the heirs of upper-class families in his day, was sent to be educated abroad at a young age, arriving in Spain
Spain
when he was 16 and later moving to France. While in Europe, he was introduced to the ideas of the Enlightenment, which later motivated him to overthrow the reigning Spanish in colonial South America
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Uti Possidetis Juris
Uti possidetis juris or uti possidetis iuris ( Latin
Latin
for "as you possess under law") is a principle of international law which provides that newly formed sovereign states should have the same borders that their preceding dependent area had before their independence.Contents1 History 2 Application 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Uti possidetis juris is a modified form of uti possidetis; created for the purpose of avoiding terra nullius, the original version of uti possidetis began as a Roman law
Roman law
governing the rightful possession of property
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Battle Of Punta Malpelo
The battle of Punta Malpelo was a naval encounter between a Peruvian corvette and two Gran Colombian vessels on August 31, 1828, near the port of Guayaquil, and was the first major combat of the Peruvian Navy as an independent force of the newborn Peruvian nation.Contents1 Background 2 The encounter2.1 The ships involved3 Aftermath 4 SourcesBackground[edit] Main article: Gran Colombia–Peru War In June 1828, Gran Colombia declared a state of war on Peru under allegations that it had fomented a rebellion against Colombian forces in Bolivia. Its leader, Simon Bolivar, also demanded the payment of several million Pesos for the debt of the war of independence, and the cession of the northern provinces of Jaén and Maynas
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Government Of Peru
The Republic of Peru
Peru
is a unitary state and a semi-presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system
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Corvette
A corvette is a small warship. It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper (or "rated") warship. The warship class above the corvette is that of the frigate, while the class below was historically that of the sloop-of-war. The modern types of ship below a corvette are coastal patrol craft and fast attack craft. In modern terms, a corvette is typically between 500 tons and 2,000 tons[1] although recent designs may approach 3,000 tons, which might instead be considered a small frigate. The word "corvette" is first found in Middle French, a diminutive of the Dutch word corf, meaning a small ship, from the Latin corbis, meaning "basket".[2] The rank "corvette captain", equivalent in many navies to "lieutenant commander", derives from the name of this type of ship
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Martin Guise (Royal Navy Officer)
Martin George Guise (12 March 1780 – 23 November 1828), also later known as Jorge Martín Guisse, was a British naval officer who served in Royal Navy in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
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Ecuador
Coordinates: 2°00′S 77°30′W / 2.000°S 77.500°W / -2.000; -77.500Republic of Ecuador República del Ecuador  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish) "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin) "God, homeland and freedom"Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spanish) Hail, Oh HomelandLocation of  Ecuador  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital Quito 00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350Largest city GuayaquilOfficial languages Spanish[1]Recognized regional languages Kichwa
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Guayaquil
Guayaquil
Guayaquil
(pronounced [ɡwaʝaˈkil]), officially Santiago
Santiago
de Guayaquil
Guayaquil
(English: St. James of Guayaquil) (pronounced [sanˈtjaɣo ðe ɣwaʝaˈkil]), is the largest and the most populous city in Ecuador, with around 2.69 million people in the metropolitan area, as well as the nation's main port
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Artillery
Artillery
Artillery
is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms. Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach fortifications, and led to heavy, fairly immobile siege engines. As technology improved, lighter, more mobile field artillery developed for battlefield use. This development continues today; modern self-propelled artillery vehicles are highly mobile weapons of great versatility providing the largest share of an army's total firepower. In its earliest sense, the word artillery referred to any group of soldiers primarily armed with some form of manufactured weapon or armour. Since the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, the word "artillery" has largely meant cannon, and in contemporary usage, it usually refers to shell-firing guns, howitzers, mortars, rockets and guided missiles
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