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Flag Of Argentina
The flag of Argentina is a triband, composed of three equally wide horizontal bands coloured baby blue and white. There are multiple interpretations on the reasons for those colors. The flag was created by Manuel Belgrano, in line with the creation of the Cockade of Argentina, and was first raised at the city of Rosario
Rosario
on February 27, 1812, during the Argentine War of Independence. The National Flag Memorial was later built on the site. The First Triumvirate did not approve the use of the flag, but the Asamblea del Año XIII
Asamblea del Año XIII
allowed the use of the flag as a war flag. It was the Congress of Tucumán which finally designated it as the national flag, in 1816. A yellow Sun of May
Sun of May
was added to the center in 1818. The full flag featuring the sun is called the Official Ceremonial Flag (Spanish: Bandera Oficial de Ceremonia)
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Order Of Charles III
The Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III
Order of Charles III
(Spanish: Real y Distinguida Orden Española de Carlos III) was established by the King of Spain Carlos III by means of the Royal Decree
Decree
of 19 September 1771, with the motto Virtuti et mérito. Its objective is to reward people for their actions in benefit to Spain and the Crown. Since its creation, it has been the most distinguished civil award that can be granted in Spain, despite its categorisation as a military order.Contents1 History 2 The Grand Cross2.1 Grades3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] The Order was formally converted to a civil order in 1847
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Paraná River
The Paraná River
Paraná River
(Spanish: Río Paraná, Portuguese: Rio Paraná, Guarani: Ysyry Parana) is a river in south Central South America, running through Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina
Argentina
for some 4,880 kilometres (3,030 mi).[2] It is second in length only to the Amazon River
Amazon River
among South American rivers
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Coastal Battery
Coastal artillery
Coastal artillery
is the branch of the armed forces concerned with operating anti-ship artillery or fixed gun batteries in coastal fortifications.[1] From the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
until World War II, coastal artillery and naval artillery in the form of cannon were highly important to military affairs and generally represented the areas of highest technology and capital cost among materiel. The advent of 20th-century technologies, especially military aviation, naval aviation, jet aircraft, and guided missiles, reduced the primacy of cannon, battleships, and coastal artillery. In countries where coastal artillery has not been disbanded, these forces have acquired amphibious capabilities
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Spanish Criollo Peoples
The Criollo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkɾjoʎo]) is a term which, in modern times, has diverse meanings, but is most commonly associated with Latin Americans
Latin Americans
who are of full or near full Spanish descent, distinguishing them from both multi-racial Latin Americans and Latin Americans
Latin Americans
of post-colonial (and not necessarily Spanish) European immigrant origin. Historically, they were a social class in the hierarchy of the overseas colonies established by Spain beginning in the 16th century, especially in Hispanic
Hispanic
America, comprising the locally born people of Spanish ancestry.[1] Although Criollos were legally Spaniards, in practice, they ranked below the Iberian-born Peninsulares
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Glossary Of Vexillology
Flag
Flag
terminology is the nomenclature, or system of terms, used in vexillology, the study of flags, to describe precisely the parts, patterns, and other attributes of flags and their display.Contents1 Flag
Flag
types 2 Flag
Flag
elements 3 Basic patterns 4 Techniques in flag display4.1 Illustrations5 Flag
Flag
identification symbols5.1 National flag
National flag
variants by use 5.2 Other symbols 5.3 In Unicode6 References 7 External links Flag
Flag
types[edit] Banderole
Banderole
or bannerol A small flag or streamer carried on the lance of a knight; or a long narrow flag flying from the mast-head of a ship. Banner Generically, a synonym for a flag of any kind
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Ferdinand VII
Ferdinand VII (Spanish: Fernando; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death. He was known to his supporters as the Desired (el Deseado) and to his detractors as the Felon King (el Rey Felón). After being overthrown by Napoleon
Napoleon
in 1808 he linked his monarchy to counter-revolution and reactionary policies that produced a deep rift in Spain between his forces on the right and liberals on the left. Back in power in 1814, he reestablished the absolutist monarchy and rejected the liberal constitution of 1812. He suppressed the liberal press 1814–33 and jailed many of its editors and writers. Under his rule, Spain lost nearly all of its American possessions, and the country entered into civil war on his death. His reputation among historians is very low. Historian Stanley Payne says:He proved in many ways the basest king in Spanish history
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Sucre
