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Gosamaru
Gosamaru
Gosamaru
(護佐丸, d. 1458) was a Ryukyuan Lord (Aji)[1] of Yomitanzan and, later, Nakagusuku
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Ryukyuan People
The Ryukyuan people
Ryukyuan people
(琉球民族, Ryūkyū minzoku, Okinawan: Ruuchuu minzuku); also Lewchewan[4] or Uchinaanchu (沖縄人, Japanese: Okinawa
Okinawa
jin)) are the indigenous peoples of the Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
between the islands of Kyushu
Kyushu
and Taiwan.[5] Politically, they live in either Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
or Kagoshima Prefecture. Their languages make up the Ryukyuan language family,[6] considered to be one of the two branches of the Japonic language family, the other being Japanese and its dialects.[5] Ryukyuans are not a recognized minority group in Japan, as Japanese authorities consider them just a subgroup of the Japanese people, akin to the Yamato people
Yamato people
and Ainu
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Aji (Ryukyu)
An aji, anji, or azu (按司) was a ruler of a petty kingdom in the history of the Ryukyu Islands. The word later became a title and rank of nobility in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It has been theorized to be related to the Japanese aruji ("master"), and the pronunciation varied throughout the islands. It ranked next below a prince among nobility. The sons of princes and the eldest sons of aji became aji. An aji established a noble family equivalent to a miyake of Japan. The aji arose around the twelfth century as local leaders began to build gusuku (Ryukyuan castles). Shō Hashi
Shō Hashi
was an aji who later unified Okinawa Island
Okinawa Island
as king. The title aji variously designated sons of the king and regional leaders
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garbage song), 1998 "Special
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Wayback Machine
The Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
is a digital archive of the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
and other information on the Internet
Internet
created by the Internet
Internet
Archive, a nonprofit organization, based in San Francisco, California, United States.Contents1 History 2 Technical details2.1 Storage capabilities 2.2 Growth 2.3 Website exclusion policy2.3.1 Oakland Archive
Archive
Policy3 Uses3.1 In legal evidence3.1.1 Civil litigation3.1.1.1 Netbula LLC v. Chordiant Software Inc. 3.1.1.2 Telewizja Polska3.1.2 Patent law 3.1.3 Limitations of utility4 Legal status 5 Archived content legal issues5.1 Scientology 5.2 Healthcare Advocates, Inc. 5.3 Suzanne Shell 5.4 Daniel Davydiuk6 Censorship and other threats 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification
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Kumi Odori
Kumi odori (組踊, Okinawan: Kumi wudui) is a form of narrative traditional Ryūkyūan dance. Kumi odori or Kumi wudui means "combination dance" or "ensemble dance". Originating in the Ryūkyūan capital of Shuri, Okinawa in 1719, the original purpose of this dance was to provide amusement and diversions, which were termed ukwanshin, for the Chinese diplomats who traveled to Ryūkyū. Tamagusuku Chokun, a Ryūkyūan courtier who lived from 1684–1734, is credited with the establishment of kumi odori as a frequently presented court demonstration. An amalgamation of several different types of East Asian dance, the kumi odori has continued to hold a place in Okinawan culture, and is now recognized by the Japanese government as an Important Intangible Cultural Property
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Amami Islands
The Amami Islands
Amami Islands
(奄美群島, Amami-guntō)[1] is an archipelago in the Satsunan Islands, which is part of the Ryukyu Islands, and is southwest of Kyushu. Administratively, the group belongs to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan
Japan
and the Japan
Japan
Coast Guard agreed on February 15, 2010, to use the name of Amami-guntō (奄美群島) for the Amami Islands
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Zakimi Castle
A castle (from Latin: castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses
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Nakijin Castle
