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Frederick I, Margrave Of Baden
Frederick I of Baden (1249 – October 29, 1268), a member of the House of Zähringen, was Margrave of Baden and of Verona, as well as claimant Duke of Austria from 1250 until his death. As a fellow campaigner of the Hohenstaufen
Hohenstaufen
king Conradin, he likewise was beheaded at the behest of King Charles I of Naples. Claim to Austria[edit] He was born in Austrian Alland, the only son of the Swabian margrave Herman VI of Baden (c.1226–1250) and his wife Gertrude (1226–1288), niece and heiress of the late Babenberg duke Frederick II of Austria. As Duke Frederick II of Austria had been killed at the 1246 Battle of the Leitha River, the ducal line of the Babenberg dynasty had become extinct. Margrave Herman VI of Baden, through his marriage with Gertrude, had raised inheritance claims to the Austrian and Styrian possessions. However, after the death of Emperor Frederick II in 1250, no strong Imperial authority existed to assert his title
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Anzio
Anzio
Anzio
[ˈantsjo] is a city and comune on the coast of the Lazio
Lazio
region of Italy, about 51 kilometres (32 mi) south of Rome. Well known for its seaside harbour setting, it is a fishing port and a departure point for ferries and hydroplanes to the Pontine Islands
Pontine Islands
of Ponza, Palmarola
Palmarola
and Ventotene. The city bears great historical significance as the site of Operation Shingle, a crucial landing by the Allies during the Italian Campaign of World War II.Contents1 History1.1 Ancient era2 Christian bishopric2.1 Middle Ages 2.2 World War II3 Main sights 4 Transportation 5 Twin towns — sister cities 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksHistory[edit] Ancient era[edit] Anzio
Anzio
occupies a part of the ancient Antium territory
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Louis II, Duke Of Bavaria
Ludwig I or Louis I of Upper Bavaria
Upper Bavaria
(German: Ludwig II der Strenge, Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein) (13 April 1229 – 2 February 1294) was Duke of Upper Bavaria
Upper Bavaria
and Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1253. He is known as Ludwig II or Louis II as Duke of Bavaria, and also as Louis the Strict. Born in Heidelberg, he was a son of duke Otto II and Agnes of the Palatinate. She was a daughter of the Welf Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine, her grandfathers were Henry XII the Lion and Conrad of Hohenstaufen.Contents1 Biography 2 Family and children2.1 The execution of Maria of Brabant 2.2 Later marriages3 Ancestry 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] In 1246, the young Louis supported his brother-in-law King Conrad IV of Germany against the usurpation of Heinrich Raspe
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Přemyslid Dynasty
In order of seniority:BretislianConradian: Znojmo
Znojmo
(1035-1191) Brno
Brno
(1035-1200)
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Ottokar II Of Bohemia
Ottokar II (Czech: Přemysl Otakar II; c. 1233 – 26 August 1278), the Iron and Golden King, was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty who reigned as King of Bohemia
King of Bohemia
from 1253 until 1278. He also held the titles of a Margrave of Moravia
Moravia
from 1247, Duke of Austria from 1251, Duke of Styria from 1260, as well as Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Carniola from 1269. With Ottokar's rule, the Přemyslids reached the peak of their power in the Holy Roman Empire. His expectations of the imperial crown, however, were never fulfilled.Contents1 Biography1.1 Rise to power 1.2 Building an empire 1.3 The way to the final battle2 Marriage and children 3 Legacy 4 Ancestry 5 References 6 Sources 7 Further readingBiography[edit] Ottokar was the second son of King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia
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Margravate Of Meissen
The Margravate of Meissen
Meissen
(German: Markgrafschaft Meißen), sometimes known as the March of Misnia (or Misnian March), was a medieval principality in the area of the modern German state of Saxony. It originally was a frontier march of the Holy Roman Empire, created out of the vast Marca Geronis
Marca Geronis
(Saxon Eastern March) in 965. Under the rule of the Wettin dynasty, the margravate finally merged with the former Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg
Saxe-Wittenberg
into the Saxon Electorate by 1423.Contents1 Predecessors 2 Founding 3 Wettin rule 4 Burgravate 5 See also 6 Notes 7 ReferencesPredecessors[edit] In the mid 9th century, the area of the later margravate was part of an eastern frontier zone of the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
called Sorbian March (Limes Sorabicus), after Sorbian tribes of Polabian Slavs settling beyond the Saale
Saale
river
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Regent
A regent (from the Latin
Latin
regens,[1] "[one] ruling"[2]) is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."[3] The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. "Regent" is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as "queen regent". If the formally appointed regent is unavailable or cannot serve on a temporary basis, a Regent
Regent
ad interim may be appointed to fill the gap. In a monarchy, a regent usually governs due to one of these reasons, but may also be elected to rule during the interregnum when the royal line has died out
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Vienna
Vienna
Vienna
(/viˈɛnə/ ( listen);[9][10] German: Wien, pronounced [viːn] ( listen)) is the capital and largest city of Austria
Austria
and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna
Vienna