1538Pre-Hispanic Times: Charcas September 29, 1538 (official) :La Plata de la Nueva Toledo (City of The Silver of the New Toledo) August 6, 1826: Sucre
Sucre
(Capital Section)Founded by Pedro Anzures as “La Plata” in 1538Government • Type C.S
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Bolivia
Coordinates: 16°42′43″S 64°39′58″W / 16.712°S 64.666°W / -16.712; -64.666Plurinational State of BoliviaEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia  (Spanish) Tetã Hetãvoregua Volívia  (Guaraní) Buliwya Mamallaqta  (Quechua) Wuliwya Suyu  (Aymara)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "La Unión es la Fuerza" (Spanish) "Unity is Strength"[1]Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)Location of  Bolivia  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital Sucre
Sucre
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Napoleon
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon, he was Emperor of the French
Emperor of the French
from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon
Napoleon
dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France
France
against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide
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Royalist (Spanish American Revolution)
The royalists were the Latin American and European supporters of the various governing bodies of the Spanish Monarchy, during the Spanish American wars of independence, which lasted from 1808 until the king's death in 1833
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Independence
Independence
Independence
is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory. The opposite of independence is the status of a dependent territory.Contents1 Definition of independence1.1 Distinction between independence and autonomy2 Declarations of independence 3 Historical overview 4 Continents 5 Notes 6 See also 7 ReferencesDefinition of independence[edit] Whether the attainment of independence is different from revolution has long been contested, and has often been debated over the question of violence as legitimate means to achieving sovereignty.[1] While some revolutions seek and achieve national independence, others aim only to redistribute power — with or without an element of emancipation, such as in democratization — within a state, which as such may remain unaltered
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Juan José Castelli
Juan José Castelli
Juan José Castelli
(July 19, 1764 – October 12, 1812) was an Argentine lawyer. He was one of the leaders of the May Revolution, which started the Argentine War of Independence. He led an ill-fated military campaign in Upper Peru. Juan José Castelli
Juan José Castelli
was born in Buenos Aires, and went to school at the Real Colegio de San Carlos in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
and Monserrat College in the city of Córdoba, Argentina. He graduated as a lawyer from the University of Charcas, in Upper Peru. His cousin, Manuel Belgrano, introduced him to the public administration of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata. Along with Belgrano, Nicolás Rodríguez Peña, and Hipólito Vieytes, Castelli planned a revolution to replace the absolute monarchy with the new ideas of the Age of Enlightenment
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Battle Of Huaqui
The Battle of Huaqui
Battle of Huaqui
(in some sources also called Guaqui, Yuraicoragua or Battle of Desaguadero), was a battle between the Primera Junta's (Buenos Aires) revolutionary troops and the royalist troops of the Viceroyalty of Peru
Viceroyalty of Peru
on the border between Upper Peru, (present-day Bolivia), and the Viceroyalty of Peru
Viceroyalty of Peru
on June 20, 1811.Contents1 Prelude 2 Battle progress 3 Consequences 4 BibliographyPrelude[edit] The army commanded by Juan José Castelli
Juan José Castelli
and Antonio González Balcarce had their first encounter with the royalists under the command of General José Manuel de Goyeneche in October 1810
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San Salvador De Jujuy
San Salvador de Jujuy (Spanish pronunciation: [san salβaˈðor ðe xuˈxui̯]), commonly known as Jujuy and locally often referred to as San Salvador,[1] is the capital city of Jujuy Province in northwest Argentina. Also, it is the seat of the Doctor Manuel Belgrano Department. It lies near the southern end of the Humahuaca Canyon where wooded hills meet the lowlands. Its population at the 2001 census [INDEC] was 237,751 inhabitants. If its suburbs are included, this figure rises to around 300,000.[2] The current mayor is Raúl Jorge.Contents1 City information 2 History 3 Climate 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksCity information[edit] The city lies on National Route 9 that connects La Quiaca 289 km (180 mi) with Salta 120 km (75 mi), and it is 1,525 km (948 mi) from Buenos Aires
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Salado River (Argentina)
The Salado River
River
(Spanish: Río Salado,[1] Spanish pronunciation: [ˈri.o saˈlaðo] "Salty River") is a river that crosses several provinces of Argentina, flowing 1,150 kilometres (710 mi)[2] from its source in the Salta Province
Salta Province
to end in the Paraná River, in the Santa Fe Province. Because its origin, its flow varies widely within the year, and it can dry out in some parts of its path during the winter
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