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Genealogy Of The Rothschild Family
The Rothschild family
Rothschild family
is a European family of German Jewish origin that established European banking and finance houses from the late eighteenth century. The Rothschild family
Rothschild family
was founded by Mayer Amschel Rothschild. Wanting his sons to succeed on their own and to expand the family business across Europe, he had his eldest son remain in Frankfurt, while his four other sons were sent to different European cities with the mission of establishing a financial institution to invest in business and provide banking services. Endogamy within the family was an essential part of the Rothschild strategy in order to ensure control of their wealth remained in family hands
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Amartya Sen
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (Bengali: [ˈɔmort:o ˈʃen]; born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Sen has made contributions to welfare economics, social choice theory, economic and social justice, economic theories of famines, and indexes of the measure of well-being of citizens of developing countries. He is currently the Thomas W. Lamont University Professor at Harvard University[4] and member of faculty at Harvard Law School. He is a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge
and was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences[5] in 1998 and India's Bharat Ratna in 1999 for his work in welfare economics
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Simon Wolf Oppenheimer
Simon Wolf Oppenheimer (died 10 November 1726) was a German Jewish banker and Court Jew of the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg in Hanover. He was the son of Samuel Oppenheimer, and was married to Frade Behrends, the granddaughter of Leffmann Behrends.[1] The astronomer Raphael Levi Hannover was a bookkeeper in his firm. His son Jacob Wolf Oppenheimer took over his banking business after his death in 1726, and later employed Mayer Amschel Rothschild as an apprentice between 1757 and 1763.[2] References[edit]^ Stern, Selma (1950). The Court Jew: A Contribution to the History of the Period of Absolutism in Europe. Transaction Publishers. p. 213.  ^ Spingola, Deanna (2011). The Ruling Elite: A Study in Imperialism, Genocide and Emancipation. Trafford. pp. 9–10. ISBN 978-1-4269-5462-7. This German biographical article is a stub
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Rózsika Rothschild
Rózsika Rothschild (born as Rózsika Edle von Wertheimstein in 1870, Nagyvárad Hungary (today Romania) - 1940, London, United Kingdom) was a tennis player and the wife of the banker and entomologist Charles Rothschild. Life[edit] She grew up as one of seven children of an officer of the Austro-Hungarian army, Alfred Edler von Wertheimstein. The Wertheimstein family was the first Jewish family in Europe to be ennobled without having previously converted to Christianity. The multi-lingual Rózsika was regarded as very interested in politics. Around the turn of the century she was a very well known tennis player and national Hungarian champion
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German Jew
Jewish settlers founded the Ashkenazi Jewish community in the Early (5th to 10th centuries CE) and High Middle Ages
High Middle Ages
(circa 1000–1299 CE). The community survived under Charlemagne, but suffered during the Crusades. Accusations of well poisoning during the Black Death (1346–53) led to mass slaughter of German Jews,[3] and they fled in large numbers to Poland. The Jewish communities of the cities of Mainz, Speyer, and Worms
Worms
became the center of Jewish life during Medieval times. "This was a golden age as area bishops protected the Jews
Jews
resulting in increased trade and prosperity."[4] The First Crusade began an era of persecution of Jews
Jews
in Germany.[5] Entire communities, like those of Trier, Worms, Mainz, and Cologne, were murdered. The war upon the Hussite
Hussite
heretics became the signal for renewed persecution of Jews
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Abraham Montefiore
There have been two baronetcies created for members of the Montefiore family, both in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Both creations are extinct. The Montefiore Baronetcy, of East Cliff Lodge in the Isle of Thanet and County of Kent, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 23 July 1846 for the banker and philosopher Moses Montefiore in recognition of his services to humanitarian causes on behalf of the Jewish people. He was childless and the title became extinct on his death in 1885. The Montefiore Baronetcy, of Worth Park in the Parish of Worth in the County of Sussex, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 16 February 1886 for Francis Abraham Montefiore. He was the grandson of Abraham Montefiore, brother of Sir Moses Montefiore, 1st Baronet (see above)
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Ben Goldsmith
Benjamin James "Ben" Goldsmith (born 28 October 1980) is an English financier and environmentalist. The son of financier James Goldsmith and Lady Annabel Goldsmith
Lady Annabel Goldsmith
he is founder and CEO of London-listed investment firm Menhaden, which focuses on the theme of energy and resource efficiency. Previously he co-founded the sustainability-focused investment firm WHEB, whose private equity business split away in 2014 and now trades under the name Alaina Partners. He has used his personal wealth to support both philanthropic and political projects in the area of the environment and sustainability. He has also been a body double on a number of occasions for Hollywood star Channing Tatum. He had a high-profile marriage to Rothschild heiress Kate Emma Rothschild which ended in 2012
