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Giovanni Lanfranco
Giovanni Lanfranco
Giovanni Lanfranco
(26 January 1582 – 30 November 1647) was an Italian painter of the Baroque
Baroque
period.Contents1 Biography 2 Independent work 3 Return to Rome 4 Legacy and critical assessment 5 Selected works 6 Sources 7 References 8 External linksBiography[edit] Giovanni Gaspare Lanfranco was born in Parma, the third son of Stefano and Cornelia Lanfranchi, and was placed as a page in the household of Count Orazio Scotti.[1] His talent for drawing allowed him to begin an apprenticeship with the Bolognese artist Agostino Carracci, brother of Annibale Carracci, working alongside fellow Parmese Sisto Badalocchio in the local Farnese palaces. When Agostino died in 1602, both young artists moved to Annibale's large and prominent Roman workshop, which was then involved in working on the Galleria Farnese in the Palazzo Farnese gallery ceiling
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Urban VIII
Pope
Pope
Urban VIII (Latin: Urbanus VIII; baptised 5 April 1568 – 29 July 1644), reigned as Pope
Pope
from 6 August 1623 to his death in 1644. He expanded the papal territory by force of arms and advantageous politicking, and was also a prominent patron of the arts and a reformer of Church missions. However, the massive debts incurred during his pontificate greatly weakened his successors, who were unable to maintain the papacy's longstanding political and military influence in Europe. He was also involved in a controversy with Galileo
Galileo
and his theory on heliocentrism during his reign. No pope since has taken the name Urban.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life2 Papacy2.1 Politics 2.2 Patron of the arts 2.3 Later life 2.4 Death and legacy3 Private revelation 4 Portrayals in fiction 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksBiography[edit] Early life[edit]C
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Agostino Tassi
Agostino Tassi
Agostino Tassi
(Perugia, 1578– Rome, 1644) was an Italian painter of landscapes and seascapes, who is now best known as the rapist of Artemisia Gentileschi. Because he aspired to nobility he modified the details of his early life. Though he was born in Perugia
Perugia
he claimed to have been born in Rome. His family name was Buonamici, but Agostino adopted the surname Tassi to give substance to his story that he was adopted by the Marchese Tassi
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Leonessa
Leonessa
Leonessa
is a town and comune in the far northeastern part of the Province of Rieti
Province of Rieti
in the Lazio
Lazio
region of central Italy. Its population in 2008 was around 2,700. Situated in a small plain at the foot of Mt. Terminillo, one of the highest mountains of the Apennine range, in the winter Leonessa
Leonessa
is known mostly as a low-key staging center for the ski slopes of the Terminillo, and in the summer as a weekend vacation town frequented for the most part by Romans with local roots. Historically, the town is known mostly as the birthplace of St. Giuseppe di Leonessa. Until 1927 it was part of the province of L'Aquila. The town suffered one of the worst German reprisals during World War II when the Wehrmacht and the SS killed 51 inhabitants in early April 1944. A monument dedicated to the dead was erected in 1959
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Parma
Parma
Parma
([ˈparma]  listen (help·info)) (Emilian: Pärma) is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
famous for its prosciutto (ham), cheese, architecture, music and surrounding countryside. It is home to the University of Parma, one of the oldest universities in the world. Parma
Parma
is divided into two parts by the stream of the same name. The district on the far side of the river is Oltretorrente. Parma's Etruscan name was adapted by Romans to describe the round shield called Parma. The Italian poet Attilio Bertolucci (born in a hamlet in the countryside) wrote: "As a capital city it had to have a river
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Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work.[1][2] Plagiarism
Plagiarism
is considered academic dishonesty and a breach of journalistic ethics. It is subject to sanctions like penalties, suspension, and even expulsion. Recently, cases of "extreme plagiarism" have been identified in academia.[3] The modern concept of plagiarism as immoral and originality as an ideal emerged in Europe in the 18th century, particularly with the Romantic movement. Plagiarism
Plagiarism
is not in itself a crime, but can constitute copyright infringement
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Vatican City
Vatican City
City
(/ˈvætɪkən ˈsɪti/ ( listen); Italian: Città del Vaticano [tʃitˈta del vatiˈkaːno]; Latin: Civitas Vaticana),[d] officially Vatican City
City
State or State of Vatican City (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano;[e] Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae),[f] is an independent state located within the city of Rome. With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000,[3] it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. However, formally it is not sovereign, with sovereignty being held by the Holy See. It is an ecclesiastical[3] or sacerdotal-monarchical[7] state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the Bishop of Rome
Rome
– the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins
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Piacenza
Piacenza
Piacenza
[pjaˈtʃɛntsa]  listen (help·info) (Emilian-Romagnol: Piasëinsa, Latin: Placentia) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
region of northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Piacenza. Modern forms of the name descend from Latin Placentia.[note 1] The etymology is long-standing, tracing an origin from the Latin verb placēre, "to please."[2] In French, and occasionally in English, it is called Plaisance. The name means a "pleasant abode", or as James Boswell
