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Geraldine Farrar
GERALDINE FARRAR (February 28, 1882 – March 11, 1967) was an American soprano opera singer and film actress, noted for her beauty, acting ability, and "the intimate timbre of her voice." She had a large following among young women, who were nicknamed "Gerry-flappers". CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Personal life * 3 Filmography * 4 Media * 5 In popular culture * 6 Gallery * 7 References * 8 External links BIOGRAPHYFarrar was born ALICE GERALDINE FARRAR in Melrose, Massachusetts , the daughter of baseball player Sidney Farrar , and his wife, Henrietta Barnes. At 5 she began studying music in Boston
Boston
and by 14 was giving recitals. Later she studied voice with the American soprano Emma Thursby in New York City
New York City
, in Paris
Paris
, and finally with the Italian baritone Francesco Graziani in Berlin
Berlin

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Flapper
FLAPPERS were a generation of young Western women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz , and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking , treating sex in a casual manner , smoking, driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting social and sexual norms. Flappers had their origins in the liberal period of the Roaring Twenties
Roaring Twenties
, the social, political turbulence and increased transatlantic cultural exchange that followed the end of World War I
World War I
, as well as the export of American jazz culture to Europe
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Pietro Mascagni
PIETRO ANTONIO STEFANO MASCAGNI (Italian: ; 7 December 1863 – 2 August 1945) was an Italian composer most noted for his operas . His 1890 masterpiece Cavalleria Rusticana
Cavalleria Rusticana
caused one of the greatest sensations in opera history and single-handedly ushered in the Verismo movement in Italian dramatic music. While it was often held that Mascagni, like Leoncavallo , was a "one-opera man" who could never repeat his first success, L\'amico Fritz and Iris have remained in the repertoire in Europe (especially Italy) since their premieres. Mascagni said that at one point, Iris was performed in Italy more often than Cavalleria (cf. Stivender). Mascagni wrote fifteen operas, an operetta , several orchestral and vocal works, as well as songs and piano music. He enjoyed immense success during his lifetime, both as a composer and conductor of his own and other people's music
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Umberto Giordano
UMBERTO MENOTTI MARIA GIORDANO (28 August 1867 – 12 November 1948) was an Italian composer, mainly of operas . He was born in Foggia
Foggia
in Apulia , southern Italy
Italy
, and studied under Paolo Serrao at the Conservatoire of Naples
Naples
. His first opera, Marina, was written for a competition promoted by the music publishers Casa Sonzogno for the best one-act opera, remembered today because it marked the beginning of Italian verismo . The winner was Mascagni 's Cavalleria rusticana
Cavalleria rusticana
. Giordano, the youngest contestant, was placed sixth among seventy-three entries with his Marina, a work which generated enough interest for Sonzogno to commission the staging of an opera based on it in the 1891–92 season. The result was Mala Vita, a gritty verismo opera about a labourer who vows to reform a prostitute if he is cured of his tuberculosis
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Giacomo Puccini
GIACOMO ANTONIO DOMENICO MICHELE SECONDO MARIA PUCCINI (Italian: ; 22 December 1858 – 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi ". Puccini's early work was rooted in traditional late-19th-century romantic Italian opera. Later, he successfully developed his work in the realistic verismo style, of which he became one of the leading exponents. Puccini's most renowned works are La bohème
La bohème
(1896), Tosca (1900), and Madama Butterfly (1904), all of which are among the important operas played as standards
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Metropolitan Opera
Coordinates : 40°46′22″N 73°59′3″W / 40.77278°N 73.98417°W / 40.77278; -73.98417 The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
, home of the Metropolitan Opera
Metropolitan Opera
A full house at the old Metropolitan Opera House, seen from the rear of the stage, at a concert by pianist Josef Hofmann , November 28, 1937 Auditorium of the Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The gold curtain, a gift of the Metropolitan Opera Club , in the auditorium The METROPOLITAN OPERA, commonly referred to as "THE MET", is a company based in New York City
New York City
, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts

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Ambroise Thomas
CHARLES LOUIS AMBROISE THOMAS (5 August 1811 – 12 February 1896) was a French composer, best known for his operas Mignon (1866) and Hamlet (1868, after Shakespeare
Shakespeare
) and as Director of the Conservatoire de Paris from 1871 till his death. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life and studies * 1.2 Career * 1.3 Success * 2 Honours * 3 Works * 3.1 Operas * 3.2 Ballets * 3.3 Other works * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Further reading BIOGRAPHY"There is good music, there is bad music, and then there is Ambroise Thomas." - Emmanuel Chabrier
Emmanuel Chabrier
EARLY LIFE AND STUDIES Portrait of Ambroise Thomas
Ambroise Thomas
in 1834 by Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin Thomas's parents were music teachers. By the age of 10, he was already an experienced pianist and violinist
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Juliet Capulet
JULIET CAPULET (Italian : Giulietta Capuleti) is the female protagonist in William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
's romantic tragedy Romeo
Romeo
and Juliet
Juliet
. Juliet
Juliet
is the only daughter of the patriarch of the House of Capulet
Capulet
and falls in love with Romeo, a member of the House of Montague (with which the Capulets have a blood feud ). The story has a long history that precedes Shakespeare
Shakespeare
himself. CONTENTS* 1 Relationships * 1.1 Character history * 2 Juliet\'s age * 3 In today\'s Verona
Verona
* 3.1 Casa di Giulietta * 3.2 Club di Giulietta * 4 Performers * 4.1 Animation * 4.2 Fictional performers * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links RELATIONSHIPS This article POSSIBLY CONTAINS ORIGINAL RESEARCH
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Engelbert Humperdinck (composer)
ENGELBERT HUMPERDINCK (German: ; 1 September 1854 – 27 September 1921) was a German composer, best known for his opera Hansel and Gretel . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Hänsel und Gretel * 3 Later career * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHY Birthplace of Humperdinck Humperdinck was born at Siegburg
Siegburg
in the Rhine Province in 1854. After receiving piano lessons, he produced his first composition at the age of seven. His first attempts at works for the stage were two singspiele written when he was 13. His parents disapproved of his plans for a career in music and encouraged him to study architecture. Nevertheless, he began taking music classes under Ferdinand Hiller
Ferdinand Hiller
and Isidor Seiss at the Cologne Conservatory in 1872
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New York Tribune
The NEW-YORK TRIBUNE was an American newspaper, first established by Horace Greeley in 1841. Between 1842 and 1866, the newspaper bore the name NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. From the 1840s through the 1860s it was the dominant Whig Party and then Republican newspaper in the U.S. The paper achieved a circulation of approximately 200,000 during the decade of the 1850s, making it the largest in New York City and perhaps the nation. The Tribune's editorials were widely read and helped shape national opinion. In 1924 it was merged with the New York Herald to form the New York Herald Tribune , which in turn ceased publication in 1966
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San Francisco Call
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL was a newspaper that served San Francisco, California . Because of a succession of mergers with other newspapers, the paper variously came to be called THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL "> 1911 advertisement for The San Francisco Call
San Francisco Call
Between December 1856 and March 1895 The San Francisco Call
San Francisco Call
was named The Morning Call, but its name was changed when it was purchased by John D. Spreckels . In the period from 1863 to 1864 Mark Twain
Mark Twain
worked as one of the paper's writers. In 1913 M. H. de Young
M. H. de Young
, owner of the San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle
, purchased the paper and sold it to William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst
who in 1918 brought in editor Fremont Older , former editor of the San Francisco Evening Bulletin
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Motion Picture Magazine
MOTION PICTURE was an American monthly fan magazine about film , published from 1911 to 1977. It was the first fan magazine. It was later published by Macfadden Publications . HISTORY AND PROFILEA magazine founded by Vitagraph Studios
Vitagraph Studios
founder J. Stuart Blackton and partner Eugene V. Brewster, its original title was The Motion Picture Story Magazine. The magazine was very successful from its inception, with an initial run of 50,000 copies and a circulation of 200,000 by 1914. Writers were amazed at the outset to receive their checks for contributions almost immediately on acceptance, a policy on the part of Brewster that was effective in quickly inducing the highest grade fiction authors to become affiliated with the publication. Contributors included Rex Beach
Rex Beach
, Will Carleton and Horatio C. King
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Theda Bara
THEDA BARA (/ˈθiːdə ˈbærə/ THEE-də BARR-ə ; born THEODOSIA BURR GOODMAN, July 29, 1885 – April 7, 1955) was an American silent film and stage actress. Bara was one of the most popular actresses of the silent era, and one of cinema's earliest sex symbols . Her femme fatale roles earned her the nickname The Vamp (short for vampire ). Bara made more than 40 films between 1914 and 1926, but most were lost in the 1937 Fox vault fire . After her marriage to Charles Brabin in 1921, she made two more feature films and then retired from acting in 1926, having never appeared in a sound film. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 2.1 Image and name * 3 Marriage and retirement * 4 Death * 5 Legacy * 6 Filmography * 7 Cultural references * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links EARLY LIFEBara was born THEODOSIA BURR GOODMAN in the Avondale section of Cincinnati, Ohio
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Cecil B. De Mille
CECIL BLOUNT DEMILLE (/ˈsɛsəl dəˈmɪl/ ; August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was an American filmmaker. Between 1914 and 1958, he made a total of 70 features, both silent and sound films . He is acknowledged as a founding father of the cinema of the United States and the most commercially successful producer-director in film history. His films were distinguished by their epic scale and by his cinematic showmanship. He made silent films of every genre: social dramas, comedies, Westerns, farces, morality plays, and historical pageants. DeMille began his career as a stage actor in 1900. He later moved to writing and directing stage productions, some with Jesse Lasky
Jesse Lasky
, who was then a vaudeville producer. DeMille's first film, The Squaw Man (1914), was also the first feature film shot in Hollywood
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Silent Movie
SILENT MOVIE is a 1976 American satirical comedy film co-written, directed by, and starring Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
, and released by 20th Century Fox on June 17, 1976. The ensemble cast includes Dom DeLuise , Marty Feldman , Bernadette Peters , and Sid Caesar
Sid Caesar
, with appearances by Anne Bancroft , Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
, Burt Reynolds , James Caan , Marcel Marceau , and Paul Newman
Paul Newman
playing themselves. While indeed silent (except for one word, music, and numerous sound effects), the film is a parody of the silent film genre, particularly the slapstick comedies of Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
, Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
, and Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton

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Radio Broadcast
RADIO BROADCASTING is a unidirectional wireless transmission over radio waves intended to reach a wide audience . Stations can be linked in radio networks to broadcast a common radio format , either in broadcast syndication or simulcast or both. Audio broadcasting also can be done via cable radio , local wire television networks , satellite radio , and internet radio via streaming media on the Internet
Internet
. The signal types can be either analog audio or digital audio
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