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Freudian
Sigmund Freud
Freud
(/frɔɪd/ FROYD;[3] German: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.[4] Freud
Freud
was born to Galician Jewish
Jewish
parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian Empire. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna.[5][6] Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902.[7] Freud
Freud
lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938 Freud
Freud
left Austria to escape the Nazis
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Gustav Fechner
Gustav Theodor Fechner (/ˈfɛxnər/; German: [ˈfɛçnɐ]; 19 April 1801 – 18 November 1887),[1] was a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist. An early pioneer in experimental psychology and founder of psychophysics, he inspired many 20th century scientists and philosophers
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Johann Friedrich Herbart
Johann Friedrich Herbart
Johann Friedrich Herbart
(German: [ˈhɛʁbaʁt]; 4 May 1776 – 14 August 1841) was a German philosopher, psychologist and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline. Herbart is now remembered amongst the post-Kantian philosophers mostly as making the greatest contrast to Hegel—in particular in relation to aesthetics.Contents1 Life 2 Philosophy2.1 Logic 2.2 Metaphysics 2.3 Principles of education 2.4 Aesthetics
Aesthetics
and ethics 2.5 Theology3 Psychology3.1 Herbart's concept of the Real 3.2 Apperception4 Biographies 5 Bibliography 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Citations 9 References 10 Further reading10.1 Older literature11 External linksLife[edit] Herbart was born on 4 May 1776 in Oldenburg.[2] Growing up as a fragile child because of an unfortunate accident, Herbart was taught by his mother at home until the age of 12
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Charles Darwin
Tertiary education: University of Edinburgh Medical School
University of Edinburgh Medical School
(medicine, no degree) Christ's College, Cambridge
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Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky[a] (/ˌdɒstəˈjɛfski, ˌdʌs-/;[1] Russian: Фёдор Миха́йлович Достое́вский, IPA: [ˈfʲɵdər mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ dəstɐˈjɛfskʲɪj] ( listen); 11 November 1821 – 9 February 1881),[b] sometimes transliterated Dostoyevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoevsky's literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmospheres of 19th-century Russia, and engage with a variety of realistic philosophical and religious themes. He began writing in his 20s, and his first novel, Poor Folk, was published in 1846 when he was 25. His most acclaimed works include Crime and Punishment
Crime and Punishment
(1866), The Idiot (1869), Demons (1872) and The Brothers Karamazov (1880). Dostoevsky's oeuvre consists of 11 novels, three novellas, 17 short stories and numerous other works
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Empedocles
Empedocles
Empedocles
(/ɛmˈpɛdəkliːz/; Greek: Ἐμπεδοκλῆς [empedoklɛ̂ːs], Empedoklēs; c. 490 – c. 430 BC) was a Greek pre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Akragas, a Greek city in Sicily. Empedocles' philosophy is best known for originating the cosmogenic theory of the four classical elements. He also proposed forces he called Love
Love
and Strife which would mix as well as separate the elements. These physical speculations were part of a history of the universe which also dealt with the origin and development of life. Influenced by the Pythagoreans, Empedocles
Empedocles
was a vegetarian who supported the doctrine of reincarnation. He is generally considered the last Greek philosopher to have recorded his ideas in verse. Some of his work survives, more than is the case for any other pre-Socratic philosopher
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Freiberg In Mähren
Příbor (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpr̝̊iːbor]; German: Freiberg in Mähren) is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 8,800 inhabitants (as of 2004). It is located in northeastern Moravia, surrounded by the foothills of the Moravian-Silesian Beskids. Vriburch in the Margraviate of Moravia was first mentioned in a 1251 deed, issued by the Přemyslid margrave Ottokar II. The estates passed to the Bishops of Olomouc in the 14th century. Saint John Sarkander attended the local parish school from 1589; in 1694 a Piarist gymnasium was established, whereafter Příbor developed to a centre of education.Birthplace of Sigmund FreudThe town is notable as the birthplace, on 6 May 1856, of Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, and there is a museum at his family home.[1] References[edit]^ "Sigmund Freud Museum in Příbor". CzechTourism
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Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
