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Fort Canning Park
Coordinates : 1°17′40″N 103°50′49″E / 1.29444°N 103.84694°E / 1.29444; 103.84694 FORT CANNING Aerial view of Fort Canning Hill
Fort Canning Hill
TYPE City and heritage park LOCATION Museum Planning Area , Singapore AREA 18 hectares (180,000 m2) CREATED 1822 OPERATED BY National Parks Board STATUS Opened WEBSITE Fort
Fort
Canning ParkFORT CANNING (Malay : Bukit Larangan) is a small hill slightly more than 60 metres high in the southeast portion of the island city-state of Singapore
Singapore
, within the Central Area that forms Singapore's central business district. Although small in physical size, it has a long history intertwined with that of the city-state due to its location as the highest elevation within walking distance to the city's civic district within the Downtown Core
Downtown Core

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Japanese Occupation Of Singapore
The JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF SINGAPORE in World War II
World War II
took place from 1942 to 1945, following the fall of the British colony on 15 February 1942. Military forces of the Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan
occupied it after defeating the combined British, Indian , Australian , and Malayan garrison in the Battle of Singapore
Singapore
. The occupation was to become a major turning point in the histories of several nations, including those of Japan, Britain, and the then-colonial state of Singapore. Singapore
Singapore
was renamed SYONAN-TO (昭南島, Shōnan-tō), meaning "Light of the South". Singapore
Singapore
was officially returned to British colonial rule on 12 September 1945, following the formal signing of the surrender instrument at the Municipal Building
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Battle Of Singapore
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* India * Malaya Australia
Australia

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The Battle Box
THE BATTLE BOX is the popular name of the underground command centre constructed under Fort Canning , Singapore , as an emergency, bomb-proof command centre during the Malayan Campaign and the Battle of Singapore . The Battle Box is now a museum and tourist attraction. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Construction * 1.2 World War Two * 2 Present day * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYGiven its position in the western Pacific, Singapore had long been recognised as being strategically important for the Royal Navy to counter the growing influence of the Japanese, who were regarded as being the logical threat to Britain's interests in the Far East and the Pacific. To counter this, the Admiralty devised the Singapore strategy , which required a well equipped naval base. Accordingly, the Singapore Naval Base was constructed on the north shore of Singapore Island
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Singapore Armed Forces
The SINGAPORE ARMED FORCES (SAF) is the military arm of the Total Defence of the Republic of Singapore
Singapore
; as well as the military component of the Ministry of Defence . The SAF has three services: the Singapore Army , the Republic of Singapore
Singapore
Air Force (RSAF) and the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN). The SAF protects the interests, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Singapore
Singapore
from external threats. The SAF relies heavily on a large pool of conscripts in the active and reserve forces. It has an active strength of around 71,600 personnel and is capable of mobilising over a million reservists. National Servicemen (NSmen) make up more than 80% of its military defence system and form the backbone of the SAF
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Singapore Command And Staff College
Coordinates : 1°20′07.40″N 103°40′41.15″E / 1.3353889°N 103.6780972°E / 1.3353889; 103.6780972 The GOH KENG SWEE COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE (GKS CSC) is one of five officer schools of the SAFTI Military Institute of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). It was formerly the SINGAPORE COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE (SCSC) but was named after Goh Keng Swee in 2011. The inaugural Command and Staff Course commenced in 1969 and the College was officially opened in February 1970 by the Prime Minister of Singapore , Lee Kuan Yew , at its birthplace at Fort Canning . One of its first commanders was Lieutenant Colonel Ronald Wee Soon Whatt. After relocating to Marina Hill in the seventies and Seletar Camp in the eighties, it finally moved into its present premises in SAFTI in 1995
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Arthur Ernest Percival
First World War * Battle of the Somme * Spring Offensive Russian Civil War * North Russia Campaign Anglo-Irish War Second World War * Malayan Campaign * Battle of Singapore AWARDS Companion of the Order of the Bath Distinguished Service Order ">CB , DSO & Bar , OBE , MC , OStJ , DL (26 December 1887 – 31 January 1966) was a senior British Army officer. He saw service in the First World War and built a successful military career during the interwar period but is most noted for his defeat in the Second World War , when he commanded British Commonwealth forces during the Japanese Malayan Campaign and the subsequent Battle of Singapore . Percival's surrender to the invading Imperial Japanese Army force, the largest capitulation in British military history , undermined Britain's prestige as an imperial power in East Asia
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Lieutenant-General
LIEUTENANT GENERAL, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL and similar (abbrev LT. GEN, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general . In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general ; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral , and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal . A lieutenant general commands an army corps , made up of typically three army divisions , and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.)
