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Garden Of Gethsemane
Coordinates : 31°46′46″N 35°14′25″E / 31.779402°N 35.240197°E / 31.779402; 35.240197 Garden of Gethsemane
Gethsemane
GETHSEMANE (Greek : Γεθσημανή, Gethsemane; Hebrew : גת שמנים‎‎, Gat Shmanim; Syriac : ܓܕܣܡܢ‎, Gaḏ Šmānê, lit. "oil press") is a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives
Mount of Olives
in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, most famous as the place where Jesus
Jesus
prayed and his disciples slept the night before his crucifixion ; i.e. the site recorded as where the agony in the garden took place
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Eusebius Of Caesarea
EUSEBIUS OF CAESAREA (/juːˈsiːbiəs/ ; Greek : Εὐσέβιος τῆς Καισαρείας, Eusébios tés Kaisareías; AD 260/265 – 339/340), also known as EUSEBIUS PAMPHILI, was a Greek historian of Christianity, exegete , and Christian polemicist . He became the bishop of Caesarea Maritima about 314 AD. Together with Pamphilus , he was a scholar of the Biblical canon and is regarded as an extremely well learned Christian of his time. He wrote Demonstrations of the Gospel, Preparations for the Gospel, and On Discrepancies between the Gospels, studies of the Biblical text. As "Father of Church History " he produced the Ecclesiastical History , On the Life of Pamphilus, the Chronicle and On the Martyrs
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Itinerarium Burdigalense
The ITINERARIUM BURDIGALENSE (" Bordeaux
Bordeaux
Itinerary") — also known as the Itinerarium
Itinerarium
Hierosolymitanum (" Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Itinerary") — is the oldest known Christian itinerarium . It was written by the "Pilgrim of Bordeaux", an anonymous pilgrim from Burdigala (present-day Bordeaux
Bordeaux
, France)
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Carbon Dating
RADIOCARBON DATING (also referred to as CARBON DATING or CARBON-14 DATING) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon (14 C), a radioactive isotope of carbon . The method was developed by Willard Libby in the late 1940s and soon became a standard tool for archaeologists. Libby received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in 1960. The radiocarbon dating method is based on the fact that radiocarbon is constantly being created in the atmosphere by the interaction of cosmic rays with atmospheric nitrogen . The resulting radiocarbon combines with atmospheric oxygen to form radioactive carbon dioxide , which is incorporated into plants by photosynthesis ; animals then acquire 14 C by eating the plants
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Abbey Of Our Lady Of Gethsemani
The ABBEY OF OUR LADY OF GETHSEMANI is a monastery near Bardstown, Kentucky
Kentucky
, in Nelson County , a part of the Order of Cistercians
Cistercians
of the Strict Observance (Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), better known as the Trappists . Founded on 21 December 1848 and raised to an abbey in 1851, Gethsemani is considered to be the motherhouse of all Trappist and Trappistine monasteries in the United States of America. Gethsemani is the oldest monastery in the United States that is still operating. Following the Rule of Saint Benedict , the Trappist monks live a contemplative life of faithful prayer and work. The monastery is situated on a working farm of 2,000 acres (810 ha). The monks support themselves and the abbey through its store, Gethsemani Farms, offering handmade Trappist cheeses, fruitcake , and bourbon fudge (both onsite and by mail order )
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King James Version
The KING JAMES VERSION (KJV), also known as the KING JAMES BIBLE (KJB) or simply the AUTHORIZED VERSION (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible
Bible
for the Church of England
Church of England
begun in 1604 and completed in 1611. The books of the King James Version
King James Version
include the 39 books of the Old Testament
Old Testament
, an intertestamental section containing 14 books of the Apocrypha (most of which correspond to books in the Vulgate Deuterocanon adhered to by Roman Catholics ), and the 27 books of the New Testament
New Testament
. It was first printed by the King\'s Printer Robert Barker and was the third translation into English approved by the English Church authorities
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Pilgrim
A PILGRIM (from the Latin
Latin
peregrinus) is a traveler (literally one who has come from afar) who is on a journey to a holy place . Typically, this is a physical journey (often on foot) to some place of special significance to the adherent of a particular religious belief system. In the spiritual literature of Christianity
Christianity
, the concept of pilgrim and pilgrimage may refer to the experience of life in the world (considered as a period of exile) or to the inner path of the spiritual aspirant from a state of wretchedness to a state of beatitude
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Mount Zion
MOUNT ZION (Hebrew : הַר צִיוֹן‎, Har Tsiyyon; Arabic : جبل صهيون‎‎, Jabel Sahyoun) is a hill in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
just outside the walls of the Old City . The term Mount Zion
Zion
has been used in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
first for the City of David
City of David
(2 Samuel 5:7, 1 Chronicles 11:5; 1 Kings 8:1, 2 Chronicles 5:2) and later for the Temple Mount
Temple Mount
, but its meaning has shifted and it is now used as the name of ancient Jerusalem's Western Hill. In a wider sense, the term is also used for the entire Land of Israel
Land of Israel

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Gethsemane (other)
GETHSEMANE is a garden in Jerusalem believed to be the place where Jesus and his disciples prayed the night before the crucifixion
