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Geyuan Temple
Geyuan Temple
Geyuan Temple
(simplified Chinese: 阁院寺; traditional Chinese: 閣院寺; pinyin: Gé Yùan Sì; literally: "Ge Courtyard Temple") is a Buddhist
Buddhist
temple located in Laiyuan, Hebei
Hebei
Province, China. The temple consists of three main buildings and other auxiliary structures. The main hall of the temple, the Wenshu Hall dates from 966 CE.[1]Contents1 History 2 Layout2.1 Wenshu Hall3 References3.1 Notes 3.2 SourcesHistory[edit] Very little is known about the temple’s history. Most of what is known have been from studying the stele at the temple and a local historical account written in 1875 called the Laiyuanxian Zhi. Geyuan Temple was first founded in the Han Dynasty, destroyed, and then rebuilt during the Tang Dynasty
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Chinese Language
Legend:   Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language   Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers   Major Chinese-speaking settlementsThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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Chan Buddhism
Zen
Zen
in JapanDōgen Hakuin EkakuSeon in KoreaTaego Bou Jinul Daewon Seongcheol Zen
Zen
in the USAD. T
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East Asian Hip-and-gable Roof
Asian may refer to:Items from or related to the continent of Asia: Asian people, people who descend from Asia Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asia Asian (cat), a cat breed similar to the Burmese but in a range of different coat colors an
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Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin
Romanization
Romanization
(simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang,[1] based on earlier form romanizations of Chinese
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Stupa
A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.[2] A related architectural term is a chaitya, which is a prayer hall or temple containing a stupa. In Buddhism, circumambulation or pradakhshina has been an important ritual and devotional practice since the earliest times, and stupas always have a pradakhshina path around them.Contents1 Description and history1.1 Notable stupas 1.2 Types of stupas2 Symbolism2.1 Five purified elements3 Construction3.1 Treasury 3.2 Tree of Life 3.3 Benefits4 Tibetan stupas4.1 Lotus Blossom Stupa 4.2 Enlightenment Stupa 4.3 Stupa
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Chinese Guardian Lions
Chinese guardian lions
Chinese guardian lions
or Imperial guardian lions, often miscalled "Foo Dogs" in the West, are a common representation of the lion in imperial China. Chinese guardian lions
Chinese guardian lions
are sometimes referred to in English as shishi, from the Chinese shí shī (Chinese: 石獅; pinyin: shíshī; literally: "stone lion"), which refers specifically to lion sculptures in stone
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Paifang
A Paifang, also known as a pailou, is a traditional style of Chinese architectural arch or gateway structure that is related to the Indian Torana
Torana
from which it is derived.[1]Contents1 Etymology 2 Origin 3 Style 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 ReferencesEtymology[edit] The word paifang (Chinese: 牌坊; pinyin: páifāng) was originally a collective term for the top two levels of administrative division and subdivisions of ancient Chinese cities. The largest division within a city in ancient China
China
was a fang (坊; fāng), equivalent to a current day precinct. Each fang was enclosed by walls or fences, and the gates of these enclosures were shut and guarded every night. Each fang was further divided into several pai (牌; pái; "placard"), which is equivalent to a current day (unincorporated) community
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Hall Of Four Heavenly Kings
In architecture, a hall is a relatively large space enclosed by a roof and walls.[1] In the Iron Age, a mead hall was such a simple building and was the residence of a lord and his retainers. Later, rooms were partitioned from it, and the space next to the front door became the entrance hall. Today, the (entrance) hall of a house is the space next to the front door or vestibule leading to the rooms directly and/or indirectly. Where the hall inside the front door of a house is elongated, it may be called a passage, corridor (from Spanish corredor used in El Escorial and 100 years later in Castle
