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Fruitbearing Society
The Fruitbearing Society
Fruitbearing Society
(German Die Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft, lat. societas fructifera) was a German literary society founded in 1617 in Weimar
Weimar
by German scholars and nobility.[1] Its aim was to standardize vernacular German and promote it as both a scholarly and literary language, after the pattern of the Accademia della Crusca
Accademia della Crusca
in Florence
Florence
and similar groups already thriving in Italy, followed in later years also in France
France
(1635) and Britain. It was also known as the Palmenorden ("Palm Order") because its emblem was the then-exotic fruitbearing coconut palm. Caspar von Teutleben (de) (1576–1629), Hofmarschall at the court in Weimar, was the founding father of the society
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Germany
Coordinates: 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9Federal Republic
Republic
of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German)[a]FlagCoat of armsMotto:  "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" (de facto) "Unity and Justice and Freedom"Anthem: "Deutschlandlied" (third verse only)[b] "Song of Germany"Location of  Germany  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Location of
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Hans Georg Von Arnim-Boitzenburg
Johann or Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg
Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg
(1583 Boitzenburger Land – 28 April 1641 Dresden) was a German general. At different times during the Thirty Years' War, he was a Field Marshal for the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
and Field Marshal
Field Marshal
for its opponent the Electorate of Saxony. He also pursued various diplomatic tasks. Biography[edit] Arnim was born in Boitzenburger Land, Brandenburg. After studies at Frankfurt (Oder), Leipzig, and Rostock, he entered into service at the Prussian court at Königsberg
Königsberg
in 1612, a post he had to leave the next year because of a duel.[citation needed] He aided the Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus against Russia from 1613 to 1617
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Lebrecht, Prince Of Anhalt-Köthen
Lebrecht of Anhalt- Köthen
Köthen
(Plötzkau, 8 April 1622 – Köthen, 7 November 1669), was a German prince of the House of Ascania
House of Ascania
and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau. From 1665, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. He was the second son of Augustus, Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau, by his wife Sibylle, daughter of John George I, Count of Solms-Laubach. Life[edit] After the death of his father in 1653, Lebrecht inherited Plötzkau jointly with his older brother Ernest Gottlieb and his younger brother Emmanuel. With their principality, they also received the regency over Anhalt- Köthen
Köthen
on behalf of the infant Prince William Louis
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Louis Of Anhalt-Köthen
Louis of Anhalt-Köthen (b. Köthen, 25 September 1778 - d. Köthen, 16 September 1802) was a German prince of the House of Ascania. He was the third son of Karl George Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, and his wife Louise Charlotte, daughter of Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Life[edit] Since 1798 he was a Major in the King's Regiment in Danish service, where he received his military training. In 1801, he renounced to the Danish service and went into the Prussian service. The death of his brother Karl William in 1793 made Louis the next in line to inherit Köthen, preceded only by his older brother Augustus Christian Frederick. His early death prevented his eventual inheritance of Köthen, but his son Louis Augustus succeeded his uncle in Anhalt-Köthen when he died ten years later. Marriage and Issue[edit] In Darmstadt on 20 September 1800 Louis married Louise Karoline Theodora Amalie (b. Darmstadt, 15 January 1779 - d
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William Louis, Prince Of Anhalt-Köthen
William Louis of Anhalt-Köthen (3 August 1638, in Köthen – 13 April 1665, in Köthen), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. He was the second son of Louis I, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, but second-born son of his second wife Sophie, daughter of Simon VI, Count of Lippe. Life[edit] William Louis was only twelve years of age when he succeeded his father in Köthen in 1650. During his minor years, his uncle Prince Augustus of Anhalt-Plötzkau acted as regent. After the death of Augustus in 1653, his sons Lebrecht and Emmanuel took over the regency until William was formally proclaimed of age in 1659. In Köthen on 25 August 1663 William Louis married Elisabeth Charlotte (b. Harzgerode, 11 February 1647 - d. Osterholm, 20 January 1723), daughter of his cousin Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Harzgerode, and granddaughter of Christian I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
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Augustus, Prince Of Anhalt-Plötzkau
Augustus of Anhalt-Plötzkau (Dessau, 14 July 1575 – Plötzkau, 22 August 1653), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau. Augustus was the fourth son of Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt, but second-born son of his second wife Eleonore, daughter of Christoph, Duke of Württemberg. Life[edit] In 1586, after the death of his father, Augustus inherited Anhalt jointly with his half- and full brothers under the regency of the eldest, John George I. After seventeen years of joint rule, the surviving brothers agreed to a formal division of their lands in 1603
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Weimar
Weimar
Weimar
(German pronunciation: [ˈvaɪmaɐ̯]; Latin: Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located between Erfurt
Erfurt
in the west and Jena
Jena
in the east, approximately 80 kilometres (50 miles) southwest of Leipzig, 170 kilometres (106 miles) north of Nuremberg
Nuremberg
and 170 kilometres (106 miles) west of Dresden
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Karl, Prince Of Anhalt-Zerbst
Charles William, Prince of Anhalt- Zerbst
Zerbst
(German: Karl Wilhelm, 16 October 1652, in Zerbst
Zerbst
– 3 November 1718, in Zerbst), was a German prince of the House of Ascania
House of Ascania