(/ˈɡɜːrtə/;[1][2][3] German: [ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfɡaŋ fɔn ˈɡøːtə] ( listen); 28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His works include four novels; epic and lyric poetry; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; and treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour. In addition, there are numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him extant. A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Carl August in 1782 after taking up residence there in November 1775 following the success of his first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther
Werther
(1774). He was an early participant in the Sturm und Drang literary movement
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Eduard Von Hartmann
Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann
Eduard von Hartmann
(February 23, 1842 – June 5, 1906) was a German philosopher, author of Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869).Contents1 Biography 2 Philosophy 3 Reception 4 Works4.1 Systematic 4.2 Historical and critical 4.3 Popular5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksBiography[edit] He was born in Berlin
Berlin
and was educated with the intention of a military career. He entered the artillery of the Guards as an officer in 1860, but was forced to leave in 1865 because of a knee problem. After some hesitation between music and philosophy, he decided to make the latter his profession, and in 1867 obtained a Ph.D. from the University of Rostock
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Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Nietzsche
(/ˈniːtʃə/[6] or /ˈniːtʃi/;[7] German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə] ( listen); 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist, and Latin
Latin
and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.[8][9][10][11] He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy
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Galicia (Eastern Europe)
Galicia (Ukrainian and Rusyn: Галичина, Halyčyna; Polish: Galicja; Czech and Slovak: Halič; German: Galizien; Hungarian: Galícia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; Romanian: Galiția/Halici; Russian: Галиция, Galicija; Yiddish: גאַליציע‎ Galitsiye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe[1][2][3] once a small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia
Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia
and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, that straddled the modern-day border between Poland
Poland
and Ukraine
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Plato
Plato
Plato
(/ˈpleɪtoʊ/;[a][1] Greek: Πλάτων[a] Plátōn, pronounced [plá.tɔːn] in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423[b] – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece
Classical Greece
and the founder of the Academy
Academy
in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world
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Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
(/ˈʃoʊpənhaʊ.ər/ SHOH-pən-how-ər; German: [ˈaɐ̯tʊɐ̯ ˈʃoːpm̩ˌhaʊ̯ɐ]; 22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher
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William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(/ˈʃeɪkspɪər/; 26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616)[a] was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.[2][3][4] He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".[5][b] His extant works, including collaborations, consist of approximately 39 plays,[c] 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.[7] Shakespeare
Shakespeare
was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith
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Sophocles
Sophocles
Sophocles
(/ˈsɒfəkliːz/;[1] Greek: Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs, Ancient Greek: [so.pʰo.klɛ̂ːs]; c. 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)[2] is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides. Sophocles wrote over 120 plays[3] during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus
Oedipus
Rex, Electra, Philoctetes
Philoctetes
and Oedipus
Oedipus
at Colonus.[4] For almost 50 years, Sophocles
Sophocles
was the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens
Athens
that took place during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the Dionysia
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List Of Psychoanalytical Theorists
Some the most influential psychoanalysts and theorists, philosophers and literary critics who were or are influenced by psychoanlaysis include:Karl Abraham - psychoanalyst Nicolas Abraham - psychoanalyst Alfred Adler - founder of individual psychology Theodor Adorno - philosopher Salman Akhtar- psychoanalyst Franz Alexander - psychoanalyst Louis Althusser - philosopher Lou Andreas-Salomé - psychoanalyst Didier Anzieu - psychoanalyst Lisa Appignanesi Jacob Arlow Michael Balint - psychoanalyst Lee Baxandall Ernest Becker Bruno Bettelheim Wilfred Bion - psychoanalyst Harold Bloom Christopher Bollas - psychoanalyst John Bowlby - psychoanalyst Charles Brenner André Breton Abraham Brill - psychoanalyst Norman O
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