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Geryon
In Greek mythology, Geryon
Geryon
(/ˈdʒɪəriən/ or /ˈɡɛriən/;[Note 1] also Geryone; Greek: Γηρυών,[Note 2] genitive: Γηρυόνος), son of Chrysaor
Chrysaor
and Callirrhoe, the grandson of Medusa
Medusa
and the nephew of Pegasus, was a fearsome giant who dwelt on the island Erytheia
Erytheia
of the mythic Hesperides
Hesperides
in the far west of the Mediterranean
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Scroll
A scroll (from the Old French escroe or escroue), also known as a roll, is a roll of papyrus, parchment, or paper containing writing.[1]Contents1 Structure 2 History of scroll use 3 Rolls 4 Scotland 5 Replacement by the codex 6 Recent discovery 7 Modern technology 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksStructure[edit] A scroll is usually divided up into pages, which are sometimes separate sheets of papyrus or parchment glued together at the edges, or may be marked divisions of a continuous roll of writing material. The scroll is usually unrolled so that one page is exposed at a time, for writing or reading, with the remaining pages rolled up to the left and right of the visible page
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Praeneste
Palestrina
Palestrina
(ancient Praeneste; Ancient Greek: Πραίνεστος, Prainestos) is an ancient city and comune (municipality) with a population of about 21,000, in Lazio, about 35 kilometres (22 miles) east of Rome
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Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus)
The Bibliotheca (Ancient Greek: Βιβλιοθήκη Bibliothēkē, "Library"), also known as the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus, is a compendium of Greek myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books, generally dated to the first or second century AD.[1] The author was traditionally thought to be Apollodorus of Athens, but that attribution is now regarded as false, and so "Pseudo-" was added to Apollodorus. The Bibliotheca has been called "the most valuable mythographical work that has come down from ancient times".[2] An epigram recorded by the important intellectual Patriarch Photius I of Constantinople
Patriarch Photius I of Constantinople
expressed its purpose:It has the following not ungraceful epigram: 'Draw your knowledge of the past from me and read the ancient tales of learned lore. Look neither at the page of Homer, nor of elegy, nor tragic muse, nor epic strain
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Greek Mythology
Greek mythology
Greek mythology
is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. It was a part of the religion in ancient Greece. Modern scholars refer to and study the myths in an attempt to shed light on the religious and political institutions of ancient Greece and its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.[1] Greek mythology
Greek mythology
has had an extensive influence on the culture, arts, and literature of Western civilization and remains part of Western heritage and language
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Italy
Coordinates: 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12Italian Republic Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)FlagEmblemAnthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian) "The Song of the Italians"Location of  Italy  (dark green) – in Europe  (light green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483Official languages ItalianaNative languages see full listReligion83.3% Christians 12.4% irreligious 3.7% Muslims 0.2% Buddhists 0.1% Hindus 0.3% other religions[1]Demonym ItalianGovernment Unitary constitutional parliamentary republic• PresidentSergio Mattarella• Prime MinisterPaolo Gentiloni• President of the SenateElisabetta Casellati•&
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Forum Boarium
The Forum Boarium
Forum Boarium
(Italian: Foro Boario) was the cattle forum venalium of Ancient Rome. It was located on a level piece of land near the Tiber
Tiber
between the Capitoline, the Palatine and Aventine hills. As the site of the original docks of Rome
Rome
(Portus Tiberinus), the Forum Boarium experienced intense commercial activity. The Forum Boarium
Forum Boarium
was the site of the first gladiatorial contest at Rome
Rome
which took place in 264 BC as part of aristocratic funerary ritual—a munus or funeral gift for the dead
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Gadfly (mythology)
The gadfly, a type of fly plaguing cattle, typically ones belonging to either the family Tabanidae (horse-flies) or the family Oestridae (bot flies), appears in Greek mythology
Greek mythology
as a tormenter to Io, the heifer maiden. Zeus
Zeus
lusts after Io and eventually turns her into a white heifer to hide her from his jealous wife, Hera. Hera
Hera
is not fooled, and demands Io as a gift from Zeus. She then assigns Argus, the 100-eyed monster, the job of guarding Io. Hermes
Hermes
(ordered by Zeus) kills Argus and frees Io. When Hera
Hera
finds out, she sends a gadfly to torment and sting Io, forcing her to wander farther and farther away from home. The gadfly also plays a role in the myth of how Bellerophon
Bellerophon
loses Pegasus
Pegasus
and the gods' favor
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Vergil
