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Grade I Listed
A LISTED BUILDING or LISTED STRUCTURE, in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, is one that has been placed on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. The statutory bodies maintaining the list are Historic England
Historic England
in England
England
; Cadw
Cadw
(The Historic Environment Service of the Welsh Government) in Wales
Wales
; Historic Scotland
Historic Scotland
in Scotland
Scotland
; and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA) in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
. The term has also been used in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
, where buildings are surveyed for the National Inventory of Architectural Heritage in accordance with the country's obligations under the Granada Convention
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Heritage Asset
A HERITAGE ASSET is an item that has value because of its contribution to a nation’s society, knowledge and/or culture. They are usually physical assets, but some countries also use the term in relation to intangible social and spiritual inheritance. The term is found in several contexts: * In a formal accounting sense * In the UK planning process * By museums, artistic and cultural organisations to describe collections in their care.CONTENTS * 1 Accounting definition * 2 Planning definition * 3 Cultural definition * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ACCOUNTING DEFINITIONA tangible asset with historical, artistic, scientific, technological, geophysical or environmental qualities that is held and maintained principally for its contribution to knowledge and culture. Heritage assets are accounted for as a distinct category because their value is unlikely to be fully reflected in a financial value or price
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Town And Country Planning Act 1947
The TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ACT 1947 (10 ownership alone no longer conferred the right to develop the land. To control this, the Act reorganised the planning system from the 1,400 existing planning authorities to 145 (formed from county and borough councils), and required them all to prepare a comprehensive development plan. These local authorities were given wide-ranging powers in addition to approval of planning proposals; they could carry out redevelopment of land themselves, or use compulsory purchase orders to buy land and lease it to private developers. They were also given powers to control outdoor advertising, and to preserve woodland or buildings of architectural or historic interest - the latter the beginning of the modern listed building system
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Material Consideration
A MATERIAL CONSIDERATION, in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, is a process in planning law in which the decision maker when assessing an application for development must consider in deciding the outcome of an application. Material considerations in the past have included issues regarding traffic, wildlife, economic impacts and the historical interest of the area. In considering an application for development, decision makers often consult local development plans and Planning Policy Guidance Notes to determine the success of a proposal. Issues such as loss of a view, or effect on property values are not material considerations. The Campaign to Protect Rural England advises that Material Considerations are factors that will be taken into account when a decision on a planning application or appeal is reached
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Ancient Monument
In British law, an ANCIENT MONUMENT is an early historical structure or monument (e.g. an archaeological site ) worthy of preservation and study due to archaeological or heritage interest. The term differs from the American term "National Monument
Monument
" in that U.S. National Monuments are comparatively few in number and may include natural formations; British ancient monuments are by definition man-made
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Planning (Listed Buildings And Conservation Areas) Act 1990
The PLANNING (LISTED BUILDINGS AND CONSERVATION AREAS) ACT 1990 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that altered the laws on granting of planning permission for building works, notably including those of the listed building system in England and Wales. SECONDARY LEGISLATIONThe Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Amendment No. 2) (England) Regulations 2009 were made on 6 October 2009 and came into force on 2 November 2009
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Ian Gordon Lindsay
IAN GORDON LINDSAY (29 July 1906 – 28 August 1966) was a Scottish architect . He was most noted for his numerous restoration projects, sometimes of whole villages but curiously was also involved in the design of several hydro-electric power stations. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Architect
Architect
* 3 Legacy * 4 Principal Works * 5 Lindsay\'s Publications * 6 References * 7 Notes EARLY LIFELindsay was born in Edinburgh in 1906, son of George Herbert Lindsay, distiller and baillie (town councillor), and Helen Eliza Turnbull. He was educated at Marlborough College
Marlborough College
and Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge
. Here he began a lifetime friendship with John Betjeman
John Betjeman
. Like many artistically-minded Cambridge undergraduates of his generation, Lindsay came under the spell of "Manny": Mansfield Duval Forbes
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National Trust For Scotland
THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR SCOTLAND FOR PLACES OF HISTORIC INTEREST OR NATURAL BEAUTY, commonly known as the NATIONAL TRUST FOR SCOTLAND (Scottish Gaelic : Urras Nàiseanta na h-Alba) is a Scottish conservation organisation . It is the largest membership organisation in Scotland
Scotland
and describes itself as "the conservation charity that protects and promotes Scotland
Scotland
's natural and cultural heritage for present and future generations to enjoy." The Trust owns and manages around 130 properties and 180,000 acres (730 km2) of land, including castles , ancient small dwellings, historic sites, gardens , and remote rural areas. It is similar in function to the National Trust , which covers England, Wales
