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Geography Of Iran
Geographically, Iran
Iran
is located in West Asia
Asia
and borders the Caspian Sea , Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
, and Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Oman
. Its mountains have helped to shape both the political and the economic history of the country for several centuries. The mountains enclose several broad basins , on which major agricultural and urban settlements are located. Until the 20th century, when major highways and railroads were constructed through the mountains to connect the population centers, these basins tended to be relatively isolated from one another. Iran
Iran
map of Köppen climate classification. Locator map of Iran
Iran
Typically, one major town dominated each basin, and there were complex economic relationships between the town and the hundreds of villages that surrounded it
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Alborz
ALBORZ ( listen (help ·info ) Persian : البرز‎‎), also spelled as ALBURZ, ELBURZ or ELBORZ, is a mountain range in northern Iran
Iran
that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
and finally runs northeast and merges into the Aladagh Mountains in the northern parts of Khorasan . This mountain range is divided into Western, Central, and Eastern Alborz
Alborz
Mountains. The Western Alborz
Alborz
Range (usually called the Talish Mountains ) runs south-southeastward almost along the western coast of the Caspian Sea
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Zagros Mountains
The ZAGROS MOUNTAINS (Persian : رشته كوه زاگرس‎‎, Kurdish : زنجیره‌چیای زاگرۆس‎; Çiyayên Zagrosê, Luri : کو یه لی زاگروس, Syriac : ܛܘ̣ܪܵܢܹܐ ܕܙܵܓܪܘ̇ܣ‎, Arabic
Arabic
: جبال زغروس ‎‎ Aramaic : ܛܘܪ ܙܪܓܣ,) form the largest mountain range in Iran
Iran
, Iraq
Iraq
and southeastern Turkey
Turkey
. This mountain range has a total length of 1,500 km (932 mi). The Zagros mountain range begins in northwestern Iran
Iran
and roughly corresponds to Iran's western border, and it spans the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau , ending at the Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz

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Hindu Kush
Coordinates : 35°N 71°E / 35°N 71°E / 35; 71 HINDU KUSH Hindu
Hindu
Kush range HIGHEST POINT PEAK Tirich Mir ELEVATION 7,708 m (25,289 ft) COORDINATES 36°14′45″N 71°50′38″E / 36.24583°N 71.84389°E / 36.24583; 71.84389   GEOGRAPHY Topography of the Hindu
Hindu
Kush range COUNTRIES List * Afghanistan
Afghanistan
* Pakistan
Pakistan
* China
China
* Tajikistan
Tajikistan
REGION Central Asia
Central Asia
-South PARENT RANGE Himalayas
Himalayas
Hindu
Hindu
Kush and its extending mountain ranges to the west
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Dasht-e Kavir
DASHT-E KAVIR (Persian : دشت كوير‎, lit. 'Low Plains' in classical Persian, from khwar (low), and dasht (plain), flatland), also known as KAVIR-E NAMAK (lit. 'salty lowlands') and the GREAT SALT DESERT, is a large desert lying in the middle of the Iranian plateau
Iranian plateau
. It is about 800 km (500 mi) by 320 km (200 mi) with a total surface area of about 77,600 km2 (30,000 sq mi), making it the Earth\'s 26th largest desert
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Dasht-e Lut
The LUT DESERT, widely referred to as DASHT-E LUT (Persian : دشت لوت‎‎, "Emptiness Plain"), is a large salt desert located in the provinces of Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan , Iran . It is the world\'s 27th-largest desert , and was inscribed on UNESCO 's World Heritage List on July 17, 2016. The surface of its sand has been measured at temperatures as high as 70 °C (159 °F), making it one of the world's driest and hottest places. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Hottest land surface * 3 See also * 4 Further reading * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTION Yardangs in Lut Desert , Kerman Province , Iran . Iran is climatically part of the Afro-Asian belt of deserts, which stretches from the Cape Verde islands off West Africa all the way to Mongolia near Beijing , China
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Communications In Iran
IRAN’S TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY is almost entirely state-owned, dominated by the Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI). Fixed-line penetration in 2004 was relatively well-developed by regional standards, standing at 22 lines per 100 people, higher than Egypt with 14 and Saudi Arabia with 15, although behind the UAE with 27. Iran had more than 1 mobile phone per inhabitant by 2012. Iran
Iran
has a population of 80 million with some 56% of Iranians under the age of 25. In 2008, there were more than 52,000 rural offices, providing Telecom services to the villages across the country. The number of fixed telephone lines is above 24 million, with penetration factor of 33.66%. In 2012, there were 43 million internet users in Iran, making the country first in the Middle East
Middle East
in terms of number
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Arvand Rud
SHATT AL-ARAB ( Arabic
Arabic
: شط العرب‎, River
River
of the Arabs) or ARVAND RUD (Persian : اَروَندرود‎, Swift River) is a river of some 200 km (120 mi) in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris
Tigris
in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq
Iraq
. The southern end of the river constitutes the border between Iraq
Iraq
and Iran
Iran
down to the mouth of the river as it discharges into the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