Publius Vergilius Maro (Classical Latin: [ˈpuː.blɪ.ʊs wɛrˈɡɪ.lɪ.ʊs ˈma.roː]; traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC[1]), usually called Virgil
Virgil
or Vergil /ˈvɜːrdʒɪl/ in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He wrote three of the most famous poems in Latin
Latin
literature: the Eclogues
Eclogues
(or Bucolics), the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid. A number of minor poems, collected in the Appendix Vergiliana, are sometimes attributed to him.[2][3] Virgil
Virgil
is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His Aeneid
Aeneid
has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome
Rome
since the time of its composition
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Tartessus
Tartessos
Tartessos
(Greek: Ταρτησσός) or Tartessus, Tarshish in (Hebrew: תַּרְשִׁישׁ‎) was a semi-mythical[1] harbor city and the surrounding culture on the south coast of the Iberian Peninsula (in modern Andalusia, Spain), at the mouth of the Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
River. It appears in sources from Greece and the Near East starting during the first millennium BC
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Chalcis
Chalcis
Chalcis
(/ˈkælsɪs/;[3] Ancient Greek & Katharevousa: Χαλκίς, Chalkís) or Chalkida (Modern Greek: Χαλκίδα, [xalˈciða]) is the chief town of the island of Euboea
Euboea
in Greece, situated on the Euripus Strait
Euripus Strait
at its narrowest point
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Papyri
Papyrus
Papyrus
/pəˈpaɪrəs/ is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface. It was made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge.[1] Papyrus (plural: papyri) can also refer to a document written on sheets of such material, joined together side by side and rolled up into a scroll, an early form of a book.An official letter on a papyrus of the 3rd century BCE Papyrus
Papyrus
is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt (at least as far back as the First Dynasty), as the papyrus plant was once abundant across the Nile Delta. It was also used throughout the Mediterranean region and in the Kingdom of Kush
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Oxyrhyncus
Oxyrhynchus
Oxyrhynchus
(/ɒksɪˈrɪŋkəs/; Greek: Ὀξύρρυγχος Oxýrrhynkhos; "sharp-nosed"; ancient Egyptian Pr-Medjed; Coptic Pemdje; modern Egyptian Arabic El Bahnasa) is a city in Middle Egypt, located about 160 km south-southwest of Cairo, in the governorate of Al Minya. It is also an archaeological site, considered one of the most important ever discovered. For the past century, the area around Oxyrhynchus
Oxyrhynchus
has been continually excavated, yielding an enormous collection of papyrus texts dating from the time of the Ptolemaic and Roman periods of Egyptian history. Among the texts discovered at Oxyrhynchus
Oxyrhynchus
are plays of Menander, fragments from the Gospel
Gospel
of Thomas, and fragments from Euclid's Elements. They also include a few vellum manuscripts, and more recent Arabic manuscripts on paper (for example, the medieval P. Oxy
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Denys Page
Sir Denys Lionel Page, FBA (11 May 1908, Reading, Berkshire
Reading, Berkshire
– 6 July 1978, Tarset)[1] was a British classical scholar at Oxford and Cambridge universities. He was President of the British Academy
British Academy
from 1971–74.Contents1 Early life 2 Career 3 Marriage 4 Publications 5 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Born at Reading, Page was the son of Frederick Harold Dunn Page, a chartered civil engineer of the Great Western Railway, and his wife Elsie Daniels. He was educated at St. Bartholomew's School, and (as a scholar) at Christ Church, Oxford, where he was taught by Gilbert Murray, and J. D. Denniston. In 1928, he won the Craven and De Paravicini scholarships, the Chancellor's Prize for Latin verse and the Gaisford Prize
Gaisford Prize
for Greek verse and a first class in classical honours moderations. In 1930 he was awarded a First in Literae Humaniores
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Strophe
A strophe (/ˈstroʊfiː/) is a poetic term originally referring to the first part of the ode in Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
tragedy, followed by the antistrophe and epode. The term has been extended to also mean a structural division of a poem containing stanzas of varying line length
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Antistrophe
Antistrophe (Greek: ἀντιστροφή, "a turning back") is the portion of an ode sung by the chorus in its returning movement from west to east, in response to the strophe, which was sung from east to west.[1] It has the nature of a reply and balances the effect of the strophe. Thus, in Gray's ode called "The Progress of Poesy" (excerpt below), the strophe, which dwelt in triumphant accents on the beauty, power and ecstasy verse, is answered by the antistrophe, in a depressed and melancholy key:[1]Man's feeble race what ills await, Labour, and Penury, the racks of Pain, Disease and Sorrow's weeping Train, And Death, sad refuge from the storms of Fate, (etc.)When the sections of the chorus have ended their responses, they unite and close in the epode, thus exemplifying the triple m[clarify], in which the ancient sacred hymns of Greece were coined, from the days of Stesichorus
Stesichorus
onwards
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