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French Resistance
The French Resistance
French Resistance
(French: La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War. Resistance cells were small groups of armed men and women (called the Maquis in rural areas),[2][3] who, in addition to their guerrilla warfare activities, were also publishers of underground newspapers, providers of first-hand intelligence information, and maintainers of escape networks that helped Allied soldiers and airmen trapped behind enemy lines
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Liberation Of Strasbourg
Liberation of StrasbourgPart of Second World WarThe routes taken by US and French forces involved in the liberation of StrasbourgDate 23 November 1944Location StrasbourgResult French victoryBelligerents United States France  GermanyCommanders and leadersGeneral Leclerc General VaterrodtThe Liberation of Strasbourg
Strasbourg
constituted the dramatically symbolic high point for the rehabilitation of the honor of French armed forces as the Allies advanced across France
France
toward Germany in 1944. Alsace, of which Strasbourg
Strasbourg
is the capital, had been the focus of French-German enmity since the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
of 1870-71, and General Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
insisted that only French forces should retake it
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Battle Of Marseilles
The Battle of Marseille
Marseille
refers to the combat and other actions from August 21–28, 1944 which led to the liberation of Marseille
Marseille
by French forces in World War II
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Maquis De Saint-Marcel
The Maquis de Saint-Marcel was a force of French resistance
French resistance
fighters, 3000 men with 200 Free French
Free French
SAS ( Special
Special
Air Service), during World War II operating in Brittany, Morbihan. It was created just before the Normandy landings
Normandy landings
with the objectives of preventing German army reinforcements from reaching the coast, thus facilitating the task of the allied landing forces. The Maquis de Saint-Marcel lasted only a very short time. It had been infiltrated by German spies, allowing the Germans to attack it in an ambush on 18 June 1944
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Second Spanish Republic
The Spanish Republic (Spanish: República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic
Second Spanish Republic
(Spanish: Segunda República Española) was the democratic regime that existed in Spain
Spain
from 1931 to 1939. The Republic was proclaimed on 14 April 1931, after the abdication of Alfonso XIII, and it lost the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
on 1 April 1939 to the Nationalist side, who would establish a military dictatorship under the rule of Francisco Franco. After the proclamation of the Republic, a provisional government was established until December 1931, when the 1931 Constitution was approved and the Republic formally established. The republican government of Manuel Azaña
Manuel Azaña
would start a great number of reforms to "modernize" the country
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Coat of arms Motto: "In God
God
We Trust"[1][a] .mw-parser-ou
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Wehrmacht Heer
6,550,000 (peak in 1943)Active: 4,250,000 Reserve: 2,300,00014,800,000 (total who served)[1]Part of Oberkommando des HeeresMotto(s) "Gott mit uns"Engagements Spanish Civil War World War IICommandersCommander-in-chief of the Army Adolf HitlerChief of the Armed Forces Wilhelm KeitelOther Commanders of the Army Ferdinand Schörner (30 April 1945 to 8 May 1945) Walther von Brauchitsch (4 February 1938 to 19 December 1941) Werner von Fritsch (Inception to 4 February 1938)InsigniaRanks and insignia Ranks and insignia of the Army Infantry
Infantry
u
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Waffen-SS
The Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
(German pronunciation: [ˈvafn̩ʔɛsˌʔɛs]) was the military branch of the Nazi Party's SS organisation
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Operation Nordwind
Seventh ArmyXV Corps103rd Infantry Division 44th Infantry Division 100th Infantry Division 63rd Infantry DivisionVI Corps42nd Infantry Division 45th Infantry Division 70th Infantry Division 79th Infantry Division French 1st Army I Corps1st Infantry Division 2nd Armored Division 3rd Algerian DivisionII Corps1st Armored Division 1st Colonial Division 3rd Moroccan Division 4th Moroccan Division 5th Armored Division 10th Infantry Division XXI Corps36th Infantry Division 12th Armored Division 14th Armored Division1st Army25th Panzergrenadier Division 21st Panzer Division 6th SS Mountain DivisionXIII SS Corps19th Volksgrenadier Division 36th Volksgrenadier Division 17th SS Panzergrenadier DivisionXC Corps559th Volksgrenadier Division 257th Volksgrenadier DivisionLXXXIX Corps361st Volksgrenadier Division 245th Infantry Division 256th Volksgrenadier DivisionGerm
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Battle Of Réunion
Destroyer Léopard One company of Fusiliers Marins Local resistance 260 menCasualties and losses1+ killed 2+ killed 1+ woundedv t eIndian Ocean Theater27 February 1941 8 May 1941 Sydney and Kormoran Japanese merchant raiders Andaman IslandsHomfreyganj massacreChristmas Island 1st Indian Ocean Easter Sunday Raid Cocos Islands Madagascar Réunion 13 November 1943 11 January 1944 14 February 1944 2nd Indian Ocean 17 July 1944v t eMilitary actions of Vichy France
Vichy France
during World
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Battle Of Keren
 United Kingdom India Free France  Ethiopia Italy Italian East AfricaCommanders and leaders William Platt Noel Beresford-Peirse Lewis Heath Nicolangelo Carnimeo Orlando Lorenzini †Units involved4th Indian Infantry Division 5th Indian Infantry Division Free French
Free French
Brigade of the Orient Arbegnoch (Ethiopian irregulars) 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia 6 brigades of Colonial TroopsStrength13,000 23,000Casualties and losses536 killed a
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Cross Of Lorraine
The Cross of Lorraine
The Cross of Lorraine
(French: Croix de Lorraine) was originally a heraldic cross. The two-barred cross consists of a vertical line crossed by two shorter horizontal bars. In most renditions, the horizontal bars are "graded" with the upper bar being the shorter, though variations with the bars of equal length are also seen
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Battle Of Bir Hakeim
Associated articlesFrontier Wire Devil's gardens Fort Capuzzo Maletti Group Camouflage Babini Group Combeforce 3rd Indian Motor Brigade Baggush BoxThe Battle of Bir Hakeim
Bir Hakeim
(Arabic pronunciation: [biʔr ħaˈkiːm]) took place at Bir Hakeim, an oasis in the Libyan desert south and west of Tobruk, during the Battle of Gazala
Battle of Gazala
(26 May – 21 June 1942). The 1st Free French Brigade
Brigade
(Général de brigade Marie Pierre Kœnig) defended the position from 26 May – 11 June against much larger Axis forces of Panzerarmee Afrika (Generaloberst Erwin Rommel). The Panzerarmee captured Tobruk
Tobruk
ten days later but the delay imposed on the Axis offensive by the defence of the fortress influenced the cancellation of Operation Herkules, the plan for an Axis invasion of Malta
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Maquis Des Glières
Maquis may refer to: Resistance groups[edit] Maquis (Star Trek), anti-Cardassian resistance movement in the fictional Star Trek universe"The Maquis" (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine), episode that introduced the group Maquis (World War II), predominantly rural guerrilla bands of the French Resistance Spanish Maquis, guerrillas who fought against Francoist Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War The network of rural bases operated by the Communist Party of Kampuchea prior to t
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Bureau Central De Renseignements Et D'Action
The Bureau Central de Renseignements et d'Action (French: [byʁo sɑ̃tʁal də ʁɑ̃sɛɲmɑ̃ e daksjɔ̃], Central Bureau of Intelligence and Operations), abbreviated BCRA, was the World War II-era forerunner of the SDECE, the French intelligence service
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