and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. He was the third (but eldest surviving) son of John VI, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, and Sophie Auguste, daughter of Frederick III, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. His two older brothers died before his birth.Contents1 Life 2 Marriage and issue 3 References 4 External linksLife[edit] Charles William succeeded his father in Anhalt- Zerbst
Zerbst
in 1667 at the age of fifteen. During his minority, which lasted until 1674, his mother, the Dowager Princess Sophie Auguste, acted as regent. He ordered the building of Zerbst
Zerbst
Castle (which was made his official residence) and the St
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Anthony Ulrich, Duke Of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Anthony Ulrich (German: Anton Ulrich; 4 October 1633 – 27 March 1714), a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruling Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1685 until 1702 jointly with his elder brother Rudolph Augustus, and solely from 1704 until his death. He was one of the main proponents of enlightened absolutism among the Brunswick dukes.Contents1 Life1.1 Early years 1.2 Co-ruler 1.3 Sole ruler2 Patron of the arts 3 Marriage and children 4 Ancestry 5 Novels 6 ReferencesLife[edit] He was born in Hitzacker, then the residence of his father Duke Augustus the Younger of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1579–1666) and his second wife Princess Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst (1607–1634)
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George, Duke Of Brunswick-Lüneburg
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(17 February 1582, Celle
Celle
– 12 April 1641, Hildesheim), ruled as Prince of Calenberg
Prince of Calenberg
from 1635. George was the sixth son of William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1535–1592) and Dorothea of Denmark (1546–1617). His mother was daughter to King Christian III of Denmark
Christian III of Denmark
and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg. She acted as a regent during the early years of his reign, keeping power from the Councillors who had mismanaged the estates during his father's fits of insanity. In the 1635 re-division of the territories of the House of Welf, after the death of Frederick Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he received the Principality of Calenberg, which included the former Principality of Göttingen, since 1495, while his elder brother, Augustus the Elder, retained the Principality of Lüneburg
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Johan Banér
Banér may refer to:Gustaf Banér, member of the Privy Council of Sweden Johan Banér, Swedish Field Marshal in the Thirty Years' War, son of Gustaf Banér Per Gustafsson Banér, member of the Privy Council of Sweden, son of Gustaf Banér Sigrid Banér, noblewoman and letter writer, daughter of Gustaf Banér Sigrid Eskilsdotter (Banér) (died 1527), Swedish noblewomanSee also[edit]Baner, a suburb of Pune, IndiaThis page lists people with the surname Banér
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Steno Bielke
Sten Svantesson Bielke, also Steno Bielke, (1598 – 2 April[1] 1638)[2][3] was a statesman of the Swedish Empire. Bielke studied in Uppsala and Tübingen before he became chamberlain of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in 1619.[2] Together with Bengt Bengtson Oxenstierna, he traveled to Jerusalem and other sites in the Holy Land in 1613, 1619 and 1623.[3] From 1627 to 1629, he attended the University of Leiden.[2] In 1630, he was Swedish commander in Stralsund.[4] In 1631, he was appointed Swedish legate in occupied Pomerania, succeeding Carl Banér.[5] He occupied this position until his death.[5] In 1633, Bielke became a member of the rigsråd.[2] In 1636, he was appointed general legate in Germany.[1] He died on 2 April 1638 in Stettin (now Szczecin).[1] See also[edit]Treaty of Stettin (1630)References[edit]^ a b c Öhman (2005), p.213 ^ a b c d Wild (2000), p.63 ^ a b Giese (2003), p.85 ^ Olesen (2003), p.394 ^ a b Backhaus (1969), p.19Bibliography[edit]
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Sigmund Von Birken
Sigmund von Birken (25 April 1626, Wildstein, near Eger — 12 June 1681, Nuremberg) was a German poet of the Baroque. Also, Sibylle Ursula von Braunschweig-Lüneburg wrote part of a novel, Die Durchlauchtige Syrerin Aramena (Aramena, the noble Syrian lady), which when complete would be the most famous courtly novel in German Baroque literature; it was finished by her brother Anton Ulrich and edited by Sigmund von Birken.[1][2] Further reading[edit]Hellmut Rosenfeld (1955), "Birken, Sigmund v.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 256–257  Ferdinand Spehr (1875), "Birken, Sigmund von", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 2, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 660–661 References[edit]^ Hilary Brown (2012). Luise Gottsched the Translator. Camden House. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-1-57113-510-0.  ^ Jo Catling (23 March 2000)
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George William, Count Palatine Of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
George William (6 August 1591 – 25 December 1669), titular Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count of Veldenz and Sponheim was the Duke of Zweibrücken- Birkenfeld
Birkenfeld
from 1600 until 1669.Contents1 Life 2 Marriages and Issue 3 Ancestors 4 Literature 5 ReferencesLife[edit]Arms of George William.George William was born in Ansbach
Ansbach
in 1591 as the eldest son of Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. He succeeded his father in 1600 as Count of Sponheim. He was joint ruler in the Sponheimish condominium together with Margrave Wilhelm of Baden, whose counter-reformationist movements he laboriously repelled. George William finished the expansion of Castle Birkenfeld, which his father had begun, and set the ground stone for the castle chapel.[1] He is seen as an economical and prudent regent,[2] though he could not do much through the Thirty Years' War
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Frederick William, Elector Of Brandenburg
Frederick William (German: Friedrich Wilhelm) (16 February 1620 – 29 April 1688) was Elector of Brandenburg
Elector of Brandenburg
and Duke
Duke
of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until his death in 1688. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, he is popularly known as "the Great Elector"[1] (der Große Kurfürst) because of his military and political achievements. Frederick William was a staunch pillar of the Calvinist faith, associated with the rising commercial class. He saw the importance of trade and promoted it vigorously
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