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Court Factor
In the early modern period, a court Jew, or court factor (German: Hofjude, Hoffaktor), was a Jewish banker who handled the finances of, or lent money to, European royalty and nobility. In return for their services, court Jews gained social privileges, including in some cases being granted noble status. Court Jews were needed because prohibitions against usury applied to Christians but did not apply to Jews. Examples of what would be later called court Jews emerged in the High Middle Ages when the royalty, the nobility, and the church borrowed money from money changers or employed them as financiers
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George Lane (British Army Officer)
World War IIOperation TarbrushAwards Military CrossSpouse(s) Miriam Rothschild (m. 1943–1957)Children 6George Henry Lane, MC (18 January 1915 – 19 March 2010) was a British Army officer in the Commandos during World War II, achieving the rank of colonel. He performed a number of missions behind enemy lines. Captured on one such mission, Lane was spared after he had tea with Erwin Rommel, and later escaped.[1][2][3][4]Contents1 Early life 2 Second World War 3 Later life 4 References 5 Further readingEarly life[edit] Lane was born in Upper Hungary, with the birth name Dyuri or György Länyi. His family were Jewish; his father Ernest Länyi was a wealthy landowner. The family moved to Budapest after the end of the First World War, when his parents' land was allocated to the new state of Czechoslovakia by the Treaty of Versailles. He moved to London in 1935, where he befriended the Dean of Windsor, Albert Baillie
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William I, Elector Of Hesse
William I, Elector of Hesse
Elector of Hesse
(German: Wilhelm I., Kurfürst von Hessen; 3 June 1743 – 27 February 1821) was the eldest surviving son of Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
(or Hesse-Cassel) and Princess Mary of Great Britain, the daughter of George II.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life 1.2 Marriage 1.3 Reign2 Issue 3 See also 4 Ancestry 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] Early life[edit] William was born in Kassel, Hesse in 1743. His father, landgrave Frederick II (who died in 1785), had in 1747 abandoned the family and reverted to Catholicism
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Queen Victoria
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III
King George III
died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power
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British Nobility
The British nobility
British nobility
are the noble families of the United Kingdom. The nobility of its four constituent home nations has played a major role in shaping the history of the country, although in the present day even hereditary peers have no special rights, privileges or responsibilities, except for residual rights to stand for election to the House of Lords, dining rights in the House of Lords, position in the formal order of precedence, the right to certain titles (see below), and the right to an audience with the monarch
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Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Francis II (German: Franz; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
of the German Nation after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire
First French Empire
led by Napoleon
Napoleon
at the Battle of Austerlitz. In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
and became Francis I, the first Emperor of Austria, ruling from 1804 to 1835, so later he was named the one and only Doppelkaiser (double emperor) in history.[1] For the two years between 1804 and 1806, Francis used the title and style by the Grace of God elected Roman Emperor, ever Augustus, hereditary Emperor of Austria and he was called the Emperor of both the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
and Austria
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Habsburg Empire
The Habsburg Monarchy
Monarchy
(German: Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
until 1918. The Monarchy
Monarchy
was a composite state composed of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire, united only in the person of the monarch. The dynastic capital was Vienna, except from 1583 to 1611,[2] when it was moved to Prague
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Austrian Nobility
The Austrian nobility
Austrian nobility
(German: österreichischer Adel) is a status group that was officially abolished in 1919 after the fall of Austria-Hungary. The nobles are still part of Austrian society today,[citation needed] but they no longer retain any specific privileges. Austria's system of nobility was very similar to Germany's (see German nobility), as both countries were previously part of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
(962-1806). Any noble living in the Habsburg-ruled lands, and who owed their allegiance to the dynasty and therefore to the Emperor, was also considered part of the Austrian aristocracy. This applied to any member of the Bohemian, Hungarian, Polish, Croatian, and other nobilities in the Habsburg
Habsburg
dominions
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Endogamy
Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste or ethnic group, rejecting those from others as unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships. Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups
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