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Gomti
The Gomti, Gumti or Gomati River
River
is a tributary of the Ganges. According to Hindu mythology, the river is the daughter of the Hindu sage Vashist; bathing in the Gomti on Ekadashi (the eleventh day of the two lunar phases of the Hindu calendar
Hindu calendar
month) can wash away sins.[1] According to Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
one of Hinduism's major religious works, the Gomti is one of India's transcendental rivers.[2] The rare Gomti Chakra is found there.[3]Contents1 Geography 2 Pollution 3 Riverfront development controversy 4 Flooding 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit]The banks of the Gomti in JaunpurThe Gomti, a monsoon- and groundwater-fed river, originates from Gomat Taal (formally known as Fulhaar jheel) near Madho Tanda, Pilibhit, India
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Tehsil
A tehsil (also known as a mandal, taluk, taluq or taluka) is an administrative division of some countries of South Asia. It is an area of land with a city or town that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns, and usually a number of villages. The terms in India
India
have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana, pergunnah and thannah, used under the Delhi Sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
and the British Raj. As an entity of local government, the tehsil office (panchayat samiti) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. The chief official is called the tahsildar or, less officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar or tehsildar. Taluk or tehsil can be considered sub-districts in Indian context
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Uttar Pradesh
24 January 1950[1]Capital LucknowDistricts 75[2][3]Government • Body Government of Uttar Pradesh • Governor Ram Naik[4] • Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath
Yogi Adityanath
(BJP) • Deputy Chief Ministers Keshav Prasad Maurya
Keshav Prasad Maurya
(BJP) Dinesh Sharma (BJP) • Chief Secretary Rajive Kumar, IAS[5] • Director General of Police O. P
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Malaria
Malaria
Malaria
is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium
Plasmodium
type.[2] Malaria
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Dengue
Dengue fever
Dengue fever
is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.[1] Symptoms typically begin three to fourteen days after infection.[2] This may include a high fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash.[1][2] Recovery generally takes two to seven days.[1] In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.[2] Dengue is spread by several species of mosquito of the Aedes
Aedes
type, principally A
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Barrage (dam)
A barrage is a type of low-head, diversion dam which consists of a number of large gates that can be opened or closed to control the amount of water passing through. This allows the structure to regulate and stabilize river water elevation upstream for use in irrigation and other systems. The gates are set between flanking piers which are responsible for supporting the water load of the pool created. The term barrage is borrowed from the French word "barrer" meaning "to bar". [1]Contents1 Terminology 2 Etymology 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksTerminology[edit] According to the World Commission on Dams, a key difference between a barrage and a dam is that a dam is built for water storage in a reservoir, which raises the level of water significantly. A barrage is built for diverting water, and raises the water level by only a few feet
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Confluence
In geography, a confluence (also: conflux) occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join together to form a single channel.[1] A confluence can occur in several configurations: at the point where a tributary joins a larger river (main stem); or where two streams meet to become the source of a river of a new name (such as the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers at Pittsburgh, forming the Ohio); or where two separated channels of a river (forming a river island) rejoin at the downstream end.Contents1 Scientific study of confluences1.1 Confluence
Confluence
Flow Zones (River)2 Confluences and humankind 3 Notable confluences3.1 Africa 3.2 Asia 3.3 Australia 3.4 Europe 3.5 North America 3.6 South America4 Confluences not of two rivers 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External linksScientific study of confluences[edit] Confluences are studied in a variety of sciences
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Hydrography
Hydrography
Hydrography
is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.[1]Contents1 History 2 Overview 3 Organizations 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]Alexander Dalrymple, the first Hydrographer of the Navy
Hydrographer of the Navy
in the United Kingdom, appointed in 1795.The origins of hydrography lay in the making of charts to aid navigation, by individual mariners as they navigated into new waters. These were usually the private property, even closely held secrets, of individuals who used them for commercial or military advantage
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Alluvial Plain
