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French Canadian
FRENCH CANADIANS (also referred to as FRANCO-CANADIANS or CANADIENS; French : Canadien(ne)s français(es) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada
Canada
from the 17th century onward. Today, French Canadians
Canadians
constitute the main French-speaking population in Canada, accounting for about 22% of the total population
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Saintonge
SAINTONGE (French pronunciation: ​ ), historically spelled XAINTONGE and XAINCTONGE, is a former province of France located on the west central Atlantic coast. The capital city was Saintes (Xaintes, Xainctes). Other principal towns include Saint-Jean-d\'Angély , Jonzac , Frontenay-Rohan-Rohan , Royan , Marennes , Pons , and Barbezieux-Saint-Hilaire . The borders of the province slightly shifted through history, and some mapmakers, such as Nicolas Sanson (1650), Johannes Blaeu
Johannes Blaeu
(1662), and Bernard Antoine Jaillot (1733), show it extending into Cognac , traditionally part of Angoumois , and to the parishes of Braud-et-Saint-Louis and Étauliers , part of the Pays Gabay on the right bank of the Gironde River
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Angoumois
ANGOUMOIS (French pronunciation: ​ ) was a county and province of France
France
. Its capital was Angoulême
Angoulême
, and it nearly corresponded to the Charente
Charente
Department . REFERENCES * ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Angoumois", Encyclopædia Britannica , 2 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 42 cites Castaigne's 1845 Essai d'une bibliothèque historique de l'Angoumois (in French)FURTHER READING * Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Angoumois", Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
, 2 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p
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Gascony
GASCONY (/ˈɡæskəni/ ; French : Gascogne ; Gascon : Gasconha ) is an area of southwest France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution
French Revolution
. The region is vaguely defined, and the distinction between Guyenne and Gascony
Gascony
is unclear; by some they are seen to overlap, while others consider Gascony
Gascony
a part of Guyenne. Most definitions put Gascony
Gascony
east and south of Bordeaux
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Bretons
The BRETONS (Breton : Bretoned Breton pronunciation: ) are an ethnic group located in the region of Brittany
Brittany
in France
France
. They trace much of their heritage to groups of Brittonic speakers who emigrated from southwestern Great Britain including Cornwall
Cornwall
to avoid the invading Germanic peoples
Germanic peoples
. They also descend from the Gauls
Gauls
and in some parts from Vikings
Vikings
. They migrated in waves from the third to ninth century (most heavily from 450-600) into Armorica
Armorica
, which was subsequently named Brittany
Brittany
after them. The main traditional language of Brittany
Brittany
is Breton (Brezhoneg), spoken in Lower Brittany
Brittany
(i.e
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Protestantism
PROTESTANTISM is the second largest form of Christianity
Christianity
with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians
Christians
. It originated with the Reformation , a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. Ever since, Protestants reject the Roman Catholic
Catholic
doctrine of papal supremacy and sacraments , but disagree among themselves regarding the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist
Eucharist
. They emphasize the priesthood of all believers , justification by faith alone (sola fide) rather than by good works , and the highest authority of the Bible
Bible
alone (rather than with sacred tradition ) in faith and morals (sola scriptura )
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The Maritimes
THE MARITIMES, also called the MARITIME PROVINCES or the CANADIAN MARITIMES, is a region of Eastern Canada
Canada
consisting of three provinces : New Brunswick
New Brunswick
, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
, and Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island
. The Maritimes had a population of 1,813,606 in 2016. The Maritimes, along with a fourth province – Canada's easternmost province, Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
– make up Atlantic Canada
Canada
. Located along the Atlantic coast, various aquatic sub-basins are located in the Maritimes, such as the Gulf of Maine and Gulf of St. Lawrence . The region is located northeast of New England
New England
, southeast of Quebec
Quebec
's Gaspé Peninsula , and southwest of the island of Newfoundland
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Aunis
AUNIS is a historical province of France , situated in the north-west of the department of Charente-Maritime . Its historic capital is La Rochelle , which took over from Castrum Allionis (Châtelaillon) the historic capital which gives its name to the province. It was a fief of the Duchy of Aquitaine
Duchy of Aquitaine
. It extended to Marais Poitevin in the north, Basse Saintonge
Saintonge
(and Niortais ) in the east, and Rochefortais in the south. Aunis had an influence approximately 20–25 km into the Isle of Ré (l'Île de Ré). The province was officially recognised during the reign of Charles V of France in 1374: "In 1374, Charles V separated La Rochelle
La Rochelle
from Saintonge
Saintonge
to set up a provincial government, comprising the jurisdictions of Rochefort, Marennes and, for a time, Benon
