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Ghassanids
The Ghassanids
Ghassanids
(Arabic: الغساسنة‎‏; al-Ghasāsinah, also Banū Ghassān "Sons of Ghassān") were an Arab
Arab
kingdom, founded by descendants of the
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Heresy
Heresy
Heresy
(/ˈhɛrəsi/) is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs, in particular the accepted beliefs of a church or religious organization
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Sheba
Sheba
Sheba
(/ˈʃiːbə/; Ge'ez: ሳባ, Saba, Arabic: سبأ‎, Sabaʾ, South Arabian S-b-ʾ, Hebrew: שבא‬, Šəḇā) was a South Arabian speaking kingdom believed to be in modern day Yemen
Yemen
mentioned in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
(Old Testament) and the Quran. Sheba
Sheba
features in Jewish, Muslim, and Christian, particularly Ethiopian Christian, traditions. It was the home of the biblical "Queen of Sheba", who is left unnamed in the Bible, but receives the names Makeda in Ethiopian and Bilqīs in Arabic tradition. The predominant scholarly view is that the biblical narrative about the kingdom of Sheba
Sheba
was based on the ancient civilization of Saba in South Arabia,[1] in contradiction to several local traditions from different countries
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Syria (region)
The historic region of Syria
Syria
(Hieroglyphic Luwian: Sura/i; Greek: Συρία; in modern literature called Greater Syria, Syria-Palestine, or the Levant) is an area located east of the Mediterranean sea. The oldest attestation of the name Syria
Syria
is from the 8th century BC in a bilingual inscription in Hieroglyphic Luwian and Phoenician. In this inscription the Luwian word Sura/i was translated to Phoenician ʔšr "Assyria."[1] For Herodotus
Herodotus
in the 5th century BC, Syria
Syria
extended as far north as the Halys river
Halys river
and as far south as Arabia and Egypt. For Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder
and Pomponius Mela, Syria
Syria
covered the entire Fertile Crescent
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Ma'rib
Marib (Arabic: مَـأْرِب‎, translit. Maʾrib) is the capital city of Ma'rib
Ma'rib
Governorate, Yemen. It was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Saba’
Saba’
(Arabic: سَـبَـأ‎),[1][2] which some scholars believe to be the ancient Sheba
Sheba
of biblical fame.[3] It is located approximately 120 kilometres (75 miles) east of Yemen's modern capital, Sana'a. It has a current population of 16,794. In 2011, Ma'rib
Ma'rib
has been referred to as "the Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda
capital of Yemen".[4]Contents1 History1.1 Ancient 1.2 Yemeni Civil War2 Oil refinery 3 Climate 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] Ancient[edit] Main article: SabaeansThe Barran Temple, a relic of the Sabaean
Sabaean
eraThe Sabaean
Sabaean
kingdom was based around Ma'rib, with territory in northern Yemen
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South Arabia
South Arabia
South Arabia
is a historical region that consists of the southern region of the Arabian Peninsula, mainly centered in what is now the Republic of Yemen, yet it has also historically included Najran, Jizan, and 'Asir, which are presently in Saudi Arabia, and the Dhofar of present-day Oman. South Arabia
South Arabia
is inhabited by people possessing distinctive linguistic and ethnic affinities, as well as traditions and culture, transcending recent political boundaries
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Marib Dam
The Marib
Marib
Dam (Arabic: سـدّ مَـأرِب‎ Sadd Ma'rib, or sudd Ma'rib) is a dam blocking the Wadi
Wadi
Adhanah (also Dhana or Adhana), in the valley of Dhana in the Balaq Hills, Yemen. The current dam is close to the ruins of the Great Dam of Ma'rib, dating from around the 8th century BC.[1] It was one of the engineering wonders of the ancient world and a central part of the Sabaean and Himyarite kingdoms around Marib. There are also other important ancient dams in Yemen
Yemen
such as the Dam of Jufaynah, the Dam of Khārid, the Dam of Aḑra’ah, the Dam of Miqrān and the Dam of Yath’ān. Historically, Yemen
Yemen
has been recognized for the magnificence of its ancient water engineering
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Quran
The Quran
Quran
(/kɔːrˈɑːn/[a] kor-AHN; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-Qurʾān,[b] literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran[c]) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God
God
(Allah).[1] It is wide
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Arabic
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Proverb
A proverb (from Latin: proverbium) is a simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or experience. They are often metaphorical. Proverbs fall into the category of formulaic language and form a folklore genre. Proverbs are often borrowed from similar languages and cultures, and sometimes come down to the present through more than one language. Both the Bible (including, but not limited to the Book of Proverbs) and medieval Latin (aided by the work of Erasmus) have played a considerable role in distributing proverbs across Europe
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Chalcedonian
Chalcedonian Christianity
Christianity
is the Christian denominations adhering to christological definitions and ecclesiological resolutions of the Council of Chalcedon, the Fourth Ecumenical Council held in 451.[1] Chalcedonian Christians follow the Definition of Chalcedon, a religious doctrine concerning the divine and human natures of Jesus Christ
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Muslim
65–75% Sunni
Sunni
Islam[22][note 1] 10–13% Shia
Shia
Islam[22] 15–20% Non-denominational Islam[23] ~1% Ahmadiyya[24] ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Monophysite
Monophysitism
Monophysitism
(/məˈnɒfɪsaɪtɪzəm/ or /məˈnɒfɪsɪtɪzəm/; Greek: μονοφυσιτισμός; Late Koine Greek [monofysitizˈmos] from μόνος monos, "only, single" and φύσις physis, "nature") is the Christological position that, after the union of the divine and the human in the historical incarnation, Jesus Christ, as the incarnation of the eternal Son or Word (Logos) of God, had only a single "nature" which was either divine or a synthesis of divine and human
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Banu Amela
The Banu Amela (Arabic: بنو عاملة‎, translit. Banū 'Āmela) are a South Arabian tribe that migrated from the towns of Bardoun, Yarim, Mayrayama and Jibla in the central highlands and the Raimah region in Yemen (Jabalan Al Ardaba, Jabalan Al Raymah). They trace their genealogy back to Amela bin Saba'a
Saba'a
bin Yashjeb bin Ya'arib bin Qahtan
Qahtan
who left Yemen after the fourth destruction of the Marib Dam
Marib Dam
around 200 B.C. They dwelled in Jordan
Jordan
and Syria settling the southern highlands and eastern valley of modern Lebanon
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Hijaz
The Hejaz
Hejaz
(Arabic: اَلْـحِـجَـاز‎, Al-Ḥijāz, literally "the Barrier"), is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia. The region is so called as it separates the land of the Najd in the east from the land of Tihamah
Tihamah
in the west
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Medina
Medina
Medina
(/məˈdiːnə/; Arabic: المدينة المنورة‎, al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah, "the radiant city"; or المدينة, al-Madīnah (Hejazi pronunciation: [almaˈdiːna]), "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz
Hejaz
region of the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia. At the city's heart is al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's Mosque"), which is the burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and is the second-holiest city in Islam
Islam
after Mecca. Medina
Medina
was Muhammad's destination of his Hijrah (migration) from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim
Muslim
Empire, under Muhammad's leadership
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