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Virgin Mary
MARY (Greek : Μαρία, translit. María; Aramaic : ܡܪܝܡ‎, translit. Mariam; Hebrew : מִרְיָם‎, translit. Miriam; Coptic : Ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ; Arabic : مريم‎, translit. Maryam), also known by various titles, styles and honorifics , was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish
Jewish
woman of Nazareth
Nazareth
, and the mother of Jesus
Jesus
, according to the New Testament
New Testament
and the Quran . The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament
New Testament
and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin (Greek: παρθένος, translit. parthénos) and Christians believe that she conceived her son while a virgin by the Holy Spirit . The miraculous conception took place when she was already betrothed to Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of marriage, the formal home-taking ceremony
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Assumption Of Mary
The ASSUMPTION OF MARY into Heaven, often shortened to THE ASSUMPTION and also known as the FEAST OF SAINT MARY THE VIRGIN, MOTHER OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST and the FALLING ASLEEP OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY (the Dormition) , according to the beliefs of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, Eastern Orthodoxy , Oriental Orthodoxy , and parts of Anglicanism
Anglicanism
, was the bodily taking up of the Virgin Mary into Heaven at the end of her earthly life. The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
teaches as dogma that the Virgin Mary "having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory". This doctrine was dogmatically defined by Pope Pius XII
Pius XII
on 1 November 1950, in the apostolic constitution Munificentissimus Deus by exercising papal infallibility
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Dormition
The DORMITION OF THE MOTHER OF GOD (Greek : Κοίμησις Θεοτόκου, Koímēsis Theotokou often anglicized as Kimisis, Slavonic: Успение Пресвятыя Богородицы, Uspenie Presvetia Bogoroditsi) is a Great Feast
Great Feast
of the Eastern Orthodox , Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
which commemorates the "falling asleep" or death of Mary the Theotokos (" Mother of God ", literally translated as God-bearer), and her bodily resurrection before being taken up into heaven. It is celebrated on August 15 (August 28, N.S. for those following the Julian Calendar
Julian Calendar
) as the FEAST OF THE DORMITION of the Mother of God. The Armenian Apostolic Church celebrates the Dormition not on a fixed date, but on the Sunday nearest August 15
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Christian Classics Ethereal Library
The CHRISTIAN CLASSICS ETHEREAL LIBRARY (CCEL) is a digital library that provides free electronic copies of Christian scripture and literature texts . CCEL is a volunteer-based project founded and directed by Harry Plantinga, a professor of computer science at Calvin College. It was initiated at Wheaton college in 1993 and is currently supported by Calvin College . The purpose of the CCEL is simply "to build up Christ's church and to address fundamental questions of the faith." The documents in the library express a variety of theological views, sometimes conflicting with those of Calvin College. CCEL stores texts in Theological Markup Language (ThML) format and automatically converts them into other formats such as HTML
HTML
or Portable Document Format
Portable Document Format
(PDF). Although they use mainly Public Domain texts, they claim copyright on all their formatting
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Oxford University Press
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press
. It is a department of the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
and is governed by a group of 15 academics appointed by the vice-chancellor known as the delegates of the press. They are headed by the secretary to the delegates, who serves as OUP's chief executive and as its major representative on other university bodies. Oxford
Oxford
University has used a similar system to oversee OUP since the 17th century. The university became involved in the print trade around 1480, and grew into a major printer of Bibles, prayer books, and scholarly works. OUP took on the project that became the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary in the late 19th century, and expanded to meet the ever-rising costs of the work
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OCLC
OCLC, currently incorporated as OCLC
OCLC
ONLINE COMPUTER LIBRARY CENTER, INCORPORATED, is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the OHIO COLLEGE LIBRARY CENTER. OCLC
OCLC
and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat
WorldCat
, the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world. OCLC
OCLC
is funded mainly by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services (around $200 million annually as of 2016 ). OCLC
OCLC
also maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
The ILLUSTRATED BIBLE DICTIONARY, better known as EASTON\'S BIBLE DICTIONARY, is a reference work on topics related to the Christian Bible
Bible
compiled by Matthew George Easton . The first edition was published in 1893, and a revised edition was published the following year. The most popular edition, however, was the third, published by Thomas Nelson in 1897, three years after Easton's death. The last contains nearly 4,000 entries relating to the Bible
Bible
. Many of the entries in Easton's are encyclopedic in nature, although there are also short dictionary-type entries. Because of its age, it is now a public domain resource
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