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Gauri Ayyub
GAURI AYYUB (1931 – 1998) was a social worker, activist, writer and teacher based in Kolkata
Kolkata
(Calcutta) for most of her life. Married to the philosopher and literary critic, Abu Sayeed Ayyub (1906–1982), Gauri was a writer in her own right, and is known for her short stories, translations, and numerous articles on social issues. She is recognised for her role in the propagation of communal harmony in Bengal, active assistance to the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 and vocal opposition to the curbing of human rights during the declaration of emergency in India in 1974 . She assisted writer and social worker Maitreyi Devi in founding Khelaghar, initially as a shelter for Bangladeshi children orphaned during the war of 1971
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Kolkata
Nickname(s): City of Joy City of Palaces Cultural Capital of India Kolkata Show map of West Bengal Kolkata Show map of India Location of Kolkata in West Bengal
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Bangladesh Liberation War
Bangladeshi and Indian victory * Collapse of the Pakistan Eastern Command * Establishment of the sovereignty of Bangladesh Territorial changes Independence of East Pakistan from Pakistan as Bangladesh BELLIGERENTS Bangladesh *
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The Emergency (india)
In India, "THE EMERGENCY" refers to a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
had a state of emergency declared across the country. Officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352(1) of the Constitution because of the prevailing "internal disturbance", the Emergency was in effect from 25 June 1975 until its withdrawal on 21 March 1977. The order bestowed upon the Prime Minister the authority to rule by decree , allowing elections to be suspended and civil liberties to be curbed. For much of the Emergency, most of Gandhi's political opponents were imprisoned and the press was censored. Several other human rights violations were reported from the time, including a forced mass-sterilisation campaign spearheaded by Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
, the Prime Minister's son. The Emergency is one of the most controversial periods of independent India\'s history
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Maitreyi Devi
MAITREYI DEVI (or MAITREYī DEVī) (September 1, 1914 – January 29, 1989) was a Bengali -born Indian poet and novelist. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Education * 3 Awards * 4 See also * 5 References LIFE _ THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (April 2015)_Devi was born in 1914, she was the daughter of philosopher Surendranath Dasguptaand protegée of poet Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore
. She was married to quinologist dr. M.M. Sen. She was the founder of the Council for the Promotion of Communal Harmony in 1964, and vice-president of the All- India
India
Women’s Coordinating Council. Her first book of verse appeared when she was sixteen, with a preface by Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore
. She wrote _Rabindranath--the man behind his poetry_
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Rabindranath Tagore
RABINDRANATH TAGORE FRAS (/rəˈbɪndrənɑːt tæˈɡɔːr/ ( listen ); Bengali: ), also written RAVīNDRANāTHA THāKURA (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), sobriquet GURUDEV, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music , as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism
Contextual Modernism
in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature in 1913. Sometimes referred to as "the Bard
Bard
of Bengal", Tagore's poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal
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Visva-Bharati University
VISVA-BHARATI UNIVERSITY is a public central government funded university located in Santiniketan
Santiniketan
, West Bengal
West Bengal
. It was founded by Rabindranath Tagore who called it Visva Bharati, which means the communion of the world with India. In its initial years Tagore expressed his dissatisfaction with the word 'university', since university translates to Vishva-Vidyalaya, which is smaller in scope than Visva Bharati. Until independence it was a college. Soon after independence, in 1951, the institution was given the status of a university and was renamed Visva Bharati University. The English daily, The Nation , notes, "Using the money he received with his Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, the school was expanded and renamed Visva-Bharati University
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University Of Calcutta
The UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA (informally known as CALCUTTA UNIVERSITY or CU) is a public state university located in Kolkata
Kolkata
(formerly _Calcutta_), West Bengal
West Bengal
, India
India
established on 24 January 1857. It was the first institution in Asia to be established as a multidisciplinary and secular Western-style university. Within India it is recognized as a "Five-Star University" and a "Centre with Potential for Excellence" by the University Grants Commission and the National Assessment and Accreditation Council . There are seven Nobel laureates associated with this university including Ronald Ross , Rabindranath Tagore , C. V. Raman and Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen

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Shri Shikshayatan College
SHRI SHIKSHAYATAN COLLEGE is an undergraduate women's liberal arts college in Kolkata
Kolkata
, India
India
and was founded on 8 July 1955. It is affiliated with the University of Calcutta . It also offers a master's degree in English and Commerce. NOTABLE ALUMNAE * Mamata Banerjee
Mamata Banerjee
, Chief Minister of West Bengal
West Bengal