Castle
Howard) or hallway.Contents1 History 2 Other uses2.1 Collegiate halls 2.2 Meeting hall 2.3 Religious halls 2.4 Public buildings3 Types 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] In warmer climates the houses of the wealthy were often built around a courtyard, but in northern areas manors were built around a great hall
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Chinese Buddhism
Chinese Buddhism
Buddhism
or Han Buddhism
Buddhism
has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture. The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into Chinese and the inclusion of these translations together with works composed in China
China
into a printed canon had far-reaching implications for the dissemination of Buddhism
Buddhism
throughout the Chinese cultural sphere, including Korea, Japan, Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
and Vietnam
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Tiantai
Tiantai
Tiantai
(Chinese: 天台; pinyin: PRC Standard Mandarin: Tiāntāi, ROC Standard Mandarin: Tiāntái) is a school of Buddhism
Buddhism
in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
Vietnam
that reveres the Lotus Sutra
Lotus Sutra
as the highest teaching in Buddhism.[1] In Japan
Japan
the school is known as Tendai, in Korea
Korea
as Cheontae, and in Vietnam
Vietnam
as Thiên thai. The name is derived from the fact that Zhiyi
Zhiyi
(538–597 CE), the fourth patriarch, lived on Tiantai
Tiantai
Mountain.[2] Zhiyi
Zhiyi
is also regarded as the first major figure to make a significant break from the Indian tradition, to form an indigenous Chinese system
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List Of Buddhist Architecture In China
Buddhist
Buddhist
temples, monasteries, pagodas, grottoes, archaeological sites and colossal statues in China. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.Contents1 Buddhist
Buddhist
temples1.1 Anhui 1.2 Beijing 1.3 Fujian 1.4 Guangdong 1.
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Huayan
The Huayan
Huayan
or Flower Garland school of Buddhism
Buddhism
(traditional Chinese: 華嚴; ; pinyin: Huáyán, from Sanskrit: Avataṃsaka) is a tradition of Mahayana
Mahayana
Buddhist philosophy
Buddhist philosophy
that first flourished in China
China
during the Tang dynasty. The Huayen worldview is based primarily on the Avatamsaka Sutra
Avatamsaka Sutra
(Chinese: 華嚴經; pinyin: Huáyán jīng). The name Flower Garland is meant to suggest the crowning glory of a Buddha's profound understanding of ultimate reality. The Huayan
Huayan
School is known as Hwaeom
Hwaeom
in Korea
Korea
and Kegon
Kegon
in Japan
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Pure Land Buddhism
Pure Land Buddhism
Buddhism
(Chinese: 淨土宗; pinyin: Jìngtǔzōng; Japanese: 浄土仏教 Jōdo bukkyō;[1] Korean: Hangul: 정토종; RR: Jeongto-jong; Vietnamese: Tịnh Độ Tông), also referred to as Amidism in English,[2][3] is a broad branch of Mahayana
Mahayana
Buddhism
Buddhism
and one of the most widely practiced traditions of Buddhism
Buddhism
in East Asia. Pure Land is a tradition of Buddhist teachings that are focused on the Buddha Amitābha
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East Asian Yogācāra
East Asian Yogācāra (traditional Chinese: 唯識宗; pinyin: Wéishí-zōng; Japanese: Yuishiki-shū "'Consciousness Only' school" or traditional Chinese: 法相宗; ; pinyin: Fǎxiàng-zōng, "'Dharma Characteristics' school") refers to the traditions in East Asia which represent the Indian Yogacara system of thought.Contents1 Etymology 2 Characteristics 3 History in China3.1 Early history and teachers 3.2 Xuanzang and Kuiji 3.3 Later history and the modern era4 History in Japan 5 History in Korea 6 Notes6.1 BibliographyEtymology[edit] The term Fǎxiàng itself was first applied to this tradition by the Huayan teacher Fazang (Chinese: 法藏), who used it to characterize Consciousness Only teachings as provisional, dealing with the phenomenal appearances of the dharmas, in contrast to Huayan, which deals with the underlying nature on which such phenomenal appearances were based
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East Asian Mādhyamaka
East Asian Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
refers to the Buddhist traditions in East Asia which represent the Indian Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
system of thought
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