Nakijin Castle (今帰仁城, Nakijin Gusuku) is a Ryukyuan gusuku located in Nakijin, Okinawa. It is currently in ruins. In the late 14th century, the island of Okinawa consisted of three principalities: Nanzan to the south, Chūzan in the central area, and Hokuzan in the north. Nakijin was the capital of Hokuzan. The fortress includes several sacred Utaki groves, reflecting the castle's role as a center of religious activity. It is today known for the Hikan cherries which bloom in northern Okinawa between mid-January and early February, providing the first cherry blossoms each year in Japan. History[edit] Though there had been Lords of Nakijin prior to the creation of the Hokuzan kingdom, and thus some form of chiefly residence can be presumed to have been on or near the site before, it is believed that the gusuku form of Nakijin castle only emerged at the founding of the kingdom
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Sanzan Period
The Sanzan Period (三山時代, Sanzan-jidai) is a period in the history of the Okinawa Islands
Okinawa Islands
when three polities, namely Hokuzan (北山, lit. northern mountain), Chūzan
Chūzan
(中山, lit. middle mountain) and Nanzan
Nanzan
(南山, lit. southern mountain), are said to have co-existed on Okinawa. It is said to have started during King Tamagusuku's reign (traditional dates: 1314–1336) and, according to Sai On's edition of the Chūzan
Chūzan
Seifu, ended in 1429 when Shō Hashi unified the island. Historical records of the period are fragmentary and mutually conflicting. Some even question the co-existence of the three polities.Contents1 Contemporary sources 2 Okinawa's later narratives 3 Interpretations 4 Tripartite hypothesis 5 ReferencesContemporary sources[edit] Okinawa does not have their own contemporary records of the Sanzan period
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Nanzan
Nanzan
Nanzan
(南山), sometimes called Sannan (山南), was one of three kingdoms which controlled Okinawa
Okinawa
in the 14th century
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Chūzan
Chūzan
Chūzan
(中山) was one of three kingdoms which controlled Okinawa
Okinawa
in the 14th century
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Onna, Okinawa
Onna (恩納村, Onna-son, Okinawan: Unna) is a village located in Kunigami District, Okinawa
Kunigami District, Okinawa
Prefecture, Japan.[1] As of 2013, the village had an estimated population of 10,443 and a population density of 210 persons per km². The total area is 50.77 square kilometres (19.60 sq mi). Unlike other areas of Japan, Onna has been in an sustained period of population growth in the post-war period
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Katsuren, Okinawa
Katsuren (勝連町, Katsuren-chō) was a town located in Nakagami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It is on the Katsuren Peninsula. It was founded around Katsuren Castle as Katchin Magiri (勝連間切) in the 17th century, which then became Katsuren village in 1908 after the Ryūkyū Kingdom was annexed by Japan and the Magiri system was abolished. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 13,530 and a density of 986.87 persons per km²
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Okinawa Island
Okinawa Island
Okinawa Island
(沖縄本島, Okinawa-hontō, alternatively 沖縄島 Okinawa-jima; Okinawan: 沖縄/うちなー Uchinaa or 地下/じじ jiji;[2] Kunigami: ふちなー Fuchináa) is the largest of the Okinawa Islands
Okinawa Islands
and the Ryukyu (Nansei) Islands of Japan. The island is approximately 70 miles (110 km) long and an average 7 miles (11 km) wide,[3] and has an area of 1,206.98 square kilometers (466.02 sq mi). It is roughly 640 kilometres (400 mi) south of the rest of Japan, roughly the same distance off the coast of China, and 500 km (300 mi) north of Taiwan
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Hokuzan
Hokuzan
Hokuzan
(北山) was one of three kingdoms which controlled Okinawa
Okinawa
in the 14th century. Okinawa, previously controlled by a number of local chieftains or lords, loosely bound by a paramount chieftain or king of the entire island, split into these three more solidly defined kingdoms within a few years after 1314; the Sanzan period
Sanzan period
thus began, and would end roughly one hundred years later, when Chūzan's King Shō Hashi[1] conquered Hokuzan
Hokuzan
in 1416 and Nanzan
Nanzan
in 1429.[2]Contents1 History 2 See also 3 Notes 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Hokuzan
Hokuzan
first came into being in 1314 when Tamagusuku
Tamagusuku
inherited the role of head chieftain of all of Okinawa
Okinawa
from his father Eiji
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