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Giant Palouse Earthworm
The GIANT PALOUSE EARTHWORM or WASHINGTON GIANT EARTHWORM ( Driloleirus americanus, meaning lily-like worm ) is a species of earthworm belonging to the genus Driloleirus found in the Palouse region of Eastern Washington State as well as parts of Idaho
Idaho
in the United States
United States
. The worm was discovered in 1897 by Frank Smith near Pullman, Washington. It can burrow to a depth of 15 feet (4.6 m). Although it had been thought to be extinct in the 1980s, recent evidence has demonstrated that the species is still living. The latest sighting included recovery of two specimens, an adult and a juvenile, which were unearthed on March 27, 2010 by scientists at the University of Idaho
Idaho
including Samuel James
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World Conservation Union
The INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE (IUCN), officially INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources . It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable". Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation
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Endangered Species Act
The ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT OF 1973 (ESA; 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.) is one of the few dozens of US environmental laws passed in the 1970s, and serves as the enacting legislation to carry out the provisions outlined in The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
Species
of Wild Fauna and Flora ( CITES
CITES
). Designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation", the ESA was signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973. The U.S. Supreme Court found that "the plain intent of Congress in enacting" the ESA "was to halt and reverse the trend toward species extinction, whatever the cost." The Act is administered by two federal agencies, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
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U.S. Fish And Wildlife Service
The UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS or FWS) is an agency of the federal government within the U.S. Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish , wildlife , and natural habitats . The mission of the agency is "working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people." The leader of the FWS is the director of the U.S. Fish
Fish
and Wildlife Service Daniel M. Ashe , of Maryland, who was confirmed on June 30, 2011, succeeding Sam Hamilton
Sam Hamilton

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Rennie Wilbur Doane
RENNIE WILBUR DOANE (March 11, 1871 – December 1, 1942), was an American entomologist and zoologist who taught at Stanford University from 1906 to 1937. He studied the taxonomy of dipterans (flies) and wrote several textbooks on insects and economic entomology . Doane was born in Des Moines, Iowa , and grew up in Kansas and Southern California. He entered Stanford University in 1891, graduating with a bachelor's degree in zoology and entomology. He taught zoology and entomology at Washington State College from 1896 to 1901, and was superintendent of the Fisheries Experimental Station in Keyport, Washington, from 1901 to 1903, working mainly in oyster cultivation . He joined the faculty of Stanford in 1906 as instructor, becoming associate professor in 1920 and full professor in 1926. He studied the taxonomy of flies, especially crane flies , of which he described over 150 species. BOOKS * Insects and Disease. 1910
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Nephridium
The NEPHRIDIUM (plural nephridia) is an invertebrate organ which occurs in pairs and performs a function similar to the vertebrate kidney . Nephridia remove metabolic wastes from an animal's body. They are present in many different invertebrate lines. There are two basic types, METANEPHRIDIA and PROTONEPHRIDIA, but there are other types. CONTENTS* 1 Metanephridia * 1.1 Saccate metanephridia * 2 Protonephridia * 3 References * 4 External links METANEPHRIDIA Earthworm metanephridium (9). Earthworm metanephridium A METANEPHRIDIUM (meta = "after") is a type of excretory gland found in many types of invertebrates such as annelids , arthropods and mollusca
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Conservation Status
The CONSERVATION STATUS of a group of organisms (for instance, a species ) indicates whether the group still exists and how likely the group is to become extinct in the near future. Many factors are taken into account when assessing conservation status: not simply the number of individuals remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates, and known threats. Various systems of conservation status exist and are in use at international, multi-country, national and local levels as well as for consumer use
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Bunch Grass
TUSSOCK GRASSES or BUNCH GRASSES are found as native plants in natural ecosystems , as forage in pastures , and as ornamental grasses in gardens. Tussock and bunch grasses, in the Poaceae family, are grasses that usually grow as singular plants in clumps, tufts, hummocks, or bunches, rather than forming a sod or lawn , in meadows , grasslands , and prairies. As perennial plants usually, they live more than one season. Many species have long roots that may reach 2 meters (6.6 ft) or more into the soil, which can aid slope stabilization, erosion control, and soil porosity for precipitation absorption. Also, their roots can reach moisture more deeply than other grasses and annual plants during seasonal or climatic droughts. The plants provide habitat and food for insects (including Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera
), birds, small animals and larger herbivores , and support beneficial soil mycorrhiza
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Volcanic
A VOLCANO is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object , such as Earth
Earth
, that allows hot lava , volcanic ash , and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. Earth's volcanoes occur because its crust is broken into 17 major, rigid tectonic plates that float on a hotter, softer layer in its mantle. Therefore, on Earth, volcanoes are generally found where tectonic plates are diverging or converging , and most are found underwater. For example, a mid-oceanic ridge , such as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Mid-Atlantic Ridge
, has volcanoes caused by divergent tectonic plates whereas the Pacific Ring of Fire
Pacific Ring of Fire
has volcanoes caused by convergent tectonic plates
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Administrative Procedure Act (United States)
The ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE ACT (APA), Pub.L. 79–404, 60 Stat. 237, enacted June 11, 1946, is the United States
United States
federal statute that governs the way in which administrative agencies of the federal government of the United States
United States
may propose and establish regulations . To protect citizens, the APA also grants the judiciary oversight over all agency actions. It is one of the most important pieces of United States administrative law . The Act became law in 1946. The APA applies to both the federal executive departments and the independent agencies . U.S. Senator Pat McCarran called the APA "a bill of rights for the hundreds of thousands of Americans whose affairs are controlled or regulated" by federal government agencies. The text of the APA can be found under Title 5 of the United States Code , beginning at Section 500
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International Union For Conservation Of Nature
The INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE (IUCN), officially INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources . It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable." Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation
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Encyclopedia Of Life
The ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE (EOL) is a free, online collaborative encyclopedia intended to document all of the 1.9 million living species known to science. It is compiled from existing databases and from contributions by experts and non-experts throughout the world. It aims to build one "infinitely expandable" page for each species, including video, sound, images, graphics, as well as text. In addition, the Encyclopedia incorporates content from the Biodiversity Heritage Library , which digitizes millions of pages of printed literature from the world's major natural history libraries. The project was initially backed by a US$50 million funding commitment, led by the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation , who provided US$20 million and US$5 million, respectively
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Integrated Taxonomic Information System
The INTEGRATED TAXONOMIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (ITIS) is an American partnership of federal agencies designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species . ITIS was originally formed in 1996 as an interagency group within the U.S. federal government, involving several US Federal agencies, and has now become an international body, with Canadian and Mexican government agencies participating. The database draws from a large community of taxonomic experts. Primary content staff are housed at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and IT services are provided by a US Geological Survey facility in Denver. The primary focus of ITIS is North American species, but many groups are worldwide and ITIS continues to collaborate with other international agencies to increase its global coverage
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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ARKive
ARKIVE is a global initiative with the mission of "promoting the conservation of the world's threatened species, through the power of wildlife imagery", which it does by locating and gathering films, photographs and audio recordings of the world's species into a centralised digital archive . Its current priority is the completion of audio-visual profiles for the c. 17,000 species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The project is an initiative of Wildscreen , a UK-registered educational charity, based in Bristol
Bristol
. The technical platform was created by Hewlett Packard
Hewlett Packard
, as part of the HP Labs' Digital Media Systems research programme
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Wikidata
WIKIDATA is a collaboratively edited knowledge base operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . It is intended to provide a common source of data which can be used by Wikimedia projects such as , and by anyone else, under a public domain licence. This is similar to the way Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
provides storage for media files and access to those files for all Wikimedia projects, and which are also freely available for reuse. Wikidata
Wikidata
is powered by the software Wikibase . CONTENTS * 1 Concepts * 2 Development history * 2.1 Phase 1 * 2.2 Phase 2 * 2.3 Phase 3 * 3 Reception * 4 Logo * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links CONCEPTS Screenshots Three statements from Wikidata\'s item on the planet Mars. Values include links to other items and to Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons

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