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Fort Canning Park
Fort
Fort
Canning Hill, formerly Government Hill, Singapore
Singapore
Hill and Bukit Larangan (Forbidden Hill in Malay), is a small hill about 48 metres high in the southeast portion of the island city-state of Singapore, within the Central Area that forms Singapore's central business district. Although small in physical size, it has a long history intertwined with that of the city-state due to its location as the highest elevation within walking distance to the city's civic district within the Downtown Core. It is also a popular venue for music shows and concerts. The Malays called the hill Bukit Larangan or Forbidden Hill since olden times. This is due to the belief that it is the place where the kings of ancient Singapore
Singapore
were laid to rest, and it was believed to be haunted.[1] It is also believed that a palace once stood on the hill
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Summit
A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. Mathematically, a summit is a local maximum in elevation. The topographic terms "acme", "apex", "peak", and "zenith" are synonymous.Contents1 Definition1.1 Western United States 1.2 Summit
Summit
climbing equipment2 See also 3 References 4 External linksDefinition[edit] The term "top" is generally used only for a mountain peak that is located some distance from the nearest point of higher elevation. For example, a big massive rock next to the main summit of a mountain is not considered a summit. Summits near a higher peak, with some prominence or isolation, but not reaching a certain cutoff value for the quantities, are often considered subsummits (or subpeaks) of the higher peak, and are considered as part of the same mountain. A pyramidal peak is an exaggerated form produced by ice erosion of a mountain top
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Resident Of Singapore
The Governors of Singapore
Singapore
were the political leaders of Singapore during its pre-independence phase in the history of Singapore.Contents1 Residents of Singapore
Singapore
(1819–1826) 2 Governors of the Straits Settlements (1826–1946) 3 Governors of Singapore
Singapore
(1946–1959) 4 See also 5 ReferencesResidents of Singapore
Singapore
(1819–1826)[edit] The Residents and Commandants of Singapore
Singapore
ruled the British colony that is today the Republic of Singapore. The men that held this position governed Singapore
Singapore
from 1819 to 1826, on behalf of the British East India Company.Picture Name Term of officeMaj-Gen. William Farquhar 6 February 1819 1 May 1823Dr
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Iskandar Shah
Parameswara (1344 – c. 1414), thought to be the same person named in the Malay Annals as Iskandar Shah, was the last king of Singapura. According to the Malay Annals, he ruled Singapura from 1389 to 1398. The king fled the island kingdom after a Majapahit
Majapahit
naval invasion in 1398 and founded his new stronghold on the mouth of Bertam river in 1402. Within decades, the new city grew rapidly to become the capital of the Malacca
Malacca
Sultanate
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Temenggong
Temenggung (Jawi: تمڠݢوڠ; also Temenggong[1]) is an old Malay title of nobility, usually given to the chief of public security. The Temenggung is usually responsible for the safety of the monarch as well as the state police and army. Johor[edit] In the Sultanate of Johor, the Temenggung of Muar held a fief centered in Segamat
Segamat
for approximately two centuries and the Temenggung of Johor was the head of the fief ( Johor
Johor
mainland) between 1760 and 1868
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Sultan
Sultan
Sultan
(/ˈsʌltən/; Arabic: سلطان‎ sulṭān, pronounced [sʊlˈtˤɑːn, solˈtˤɑːn]) is a position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic
Arabic
abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", derived from the verbal noun سلطة sulṭah, meaning "authority" or "power". Later, it came to be used as the title of certain rulers who claimed almost full sovereignty in practical terms (i.e., the lack of dependence on any higher ruler), albeit without claiming the overall caliphate, or to refer to a powerful governor of a province within the caliphate. The adjective form of the word is "sultanic",[1] and the dynasty and lands ruled by a sultan are referred to as a sultanate (سلطنة salṭanah). The term is distinct from king (ملك malik), despite both referring to a sovereign ruler
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Hussein Shah Of Johor
Sultan
Sultan
Hussein Mua'zzam Shah ibni Mahmud Shah Alam[5] (1776 – 5 September 1835)[6] was the 18th ruler of Johor-Riau.[7] He was best remembered for signing two treaties with Britain which culminated in the founding of modern Singapore; during which he was given recognition as the Sultan