Wales
, and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, and to other national trusts worldwide
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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Royal Institute Of British Architects
Coordinates : 51°31′17″N 0°08′42″W / 51.521283°N 0.14508°W / 51.521283; -0.14508 Royal Institute of British Architects
Royal Institute of British Architects
ABBREVIATION RIBA FORMATION 1834 TYPE Professional body LEGAL STATUS Chartered body corporate and registered charity PURPOSE The architectural profession in the United Kingdom, and knowledge dissemination HEADQUARTERS 66 Portland Place
Portland Place
Marylebone
Marylebone
, London W1B 1AD REGION SERVED UK MEMBERSHIP c
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Society For The Protection Of Ancient Buildings
The SOCIETY FOR THE PROTECTION OF ANCIENT BUILDINGS (SPAB) (sometimes known as ANTI-SCRAPE ) is an amenity society founded by William Morris , Philip Webb
Philip Webb
and others, in 1877; to oppose what they saw as destructive 'restoration' of ancient buildings then occurring in Victorian England
England
; 'ancient' being used in the wider sense of 'very old' rather than the more usual modern one of 'pre-medieval '. Morris was particularly concerned about the practice, which he described as 'forgery', of attempting to return functioning buildings to an idealised state from the distant past, which often involved the removal of elements added in their later development, and which Morris saw as contributing to their interest as documents of the past. Instead, he proposed that ancient buildings should be repaired, not restored, so that their entire history would be protected as cultural heritage . Today, these principles are widely accepted
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John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess Of Bute
JOHN CRICHTON-STUART, 4TH MARQUESS OF BUTE, KT (20 June 1881 – 25 April 1947) was a Scottish peer . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Family life * 3 Ancestry * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYHe was the son of John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute and Gwendolen Fitzalan-Howard, a daughter of Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop and granddaughter of Henry Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk . He was educated at Harrow School , and succeeded his father as Marquess of Bute in October 1900, nineteen years old. In early 1902 he was on a tour in the Far East
Far East
. On reaching his majority in June 1902, he received the Honorary Freedom of the Burgh
Burgh
of Rothesay , and later the same month took the oath and his seat in the House of Lords
House of Lords

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Heritage At Risk
HERITAGE AT RISK are heritage assets, such as listed buildings, or scheduled monuments that are at risk as a result of neglect, decay or inappropriate development, or are vulnerable to becoming so. In England, an annual Heritage at Risk Register is published by Historic England
Historic England
. The survey is used by national and local government, a wide range of individuals and heritage groups to establish the extent of risk and to help assess priorities for action and funding decisions. This Heritage at Risk data is one of the UK government's official statistics . The generic phrase "heritage at risk" is also used by a range of organisations to describe historic assets that are not formally protected by the designation process, including art and canals, but that are in danger of decay or loss
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Art Deco
ART DECO, sometimes referred to as DECO, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I
World War I
. Art Deco
Art Deco
influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners. It took its name, short for Arts Décoratifs, from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts) held in Paris
Paris
in 1925. It combined modernist styles with fine craftsmanship and rich materials. During its heyday, Art Deco
Art Deco
represented luxury, glamour, exuberance, and faith in social and technological progress. Art Deco
Art Deco
was a pastiche of many different styles, sometimes contradictory, united by a desire to be modern
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Department For Communities And Local Government
The DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT (DCLG) is the UK Government department for communities and local government in England . It was established in May 2006 and is the successor to the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, established in 2001. Its headquarters is located at 2 Marsham Street
2 Marsham Street
, London. There are corresponding departments in the Scottish Government , the Welsh Government
Welsh Government
and the Northern Ireland Executive , responsible for communities and local government in their respective jurisdictions. CONTENTS * 1 Ministers * 2 Background * 3 Responsibilities * 4 Executive agencies * 5 Non-departmental public bodies * 6 Devolution * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links MINISTERSThe Communities and Local Government ministers are as follows: MINISTER RANK PORTFOLIO The Rt Hon
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Department For The Environment, Food And Rural Affairs
The DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS (DEFRA) is the government department responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture , fisheries and rural communities in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland . Concordats set out agreed frameworks for co operation, between it and the Scottish Government , Welsh Government
Welsh Government
and Northern Ireland Executive , which have devolved responsibilities for these matters in their respective nations. Defra also leads for Britain at the EU on agricultural, fisheries and environment matters and in other international negotiations on sustainable development and climate change, although a new Department of Energy and Climate Change was created on 3 October 2008 to take over the last responsibility
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