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Brayon
BRAYONS are a francophone people inhabiting the area in and around Edmundston
Edmundston
, New Brunswick
New Brunswick
, Canada
Canada
. In French, they are called les Brayons or feminine les Brayonnes, and both terms are also used as adjectives, as in Brayon
Brayon
culture, or la culture brayonne. Given their location in New Brunswick, a Canadian Maritime province , they are considered by many to be Acadians
Acadians
; however most residents relate more to Quebec and the majority have strong roots and ancestral ties to Quebec as compared to Acadia, considering that at one point the Madawaska region was considered part of Quebec
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Anjou
ANJOU (French pronunciation: ​ ; Latin : Andegavia) is a historical and cultural region of France, a former French county (in that it was ruled by a count, from c. 880), duchy (1360), and province . Its capital was the city of Angers
Angers
in the lower Loire Valley . The territory has no, nor has it ever had, clear geographical borders but instead owes its territory and prominence to the fortunes of its various rulers. Henry "Curtmantle", count of Anjou, inherited the kingdom of England on October 25, 1154, becoming Henry II . The resulting Angevin Empire would, at its peak, spread from Ulster
Ulster
to the Pyrenees. Henry's son Richard I had no legitimate issue upon his death, so in 1199 Anjou passed to his nephew, Arthur of Brittany (the posthumous son of Henry II’s fourth son Geoffrey), while the Crown of England passed to Henry II’s fifth son and Richard’s youngest brother, John
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Touraine
TOURAINE (French pronunciation: ​ ) is one of the traditional provinces of France . Its capital was Tours
Tours
. During the political reorganization of French territory in 1790, Touraine
Touraine
was divided between the departments of Indre-et-Loire , Loir-et-Cher and Indre
Indre
. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Sights * 4 Famous natives * 5 Famous non-natives * 6 Twin towns * 7 See also * 8 External links GEOGRAPHYTraversed by the Loire and its tributaries the Cher , the Indre
Indre
and the Vienne , Touraine
Touraine
makes up a part of the Paris Basin . It is well known for its viticulture
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Maine (province)
MAINE is one of the traditional provinces of France (not to be confused with La Maine
Maine
, the river). It corresponds to the former County of Maine
Maine
, whose capital was also the city of Le Mans
Le Mans
. The area, now divided into the departments of Sarthe
Sarthe
and Mayenne
Mayenne
, counts about 857,000 inhabitants. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 French Revolution * 1.2 Modern times * 2 Gallery * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 6 External links HISTORYIn the 8th and 9th centuries there existed a Duchy of Normandy (ducatus Cenomannicus), which several of the Carolingian kings used as an appanage . This duchy was a march that may have included several counties including Maine, and extended into Lower Normandy , all the way to the Seine
Seine

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Beauce
BEAUCE is a natural region in northern France
France
, located between the Seine
Seine
and Loire rivers. It now comprises the Eure-et-Loir département and parts of Loiret
Loiret
, Essonne and Loir-et-Cher . The region shared the history of the province of Orléanais and the county of Chartres
Chartres
, which is its only major city. Beauce
Beauce
is one of France's most productive agricultural areas. It is the setting of Émile Zola 's novel, 'La Terre' (The Earth ). REFERENCES Wikimedia Commons has media related to BEAUCE . This article related to geography of France
France
is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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French Language
FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance , the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul
Gaul
, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium
Belgium
, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Normandy
NORMANDY (/ˈnɔːrməndi/ ; French : Normandie, pronounced ( listen ), Norman : Normaundie, from Old French
Old French
Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages ) is one of the 18 regions of France
France
, roughly corresponding to the historical Duchy of Normandy . Administratively, Normandy
Normandy
is divided into five départements : Calvados , Eure , Manche
Manche
, Orne , and Seine-Maritime . It covers 30,627 square kilometres (11,825 sq mi), comprising roughly 5% of the territory of metropolitan France
France
. Its population of 3.37 million accounts for around 5% of the population of France
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Poitou
POITOU (French pronunciation: ​ ), in Poitevin : POETOU, was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers
Poitiers
. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Culture * 4 In fiction * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links GEOGRAPHYThe main historical cities are Poitiers
Poitiers
(historical capital city), Châtellerault (France's kings establishment in Poitou), Niort, La Roche-sur-Yon, Thouars, and Parthenay. HISTORYThe region of Poitou
Poitou
was called Thifalia (or Theiphalia) in the sixth century. There is a marshland called the Poitevin Marsh
Marsh
(French Marais Poitevin ) on the Gulf of Poitou
Poitou
, on the west coast of France, just north of La Rochelle
La Rochelle
and west of Niort
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