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Generalplan Ost
The GENERALPLAN OST (German pronunciation: ; English: Master Plan for the East), abbreviated GPO, was the Nazi German government's plan for the genocide and ethnic cleansing on a vast scale, and colonization of Central and Eastern Europe by Germans. It was to be undertaken in territories occupied by Germany during World War II. The plan was partially realized during the war, resulting indirectly and directly in a very large number of deaths, but its full implementation was not considered practicable during the major military operations, and was prevented by Germany's defeat. The plan entailed the enslavement, expulsion, and mass murder of most Slavic peoples
Slavic peoples
in Europe along with planned destruction of their nations, whom the 'Aryan' Nazis viewed as racially inferior
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Obergruppenführer
OBERGRUPPENFüHRER was a Nazi Party
Nazi Party
paramilitary rank that was first created in 1932 as a rank of the SA , and adopted by the Schutzstaffel (SS) one year later. Until April 1942, it was the highest commissioned SS rank , inferior only to Reichsführer-SS ( Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
or RFSS, which was the internal SS-abbreviation for Himmler) Translated as "senior group leader", the rank of Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
was senior to Gruppenführer . A similarly named rank of Untergruppenführer existed in the SA from 1929 to 1930 and as a title until 1933. In April 1942, the new rank of SS-Oberst- Gruppenführer was created which was above Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
and below Reichsführer-SS
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Jewish Question
The JEWISH QUESTION was a wide-ranging debate in 19th- and 20th-century European society pertaining to the appropriate status and treatment of Jews
Jews
in society. The debate was similar to other so-called "national questions " and dealt with the civil, legal, national and political status of Jews
Jews
as a minority within society, particularly in Europe
Europe
in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. The debate started within societies, politicians and writers in western and central Europe
Europe
influenced by the Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
and the ideals of the French Revolution
French Revolution
. The issues included the legal and economic Jewish disabilities (e.g. Jewish quotas and segregation ), Jewish assimilation , Jewish emancipation and Jewish Enlightenment
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Memorandum
A MEMORANDUM (abbrev.: MEMO; from Latin
Latin
memorandum est, "It must be remembered (that)...") is a note, document or other communication that helps the memory by recording events or observations on a topic, such as may be used in a business office . The plural form of the Latin noun memorandum so derived is properly memoranda, but if the word is deemed to have become a word of the English language, the plural memorandums, abbreviated to memos, may be used. (See also Agenda , Corrigenda , Addenda ). A memorandum can have only a certain number of formats; it may have a format specific to an office or institution. In law specifically, a memorandum is a record of the terms of a transaction or contract, such as a policy memo, memorandum of understanding , memorandum of agreement , or memorandum of association . Alternative formats include memos, briefing notes, reports, letters or binders. They could be one page long or many
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Rudolph Hess
RUDOLF WALTER RICHARD HESS (HEß in German; 26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987), was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany . Appointed Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933, he served in this position until 1941, when he flew solo to Scotland in an attempt to negotiate peace with the United Kingdom during World War II . He was taken prisoner and eventually was convicted of crimes against peace, serving a life sentence until his suicide. Hess enlisted in the 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment as an infantryman at the outbreak of World War I . He was wounded several times over the course of the war, and won the Iron Cross , 2nd class, in 1915. Shortly before the war ended, Hess enrolled to train as an aviator, but he saw no action in this role. He left the armed forces in December 1918 with the rank of Leutnant der Reserve
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Standartenführer
STANDARTENFüHRER ( , "standard leader") was a Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP) paramilitary rank that was used in several NSDAP organizations, such as the SA , SS , NSKK and the NSFK . First founded as a title in 1925, in 1928 the rank became one of the first commissioned NSDAP ranks and was bestowed upon those SA and SS officers who commanded units known as Standarten which were regiment-sized formations of between three hundred and five hundred men. In 1929 the rank of Standartenführer
Standartenführer
was divided into two separate ranks known as Standartenführer
Standartenführer
(I) and Standartenführer
Standartenführer
(II). This concept was abandoned in 1930 when both the SA and SS expanded their rank systems to allow for more officer positions and thus the need for only a single Standartenführer
Standartenführer
rank
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Humboldt University Of Berlin
The HUMBOLDT UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN (German : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU BERLIN) is one of Berlin
Berlin
's oldest universities , founded on 15 October 1811 as the UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN (Berliner Universität) by Frederick William III of Prussia
Frederick William III of Prussia
, on the initiative of the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt . The Humboldt university model has strongly influenced other European and Western universities. From 1828 to 1945 it was known as the FREDERICK WILLIAM UNIVERSITY (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität) and also (unofficially) as the Universität unter den Linden after its location in the former palace of Prince Henry of Prussia
Prussia
which his brother, King Frederick II , had built for him between 1748 and 1753 on the avenue Unter den Linden
Unter den Linden

