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Giambologna
Giambologna
Giambologna
(1529 – 13 August 1608) — born Jean Boulogne (and incorrectly known as Giovanni da Bologna or Giovanni Bologna) — was a Flemish sculptor based in Italy, celebrated for his marble and bronze statuary in a late Renaissance
Renaissance
or Mannerist
Mannerist
style.Contents1 Biography 2 Work 3 References 4 Sources 5 External linksBiography[edit] Giambologna
Giambologna
was born in Douai, Flanders (now in Belgium), in 1529. After youthful studies in Antwerp with the architect-sculptor Jacques du Broeucq,[1] he moved to Italy
Italy
in 1550 and studied in Rome, making a detailed study of the sculpture of classical antiquity. He was also much influenced by Michelangelo, but developed his own Mannerist style, with perhaps less emphasis on emotion and more emphasis on refined surfaces, cool elegance, and beauty
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Hendrick Goltzius
Hendrick Goltzius (German: [ˈgɔltsi̯ʊs]; Dutch: [ˈɣɔltsʲiœs]; January or February 1558 – 1 January 1617) was a German-born Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter. He was the leading Dutch engraver of the early Baroque period, or Northern Mannerism, noted for his sophisticated technique and the "exuberance" of his compositions. According to A
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Michelangelo
Michelangelo
Michelangelo
di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo
Michelangelo
(/ˌmaɪkəlˈændʒəloʊ/; Italian: [mikeˈlandʒelo di lodoˈviːko ˌbwɔnarˈrɔːti siˈmoːni]; 6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an I
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Hercules
Hercules
Hercules
(/ˈhɜːrkjəliːz/) is a Roman hero and god. He was the equivalent of the Greek divine hero Heracles, who was the son of Zeus (Roman equivalent Jupiter) and the mortal Alcmene. In classical mythology, Hercules
Hercules
is famous for his strength and for his numerous far-ranging adventures. The Romans adapted the Greek hero's iconography and myths for their literature and art under the name Hercules. In later Western art
Western art
and literature and in popular culture, Hercules
Hercules
is more commonly used than Heracles
Heracles
as the name of the hero
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Alessandro Algardi
Alessandro Algardi
Alessandro Algardi
(31 July 1598 – 10 June 1654) was an Italian high- Baroque
Baroque
sculptor active almost exclusively in Rome, where for the latter decades of his life, he was, along with Francesco Borromini
Francesco Borromini
and Pietro da Cortona, one of the major rivals of Gian Lorenzo Bernini.Contents1 Early years 2 Tomb of Pope Leo XI 3 Papal favour under Innocent X and Spanish commissions 4 The Fuga d' Attila
Attila
relief 5 Critical assessment and legacy 6 Gallery 7 Sources 8 Notes 9 ReferencesEarly years[edit] Algardi was born in Bologna, where at a young age, he was apprenticed in the studio of Agostino Carracci. However, his aptitude for sculpture led him to work for Giulio Cesare Conventi (1577–1640), an artist of modest talents
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Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒan loˈrɛntso berˈniːni]; also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect.[1] While a major figure in the world of architecture, he was, also and even more prominently, the leading sculptor of his age, credited with creating the Baroque style
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Pierre Puget
Pierre Puget (16 October 1620 – 2 December 1694) was a French painter, sculptor, architect and engineer.Contents1 Biography 2 Notes 3 References 4 External linksBiography[edit]Perseus and Andromeda (Musée du Louvre)Pierre Paul Puget was born in Marseille. At the age of fourteen he carved the ornaments of the galleys built in the shipyards of his native city, and at sixteen the decoration and construction of a ship were entrusted to him
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Francesco De' Medici
Francesco I (25 March 1541 – 19 October 1587) was the second Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1574 until his death in 1587, a member of the House of Medici.Contents1 Biography1.1 Marriage to Joanna of Austria 1.2 Bianca Cappello2 Children 3 Ancestry 4 In fiction 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External linksBiography[edit]Francesco I of Tuscany as a young boy, painted by BronzinoBorn in Florence, he was the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Eleanor of Toledo. He served as regent for his father Cosimo after he retired from his governing duties in 1564. Marriage to Joanna of Austria[edit] On 18 December 1565, he married Joanna of Austria, youngest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and his wife Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, after Princess Elizabeth of Sweden, among others, had been considered. By all reports, it was not a happy marriage. Joanna was homesick for her native Austria, and Francesco was neither charming nor faithful
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Venus (mythology)
Venus
Venus