James Boswell
reported some of the etymologists of his time to have translated it, "comely".[3] This was a name "of good omen."[4] Piacenza
Piacenza
is located at a major crossroads at the intersection of Route E35/A1 between Bologna
Bologna
and Milan, and Route E70/A21 between Brescia and Tortona
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Palazzo Mattei
The Palazzo Mattei
Palazzo Mattei
di Giove is the most prominent among a group of Mattei houses that forms the insula Mattei in Rome, Italy, a block of buildings of many epochs[1] To distinguish this section from the others it carries the name of a Mattei fief, Giove. The Mattei owned a number of other palazzi that carried the family name including Palazzo Mattei
Palazzo Mattei
di Trastevere across the Tiber as well as properties in Umbria, the Palazzo Mattei Paganica.[2] Description[edit] Carlo Maderno
Carlo Maderno
designed the palace[3] at the beginning of the 17th century for Asdrubale Mattei, Marquis di Giove and father of Girolamo Mattei and Luigi Mattei. He was also the brother of Ciriaco Mattei and Cardinal Girolamo Mattei
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Pope Paul V
Pope
Pope
Paul V (Latin: Paulus V; Italian: Paolo V) (17 September 1550 – 28 January 1621), born Camillo Borghese, was Pope
Pope
from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621. He is best remembered today as the Pope
Pope
who persecuted Galileo Galilei.Contents1 Early life1.1 Cardinal2 Papacy2.1 Election 2.2 Theology 2.3 Canonisations and Beatifications 2.4 Foreign relations2.4.1 Ecclesiastical jurisdiction 2.4.2 Relations with England 2.4.3 Relations with Japan2.5 Constructions 2.6 Death 2.7 Episcopal succession3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External linksEarly life[edit] Camillo Borghese
Borghese
was born on 17 September 1550 into the noble Borghese family of Siena
Siena
which had recently fled to Rome, thus the reason as to why ROMANUS appears in most of his inscriptions
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Villa Borghese
Villa
Villa
Borghese
Borghese
may refer to:The
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Carlo Saraceni
Carlo Saraceni
Carlo Saraceni
(1579 – 16 June 1620) was an Italian early-Baroque painter, whose reputation as a "first-class painter of the second rank" was improved with the publication of a modern monograph in 1968.[1] Though he was born and died in Venice, his paintings are distinctly Roman in style; he moved to Rome
Rome
in 1598, joining the Accademia di San Luca in 1607. He never visited France, though he spoke fluent French and had French followers and a French wardrobe
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Orvieto
Orvieto
Orvieto
[orˈvjɛːto] is a city and comune in the Province of Terni, southwestern Umbria, Italy
Italy
situated on the flat summit of a large butte of volcanic tuff. The city rises dramatically above the almost-vertical faces of tuff cliffs that are completed by defensive walls built of the same stone called Tufa.Contents1 History1.1 Etruscan era 1.2 Roman and post-Roman eras 1.3 Middle Ages 1.4 Papal rule2 Main sights2.1 The Duomo 2.2 Papal residence 2.3 Underground tunneling system 2.4 Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo 2.5 The Albornoz fortress 2.6 Others3 Economy 4 Transport 5 Pop culture 6 Miscellaneous 7 Notable natives 8 Twin towns - Sister cities 9 Notes 10 External linksHistory[edit]This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources
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Palazzo Del Quirinale
The Quirinal Palace
Quirinal Palace
(known in Italian as the Palazzo del Quirinale or simply Quirinale) is a historic building in Rome, Italy, one of the three current official residences of the President of the Italian Republic, together with Villa Rosebery
Villa Rosebery
in Naples
Naples
and Tenuta di Castelporziano in Rome. It is located on the Quirinal Hill, the highest of the seven hills of Rome. It has housed thirty Popes, four Kings of Italy
Italy
and twelve presidents of the Italian Republic
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Palazzo Pitti
The Palazzo
Palazzo
Pitti (Italian pronunciation: [paˈlattso ˈpitti]), in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. The core of the present palazzo dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker. The palace was bought by the Medici family in 1549 and became the chief residence of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy
Grand Duchy
of Tuscany. It grew as a great treasure house as later generations amassed paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions. In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon
Napoleon
and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy
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Cortona
Cortona
Cortona
is a town and comune in the province of Arezzo, in Tuscany, Italy. It is the main cultural and artistic center of the Val di Chiana after Arezzo.Contents1 History1.1 Cortona
Cortona
foundation legend2 Cortona
Cortona
Wines 3 Main sights3.1 Renaissance architecture 3.2 Other churches4 Transportation 5 People 6 International relations 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory[edit]This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)Tabula CortonensisThe Palazzo Comunale.Originally an Umbrian city, it was conquered and enlarged by the Etruscans, who called it Curtun. The name should be related to a family of indoeuropean word, with the meaning of "enclosed place" and consequently walled city like German garten, Italian orto, English gird and yard, Gordio, Anatolian town and Russian grad
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