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Subsequent Nuremberg Trials
The SUBSEQUENT NUREMBERG TRIALS (formally the TRIALS OF WAR CRIMINALS BEFORE THE NUREMBERG MILITARY TRIBUNALS) were a series of twelve U.S. military tribunals for war crimes against members of the leadership of Nazi Germany , held in the Palace of Justice , Nuremberg , after World War II from 1946 to 1949 following the Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Trials * 3 Result * 4 Criticism * 4.1 Conduct of the prosecution * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links BACKGROUNDAlthough it had been initially planned to hold more than just one international trial at the IMT, the growing differences between the victorious allies (the United States, United Kingdom, France, and Soviet Union ) made this impossible. However, the Control Council Law No
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Abstract (summary)
An ABSTRACT is a brief summary of a research article, thesis , review, conference proceeding , or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application . Abstracting and indexing services for various academic disciplines are aimed at compiling a body of literature for that particular subject. The terms PRéCIS or SYNOPSIS are used in some publications to refer to the same thing that other publications might call an "abstract". In management reports, an executive summary usually contains more information (and often more sensitive information) than the abstract does
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Armenian Genocide
The ARMENIAN GENOCIDE (Armenian : Հայոց ցեղասպանություն, Hayots tseghaspanutyun), also known as the ARMENIAN HOLOCAUST, was the Ottoman government 's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians , mostly Ottoman citizens within the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and its successor state, the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
. The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day that Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested, and deported 235 to 270 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders from Constantinople to the region of Ankara
Ankara
, the majority of whom were eventually murdered
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Czechs
The CZECHS (Czech : Češi, pronounced ; singular masculine: Čech , singular feminine: Češka ) or the CZECH PEOPLE (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe , who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Czech language . Ethnic Czechs were called BOHEMIANS in English until the early 20th century, referring to the late Iron Age tribe of Celtic Boii and the land Bohemia . During the Migration Period , West Slavic tribes of Bohemians settled in the area, "assimilated the remaining Celtic and Germanic populations", and formed an independent principality in the 9th century in form of Duchy of Bohemia and later Kingdom of Bohemia , the predecessors of the modern republic
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Ukrainians
UKRAINIANS (Ukrainian : українці, ukrayintsi, ) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine
Ukraine
, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe
Europe
. The Constitution of Ukraine applies the term 'Ukrainians' to all its citizens. Also among historical names of the people of Ukraine, Rusyns (Ruthenians), Cossacks
Cossacks
, etc. can be found. According to most dictionary definitions, a descriptive name for the "inhabitants of Ukraine" is Ukrainian or Ukrainian people. Rusyns are another related group found in western Ukraine, which are frequently referred to as being an ethnic subgroup of Ukrainians. The Rusyns are also further divided into subgroups of tribes consisiting of the Hutsuls
Hutsuls
, Boykos
Boykos
, and Lemkos
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Belarusians
BELARUSIANS (Belarusian : беларусы, biełarusy, or BYELORUSSIANS (from the Byelorussian SSR ), are an East Slavic ethnic group who are native to modern-day Belarus
Belarus
and the immediate region. There are over 9.5 million people who proclaim Belarusian ethnicity worldwide, with the overwhelming majority residing either in Belarus or the adjacent countries where they are an autochthonous minority. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 Languages * 3 History * 4 Cuisine * 5 See also * 6 References * 6.1 Bibliography * 7 External links LOCATION See also: Belarusian diaspora Ethnic territory of Belarusians According to Y. Karskiy (1903) According to M. Dovnar-Zapol\'skiy (1919) Modern state boundaries Belarusians
Belarusians
are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Belarus
Belarus

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Latvians
Latvia
Latvia
1,229,067 (2014) Other significant population centers: UNITED KINGDOM 102,000 (2014) UNITED STATES 96,070–102,000 (2009) CANADA 27,870 (2006) GERMANY 27,752 (2014) BRAZIL 25,000 (2002) IRELAND 20,593 (2011) AUSTRALIA 20,509 (2016) RUSSIA 20,068 (2010) NEW ZEALAND 20,000 (2004) NORWAY 8,077 (2013) UKRAINE 5,079 (2001) SWEDEN 4,116 (2009) DENMARK 3,799 (2012) SPAIN 3,711 (2011) ITALY 2,689 (2014) LITHUANIA 2,300 (2012) ESTONIA 2,
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Estonians
ESTONIANS (Estonian : eestlased) are a Finnic ethnic group related to the Finns
Finns
that mainly inhabit Estonia
Estonia
, a country located south of Finland
Finland
and the Finnish Gulf . Their national language belongs to Finnic branch and is known as Estonian (Estonian : eesti keel). Although Estonia
Estonia
is often geopolitically categorized as one of the Baltics , Estonians
Estonians
are linguistically, culturally and historically related to the neighboring Finns—both belonging to the Finnic people —differing from the non-Finnic Indo-European speaking Baltic peoples of Latvia
Latvia
and Lithuania
Lithuania

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