(/ˈviːnəs/, Classical Latin: /ˈwɛnʊs/) is the Roman goddess whose functions encompassed love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory. In Roman mythology, she was the mother of the Roman people through her son, Aeneas, who survived the fall of Troy and fled to Italy. Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
claimed her as his ancestor. Venus
Venus
was central to many religious festivals, and was revered in Roman religion under numerous cult titles. The Romans adapted the myths and iconography of her Greek counterpart Aphrodite
Aphrodite
for Roman art
Roman art
and Latin literature
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Grand Duke Of Tuscany
The rulers of Tuscany
Tuscany
have varied over time, sometimes being margraves, the rulers of handfuls of border counties and sometimes the heads of the most important family of the region.Contents1 Margraves of Tuscany, 812–11971.1 House of Boniface 1.2 House of Boso 1.3 House of Hucpold 1.4 Nondynastic 1.5 House of Canossa 1.6 Nondynastic2 Rulers of Florence, 1382–15692.1 De facto rulers of the Albizzi
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Mercury (mythology)
Mercury (/ˈmɜːrkjʊri/; Latin: Mercurius [mɛrˈkʊ.ri.ʊs]  listen (help·info)) is a major god in Roman religion and mythology, being one of the Dii Consentes
Dii Consentes
within the ancient Roman pantheon. He is the god of financial gain, commerce, eloquence (and thus poetry), messages, communication (including divination), travelers, boundaries, luck, trickery and thieves; he also serves as the guide of souls to the underworld.[1][2] He was considered the son of Maia, who was a daughter of the Titan Atlas, and Jupiter in Roman mythology. His name is possibly related to the Latin
Latin
word merx ("merchandise"; cf. merchant, commerce, etc.), mercari (to trade), and merces (wages); another possible connection is the Proto-Indo-European root merĝ- for "boundary, border" (cf
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Habsburgs
The House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(/ˈhæpsbɜːrɡ/; German pronunciation: [ˈhaːpsbʊʁk], traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria[1] was one of the most influential and outstanding royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was continuously occupied by the Habsburgs between 1438 and 1740. The house also produced emperors and kings of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
( Jure uxoris King), Kingdom of Germany, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Croatia, Kingdom of Illyria, Second Mexican Empire, Kingdom of Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland
( Jure uxoris King), Kingdom of Portugal, and Kingdom of Spain, as well as rulers of several Dutch and Italian principalities.[dubious – discuss] From the 16th century, following the reign of Charles V, the dynasty was split between its Austrian and Spanish branches
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Teylers Museum
Teylers Museum
Teylers Museum
(Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtɛilərs myˈzeːjɵm]) is an art, natural history, and science museum in Haarlem, Netherlands. Established in 1778, Teylers Museum
Teylers Museum
was founded as a centre for contemporary art and science.[5] The historic centre of the museum is the neoclassical Oval Room (1784), which was built behind the house of Pieter Teyler van der Hulst (1702–1778), the so-called Fundatiehuis (Foundation House). Pieter Teyler was a wealthy cloth merchant and banker of Scottish descent, who bequeathed his fortune for the advancement of religion, art, and science
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Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari
(Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo vaˈzaːri]; 30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.Contents1 Early life 2 Painting 3 Architecture 4 The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects 5 Social standing 6 Public collections 7 Gallery 8 References and sources 9 Further reading 10 External linksEarly life[edit] Vasari was born in Arezzo, Tuscany.[
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Pope Pius IV
Pope
Pope
Pius IV (31 March 1499 – 9 December 1565), born Giovanni Angelo Medici, was Pope
Pope
from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565.[1] He is known for presiding over the final session of the Council of Trent.Contents1 Life1.1 Early life 1.2 Cardinalate2 Pontificate2.1 Election 2.2 Council of Trent 2.3 Conspiracy3 Practical achievements 4 Death 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksLife[edit] Early life[edit] Giovanni Angelo Medici
Medici
was born in Milan
Milan
on 31 March 1499 as the second of eleven children to Bernardino de' Medici
Medici
and Clelia Serbelloni
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Medici
The House of Medici
Medici
(/ˈmɛdɪtʃi/ MED-i-chee; Italian pronunciation: [ˈmɛːditʃi]) was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici
Medici
in the Republic of Florence
Republic of Florence
during the first half of the 15th century
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