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Frederik Macody Lund
Julius Frederik Macody Lund
Frederik Macody Lund
(born 18 November 1863 in Stavanger, died 16 December 1943 in Farsund) was a controversial Norwegian historian, most known and remembered for his engagement in the restoration of Nidaros Cathedral. When architect Christian Christie
Christian Christie
presented his ideas for a restoration of the west section and the west front[clarification needed], an alternative idea was published by Macody Lund, introducing the screenfront and the rose window. Both of these ideas were included in Olaf Nordhagen's 1907 plan for the restoration of the cathedral. In 1915 Macody Lund published his theory that Nidaros Cathedral
Nidaros Cathedral
was constructed on the basis of the ideas of the golden ratio
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Stavanger
Stavanger
Stavanger
/stəˈvæŋər/ (Norwegian pronunciation: [stɑˈʋɑŋər] ( listen)) is a city and municipality in Norway. It is the third largest city[2] and metropolitan area[3] in Norway
Norway
(through conurbation with neighbouring Sandnes) and the administrative centre of Rogaland
Rogaland
county. The municipality is the fourth most populous in Norway. Located on the Stavanger Peninsula
Stavanger Peninsula
in Southwest Norway, Stavanger
Stavanger
counts its official founding year as 1125, the year the Stavanger Cathedral
Stavanger Cathedral
was completed. Stavangers core is to a large degree 18th- and 19th-century wooden houses[4] that are protected and considered part of the city's cultural heritage
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Stortinget
Government (80)     Conservative (45)      Progress (27)      Liberal (8)Opposition (89)     Labour (49)      Centre (19)      Socialist Left (11)      Christian Democratic (8)      Green (1)      Red (1)ElectionsVoting system Open list
Open list
proportional representation Modified Sainte-Laguë methodLast election11 September 2017Next election2021Meeting placeParliament of Norway
Norway
Building Oslo, NorwayWebsitewww.stortinget.noThe Storting
Storting
(Norwegian: Stortinget [²stuːʈiŋə], "the great thing" or "the great assembly") is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway. It is located in Oslo
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Minimal Surface
In mathematics, a minimal surface is a surface that locally minimizes its area. This is equivalent to having zero mean curvature (see definitions below). The term "minimal surface" is used because these surfaces originally arose as surfaces that minimized total surface area subject to some constraint. Physical models of area-minimizing minimal surfaces can be made by dipping a wire frame into a soap solution, forming a soap film, which is a minimal surface whose boundary is the wire frame. However the term is used for more general surfaces that may self-intersect or do not have constraints
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Computer Art
Computer
Computer
art is any art in which computers play a role in production or display of the artwork. Such art can be an image, sound, animation, video, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, video game, website, algorithm, performance or gallery installation. Many traditional disciplines are now integrating digital technologies and, as a result, the lines between traditional works of art and new media works created using computers has been blurred. For instance, an artist may combine traditional painting with algorithm art and other digital techniques. As a result, defining computer art by its end product can thus be difficult. Computer
Computer
art is by its nature evolutionary since changes in technology and software directly affect what is possible
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Catenary
In physics and geometry, a catenary (US: /ˈkætənˌɛri/, UK: /kəˈtiːnəri/) is the curve that an idealized hanging chain or cable assumes under its own weight when supported only at its ends. The catenary curve has a U-like shape, superficially similar in appearance to a parabolic arch, but it is not a parabola. The curve appears in the design of certain types of arches and as a cross section of the catenoid—the shape assumed by a soap film bounded by two parallel circular rings. The catenary is also called the alysoid, chainette,[1] or, particularly in the materials sciences, funicular.[2] Mathematically, the catenary curve is the graph of the hyperbolic cosine function. The surface of revolution of the catenary curve, the catenoid, is a minimal surface, specifically a minimal surface of revolution
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Algorithm
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm (/ˈælɡərɪðəm/ ( listen) AL-gə-ridh-əm) is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems. Algorithms can perform calculation, data processing and automated reasoning tasks. An algorithm is an effective method that can be expressed within a finite amount of space and time[1] and in a well-defined formal language[2] for calculating a function.[3] Starting from an initial state and initial input (perhaps empty),[4] the instructions describe a computation that, when executed, proceeds through a finite[5] number of well-defined successive states, eventually producing "output"[6] and terminating at a final ending state. The transition from one state to the next is not necessarily deterministic; some algorithms, known as randomized algorithms, incorporate random input.[7] The concept of algorithm has existed for centuries and the use of the concept can be ascribed to Greek mathematicians, e.g
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Farsund
 Farsund (help·info) is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Lister. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Farsund. Farsund
Farsund
is a coastal municipality in the far southwestern part of Norway, bordering Kvinesdal
Kvinesdal
municipality in the north and Lyngdal
Lyngdal
in the north and east. The 263-square-kilometre (102 sq mi) municipality is the 292nd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Farsund is the 115th most populous municipality in Norway
