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Geyuan Temple
GEYUAN TEMPLE (simplified Chinese : 阁院寺; traditional Chinese : 閣院寺; pinyin : Gé Yùan Sì; literally: "Ge Courtyard Temple") is a Buddhist
Buddhist
temple located in Laiyuan , Hebei
Hebei
Province , China
China
. The temple consists of three main buildings and other auxiliary structures. The main hall of the temple, the Wenshu Hall dates from 966 CE. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Layout * 2.1 Wenshu Hall * 3 References * 3.1 Notes * 3.2 Sources HISTORYVery little is known about the temple’s history. Most of what is known have been from studying the stele at the temple and a local historical account written in 1875 called the Laiyuanxian Zhi. Geyuan Temple was first founded in the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
, destroyed, and then rebuilt during the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty

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Chinese Guardian Lions
CHINESE GUARDIAN LIONS or IMPERIAL GUARDIAN LIONS, traditionally known in Chinese simply as SHI (Chinese : 獅; pinyin : shī; literally: "lion "), and often called "Foo Dogs " in the West, are a common representation of the lion in imperial China
China
. The concept which originated and became popular in Chinese Buddhism, subsequently spread to other parts of Asia including, Japan, Korea, Tibet, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia
Cambodia
and Laos
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Paifang
A PAIFANG, also known as a PAILOU, is a traditional style of Chinese architectural arch or gateway structure that is related to the Indian Torana from which it is derived. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Origin * 3 Style * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References ETYMOLOGYThe word paifang (Chinese : 牌坊; pinyin : páifāng) was originally a collective term for the top two levels of administrative division and subdivisions of ancient Chinese cities. The largest division within a city in ancient China
China
was a fang (坊; fāng), equivalent to a current day precinct . Each fang was enclosed by walls or fences, and the gates of these enclosures were shut and guarded every night. Each fang was further divided into several pai (牌; pái; "placard"), which is equivalent to a current day (unincorporated) community. Each pai, in turn, contained an area including several hutongs (alleyways)
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Chinese Buddhism
CHINESE BUDDHISM has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art , politics, literature , philosophy , medicine , and material culture. The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into Chinese and the inclusion of these translations together with works composed in China
China
into a printed canon had far-reaching implications for the dissemination of Buddhism
Buddhism
throughout the Chinese cultural sphere , including Korea
Korea
, Japan
Japan
, Ryukyu Islands and Vietnam
Vietnam
. Chinese Buddhism
Buddhism
is also marked by the interaction between Indian religions , Chinese religion
Chinese religion
, and Taoism
Taoism

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Chan Buddhism
ZEN IN JAPAN * Dōgen * Hakuin Ekaku SEON IN KOREA * Taego Bou * Jinul * Daewon * Seongcheol ZEN IN THE USA * D. T. Suzuki
D. T

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Stupa
A STUPA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "heap") is a mound -like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns ) that is used as a place of meditation. A related architectural term is a chaitya , which is a prayer hall or temple containing a stupa. In Buddhism, circumambulation or pradakhshina has been an important ritual and devotional practice since the earliest times, and stupas always have a pradakhshina path around them
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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List Of Buddhist Architecture In China
Buddhist
Buddhist
temples , monasteries , pagodas , grottoes , archaeological sites and colossal statues in China
China
. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it
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Chiwen
CHIWEN (Chinese : 螭吻; pinyin : chīwěn; Wade–Giles : ch'ih-wen; literally: "hornless-dragon mouth", CHI WEN) is a chinese dragon , and one of the 9 sons of the dragon in Chinese mythology . He is depicted in imperial roof decorations and other ornamental motifs in traditional Chinese architecture and art . This Chinese dragon name chiwen 螭吻 compounds chi 螭 "hornless dragon ; young dragon" and wen 吻 "(animal's) mouth; lips; kiss". Chishou 螭首 and Chitou 螭頭 (both literally meaning "hornless-dragon head") are related architectural ornaments or waterspouts, comparable with Western gargoyles . Chiwen and Chishou are not the character in chinese mythology. Chiwen 螭吻 is alternatively written chiwen 鴟吻 ("owl mouth"), using the homophonous Chinese character chi 鴟 "owl; sparrowhawk; bird of prey". The chiwei 鴟尾 ("owl tail") and chimeng 鴟甍 ("owl roof-ridge") are additional birdlike roof decorations
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East Asian Hip-and-gable Roof
In Eastern Asian architecture, the HIP-AND-GABLE ROOF comprise a hip roof that slopes down on all four sides and integrates a gable on two opposing sides. It is usually constructed with two large sloping roof sections in the front and back respectively, while each of the two sides is usually constructed with a smaller roof section. The style is of Chinese origin and has spread across Asia. The original style and similar styles are found in the traditional architecture of Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Mongolia, Tibet, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Kalmykia and among others. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Irimoya in Japan * 3 Kandyan roof of Sri Lanka * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References ETYMOLOGYIt is known as xiēshān (歇山) in Chinese, irimoya (入母屋) in Japanese, and paljakjibung (팔작지붕) in Korean. IRIMOYA IN JAPANIt arrived from China in Japan in the 6th century
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Tiantai
TIANTAI (Chinese : 天台; pinyin : PRC Standard Mandarin: Tiāntāi, ROC Standard Mandarin: Tiāntái) is a school of Buddhism
Buddhism
in China
China
, Japan
Japan
, Korea
Korea
, and Vietnam
Vietnam
that reveres the Lotus Sutra as the highest teaching in Buddhism. In Japan
Japan
the school is known as Tendai , in Korea
Korea
as Cheontae , and in Vietnam
Vietnam
as Thiên thai. The name is derived from the fact that Zhiyi , the fourth patriarch, lived on Tiantai Mountain . Zhiyi is also regarded as the first major figure to make a significant break from the Indian tradition, to form an indigenous Chinese system
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Huayan
The HUAYAN or FLOWER GARLAND school of Buddhism
Buddhism
(traditional Chinese : 華嚴; ; pinyin : Huáyán, from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: Avataṃsaka) is a tradition of Mahayana Buddhist philosophy
Buddhist philosophy
that first flourished in China
China
during the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
. It is based on the Avatamsaka Sutra (Chinese : 華嚴經; pinyin : Huáyán jīng) and on a lengthy Chinese interpretation of it, the Huáyán lùn (Chinese : 華嚴論). The name Flower Garland is meant to suggest the crowning glory of profound understanding. The Huayan
Huayan
School is known as Hwaeom in Korea
Korea
and Kegon
Kegon
in Japan
Japan

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Linji School
ZEN IN JAPAN * Dōgen
Dōgen
* Hakuin Ekaku SEON IN KOREA * Taego Bou
Taego Bou
* Jinul
Jinul
* Daewon
Daewon
* Seongcheol
Seongcheol
ZEN IN THE USA * D. T. Suzuki
D. T

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Caodong School
ZEN IN JAPAN * Dōgen * Hakuin Ekaku SEON IN KOREA * Taego Bou * Jinul * Daewon * Seongcheol ZEN IN THE USA * D. T
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Weiyang School
ZEN IN JAPAN * Dōgen * Hakuin Ekaku SEON IN KOREA * Taego Bou * Jinul * Daewon * Seongcheol ZEN IN THE USA * D. T
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Chán
ZEN IN JAPAN * Dōgen
Dōgen
* Hakuin Ekaku
Hakuin Ekaku
SEON IN KOREA * Taego Bou
Taego Bou
* Jinul
Jinul
* Daewon
Daewon
* Seongcheol
Seongcheol
ZEN IN THE USA * D. T. Suzuki
D. T

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