* Usha Ganguly , theatre director REFERENCES * ^ " Shri Shikshayatan College Best Commerce Colleges 2014 India Today Survey". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2016-01-16. * ^ "Affiliated College of University of Calcutta". Archived from the original on February 18, 2012. * ^ "Change-makers to beat bias". The Telegraph (Kolkata)
The Telegraph (Kolkata)

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Rheumatoid Arthritis
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints . It typically results in warm, swollen, and painful joints. Pain and stiffness often worsen following rest. Most commonly, the wrist and hands are involved, with the same joints typically involved on both sides of the body. The disease may also affect other parts of the body. This may result in a low red blood cell count , inflammation around the lungs , and inflammation around the heart . Fever and low energy may also be present. Often, symptoms come on gradually over weeks to months. While the cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not clear, it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The underlying mechanism involves the body's immune system attacking the joints. This results in inflammation and thickening of the joint capsule . It also affects the underlying bone and cartilage
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East Pakistan
EAST PAKISTAN was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan
Pakistan
between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. Its land borders were with India
India
and Burma
Burma
, with a coastline on the Bay of Bengal . East Pakistan
Pakistan
was located near, without a border, to the Kingdom of Nepal , the People\'s Republic of China , the Kingdom of Sikkim and the Kingdom of Bhutan . East Pakistan
Pakistan
was renamed from East Bengal by the One Unit scheme of Prime Minister Mohammad Ali of Bogra
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Mymensingh
MYMENSINGH (pronounced moy-mon-shin-haw), officially CITY OF MYMENSINGH is the capital of Mymensingh Division of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. Mymensingh
Mymensingh
city is located about 120 km (75 mi) north of Dhaka
Dhaka
which is the capital of the country. Border area cover Himalayan state of India, Gazipur, Tangail, Jamalpur, Netrokona, Kishorganj. Since 2015 Mymensingh
Mymensingh
became the 8th administrative divisional headquarters of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. According to Ministry of Public Administration, Mymensingh
Mymensingh
is ranked 4 out of 64 districts. It is a major financial center of North Central Bangladesh. it is the third largest city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in Bangladesh.Density of Mymensingh
Mymensingh
City is 44,458/sq km which is second density populated city in Bangladesh
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Bangladesh
Coordinates : 23°48′N 90°18′E / 23.8°N 90.3°E / 23.8; 90.3 People's Republic of Bangladesh * গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Bengali ) * _Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṃlādēśa_ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Amar Sonar Bangla " (Bengali ) "My Golden Bengal"------------------------- MARCH: " Notuner Gaan " "The Song of Youth" * GOVERNMENT SEAL OF BANGLADESH * Capital and largest city
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Gandhian
GANDHISM is a body of ideas that describes the inspiration, vision and the life work of Mohandas Gandhi . It is particularly associated with his contributions to the idea of nonviolent resistance , sometimes also called civil resistance . The two pillars of Gandhism are truth and non-violence. The term "Gandhism" also encompasses what Gandhi's ideas, words and actions mean to people around the world, and how they used them for guidance in building their own future. Gandhism also permeates into the realm of the individual human being, non-political and non-social. A Gandhian can mean either an individual who follows, or a specific philosophy which is attributed to, Gandhism. Professor Ramjee Singh has called Gandhi a bodhisattva (bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for anyone who, motivated by great compassion, has generated _bodhicitta_, which is a spontaneous wish to attain buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings
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Patna University
PATNA UNIVERSITY, the first university in Bihar , was established in 1917 during the British Raj , and is the seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent . At that time, the jurisdiction of the university extended to Bihar, Odisha , and the Kingdom of Nepal . The university oversaw examinations for educational institutions ranging from school finals to the postgraduate levels . This continued almost for four decades, until the establishment of the Tribhuvan University , Kathmandu , and the Utkal University , Bhubaneshwar
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Visva Bharati University
VISVA-BHARATI UNIVERSITY is a public central government funded university located in Santiniketan , West Bengal
West Bengal
. It was founded by Rabindranath Tagore who called it _Visva Bharati_, which means the communion of the world with India. In its initial years Tagore expressed his dissatisfaction with the word 'university', since university translates to _Vishva-Vidyalaya_, which is smaller in scope than _Visva Bharati_. Until independence it was a college. Soon after independence, in 1951, the institution was given the status of a university and was renamed Visva Bharati University. The English daily, _The Nation _, notes, "Using the money he received with his Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
for Literature in 1913, the school was expanded and renamed Visva-Bharati University
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