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German Colonial Empire
The German colonial empire
German colonial empire
(German: Deutsches Kolonialreich) constituted the overseas colonies, dependencies and territories of Imperial Germany. The chancellor of this time period was Otto von Bismarck. Short-lived attempts of colonization by individual German states had occurred in preceding centuries, but crucial colonial efforts only began in 1884 with the Scramble for Africa. Claiming much of the left-over colonies that were yet unclaimed in the Scramble of Africa, Germany managed to build the third largest colonial empire after the British and the French, at the time.[2] Germany lost control when World War I
World War I
began in 1914 and its colonies were seized by its enemies in the first weeks of the war
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Reichskommissariat
Reichskommissariat
Reichskommissariat
(English: Reich Commissariat) is the German designation for a type of administrative entity headed by a government official known as a Reichskommissar
Reichskommissar
(English: Reich Commissioner). Although many different such offices existed primarily throughout the Imperial German and Nazi periods in a number of different fields (ranging from public infrastructure and spatial planning to ethnic cleansing) it is most commonly used to refer to the quasi-colonial administrative-territorial entities established by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in several occupied countries during World War II
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Askari
An askari was a local soldier serving in the armies of the European colonial powers in Africa, particularly in the African Great Lakes, Northeast Africa
Africa
and Central Africa. The word is used in this sense in English, as well as in German, Italian, Urdu
Urdu
and Portuguese. In French, the word is used only in reference to native troops outside the French colonial empire. The designation is still in occasional use today to informally describe police, gendarmerie and security guards.[1] During the period of the European colonial empires in Africa, locally recruited soldiers were employed by Italian, British, Portuguese, German and Belgian colonial armies. They played a crucial role in the conquest of the various colonial possessions, and subsequently served as garrison and internal security forces
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Reichstag (German Empire)
The Reichstag (German: [ˈʁaɪçstaːk] ( listen), Diet of the Realm[1] or Imperial Diet) was the Parliament
Parliament
of Germany from 1871 to 1918. Legislation was shared between the Reichstag and the Bundesrat, which was the Imperial Council of the reigning princes of the German States. The Reichstag had no formal right to appoint or dismiss governments, but by contemporary standards it was considered a highly modern and progressive parliament. All German men over 25 years of age were eligible to vote, and members of the Reichstag were elected by general, universal and secret suffrage. Members were elected in single-member constituencies by majority vote. If no candidate received a majority of the votes, a runoff election took place. In 1871, the Reichstag consisted of 382 members, but from 1874 it was enlarged to 397 members.[2] The term of office was initially set at three years, and in 1888 this was extended to five years
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High Seas Fleet
The High Seas Fleet
High Seas Fleet
(Hochseeflotte) was the battle fleet of the German Imperial Navy and saw action during the First World War. The formation was created in February 1907, when the Home Fleet (Heimatflotte) was renamed as the High Seas Fleet. Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz
Alfred von Tirpitz
was the architect of the fleet; he envisioned a force powerful enough to challenge the Royal Navy's predominance. Kaiser Wilhelm II, the German Emperor, championed the fleet as the instrument by which he would seize overseas possessions and make Germany a global power. By concentrating a powerful battle fleet in the North Sea
North Sea
while the Royal Navy was required to disperse its forces around the British Empire, Tirpitz believed Germany could achieve a balance of force that could seriously damage British naval hegemony
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Ghana
Coordinates: 7°49′N 1°03′W / 7.817°N 1.050°W / 7.817; -1.050 Republic
Republic
of GhanaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Freedom and Justice"Anthem: God Bless Our Homeland Ghana[1]Capital and largest city Accra 5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200Official languages English[2][3]National languagesAsante Twi, Akuapem Twi, Bono, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, Fante, Nzema, Wasa, Talensi, Frafra, Hausa, Ghanaian Sign LanguageEthnic groups (2010[3][4])47.
