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Francis Of Navarre
FRANCIS PHOEBUS (Basque : Frantzisko Febus, French : François Fébus, Spanish : Francisco Febo; 4 December 1467 – 7 January 1483) was king of Navarre (1479–1483), Viscount of Bearn , and Count of Foix
Foix
(1472). He was the son of Gaston, Prince of Viana , and grandson of Queen Eleanor , whom he succeeded. She recommended him to ally with France. His succession was approved by the Agramont party, while the Beaumont party fell behind Ferdinand the Catholic who started to build up political and military pressure on the Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Navarre
in the run-up to the fully-fledged invasion of 1512 . During his brief reign, he was under the protection of his mother, the regent Magdalena of Valois . He died young while playing the pipe , arguably poisoned. He was buried in Lescar
Lescar
. REFERENCES * ^ A B Orpustan, Jean-Baptiste (2007), p
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García Sánchez III Of Navarre
GARCíA SáNCHEZ III (Basque : Gartzea III.a Sanoitz; c. 1012 – 15 September 1054), nicknamed GARCíA FROM NáJERA (Basque : Gartzea Naiarakoa, Spanish : García el de Nájera) was King of Pamplona from 1034 until his death. He was also Count of Álava and had under his personal control part of the County of Castile . As the eldest son of Sancho III he inherited the dynastic rights over the crown of Pamplona, becoming feudal overlord over two of his brothers: Ramiro , who was given lands that would serve as the basis for the Kingdom of Aragón ; and Gonzalo , who received the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza
Ribagorza
. Likewise, he had some claim to suzerainty over his brother Ferdinand , who under their father had served as Count of Castile , nominally subject to the Kingdom of León
Kingdom of León
but brought under the personal control of Sancho III
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Sancho III Of Navarre
SANCHO GARCéS III (c. 994 – 18 October 1035), also known as SANCHO THE GREAT (Spanish : Sancho el Mayor, Basque : Antso Gartzez Nagusia), was the King of Pamplona
Pamplona
from 1004 until his death in 1035. He also ruled the County of Aragon and by marriage the counties of Castile , Álava and Monzón . He later added the counties of Sobrarbe (1015), Ribagoza (1018) and Cea (1030), and would intervene in the Kingdom of León , taking its eponymous capital city in 1034. He was the eldest son of García Sánchez II and his wife Jimena Fernández
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Sancho IV Of Navarre
SANCHO GARCéS IV (Basque : Antso IV.a Gartzez; c. 1039 – 4 June 1076), nicknamed SANCHO OF PEñALéN (Basque : Antso Peñalengoa, Spanish : Sancho el de Peñalén) was King of Pamplona from 1054 until his murder in 1076. He was the eldest son of García Sánchez III and his queen, Stephanie , and was crowned king of Pamplona after his father was killed during the Battle of Atapuerca . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Marriage and family * 3 Ancestry * 4 Notes * 5 Sources BIOGRAPHYSancho was the eldest son and heir of García Sánchez III and his wife Stephanie . García was killed at the Battle of Atapuerca on 1 September 1054 during a war with the Kingdom of León
Kingdom of León
. Sancho, who was then fourteen years of age, was proclaimed king by the army in the camp by the field of battle with the consent of the king of León, Ferdinand I , also his uncle
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Sancho Ramírez
SANCHO RAMíREZ (c. 1042 – 4 June, 1094) was King of Aragon from 1063 until 1094 and King of Pamplona from 1076 under the name of SANCHO V (Basque : Antso V.a Ramirez). He was the eldest son of Ramiro I and Ermesinda of Bigorre . His father was the first king of Aragon and an illegitimate son of Sancho III of Pamplona
Sancho III of Pamplona
. He inherited the Aragonese crown from his father in 1063. Sancho Ramírez
Sancho Ramírez
was chosen king of Pamplona by Navarrese noblemen after Sancho IV was murdered by his siblings. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Marriage and family * 3 Ancestry * 4 References * 5 External source BIOGRAPHY Sancho Ramírez
Sancho Ramírez
succeeded his father as second King of Aragon in 1063
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Peter I Of Aragon And Navarre
PETER I (Spanish : Pedro, Aragonese : Pero, Basque : Petri; c. 1068 - 1104) was King of Aragon
King of Aragon
and also King of Pamplona
Pamplona
from 1094 until his death in 1104. Peter was the eldest son of Sancho Ramírez , from whom he inherited the crown of Aragon and Pamplona, and Isabella of Urgell . He was named in honour of Saint Peter
Saint Peter
, because of his father's special devotion to the Holy See
Holy See