Norway
with a population of 9,769
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Paraboloid
In geometry, a paraboloid is a quadric surface that has (exactly) one axis of symmetry and no center of symmetry. The term "paraboloid" is derived from parabola, which refers to a conic section that has the same property of symmetry. There are two kinds of paraboloids, elliptic and hyperbolic, depending on the nature of the planar cross sections: A paraboloid is elliptic if almost all cross sections are ellipses; it is hyperbolic if almost all cross sections are hyperbolas. Equivalently, a paraboloid may be defined as a quadric surface that is not a cylinder, and has an implicit equation whose part of degree two may be factored over the complex numbers into two different linear factors. The paraboloid is hyperbolic if the factors are real and elliptic if the factors are complex conjugate. An elliptic paraboloid is shaped like an oval cup and has a maximum or minimum point when its axis is vertical
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Olaf Nordhagen
Johan Olaf Brochmann Nordhagen (16 March 1883 – 6 November 1925) was a Norwegian educator, architect, engineer and artist. He is most commonly associated with his restoration designs for Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, Norway.[1][2]Contents1 Biography 2 Notable projects 3 Gallery 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Olaf Nordhagen was born in Christiania (now Oslo), Norway. He was a son of painter and artist Johan Nordhagen (1856–1956) and Christine Magdalene Brochmann Johansen (1858–1933). He was a brother of botanist Rolf Nordhagen and through him an uncle of art historian Per Jonas Nordhagen
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Christian Christie
Eilert Christian Brodtkorb Christie (24 December 1832 – 13 September 1906) was a Norwegian architect. Personal life[edit] He was born in Bergen
Bergen
as a son of customs officer Werner Hosewinckel Christie (1785–1872) and Hansine Langsted (1802–1864).[1] He was a grandnephew of Werner Hosewinckel Christie, nephew of Wilhelm Frimann Koren Christie and Edvard Eilert Christie, a brother of Hans Langsted Christie, a first cousin of writer Johan Koren Christie and physicist Hartvig Caspar Christie and a granduncle of politician Hartvig Caspar Christie. He was an uncle of agricultural teacher Werner Hosewinckel Christie, and through him a granduncle of pianist Amalie Christie, Johan Koren Christie and Werner Hosewinckel Christie.[2] His second cousin Edvard Edvardsen Christie had the daughter Sara Stockfleth Christie
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Nidaros Cathedral
Nidaros
Nidaros
Cathedral
Cathedral
(Norwegian: Nidarosdomen / Nidaros
Nidaros
Domkirke) is a Church of Norway
Norway
cathedral located in the city of Trondheim
Trondheim
in Trøndelag
Trøndelag
county, Norway. It is built over the burial site of Saint Olav, the King of Norway
Norway
in the 11th century, who became the patron saint of the nation, and is the traditional location for the consecration of the King of Norway. It was built from 1070 to 1300, and designated as the cathedral for the Diocese
Diocese
of Nidaros
Nidaros
in 1152. After the Protestant Reformation, it was taken from the Roman Catholics by the new Church of Norway
Norway
in 1537
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Historian
A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and his regarded as an authority on it.[1] Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race; as well as the study of all history in time. If the individual is concerned with events preceding written history, the individual is a historian of prehistory. Although "historian" can be used to describe amateur and professional historians alike, it is reserved more recently for those who have acquired graduate degrees in the discipline
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Norway
Indigenous status:Sami[3]Minority status:[4]Jewish Traveller Forest Finn Romani KvenReligion LutheranDemonym Norwegian (Nordmann)Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy• MonarchHarald V• Prime MinisterErna Solberg• President of the StortingTone W. Trøen• Chief JusticeToril Marie ØieLegislature StortingHistory• State established prior unification872• Norwegian Empire (Greatest indep
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Fractal Art
Fractal
Fractal
art is a form of algorithmic art created by calculating fractal objects and representing the calculation results as still images, animations, and media. Fractal
Fractal
art developed from the mid-1980s onwards.[2] It is a genre of computer art and digital art which are part of new media art. The mathematical beauty of fractals lies at the intersection of generative art and computer art. They combine to produce a type of abstract art. Fractal
Fractal
art (especially in the western world) is rarely drawn or painted by hand. It is usually created indirectly with the assistance of fractal-generating software, iterating through three phases: setting parameters of appropriate fractal software; executing the possibly lengthy calculation; and evaluating the product. In some cases, other graphics programs are used to further modify the images produced. This is called post-processing
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Islamic Geometric Patterns
Islamic decoration, which tends to avoid using figurative images, makes frequent use of geometric patterns which have developed over the centuries. The geometric designs in Islamic art
Islamic art
are often built on combinations of repeated squares and circles, which may be overlapped and interlaced, as can arabesques (with which they are often combined), to form intricate and complex patterns, including a wide variety of tessellations. These may constitute the entire decoration, may form a framework for floral or calligraphic embellishments, or may retreat into the background around other motifs
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