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Governors Of Singapore
The GOVERNORS OF SINGAPORE were the political leaders of Singapore during its pre-independence phase in the history of Singapore . CONTENTS * 1 Resident of Singapore (1819–1826) * 2 Governors of the Straits Settlements (1826–1946) * 3 Governors of Singapore (1946–1959) * 4 See also * 5 References RESIDENT OF SINGAPORE (1819–1826)The RESIDENT AND COMMANDANTS OF SINGAPORE ruled the British colony that is today the Republic of Singapore. The men that held this position governed Singapore from 1819 to 1826, on behalf of the British East India Company . PICTURE NAME TERM OF OFFICE Maj-Gen. William Farquhar 6 February 1819 1 May 1823 Dr. John Crawfurd 27 May 1823 15 August 1826GOVERNORS OF THE STRAITS SETTLEMENTS (1826–1946) Main article: List of British Governors of the Straits Settlements Flag of the Governor of the Straits Settlements (1867–1946) The GOVERNORS OF THE STRAITS SETTLEMENTS ruled the Straits Settlements
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Charles John Canning, 1st Earl Canning
CHARLES JOHN CANNING, 1ST EARL CANNING KG GCB KSI PC (14 December 1812 – 17 June 1862), known as THE VISCOUNT CANNING from 1837 to 1859, was an English statesman and Governor-General of India
Governor-General of India
during the Indian first war of Independence CONTENTS * 1 Background and education * 2 Political career * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links BACKGROUND AND EDUCATIONBorn at Gloucester Lodge, Brompton , near London, Canning was the youngest child of George Canning
George Canning
and Joan, Viscountess Canning , daughter of Major-General John Scott
Major-General John Scott
. He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford , where he graduated B.A. in 1833, as first class in classics and second class in mathematics. POLITICAL CAREERIn 1836 he entered parliament , being returned as member for the town of Warwick in the Conservative interest
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Viceroy Of India
The GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA (or, from 1858 to 1947, the VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA, commonly shortened to VICEROY OF INDIA) was originally the head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence and Pakistani Independence and in 1947, the representative of the Indian monarch and head of state. The office was created in 1773, with the title of Governor-General
Governor-General
of the Presidency of Fort William . The officer had direct control only over Fort William, but supervised other British East India Company
East India Company
officials in India. Complete authority over all of British India
British India
was granted in 1833, and the official came to be known as the " Governor-General
Governor-General
of India"
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British Army
The BRITISH ARMY is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom. As of 2017, the British Army
Army
comprises just over 80,000 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 26,500 trained reserve (part-time) personnel. The modern British Army
Army
traces back to 1660, when it was known as the English Army; the term "British Army" was adopted in 1707 after the Acts of Union between England and Scotland. Although all members of the British Army
Army
are expected to swear (or affirm) allegiance to Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
as their commander-in-chief, the Bill of Rights of 1689 requires parliamentary consent for the Crown to maintain a peacetime standing army . Therefore, Parliament approves the Army
Army
by passing an Armed Forces Act at least once every five years
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Lee Kuan Yew
(Tanjong pagar-Tiong Bahru) (2011–2015) Tanjong Pagar SMC (1955–1991) IN OFFICE 1991–2015 PRECEDED BY Constituency established SUCCEEDED BY Indranee Thurai Rajah PERSONAL DETAILS BORN Lee Kuan Yew (1923-09-16)16 September 1923 Singapore
Singapore
, Straits Settleme
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Orchard Road
Central Region ------------------------- CDC * Central Singapore
Singapore
CDC TOWN COUNCIL * Tanjong Pagar Town Council CONSTITUENCY * Tanjong Pagar GRC DGP EXHIBITED * 1994 PA INCORPORATED * 22 January 1999 GOVERNMENT • MAYORCENTRAL SINGAPORE CDC * Denise Phua ------------------------- • MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENTTANJONG PAGAR GRC * Melvin Yong AREA • TOTAL 0.96 km2 (0.37 sq mi) AREA RANK 52nd POPULATION (2017) • TOTAL 960 • RANK 37th • DENSITY 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi) • DENSITY RANK 33rd DEMONYM(S) OFFICIAL * Orchard resident POSTAL DISTRICT 9ORCHARD ROAD is a 2.2 kilometre-long boulevard retail and entertainment hub in the central region of Singapore. Often known colloquially as Orchard, the area is a major tourist attraction
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British Far East Command
The FAR EAST COMMAND was a British military command which had 2 distinct periods. These were firstly, 18 November 1940 – 7 January 1942 succeeded by the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command ( ABDACOM ), and secondly, 1963 – 1971 succeeded by Australia, New Zealand , and United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Force ( ANZUK
ANZUK
Force ) CONTENTS* 1 1940–1942 * 1.1 Commanders-in-Chief * 2 1963–1971 * 2.1 Commanders-in-Chief * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links 1940–1942The British had two commands with responsibilities for possessions in the Far East
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Second World War
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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