. It varies in width from about 232 metres (761 ft) at Basra
Basra
to 800 metres (2,600 ft) at its mouth
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Littoral
The LITTORAL ZONE is the part of a sea, lake or river that is close to the shore. In coastal environments the littoral zone extends from the high water mark , which is rarely inundated, to shoreline areas that are permanently submerged. It always includes this intertidal zone and is often used to mean the same as the intertidal zone. However, the meaning of "littoral zone" can extend well beyond the intertidal zone. There is no single definition. What is regarded as the full extent of the littoral zone, and the way the littoral zone is divided into subregions, varies in different contexts (lakes and rivers have their own definitions). The use of the term also varies from one part of the world to another, and between different disciplines. For example, military commanders speak of the littoral in ways that are quite different from marine biologists. The adjacency of water gives a number of distinctive characteristics to littoral regions
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Sistan And Baluchestan Province
SISTAN AND BALUCHESTAN PROVINCE (Persian : استان سيستان و بلوچستان‎‎, Ostān-e Sīstān-o Balūchestān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran
Iran
. It is in the southeast of the country, bordering Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and its capital is Zahedan
Zahedan
. The province is the second largest province in Iran
Iran
(after Kerman province) , with an area of 181,785 km² and a population of 2.5 million. Some counties of the province are Chabahar , Qasar-qand, Dalgan , Hirmand , Iranshahr , Khash , Konarak , Nikshahr , Saravan , Sarbaz , Soran , Zabol , Zaboli , Zahedan
Zahedan
and Zehak . The population comprises the Baluch who form a majority in the province, followed by the relatively large minority, the Sistani Persians
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List Of Mountains In Iran
This is a list of mountains in the country of Iran . Damavand mount By clicking on the symbols at the head of the table the individual columns may be sorted
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Oasis
In geography , an OASIS (/oʊˈeɪsɪs/ ; plural: OASES /oʊˈeɪsiːz/ ) is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert , typically surrounding a spring or similar water source, such as a pond or small lake. Oases also provide habitat for animals and even humans if the area is big enough. The location of oases has been of critical importance for trade and transportation routes in desert areas; caravans must travel via oases so that supplies of water and food can be replenished. Thus, political or military control of an oasis has in many cases meant control of trade on a particular route. For example, the oases of Awjila , Ghadames
Ghadames
, and Kufra , situated in modern-day Libya
Libya
, have at various times been vital to both North-South and East-West trade in the Sahara Desert
Sahara Desert

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Armenian Highlands
The ARMENIAN HIGHLANDS (Armenian : Հայկական լեռնաշխարհ, translit. Haykakan leṙnašxarh; also known as the ARMENIAN UPLAND, ARMENIAN PLATEAU, ARMENIAN TABLELAND, or simply ARMENIA) is the central-most and highest of three land-locked plateaus that together form the northern sector of the Middle East
Middle East
. To its west is the Anatolian plateau which rises slowly from the lowland coast of the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
and converges with the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
to the east of Cappadocia
Cappadocia
. To its southeast is the Iranian plateau
Iranian plateau
, where the elevation drops rapidly by about 600 metres (2,000 ft) to 1,500 metres (5,000 ft) above sea level. The Caucasus extends to the northeast of the Armenian Highlands. To the southwest of the Armenian Highlands is Upper Mesopotamia
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Mohammad Reza Shah
MOHAMMAD REZA PAHLAVI (Persian : محمدرضا پهلوی‎, translit. Mohammad Rezā Pahlavi‎, pronounced ; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), known as MOHAMMAD REZA SHAH (Persian : محمدرضا شاه‎, translit. Mohammad Rezā Šāh‎), was the Shah
Shah
of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shāhanshāh ("Emperor" or "King of Kings") on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Āryāmehr (Light of the Aryans ) and Bozorg Arteshtārān (Head of the Warriors). His dream of the Great Civilization in Iran
Iran
led to a rapid industrial and military expansion as well as economic and social reforms
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Zayandeh River
ZāYANDé-RūD or ZāYANDERūD (Persian : زاینده رود‎‎, from زاینده “life giver” and رود “river”), also spelled as Zayandeh-Rood or Zayanderood, is the largest river of the Iranian Plateau in central Iran
Iran
. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Water use and division * 4 Bridges * 5 Recreation * 6 References * 7 External links GEOGRAPHYThe Zayandeh starts in the Zard-Kuh subrange of the Zagros Mountains in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province . It flows 400 kilometres (249 mi) eastward before ending in the Gavkhouni swamp, a seasonal salt lake, southeast of Isfahan
Isfahan
city. The Zayandeh used to have significant flow all year long, unlike many of Iran's rivers which are seasonal, but today runs dry due to water extraction before reaching the city of Esfahan
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