, to which he had made his kingdom a vassal . Peter continued his father's close alliance with the Church and pursued his military thrust south against bordering Al-Andalus taifas with great success, allying with Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar , known as El Cid, the ruler of Valencia , against the Almoravids
Almoravids

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García Sánchez II Of Pamplona
GARCíA SáNCHEZ II (Basque : Gartzea II.a Santxez; dead c. 1000), was King of Pamplona and Count of Aragon from 994 until his death c. 1000. He was the eldest son of Sancho II of Pamplona
Sancho II of Pamplona
and Urraca Fernández and the second Pamplonese monarch to also hold the title of count of Aragon. Modern historians refer to him as the Tremulous, though this appellation likely originally applied to his grandfather, García Sánchez I of Pamplona . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Marriage and children * 3 Ancestry * 4 Notes * 5 Sources BIOGRAPHYThroughout his reign, his foreign policy seems to have been closely linked to that of Castile . His mother was an aunt of count Sancho García of Castile , and also of the powerful count of Saldaña, García Gómez of Carrión , and she appears to have played a role in forming a bridge between the kingdom and county
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Sancho II Of Pamplona
SANCHO GARCéS II (Basque : Antso II.a Gartzez, c. 938 – dead 994), also known as SANCHO II. He was King of Pamplona and Count of Aragon from 970 until his death in 994. He was the eldest son of García Sánchez I of Pamplona and Andregoto Galíndez . He recognised the Kingdom of Viguera during his reign. CONTENTS * 1 Nickname * 2 Biography * 3 Marriage and children * 4 Ancestry * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Bibliography NICKNAMEHe is sometimes referred to as SANCHO ABARCA by modern sources. This appellation was first applied to Sancho II by chroniclers writing centuries after his time who were confused about the succession to Pamplona, creating a single ruler out of the combined careers of Sancho II and his grandfather Sancho I of Pamplona
Sancho I of Pamplona
. The weight of evidence suggests that this nickname originally applied to Sancho I
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Jiménez Dynasty
The JIMéNEZ or GIMéNEZ/XIMENES (Basque pronunciation: ), alternatively called the JIMENA, the SANCHA, the BANU SANCHO, the ABARCA or the BANU ABARCA, were an Iberian ruling family from the 10th century to the 13th century. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Rulers * 2.1 Navarre * 2.2 Castile, León, and Galicia * 2.3 Sobrarbe and Ribagorza
Ribagorza
* 2.4 Aragon
Aragon
* 2.5 Viguera * 3 References HISTORYThe first known member of the family, García Jiménez of Pamplona , is obscure, it being stated by the Roda Codex that he was "king of another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona, presumably lord of part of Navarre beyond the area of direct control of the Íñiguez kings: probably the frontier areas of Álava
Álava
and the western Pyrenees given the list of their landholdings preserved in a later charter
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Sancho I Of Pamplona
SANCHO GARCéS I (Basque : Antso Ia. Gartzez; c. 860 – 10 December 925), also known as SANCHO I, was King of Pamplona
Pamplona
from 905 until 925. He was the son of García Jiménez and was the first king of Pamplona
Pamplona
of the Jiménez dynasty . Sancho I was the feudal ruler of the Onsella valley, and expanded his power to all the neighboring territories. He was chosen to replace Fortún Garcés by the Pamplonese nobility in 905. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Marriage and issue * 3 References * 4 Bibliography BIOGRAPHYSancho Garcés was born around the year 860, son of García Jiménez and his second wife Dadildis de Pallars. Around the time of death of King García Íñiguez he ruled the Onsella valley in the western lands of the kingdom
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Jimeno Garcés Of Pamplona
JIMENO II GARCéS (died 29 May 931) was the brother of King Sancho I of Pamplona and son of García Jiménez by his second wife, Dadildis of Pallars. When his brother died, Sancho's only son, García , was still a child and Jimeno succeeded his brother. He was not simply acting as regent, as it was only in 930, a year before Jimeno's death, that García began to use the royal title alongside Jimeno. In 927, he took an army south to support Muhammad ibn Lubb ibn Muhammad of the Banu Qasi against the Córdoba-allied Banu Tujibi , and Jimeno's presence there forced Abd-ar-Rahman III
Abd-ar-Rahman III