Sultan
of Johor and Singapore in 1819 and the Sultan
Sultan
of Johor in 1824.[8] However, Sultan
Sultan
Hussein was regarded as no more than a British puppet, at least during the first few years of his reign
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1819 Singapore Treaty
The establishment of a British trading post in Singapore in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles led to its founding as a British colony in 1824. This event has generally been understood to mark 'the founding of modern Singapore', a break from its status as a port in ancient times during the Srivijaya and Majapahit eras, and later, as part of Melaka and Johor.Contents1 Pre-modern Singapore 2 Raffles' landing and arrival 3 Singapore Treaty 4 Early growth (1819–1826)4.1 Treaty of Friendship and Alliance5 Straits Settlements 6 ReferencesPre-modern Singapore[edit] Main article: Early history of Singapore A significant port and settlement, known as Temasek, later renamed Singapura, existed on the island of Singapore in the 14th century. Vietnamese records indicate possible diplomatic relationship between Temasek and Vietnam in the 13th century,[1]:181–182 and Chinese documents describe settlements there in the 14th century.[2] It was likely a vassal state of b
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Stamford Raffles
Sir
Sir
Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Modern Singapore. He was heavily involved in the conquest of the Indonesian island of Java
Java
from Dutch and French military forces during the Napoleonic Wars and contributed to the expansion of the British Empire
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Union Jack
The Union Jack,[note 1][2][3] or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom. The flag also has an official or semi-official status in some other Commonwealth realms: for example, it is a ceremonial flag in Canada
Canada
by parliamentary resolution, and known there as the Royal Union Flag.[4] Further, it is used as an official flag in some of the smaller British overseas territories
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Founding Of Modern Singapore
The establishment of a British trading post in Singapore
Singapore
in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles
Stamford Raffles
led to its founding as a British colony in 1824. This event has generally been understood to mark 'the founding of modern Singapore', a break from its sta
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Nypa Fruticans
Nypa fruticans, commonly known as the nipa palm (or simply nipa) or mangrove palm,[4] is a species of palm native to the coastlines and estuarine habitats of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the only palm considered adapted to the mangrove biome. This species is the only member of the genus Nypa and the subfamily Nypoideae, forming monotypic taxa.[5]Contents1 Description 2 Distribution 3 Uses3.1 Food and beverages 3.2 Biofuel4 Fossil
Fossil
record 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksDescription[edit]The trunk or stem of the nipa palm is under the mud. Only the leaves project upwardsA globular flower cluster on a nipa palmThe northernmost distribution of Nypa fruticans
Nypa fruticans
is seen on Iriomote Island, JapanA globular fruit cluster of the nipa palmThe nipa palm's trunk grows beneath the ground and only the leaves and flower stalk grow upwards above the surface
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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British Bencoolen
British Bencoolen was a British possession in Sumatra
Sumatra
based in the area of what is now Bengkulu City. The British East India Company (EIC) established a presence there in 1685,[1] and in 1714 the EIC built Fort Marlborough
Fort Marlborough
there. Originally a Presidency within British India, in 1785 it was downgraded to Bencoolen Residency and placed under the Bengal Presidency.[2] On 15 October 1817, Stamford Raffles
Stamford Raffles
was appointed Governor-General of Bencoolen
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Sumatra
Sumatra
Sumatra
is a large island in western Indonesia
Indonesia
that is part of the Sunda Islands. It is the largest island that is located entirely in Indonesia
Indonesia
(after Borneo, which is shared between Indonesia
Indonesia
and other countries) and the sixth-largest island in the world at 473,481 km2 (not including adjacent islands such as the Riau Islands and Bangka Belitung Islands). Sumatra
Sumatra
is an elongated landmass spanning a diagonal northwest-southeast axis. The Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
borders the west, northwest, and southwest coasts of Sumatra
Sumatra
with the island chain of Simeulue, Nias
Nias
and Mentawai off the western coast
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