An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms. A floodplain is part of the process, being the smaller area over which the rivers flood at a particular period of time, whereas the alluvial plain is the larger area representing the region over which the floodplains have shifted over geological time. As the highlands erode due to weathering and water flow, the sediment from the hills is transported to the lower plain. Various creeks will carry the water further to a river, lake, bay, or ocean. As the sediments are deposited during flood conditions in the floodplain of a creek, the elevation of the floodplain will be raised. As this reduces the channel floodwater capacity, the creek will, over time, seek new, lower paths, forming a meander (a curving sinuous path)
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Mailani
Mailani
Mailani
is a town and a nagar panchayat in Lakhimpur Kheri district
Lakhimpur Kheri district
in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.Contents1 Geography 2 Demographics 3 See also 4 ReferencesGeography[edit] Mailani
Mailani
is located at 28°17′N 80°21′E / 28.28°N 80.35°E / 28.28; 80.35.[1] It has an average elevation of 160 metres (524 feet). Demographics[edit] As of 2001[update] India
India
census,[2] Mailani
Mailani
had a population of 13,306. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Mailani
Mailani
has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 48%
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Effluent
Effluent
Effluent
is an outflowing of water or gas to natural body of water, or from a manmade structure. Effluent, in engineering, is the stream exiting a chemical reactor.[1] Background[edit] Effluent
Effluent
is defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as "wastewater - treated or untreated - that flows out of a treatment plant, sewer, or industrial outfall. Generally refers to wastes discharged into surface waters".[2] The Compact Oxford English Dictionary defines effluent as "liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or the sea".[3] Effluent
Effluent
in the artificial sense is in general considered to be water pollution, such as the outflow from a sewage treatment facility or the wastewater discharge from industrial facilities. An effluent sump pump, for instance, pumps waste from toilets installed below a main sewage line
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Gujarat
†The state of Bombay was divided into two states i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat
Gujarat
by the Bombay (Reorganisation) Act 1960Symbols of Gujarat[4](de facto)Language Gujarati[3]Song "Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat" by Narmad[5]Calendar SakaAnimal Asiatic lion[4]Bird Greater flamingo[4]Flower Marigold (galgota)[4]Fruit Mango[6]Tree Banyan[4] Gujarat
Gujarat
(/ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/ Gujarat  ['gudʒəɾɑt̪] ( listen)) is a state in Western India[3][7][8][9][10] and Northwest India[11][12][13][14] with an area of 196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi), a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi)–most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million
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Stream
A stream is a body of water[1] with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel. The stream encompasses surface and groundwater fluxes that respond to geological, geomorphological, hydrological and biotic controls[2]. Depending on its location or certain characteristics, a stream may be referred to by a variety of local or regional names. Streams are important as conduits in the water cycle, instruments in groundwater recharge, and corridors for fish and wildlife migration. The biological habitat in the immediate vicinity of a stream is called a riparian zone. Given the status of the ongoing Holocene extinction, streams play an important corridor role in connecting fragmented habitats and thus in conserving biodiversity
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Sewage Treatment
Sewage
Sewage
treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage. Physical, chemical, and biological processes are used to remove contaminants and produce treated wastewater (or treated effluent) that is safer for the environment. A by-product of sewage treatment is usually a semi-solid waste or slurry, called sewage sludge. The sludge has to undergo further treatment before being suitable for disposal or application to land. Sewage
Sewage
treatment may also be referred to as wastewater treatment. However, the latter is a broader term which can also refer to industrial wastewater. For most cities, the sewer system will also carry a proportion of industrial effluent to the sewage treatment plant which has usually received pre-treatment at the factories themselves to reduce the pollutant load
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Floodplain
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.[1] The soils usually consist of levees, silts, and sands deposited during floods. Levees are the heaviest materials (usually pebble-size) and they are deposited first; silts and sands are finer materials.Contents1 Formation 2 Ecology 3 Interaction with society 4 See also 5 References5.1 Notes 5.2 Bibliography6 External linksFormation[edit] Floodplains are made by a meander eroding sideways as it travels downstream. When a river breaks its banks, it leaves behind layers of alluvium (silt). These gradually build up to create the floor of the plain. Floodplains generally contain unconsolidated sediments, often extending below the bed of the stream
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Drainage Basin
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water
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