, Emir of Córdoba to retreat without offering battle. On his death in 931 his nephew, now García Sánchez I of Pamplona, ruled alone under the tutelage of his mother Toda, who was doubly Jimeno's sister-in-law. Jimeno married Sancha Aznárez, sister of Sancho's queen Toda Aznárez and granddaughter of king Fortún Garcés
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García Sánchez I Of Pamplona
GARCíA SáNCHEZ I (Basque : Gartzea I.a Santxez; c. 919 – 970 ), also known as GARCíA I, was King of Pamplona from 925 until his death in 970. He was the second king of the Jiménez dynasty , succeeding his father when he was merely six years old. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Marriage and children * 3 Ancestry * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Bibliography * 6.1 Secondary sources * 6.2 Primary sources BIOGRAPHYSon of Sancho I and Toda Aznárez , he succeeded his father in 925 when he was only six years old and reigned under the tutelage of his uncle Jimeno Garcés and of his mother, Toda. Three of García's sisters married kings of León : Urraca married Ramiro II ; Oneca was the wife of Alfonso IV ; and Sancha Sánchez was first married to Ordoño II . After Ordoño's death, she became the wife of Álvaro Herraméliz , Count of Álava , and after his death married Fernán González , Count of Castile
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Alfonso The Battler
ALFONSO I (1073/1074 – 7 September 1134), called THE BATTLER or THE WARRIOR (Spanish : el Batallador), was the king of Aragon and Pamplona from 1104 until his death in 1134. He was the second son of King Sancho Ramírez and successor of his brother Peter I . With his marriage to Urraca , queen regnant of Castile , León and Galicia , in 1109, he began to use, with some justification, the grandiose title Emperor of Spain , formerly employed by his father-in-law, Alfonso VI . Alfonso the Battler
Alfonso the Battler
earned his sobriquet in the Reconquista
Reconquista
. He won his greatest military successes in the middle Ebro
Ebro
, where he conquered Zaragoza
Zaragoza
in 1118 and took Ejea , Tudela , Calatayud
Calatayud
, Borja , Tarazona
Tarazona
, Daroca
Daroca
, and Monreal del Campo
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García Ramírez Of Navarre
GARCíA RAMíREZ, sometimes GARCíA IV, V, VI or VII (c. 1112 – 21 November 1150), called THE RESTORER (Spanish : el Restaurador), was Lord of Monzón and Logroño , and, from 1134, King of Navarre . He restored the independence of the Navarrese crown after 58 years of union with the Kingdom of Aragon
Kingdom of Aragon
. CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 Rise to power * 3 García\'s heirs * 4 Sources * 5 Notes EARLY YEARSGarcía was born in the early twelfth century. His father, Ramiro Sánchez of Monzón , was son of Sancho Garcés , illegitimate son of García Sánchez III of Navarre
García Sánchez III of Navarre
and half-brother of Sancho IV . His mother Cristina was a daughter of Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, better known as El Cid
El Cid

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House Of Capet
The HOUSE OF CAPET or the DIRECT CAPETIANS (French : Les Capétiens directs, la Maison capétienne), also called the HOUSE OF FRANCE (la maison de France), or simply THE CAPETS, ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328. It was the most senior line of the Capetian dynasty – itself a derivative dynasty from the Robertians . Historians in the 19th century came to apply the name "Capetian" to both the ruling house of France
France
and to the wider-spread male-line descendants of Hugh Capet. It was not a contemporary practice (see House of France ). They were sometimes called "THE THIRD RACE OF KINGS", the Merovingians being the first, and the Carolingians being the second. The name is derived from the nickname of Hugh , the first Capetian King, who was known as Hugh Capet. The direct succession of French kings, father to son, from 987 to 1316, of thirteen generations in almost 330 years, was unparallelled in recorded history
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Joan I Of Navarre
JOAN I OF NAVARRE (14 January 1273 – 31 March/2 April 1305) (Basque : Joana I.a Nafarroakoa) was queen regnant of Navarre and ruling countess of Champagne from 1274 until 1305; she was also queen consort of France by marriage to Philip IV of France . She was the daughter of king Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois . CONTENTS* 1 Life * 1.1 Queen of France * 1.2 Queen of Navarre and Countess of Champagne * 2 Issue * 3 Ancestry * 4 Notes * 5 References LIFEJoan was born in Bar-sur-Seine , Champagne on 14 January 1273 as a princess of the House of Blois . The following year, upon the death of her father, she became Countess of Champagne and queen regnant of Navarre
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