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Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Brandenburg
(German pronunciation: [ˈbʁandn̩bʊɐ̯k] ( listen); Low German: Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Upper Sorbian: Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany. It lies in the northeast of the country covering an area of 29,478 square kilometers and has 2.48 million inhabitants. The capital and largest city is Potsdam. Brandenburg
Brandenburg
surrounds but does not include the national capital and city-state Berlin
Berlin
forming a metropolitan area. Originating in the medieval Northern March, the Margraviate of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
grew to become the core of the Kingdom of Prussia, which would later become the Free State of Prussia
Free State of Prussia
with part being the province of Brandenburg
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Pacific
The Pacific Ocean
Ocean
is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
in the north to the Southern Ocean
Southern Ocean
(or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by Asia
Asia
and Australia
Australia
in the west and the Americas
Americas
in the east. At 165,250,000 square kilometers (63,800,000 square miles) in area (as defined with an Antarctic
Antarctic
southern border), this largest division of the World Ocean—and, in turn, the hydrosphere—covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about one-third of its total surface area, making it larger than all of Earth's land area combined.[1] Both the center of the Water Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
are in the Pacific Ocean
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Africa
Africa
Africa
is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (the first being Asia
Asia
in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its total land area.[3] With 1.2 billion[1] people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea
Red Sea
along the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
to the northeast, the Indian Ocean
Ocean
to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west. The continent includes Madagascar
Madagascar
and various archipelagos
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Bremen
The City Municipality of Bremen (German: Stadtgemeinde Bremen, IPA: [ˈbʁeːmən] ( listen)) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany. As a commercial and industrial city with a major port on the River Weser, Bremen is part of the Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region, with 2.4 million people. Bremen is the second most populous city in Northern Germany and eleventh in Germany.[3] Bremen is a major cultural and economic hub in the northern regions of Germany. Bremen is home to dozens of historical galleries and museums, ranging from historical sculptures to major art museums, such as the Übersee-Museum Bremen.[4] Bremen has a reputation as a working-class city.[5] Bremen is home to a large number of multinational companies and manufacturing centers
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Americas
Largest metropolitan areas Largest citiesList1.São Paulo 2.Lima 3. Mexico
Mexico
City 4.New York City 5.Bogotá 6.Rio de Janeiro 7.Santiago 8.Los Angeles 9.Caracas 10.Buenos AiresCIA political map of the Americas
Americas
in Lambert azimuthal equal-area projectionThe Americas
Americas
(also collectively called America)[5][6][7] comprise the totality of the continents of North and South America.[8][9][10] Together, they make up most of the land in Earth's western hemisphere[11][12][13][14][15][16] and comprise the New World. Along with their associated islands, they cover 8% of Earth's total surface area and 28.4% of its land area. The topography is dominated by the American Cordillera, a long chain of mountains that runs the length of the west coast. The flatter eastern side of the Americas
Americas
is dominated by large river basins, such as the Amazon, St
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Transylvanian Saxons
The Transylvanian Saxons
Saxons
(German: Siebenbürger Sachsen; Transylvanian Saxon: Siweberjer Såksen; Romanian: Sași ardeleni, sași transilvăneni; Hungarian: Erdélyi szászok) are a people of German ethnicity who settled in Transylvania

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History Of Germans In Russia And The Soviet Union
The German minority in Russia, Ukraine
Ukraine
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
was created from several sources and in several waves. The 1914 census put the number of Germans
Germans
living in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
at 2,416,290.[7] In 1989, the German population of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
was roughly 2 million.[8] By 2002, the population fell by half to roughly one million. 597,212 Germans
Germans
were enumerated in Russia
Russia
(2002 Russian census), making Germans
Germans
the fifth largest ethnic group in that country
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Hanseatic League
The Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
(/ˌhænsɪˈætɪk/; Middle Low German: Hanse, Deutsche Hanse, Hansa, Hansa Teutonica or Liga Hanseatica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and their market towns. Growing from a few North German towns in the late 1100s, the league came to dominate Baltic maritime trade for three centuries along the coast of Northern Europe
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Unification Of Germany
The unification of Germany
Germany
into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 January 1871, in the Hall of Mirrors
Hall of Mirrors
at the Palace of Versailles
Palace of Versailles
in France. Princes of the German states, excluding Austria, gathered there to proclaim Wilhelm I of Prussia
Prussia
as German Emperor after the French capitulation in the Franco-Prussian War
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography
German orthography
regulated by the Council for German Orthography[4]). Language
Language
codesISO 639-1 deISO 639-2 ger
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