is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.8 million[1] (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,[4] nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union
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Margaret Of Austria, Queen Of Bohemia
Margaret of Austria (German: Margarethe von Österreich; c. 1204 – 29 October 1266), a member of the House of Babenberg, was German queen from 1225 until 1235, by her first marriage with King Henry (VII), and Queen of Bohemia from 1253 to 1260, by her second marriage with King Ottokar II.Contents1 Life1.1 First marriage 1.2 Claim to Austria and Styria 1.3 Second marriage 1.4 Later life2 Ancestry 3 ReferencesLife[edit]Margaret's portrait in the Babenberg
Babenberg
pedigree, Klosterneuburg Monastery (c. 1489/92)Margaret was the eldest daughter of Duke Leopold VI of Austria (d. 1230) and his wife Theodora Angelina, a member of the Byzantine Imperial Angelus dynasty
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House Of Sponheim
Sponheim
Sponheim
or Spanheim was a medieval German noble family, which originated in Rhenish Franconia. They were immediate Counts of Sponheim
Sponheim
until 1437 and Dukes of Carinthia from 1122 until 1269. A cadet branch ruled in the Imperial County of Ortenburg-Neuortenburg until 1806.Contents1 History 2 Genealogy2.1 Ducal line 2.2 Comital line2.2.1 Sponheim-Starkenburg 2.2.2 Sponheim-Kreuznach3 See also 4 Sources 5 Footnotes 6 External linksHistory[edit] Sponheim
Sponheim
Castle ruins, 19th century engravingThe family took its name from their ancestral seat at Sponheim
Sponheim
Castle in the Hunsrück
Hunsrück
range, in present-day Burgsponheim
Burgsponheim
near Bad Kreuznach, Rhineland-Palatinate. From the 11th century the family was divided in two closely related branches
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Duchy Of Carinthia
The Duchy of Carinthia
Carinthia
(German: Herzogtum Kärnten; Slovene: Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria
Austria
and parts of northern Slovenia. It was separated from the Duchy of Bavaria in 976, and was the first newly created Imperial State
Imperial State
after the original German stem duchies. Carinthia
Carinthia
remained a State of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
until its dissolution in 1806, though from 1335 it was ruled within the Austrian dominions of the Habsburg dynasty. A constituent part of the Habsburg Monarchy and of the Austrian Empire, it remained a Cisleithanian crown land of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
until 1918
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House Of Wittelsbach
The House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(German pronunciation: [ˈvɪtəlsbax]) is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. Members of the family reigned as Dukes, Electors and Kings of Bavaria (1180–1918), Counts Palatine of the Rhine (1214–1803 and 1816–1918), Margraves of Brandenburg
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Duke Of Swabia
The Dukes of Swabia
Swabia
were the rulers of the Duchy of Swabia
Duchy of Swabia
during the Middle Ages.[1] Swabia
Swabia
was one of the five stem duchies of the medieval German kingdom, and its dukes were thus among the most powerful magnates of Germany. The most notable family to rule Swabia was the Hohenstaufen
Hohenstaufen
family, who held it, with a brief interruption, from 1079 until 1268. For much of this period, the Hohenstaufen
Hohenstaufen
were also Holy Roman Emperors
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Pope Innocent IV
Pope
Pope
Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius IV; c. 1195 – 7 December 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was Pope
Pope
of the Catholic
Catholic
Church from 25 June 1243 to his death in 1254.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Cardinal 3 New pope, same emperor 4 Compromise on the Talmud 5 First Council of Lyon 6 After Lyon 7 Ruler of princes and kings 8 Vicar of Christ8.1 Creation of the concept of persona ficta9 Diplomatic relations9.1 Relations with the Portuguese 9.2 Contacts with the Mongols10 Later life and death 11 See also 12 References12.1 Citations 12.2 BibliographyEarly life[edit] Born in Genoa
Genoa
(although some sources say Manarola) in an unknown year, Sinibaldo was the son of Beatrice Grillo and Ugo Fieschi, Count of Lavagna
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Conrad IV Of Germany
Conrad (25 April 1228 – 21 May 1254), a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was the only son of Emperor Frederick II from his second marriage with Queen Isabella II of Jerusalem. He inherited the title of a King of Jerusalem
King of Jerusalem
(as Conrad II) upon the death of his mother in childbed. Appointed Duke of Swabia
Duke of Swabia
in 1235, his father had him elected King of Germany
King of Germany
(King of the Romans) and crowned King of Italy
King of Italy
(as Conrad IV) in 1237. After the emperor was deposed and died in 1250, he ruled as King of Sicily
King of Sicily
(Conrad I) until his death.Contents1 Early years 2 Rise to power 3 Italian Campaign 4 Ancestors 5 See also 6 ReferencesEarly years[edit] He was the second child, but only surviving son of Emperor Frederick II and Isabella II (Yolanda), the queen regnant of Jerusalem
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History Painting
History
History
painting is a genre in painting defined by its subject matter rather than artistic style. History
History
paintings usually depict a moment in a narrative story, rather than a specific and static subject, as in a portrait. The term is derived from the wider senses of the word historia in Latin and Italian, meaning "story" or "narrative", and essentially means "story painting"
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